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Assist. surg. Frederick La Mesurier, M.D., 6

months. Bombay Estab.—Lieut. col. David Forbes, 9th N. I., 6 months.

Capt. Charles S. Stuart, 14th N. I., 6 months.

9th and 16th July, 1845. RESIGNATION OF THE SERVICE ACCEPTED.

CIVIL, Madras Estab.- Mr. George H. Skelton.

MISCELLANEOUS. Lieut. Richard Kinkead, of the Madrass Artillery, and Lieut. John P. Nixon, of the Bombay Infantry, have been appointed to succeed as orderly officers at the Military Seminary, vice Capt. Napleton and Lieut. Hervey resigned.

1st Lieut. Henry Thuillier is apppinted to do duty at the Depôt at Warley, whilst on furlough, as orderly officer, in succession to Lieut. Pogson, who vacates the appointment.

dually increasing in size, of which the outer and larger one is five feet in height, of a conical shape, formed of silver gilt, but all the others are of beaten gold. These cases, with their precious deposit, are placed on a silver table, richly adorned with tapestry and bro. cade. The tooth itself is of the shape of the extreme end of the elephant's tusk, slightly curved, formed of ivory, and encircled by a golden string. This forms the great object of Buddhistic worship, and is, in the estimation of the votaries of that religion, the most precious thing in the world.

Of the city of Candy itself we have a very lively description from the pen of a friend of the author :

A long and wide street, which forms the central part of the town, gives a stranger precisely the idea he must have formed from the descriptions with which one continually meets of an oriental town, The small open shops which line each side, tenanted by three or four owners patiently seated awaiting their customers, and enjoying the usual luxury of chewing betel, is even in itself interesting, from its total dissimilarity to any thing European ; whilst the plantains banging around, the chillies, rice, pepper, cardamons, and cinnamon, exposed for sale on wicker trays, heighten the unique character of the scene. Such is the mid-day appearance; but view it in the morning or evening, and you perceive the street literally crowded with companies of dusky chatterers in every variety of eastern and western* costume, and speaking every variety of oriental tongues. Here a group of turbaned Malabars, clothed in their simple ankrika, hold discourse in their native and noble language. There the fierce Malay, with military cap, and accompanied by his really handsome spouse, jabbers in his own rhythmic tongue. On this side, the active Portuguese descendant, with hat of miserable brown, discourses lovingly to bis mate in Indo-Lusitanian. On that, the able-bodied Candian, with simple kerchief on his head, holds forth in drawling Singhalese, to his jacketed and camboyedt companion. It is a veritable Babel, and he may well be excused who cries out in the midst of it, “Is this the plain of Shinar?"

LITERARY NOTICES.

The Naval and Military Sketch Book, and History of Adven

ture by Flood and Field. Parts III., IV., V., and VI. London. Hugh Cunningham.

The History of Ceylon, from the Earliest Period to the Present

Time; with an Appendix, containing an Account of its Present Condition. By WILLIAM KNIGHTON, Esq., Columbo. London: Longman and Co.; Smith, Elder, and Co.; Madden and Malcolm. Edinburgh: Bell and Bradfute.

The author of this work quotes a passage from Southey, which affords a very good reason for its publication. “Every year adds to our ample stock of books relating to the manners of other nations, and the condition of men in states and stages of society different from our own; and of such books we cannot have too many." Ceylon is a country in regard to which books are, at present, not over numerous; and we are gratified at receiving this well-intentioned and well-executed contribution to our stock of knowledge. It contains a mass of curious matter, arranged in a popular form, and may be advantageously consulted, alike by the studious scholar and by the reader whose only object is amuseinent. The author's estimate the purity and beauty of Budhism is far higher than ours, but we cannot, within a few brief lines, enter into a discussion which would demand a volume.' The tooth-relic having lately attracted some attention, the following account of the honours paid to it in the palmy days of Budhism may not be unacceptable.

The ceremonies with which the Dalada or tooth-relic was received by Tissa, may exemplify the natural disposition the kings to exhibit, in the ordinances of their religion, their own power and greatness. Succeeding monarchs were not disposed to let the ostentations parade thus exhibited be discontinued; and, accordingly, we find that in future times the exhibition of the same relic at stated periods was the signal for fresh exhibitions of their own power, and of the wealth of their kingdom. The people flocked from all quarters to the capital to behold this precious relic; elephants were caparisoned, horses decorated, and vehicles of all kinds exhibited, containing each their respective owners. The king himself with the royal family attended; and, on the elevation of the sacred deposit in the hands of the highest of their priests, to be faintly seen by those assem. bled, the vast multitude was moved like the waves of the ocean to and fro, and a loud burst of “Sadhu" rose from that mighty throng, caught up, as it died away, by the more distant, until the whole air was filled with the notes of adoration. Games, festivals, plays, and rejoicings succeeded, and having thus given vent to the enthusiasm so long confined, the multitude departed to their respective villages.

This publication continues to deserve the favourable report we formerly made of it. The scene of the following “dashing exploit” being in the East, we need not apologize for quoting it.

Among the daring actions performed during the late war, that of Lieut. Edmund Lyons, I in the Minden's boats, must ever take a conspicuous place. On the 25th July, 1811, that officer was sent away in charge of the launch and cutter of the Minden, with orders to land some Dutch prisoners at Batavia, and, on his return dowa the coast to rejoin his ship, to gain all the information he could in reference to the enemy's defences. The Minden, to which ship Lieut. Lyons belonged, formed part of a small squadron under Captain George Sayer, cruising off Batavia. About seventy miles to the westward of Batavia there was a strong fort, named Fort Marrack, mounted with fifty-four pieces of heavy ordnance, which commanded a very eligible anchorage. Desirous of obtaining posses. sion of this fort, and of thus excluding hostile ships from this place of shelter, Capt. Sayer had made great preparations to attack it; but, before the expedition was finally determined upon, information of a large mentation to the enemy's force deterred him frora sanctioning it.

Lieutenant Lyons, in obedience to his instructions, landed the prisoners near Batavia; and learning, from what he conceived good authority, that the Dutch were not aware of the hostile preparation then making, he thought, small as the force under his orders was, he could obtain possession of Fort Marrack, and thus divert the Dutch troops from the point which had been fixed upon for the debarkation of the troops. This gallant young man-who had, however, accom. panied Captain Cole in one of the most surprisingly successful adventures ever planned-entertained the idea of capturiag a fort, full of troops, with a band of thirty-five officers and men, when, only a few days previously, the attempt had been deemed inexpedient to be undertaken by 450 men!

Having communicated with his companions in arms, and found all willing to share his fortunes, the boats took up a position behind a point of land, which sheltered them from the view of the Dutch sentinels; and, a little after midnight, just as the moon was sinking below the horizon, the two boats quitted their place of concealment, and proceeded upon their enterprise. The approach of the boats was immediately observed ; and the sentinels fired their muskets, and gave the alarm. Nothing daunted by this event, Lieutenant Lyons

On another page we find a description of the abode of the invaluable relic at Candy:

The most interesting building in the town, to a stranger, is the great temple, containing the tooth-relic of Buddhu, and forming what was once part of the establishment of the king of Candy. The immediate receptacle of this precious deposit is a small temple si. tuated within the other, and approached by a noble flight of steps, lofty arches, and imposing colonnades. These are in many places decorated with excellent carving, wrought with surprising skill into the hardest granite, and generally representing processions, in which the elephant forms the most important figure. The small temple, containing the relic, is decorated on all sides with paintivgs and carvings, whilst the doors and their brazen bars are of the most massive character. The tooth itself is enclosed in six cases gra

* The Portuguese and Dutch descendants (mixed with native 1.1-xodresin the European dress, and may always be distinguished by the ab urd English hat, in every stage of dilapidation,

† The cloth wrapped round the waist and legs of the Ceylor ése is called a carabor. # The present Capt. Sir Edmund Lyons, Bart., G.C.B., B.C.H.

beached the boats in the midst of a heavy surf, close under the em. brasures of the lower battery; and, by means of ladders, scrambled up the walls, and got into the fort. The first who got up killed three soldiers in the act of putting matches to the guns; and in a short time the lower battery was in possession of the British. Assembling now his thirty-four followers, Lieut. Lyons led them onwards, stormed and carried the upper battery. On reaching the top of the hill, the Dutch garrison was observed, drawn up ready to receive their assailants, upon which the sailors fired, and made a furious charge-Lieutenant Lyons calling out, as he advanced, that he had 400 men, and would give no quarter. The Dutch being thus vigorously assaulted, fled, panic stricken, through the postern gateway. Believing that Fort Marrack was now in the occupation of a large number of men, the Dutch opened fire upon it from a small battery in the rear; and two gun.boats in the harbour also commenced firing. The first shot from the battery struck the upper part of the postern gateway, through which the Dutch had retreated, and a se. cond struck the gate. As a third took the same direction, it became evident that the range had been previously determined; and the situation of the handful of men became extremely critical, especially as the drums in the barracks, half a mile distant, in which a whole battalion of troops was lodged, were heard beating to arms.

At this juncture, Lieutenant Lyons' secou in command, Mid. shipman William Langton, suggested that the gate should be thrown open, to let the shot harmlessly through, which was done; and after the firing bad continued about half an hour longer, it was observed that the shot were directed to the right of the gateway, which induced the belief that the Dutch troops were advancing. Two 24-pounders, loaded almost to the muzzles with musket-balls, were therefore placed to command the entrance; and this was scarcely effected before the enemy's column was seen advancing. In order to ensure the guns being fired at the proper moment, Lieutenant Lyons undertook to fire one, and Mr. Langton the other; and when the troops were observed within ten yards of the gateway, the guns were fired, and the gate shut. The slaughter was very great amongst the foremost of the troops, and those behind, finding the gate closed, ran in confusion down the hill.

Since having possession of the fort, Lieutenant Lyons had em. ployed all the spare hands in destroying all that was destructible within it, and having thus for the time got quit of his assailants, he was able to spike all the guns and complete his work without hioderance.

By dawn of day the last shot was fired from the only gun which had not been spiked, and this sank one of the guoboats; after which Lieutenant Lyons thought it prudent to retire. But as po British flag had bitherto waved over the fort, he determined not to quit without leaving this memento of his triumph ; and a young midshipman, named Charles Henry Franks, hoisted it in the face of a heavy fire from the enemy.

On retreating to their boats the British found the launch bilged, and thrown by the heavy surf high up upon the beach ; but the cutter remained uninjured, and in this small boat the whole party embarked, carrying with them the Dutch colours as a trophy of their

The only casualties attending this exploit were a bayonet wound received by Mr. Langton, and three seamen slightly wounded ; but the loss of the Dutch must have been great.

noxious influences of several of the unhealthy parts of the country.* The Sepoys of the Bengal army, men recruited in the northern provinces of Hindostan, often suffer so severely in the hot and humid atmosphere of Bengal and Arracan as to be completely broken up before their period of three years' service expires, and require a change to some of the northern provinces to recruit their health. And the Bombay regiments, which are almost similarly formed, with the addition of a few men from the table-land of the Dekhan, and the valleys of Maharashtra, suffer in the same manner when serving in the plains of Guzerat. I am aware bow erroneous deductions from a limited number of cases are apt to be, and therefore refrain from instancing the few that have come to my knowledge, though the fact is generally known that a tour of duty in Bengal, Arracan, or Guzerat often cripples the regiments before it expires. Corps have accordingly been raised io many parts of India, for sanatory as well as political reasons, to occupy particular districts and localities. A local corps composed of Mugs, the natives of Arracan, has been raised, under the name of the Arracan Battalion, to perform the mili. tary duties there. In the Bengal presidency, in addition to the regiments of irregular cavalry and infantry, there are several corps, peculiarly local, raised and employed in unhealthy districts, and among the forests, bills, and passes, where the troops of the regular army are found inefficient; and the Nasseree battalion, the Bhagulpore hill rangers, the Sylbet light infantry, the Joudhpore legion, and the military police in central India, might be mentioned as instances of tbe carrying out of this system. The second and longer paper presses the important subject of selecting healthy localities for cantonments with an earnestness proportioned to its importance. We trust to find the attention of the authorities to this important fact increasingly manifested from year to year. The well-being of the soldier claims paramount consideration on the grounds both of humanity and policy. Tfue, the chances of the service must sometimes bring him into unhealthy situations, but this should not take place without necessity. Necessity, indeed, to a greater or less degree may exist and must exist where troops of different races are serving together, as is pointed out by Mr. Balfour.

The mountain regions, or even the table-lands of India, for example, though promising great advantages to British troops, may prove highly prejudicial to the constitutions of the men who form our native regiments, for the natives of warm countries appear to suffer as much in a cold climate as the races from the temperate parts of the earth do when dwelling in the plains of the tropics. Indeed, we are warned of the danger of removing those who have been born in the tropics to the frigid climates of our earth, by the more tality that has occurred among them by our doing so, as in the instance of the negro troops in garrison at Gibraltar, who lost 63 per 1,000 of their strength in 1817 and 1818, while the average ratio of deaths among this class of troops in the West Indies has only amounted to 40 per 1,000 annually. A similar increase in the rates of mortality took place also at' Niuera Elia, in Ceylon, which, " though healthy for Europeans, has been by no means so favourable to the health of the black troops, particularly the negrois, who suffered in a remarkable degree. Amongst 51 stationed in the vici. nity, 15 deaths took place in 1835, whereof five were from affections in the lungs.”+ Where the force consists solely of Europeans, undivided attention can be given to the selection of stations most favourable to their healths; but in India, where Europeans and native soldiers are usually brigaded in masses together, places must be sought for tbat will, in some degree, suit the constitutions of both descriptions of troops.

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Observations on the Means of forming and maintaining Troops in Health in different Climates and Localities. By Assistant Surgeon Edward BALFOUR, Madras Army. Read by Joseph Hume, Esq., M.P. before the Statistical Society of London, on the

21st April, 1845. Observations on the Means of preserving the Health of Troops, by

selecting Healthy Localities for their Cantonments. By Assistant Surgeon Edward Balfour, Madras Army. Read by Joseph HUME, Esq., M.P., before the Statistical Society of London,

on the 19th of May, 1845. These two papers relate to a very important subject and con. tain much matter for serious reflection. The object of the first is to shew that the higher rate of sickness and mortality which attends a military life in comparison with the average of persons engaged in other occupations is attributable in a great degree to the employment of soldiers in climates differing widely in many cases from those in which they were born and have passed the earlier years of life.

After a statement of facts and a series of talles illustrative of this position, the writer observes :

These facts sufficiently indicate the importance of employing in vur armies the natives of the lands that come into our possession, when not debarred from this by political considerations. Indeed, the Indian Government have long practically acted on this ; and it is only alluded to here, that one of the principal objects of the plan, that of saving the lives of their troops, may not be lost sight of.

The natives in the armies of Bombay, Madras, and Bengal have been found alipost as incapable as Europeans of bearing up against the

The Foreign Quarterly Review, No. LXX., published in July

1845. London : Chapman and Háll.

The present number of this able, and we may now add, long established periodical, maintains the character which it gained by the previous ones. The articles are varied, amusing, and in. structive. We cannot go the full length of one of the shorter papers in admiration of the university education of Germany. We believe it to be most dangerous, and the best excuse that can be made for it is to be found in the necessity of upbolding something to counteract the spirit benumbing influence of what is called paternal despotism. There are two articles devoted to India. one on railways, and one on the surveys of the Indian navy.

Both display research and ability, and we cordially recommend them to the notice of our readers.

" The native soldiers on the Bengal establishment,” says Capt. Henderson (As. Res., vol. xx. part 1), " are particularly healthy under ordinary circumstances. It has been found by a late inquiry, embracing a period of five years, that only 1 in 135, -7.6 per 1,1000 of the men on the actual strength of the army, died per annum. So injurious, however, is Bengal proper to this class of natives, in comparison with the Upper Provinces, that although only one-fourth of the troops are stationed in Bengal, the deaths of that fourth are more than a moiety of the whole mortality reported.”

| Reports, 1841.

GREAT WESTERN RAILWAY OF BENGAL.

Provisionclly registered under the Act 7 & 8 Vict. c. 110.

Capital, £4,000,000, in 80,000 Shares of £50 cach.
Deposit, 55. per Share, being the largest sum allowed to be taken under the Registration Act.

OFFICES of the COMPANY, 147, LEADENHALL-STREET.

; PROVISIONAL COMMITTEE:

The object of this Company is to construct a line clusive of Passengers and other traffic) a retum er. THE RIGHT HON. THE LORD VISCOUNT of railway connecting Calcutta westward with the ceeding 12 per cent on the estimated capital of the COMBERDERE, G.C.B., G.C.H., late Com. river Ganges at Patna, passing along the left bank Company. In that portion of the line between

of the Hooghly, by Dumdum, through Barrackpore, Burdwan and Calcutta, in 1843, nearly 13,000 tona mander-in-Chief in India HENRY TOBIAS PRINSEP, Esq., late Secretary the country residence of the Governor-General, and of Salt and about 18,000 tons of Sugar were carried of the Government of India, 37, Hyde Park a large military cantonment, to Chogda, at or near from thence to Calcutta at the cost of 3d. per ton

where it is intended to cross the river, and will then per mile. The gross amount of traffic bet een Gardens LIEUT.-GENERAL SIR WILLOUGHBY COT. continue its course through the highly-cultivated these points alone has been estimated at 103,003

provinces of Bancoora, Beerbloom, Ramghur, Mon. tons per year; and the return thereon amounted to TON, K.C.B., 15, Lowndes Square MAJOR-GENERAL DUNCAN MACLEOD, late shyr, and

Behar, to Patna, terminating at the chief nearly 126,0001.
Chief Engineer of Bengal

, 3, Clifton
Place, Hyde from the main line commencing
' at Chogda, on the and Calcutta has been estimated at 26s. per ton

b;

The cost of transport of merchandisc between Patra Park MAJOR-GENERAL WYATT, Bengal Army

lelt bank of the Hooghly, joining the Ganges at or water, and about 4l. to 51. by land, occupying about MAJOR-GENERAL MARTIN WHITE, Bengal ticable line, approved of hy all parties acquainted count of the great difficulty esperienced by the beats

near Sootee; this extension being a short and prac- three wecks in the transit going down, and, on 22. Army ADAM OGILVIE, Esq., Civil Service, Collector of with that part of the country, is in accordance with in going up the river, the time occupied is often more

the recommendation of the Hon. East-India Com-than double that of coming down. Revenue, Kishnagur, Bengal

The Promoters have been in communication with, MAJOR Á. B. HENDERSON, Jate Officiating pany upon the subject of railways in India.

An extension of the line from Calcutta to Diamond and have memorialized the Court of Directors of the Military Auditor-General (Firm of Carr, Dwarkanauth Tagore, and Co., Calcutta), 15, Norfolk Harbour, and from Patna to the important station Honourable East-India Company upon the merits of

of Disapore, will form part of the scheme: it is the this undertaking; and upon the 8th day of May, the Crescent, Hyde Park RICHARD HARTLEY KENNEDY, Esq., late intention of this Company eventually to extend the letter, of which the following is a copy, was received Physician-General, Bombay, Chairman of the Co- main line further into the northern and western parts from Mr. Melvill, the Secretary: ventry and Leicester and Warwick and Chelten- of India, by crossing the Ganges near Patna, and

“ East-India House, May 8, 1845. proceeding by way of Benares, Allahabad, and Agra, ham Railways, Emscote House, Leamington

" SIR,-With reference to the letter which yoa to Delhi. WALTER EVER, Esq., F.R.S., F.G.S., Bengal

have addressed to the Court of Directors of the

The Company, in carrying out the above project, East-India Company, regarding the formation on Civil Service COLONEL SKARDON, Bengal Army, 6, Lans- feel strongly impressed with the important advantages that must accrue to this portion of India by you that the Court have deemed it necessary, for the

Railroads in India, I am commanded to acquaint downe Terrace, Kensington Park

these projected lines, which immediately connect safe and satisfactory prosecution of undertaking

Madras LIEUT.-COLONEL JOHN SMITH,

Calcutta with the fertile, productive, and important for that purpose, that the general subject should, in MATOR" MORSE COOPER, late of the 11th districts of the north and north-west, and, by the the first instance, be referred for investigation and

, Ellingham Hussars, Wargrave, Henley-upon-Thames GEORGE WM. BACON, Esq., Bengal Civil Service communication for the traffic upon that great river report to the Governor-General in Council, and that

an eminent ngineer will be deputed from this ARCHIBALD SPENS, Esq., Bombay Civil Service, with Calcutta, and thus avoid the dangerous, uncerDirector of the Bank

of Western India, and Co- tain, and tedious river navigation, at present the country to act under their directions in that investi. ventry and Leicester Railway, Manor House, In- principal means of carrying the valuable commer- gation. No time will be lost in carrying this resolacial productions of the interior and north-western afforded to you of ascertaining its result; in the

tion into effect, and the opportunity will be bereafter vereske W, P.ANDREW, Esq., H.E.I.C.S., Director of the provinces, for shipment to the ports of Europe and America. These productions consist of cotton, rice, Government of India on this subject is open for your

mean time a copy of the Court's Dispatch to the South Midland Railway, Grosvenor Street, Grosve.

indigo, silk, sugar, opium, coals, lac, dyes, tim- perusal at this House. nor Square JAMES' B. GRAHAM, Esq., Barrister-at-Law, ber, saltpetre, minerals, &c., which abound through.

"I am, Sir, your most obedient humble servant, Supreme Court of Bombay, Sussex Gardens, out the whole extent of this district; and when it is

“JAMES C. MELVILL. taken into consideration the great loss sustained by Hyde Park

“ W. B, James, Esq. Solicitor to the Company, CAPT. HITCHINS, H.E.I.C.S., Director of the delay of transit, damage done to merchandize, ex.

5, Basinghall-street." Birmingham and Oxfork Railway, 43, Queen Anne penses of freight, insurances, and various other

losses, caused by the insufficiency of the present Street, Cavendish Square mode of internal communication, it may be confi.

The Committee feel great pleasure in announcing The Hon. WILLIAM GORE, 21, Wilton Crescent dently expected that this railway will, to a very great has consented to act as Trustee for this Com.

to the public, that DWARKANAUTA TAGORÈ The Hon. D. S. ERSKINE, 81, Jermyn Street SIR FREDERICK DUNBAR, Bart., of Boath SIR WM. HYDE PEARSON, Hanover Square down to Calcutta the enormous amount of tratti pany in India ; and has addressed his firm at Cal.

cutta, requesting they would act as Agents there. JOHN KINNERSLEY HOOPER, Esq., Alder- that at present floats down the Ganges. In case the Government may think it expedient to Directors in London, assisted by a Board of Direc

The Company will be managed by a Board of SAMUEL ROHDE, Esq., R.G.S., Director of alter the course of the railways as delineated in red tion in Calcutta, and arrangements will be immethe South

Midland Railway, s, Crosby Square, upon the map, alternative lines are proposed, marked diately made to commence a preliminary survey, Bishopsgate

and competent parties will be sent out for that MAJOR WALLER, K.H., 15, St. James's Square and the extension to Sootee about 115 miles.

The length of the main line is about 320 miles, | purpose, and also to promote the interests of the SCOTT THOMSON, Esq., late of Calcutta JOHN JAMES, Esq., secondary of the City of to be formed is, for the most part, well fitted for the cutta nt the usual rate of 2s. per Rupee.

The country through which the lines are intended Company generally in Bengal.

The dividends will be paid in London and Cal. London CAPTAIN HAINILTON, 59, Gloucester Place, ditficulties, being nearly a complete level througla executed by the Shareholders, and application will

A Subscription Contract will be prepared to be Portman Square

out, except in one point, where a little cutting may be made for a Charter of Incorporation, or Act of HENRY HADLOW, Esq., M.D., Minories N. B. E. BAILLIE,'Esq., Oxford Terrace, Hyde ing stone can be obtained for the necessary purposes be required, and whereby a plentiful supply of build.

Parliament, Park

of the works. MAJOR WHITE, Bengal Army, Pall Mall

Applications for Shares to be made to the Seere. W. S. FITZWILLIAM, Esq., Old Broad Street, communication in India, it is scarcely possible to tary, at the offices of the Company, 117.d Leadete

: Director of the Essex and Suffolk Railway

arrive at any thing like an accurate statement as to brokers :-London, -Hessra. Peppercorne aod Co., (With power to add to their number.)

the possible amount of passenger traffic; but the Committee of Management:

fact of the immense number of European and native 2,0ld Broad Street; Hill, Fawcett, and Hill, Thread Major H. B. Henderson. Capt. Hitchins. troops, Government stores, passing and re-passing Lane.

needle Street; and J. W. Scott, 3, Bartholomes R. Hartley Kennedy,Esq. The Hon. W. Gore. to the upper provinces, and

the safe and accelerated Messrs. John Young and Co. York,-Messrs. Gray.

Birmingham,-W. R. Collis. Leeds,Major Morse Cooper. Major Waller.

transmission of the mail, the frequent and at the Archibald Spens, Esq. John James, Esq. same time tedious and expensive palankeen tra- and Co., and Messrs. M'Callum and Co. Glasgow,

ston and Earle. Edinburgh,--Messrs. Robertson W. P. Andrew, Esq. Mr. Alderman Hooper. velling, which to Patna costs 260 rupees, and occuJames B. Graham, Esq. W.8. Fitzwilliam, Esq. pies four days, and the large amount of native traffic

--Messrs. Tassie and Co. Dublin,-Messrs. Bruce (With power to add to their number). ereated by a more ready and rapid mode of inter: Chauncey, Mr. James Prict, and Mr. J.o. Binger.

and Symes.

Liverpool,-Messrs. Ridsdale and Trustee at Caleutta :-Dwarkanauth Tagore. course between the several provinces through which Derby, -Mr. T. Eyre, and' Nr. J. Cuff. Hal,Bankers in London :

the

lines will pass, shew a strong case for expecting Messrs. Collinson and Flint. Manchester,--Messrs. Messrs.Herries, Farquhar, & Co., St. James's-street. that large returns will eventually accrue to the share- Cardwell and Sons, and Mr. J. Clegg. 'Bristol, Messrs. Smith, Payne, & Smith, Lombard-street.

holders of this undertaking. Provincial Bankers

From a statistical return of the inland trade of Mfr. Luke Arnold." Exeter, - Beaumont and Ca.; Manchester Messrs. Jones Lloyd & Co. India, it is found that the Annual Imports and Ex where Prospectuses and forms of Application may

be had. Liverpool Messrs. Moss & Co.

ports of Calcutta amount to about 16,000,0001. ster. Derby. Messrs. Samuel Smith & Co. ling, of which the chief portion comes down from

FORM OF APPLICATION FOR SHARES. Hull Do. do.

the interior, or is conveyed thither by the present Bristol Messrs. Stuckey & Co.

expensive and tedious mode of carriage ; in the To the Directors of the Great Western Railway of Exeter Messrs. Saunders & Co. article of Sugar alone the quantity that was brought

Bengal.
Leeds
Mesers. Beckett & Co.
down to Calcutta from the north-west (where it is

Gentlemen,- In consideration of your allotting to Sheffield

The Sheffield Banking Company, computed that nearly 600,000 acres are under me Shares of €50 each in this undertaking, I York

The City and County Bank culture of the Sugar Cane), in one year amounted to hereby agree to pay the deposit thereon, or any loss Scotland .... The City of Glasgow Bank. about 130,000 tons.

number of Sharos that may be allotted to me; and Publin Messrs. Latouche & Co.

In 1841 the number of chests of Opium brought I also undertake to 'siga the necessary deeds when Bankers in Calcutta:- The Union Bank.

from Behar and Benares amounted to 18,927. required so to do. Bankers in Bombay:-The Bank of Western India. The estimated traffic of the Ganges is rated at

I am, Gentlemen, your obedient servant, Engineer:--Chas. Vignoles, Esq., F.R.A.S., M.R.1,A. from 800,000 to 1,000,000 tons per annum; sup

Name at length
Standing Counsel :-
posing only one half of this should be diverted to

Profession
A. E. Cockburn, Esq.,Q.C. 1 Edwin James, Esg. the Railway, the goods traffic at the estimate of One

Address
Solicitor :-W. B. James, Esq., 5, Basinghall Street. Penny per ton per inile, with the usual deductions of
Agents at Calcutta :--Carr, D. Tagore, & Co. 40 per cent. for working charges, would yield (ex.

Reference

Date

THE

East-India House, 16th July, 1843, To the PROPRIETORS of EAST-INDIA STOCK. In imperial 4to. price 3 guineas ; proofs on India THE COURT of DIRECTORS of Ladies and Gentlemen,

paper, 4 guineas. THE

THE PRINCIPLES and PRAC. notice,

Melville to a seat in the direction of

your

TICE of ART. Treating of Beauty of Form, That the Finance and Home Committee will be affairs has released from their engagements a large Imitation, Composition, Light and Shade, Effect and ready, on or before Wednesday, the 30th inst., to re- body of influential proprietors, who have kindly Colour: „By JD. HARDING, author of Elemen, ceive proposals in writing, sealed up, from such

per promised me their support. Encouraged by this tary Art:" With numerous illustrations, drawn and sons as may be willing to supply the Company with

accession of strength, I have the honour to acquaint engraved by the Author. BUFF LEATHER ACCOUTREMENTS and

you that it is my fixed determination to proceed to BUFF HIDES,

the ballot on the next vacancy that may occur, on NEW ROUTE TO THE RHINE, BY THE And IRON HOOPs and RIVETS, which occasion I beg most earnestly and respectfully

MOSELLE. and that the conditions of the said contracts (two in to solicit your suffrages.

In 1 vol. post 8vo. beautifully illustrated, price 145. number) may be bad on application at the Secretary's A share in the administration of our vast Indian

cloth gilt. Office, where the proposals are to be left any time possessions, and in the promotion of the prosperity before 11 o'clock in the forenoon of the said 30th day and moral improvement of the millions of our Indian A TOUR through the VALLEY of the of July, after which hour no Tender will be re- fellow-subjects, placed under our sway, for purposes MEUSE ; with the Legends of the Walloon Country ceived.

infinitely greater than the mere increase of our na- and the Ardennes. By DUDLEY COSTELLO. JAMES C. MELVILL, Secretary. tional wealth and power, offers a field for usefulness With an ornamental frontispiece, and numerous

and an object of legitimate ambition to which any woodcuts. To the PROPRIETORS of EAST-INDIA STOCK.

man may be proud to aspire. Ladies and Gentlemen, Deeply sensible of the responsibility attached to

In imperial 8vo. price 16s. cloth gilt. so important a trust, I can only add that, if elected,

The CHILD of the ISLANDS, a THE Election of the Hon. W. H.L. I will devote myself exclusively to the discharge of Company will have the effect of releasing so many of those principles best calculated to promote the lustration by Daniel Maclise, R.A.

“ There can be no question that the performance pfe engaged votes, as to give me the prominent Welfare and happiness of the people of India and place amongst the remaining candidates to which the prosperity of both countries.

bears throughout the stamp of extraordinary ability my claims of service in India have been recognized ledgments to those friends

who have so kindly inter

In conclusion, I beg to offer my warmest acknow--the sense of easy power very rarely deserts us. But very generally as entitling me. At the next vacancy, ested themselves in my behalf, and my very sincere many.

we pause on the bursts of genius; and they are therefore, I shall claim the support of your votes, in

The exquisite beauty of the verses the contest that will ensue, for the honour of a scat reception I have experienced throughout my canvass in them."-Quarterly Review.

thanks to the proprietors generally for the courteous is worthy of the noble womanly feelings expressed in your direction. I have the honour to be, Ladies and Gentlemen, Ladies and Gentlemen, your faithful and obliged

I have the honour to be, with great respect, your most obedient and most humble servant,

The FOREIGN QUARTERLY scrvant, 37, Hyde Park Gardens, H. T. PRINSEP.

WM. J. EASTWICK. REVIEW, No. 70, is just published, price 6s. July 10, 1845. London, 22, Sloane Street, July 10, 1845.

1. History of the Counts of Flanders. P.S. In addition to the testimonials which I have II. Rise and Fall of the European Drama. To the PROPRIETORS of EAST-INDIA STOCK. already had the honour of submitting for your peru:

III. The War in the Cevennes. Ladies and Gentlemen, sal, i beg to subjoin a memorandum from the Right IV. Railways in India.

V. Medieval Stories. THE Election of the Hon. W. L. Mel. Hon. Sir Henry Pottinger, Bart., G.C.B.:“ Captain Eastwick was for many years associated

VI. German Political Squibs and Crotchets. ville, of the Bengal Civil Service, to the with me in the public service in India, and it was

VII. Surveys of the Indian Navy. vacancy consequent upon the demise of the late then that I had constant favourable opportunities of

VIII. The Oregon Territory. Maj.-gen, Sir J. Bryant, C.B., leaves in the Court of appreciating that combination of judgment, firm- Short Reviews of Books, Foreign CorresponDirectors but one officer of the Bengal army, amount. ness, and conciliation, as well as that patient kind.

dence, &c. ing to more than half of the force by which the ness and forbearance towards the natives of India, East-India Company maintain their sovereignty over of all ranks and classes, which now render me (inde- THE LIBRARY OF TRAVEL.-Volume the 1st. the vast empire acquired by their arms.

pendently of considerations of private friendship) Just published, with 180 wood-cut illustrations, The constituent parts of this large force differ most desirous of seeing him enrolled amongst the price 88. 6d. in cloth, or in morocco, 14$. from each other, as well as from the armies of members of that influential body, on whose delibeMadras and Bombay, in religion, usage, and par-rations and proceedings so much of the destinies of

SYRI A and the HOLY LAND, their tially in language, to which I may add that the regu- our Indian empire, and the welfare and advance-Scenery and their People, Incidents of Travel, &c.,

Ву lations existing in cach Presidency do not always ment of one hundred millions of our fellow-men, from the best and most recent authorities. Hence arise questions involving im- may, without the least exaggeration, be said to

WALTER K. KELLY. portant interests; I hope, therefore, I may without depend.

“Never was information more amusingly conbeing dcenied presumptuous, solicit your support ** Of Captain Eastwick's merits and abilities as a veyed-never were the results of voluminous works and favourable consideration of my pretensions on public man, I may, perhaps, here mention, as the of travel more spiritedly condensed than in this the occasion of the next vacancy in the East-India best proof of my estimation, that he was the first work. The execution is truly admirable.

The Direction.

gentleman to whom my thoughts turned, and for moral, social, physical, political, and geographical I have the honour to remain, Ladies and Gentle whose services I applied to Government, on my ap- features of the East arc well brought out, and the nien, your obedient and faithful servant,

pointment to proceed to China as Plenipotentiary in reader is at home with the Turk, the Arab, the Jew, J. CAULFIELD, 1841, and I then deeply regretted that my friend's the Drüse, and the Maronite."—Westminster

Review. Major General Bengal Army. ill health prevented him from accompanying me. 82, Eaton Square.

“I am quite satisfied that, whenever Capt. East

wick shall succeed to a seat in the East-India direc-THE LIBRARY OF TRAVEL.-Volume the 2nd. To the PROPRIETORS of EAST-INDIA STOCK. fulfilment of the complicated and momentous duties tion, his unwearied exertions will be devoted to the

Price gs. cloth, 158. in morocco. Ladies and Gentlemen,which are, in my opinion, inseparable from such a

EGYPT and NUBIA, with Notices of R. Melville's Election this day trust, and I shall therefore feel most happy if this their scenery and National Characteristics

, Incidents having relieved many of my friends from him in obtaining the object of his laudable am- Sketches, Anecdotes, &c. By 3, A. ST: JOAN, their engagements, I am now assured of the support bition.

author of "Egypt and Mohammed Ali," " Manners of so large a number of your body, that, whilst I

“HENRY POTTINGER." and Customs of Ancient Greece," &c. With 125 shall spare no pains in the further prosecution of my canrass, I feel justified in respectfully announcing

“67, Eaton-place, July 1, 1845."

wood engravings. to you that I shall certainly proceed to the ballot on

CHAPMAN & HALL, 186, Strand. the first vacancy in the Court of Directors, with en- To the PROPRIETORS of EAST-INDIA STOCK. tire contidence of success. Having on former occasions submitted to you Ladies and Gentlemen,

Publishing by Subscription, the grounds of long employment in some of the THE Hon. W. L. Melville having highest offices in the Bengal Civil Service, upon

N

(this day) been elected to the vacant seat in the which I venture to solicit your suffrages, and being direction of your affairs, I deem it due to my friends

PORTRAIT of DWARKANAUTH TAGORE, how the senior candidate for the honourable distinc. and supporters, as well as to the proprietary at Esq, of Calcutta, from the admirable Painting by hon vared of ethice proprietors who have not already sition to proceed

to the ballot on the next vacancy demy in 1843, and is now in the Town Hall of Calthat may occur, yet, encouraged by the flattering re

Executed in the highest style of Mezzotinto, I have the honour to be, Ladies and Gentlemen, ception I have met with in the course of my canvass, by GEORGE RAPHAEL WARD. Size of plate, with great respect, your faithful humble servant,

as well as by the renewed expressions of assistance 30 in: by 19 in. ROSS D. MANGLES. from many now released from their engagements, I

Price : - Prints, two guineas; lettered proofs, four Athenæum Cluh, Pall-mall, July 9, 1845. look forward with confidence to an early attainment guineas; India proofs, before letters (in which state

only 60 will be taken), six guineas. Every impresof the object of my ambition. I have the honour to be, Ladies and Gentlemen, sion will be delivered strictis according to the rota.

tion in which the names' are received ; an early ap.

plication is therefore strongly urged. Subscriptions

J. A. MOORE, SHIRE SAUCE is pronounced by connois.

received by the Engraver, at 31, Fitzroy-square. seurs to be the only good sauce” for enriching

Late Secretary at Hydrabad. gravics, or as a zest for tish, curries, soups, game,

33, Queen Annc-street, Carendish-square, steaks, cold meat, &c. The approbation bestowed

July 9, 1843. on this sauco having encouraged imitations, the pro

OUTFITS. prietors deem it necessary to caution purchasers to ask for “Lea and Perrin's Worcestershire Sauce,"

CEYLON LAND AGENCY. and to observe that the same is embossed on Betts's metallic capsules, which they adopted as a protection

ARTIES interested in the Pur. at a short notice, with the proper description of

LINEN, Military Accoutrements, Cabin Furniture, to the public. Sold, wholesale, retail, and for exportation, by the proprietors, Vere-street, Oxford their views forwarded by application to

moderate prices, by CHRISTIAN & RATHBONE, strect; CROSSE and BLACKWELL, Soho-square; Mr. CHRISTOPHER ELLIOTT, Colombo; 11, Wigmore Street, Cavendish Square, London. BARCLAY and SONS, Farringdon-street; and by or at 55, Old Broad Strect, London, Office hours,

Camp furniture, overland trunks, &c.--Estimates vendors of sauces generally.

12 to 2 o'clock, daily (Saturday excepted). and samples sent on application.

M

TI

cutta.

LEA&PERRIN'S WORCESTER rour faithful and obedient servant,

CADEONS appointed to India can be supplied

, emas la

ALLEN'S MAPS,

[graphic]

All from the latest Surveys and Authorities.

INDIA & CHINA.
MAP of INDIA and CHINA, BURMAH, SIAM, the MALAY PENIN-
SULA, and the EMPIRE of ANAM. Compiled from the latest Surveys and other official Documents.
1844. On two sheets, #1. Is.; or on cloth, in a case, £1. 10s.

INDIA.
A Newly-constructed and Improved MAP of INDIA. Compiled chiefly from
Surveys executed by Order of the Hon. East. India Company. 1844. On six sheets, £2. 128. 6d.; or on
cloth, in a case, 3. 13s. 6d.

MAP of INDIA, from the most recent Authorities. 1844. On two sheets, 185. or on cloth, in a case, 25s.

MAP of the ROUTES in INDIA ; with Tables of Distances between the principal Towns and Military Stations. 1844. On one sheet, 9s.; or on cloth, in a case, 128.

R

TH

SINDE, THE PUNJAB, &c.
MAP of the WESTERN PROVINCES of HINDOOSTAN,—The Punjab
Cabool, Sinde, &c.; including all the States between Kandahar and Allahabad. On four sheets
£1. 11s. 6d.; or on cloth, in a case, £2. 5s.

MAP of AFFGHANISTAN and the adjacent Countries. Compiled from the latest Surveys of these Countries, by the Officers attached to the Indian Army, and published by Authority of the Hon. Court of Directors of the East-India Company. On one sheet, 9s.; or on cloth, in a case, 12s.

A ,

USTIN & SEELEY, of the New ENGLAND TO INDIA.

of Vases and Fountains made of their artificial stone MAP of the OVERLAND ROUTES between ENGLAND and INDIA, with (which has now stood a test of about 20 years), desire the other Lines of Communication. On one sheet, 98.; or on cloth, in a case, 128.

to draw the attention of persons having connections in the East to their establishment. Many of their

pattems are correctly copied from the antique, and CHINA.

others have been designed by the best architects of MAP of CHINA, from the most authentic Information. 1844. On one sheet,

the present day. Specimens of their work are to be

seen in the gardens of about half of the British 88.; or on cloth, in a case, 11s.

nobility.
LONDON: WM. H. ALLEN & Co.,
BOOKSELLERS TO THE HONOURABLE EAST-INDIA COMPANY,

OYAL TABLE SAUCE.-This 7, LEADENHALL STREET.

delicious now Sauce; which has elicited uni. versal commendation from the most distinguished

epicures, is now to be procured generally of the In 2 vols. post 8vo. cloth lettered, price 21s.

principal Sauce Venders throughout the kingdom,

in pint bottles at 2s.6d., and handsome china rases THE MEMOIRS OF A GRIFFIN;

for the table at 3s,

It is the most admired Sauce at the tables of the OR,

nobility and the principal club-houses, and will be

found unequalled as an economic zest. A. CADET'S FIRST YEAR IN INDIA.

CROSSE and BLACKWELL, Puireyors in Ordi. BY CAPTAIN F. J. BELLEW.

nary to her Majesty, 21, Soho Square, London, Sole

Manufacturers. With Illustrations, from Sketches by the Author. "We speak the opinion of competent judges, waving our own for the sake of impartiality, when we say that a more entertaining, book of the kind has rarely appeared. Captain Bellew has succeeded in his difficult task of making his Griffin' the object of mirth without inspiring, contempt, engaging

THE SILENT FRIEND: a Medical him in adventures from which a brother griff may extract lessons of prudence whilst he reads for fun.”

Work on PHYSICAL DECAY, NERVOUS -Asiatic Journal.

DEBILITY, CONSTITUTIONAL WEAKNESS,

excessive indulgence, &c. With Observations on “The book gives an amusing picture of the Griffin's reception, adventures, and mishaps, with a Marriage, &c. With 10 coloured engravings. By distinct view of Indian life in the presidencies, &c. &c.”—Illustrated London News.

R. and L. PERRY and Co., Surgeons, London.
Published by the Authors, and sold at their resi.

dence; also by STRANGE, 21, Paternoster-Tos; 2nd edition, post 8vo. cloth lettered, 14s.

HANNAY and Co., 63, Oxford-street; NOBLE, THE HAND-BOOK OF INDIA:

109, Chancery-lane; GORDON, 146, Leadenball. street; PURKISS, Compton-street, Soho, London.

OPINION OF THE PRESS. A GUIDE to the STRANGER and TRAVELLER, and a COMPANION to the RESIDENT.

“ The perspicuous style in which this book is By J. H. STOCQUELER, Esq., late Editor of the "Calcutta Englishman."

written, and the valuable hints it conveys to those This publication embraces, in a condensed form, complete and accurate information respecting cannot fail to recommend it to a careful perusa!."'

who are apprehensive of entering the marriage state, the topography, climate, government, commerce, laws, institutions, and products of India; the manners Era. and customs of the inhabitants; the method of travelling throughout the empire, and the expense attendant thereon; the condition of the European (English) society; the rules and regulations of the tle stimulant and renovator in all cases of Debility,

The CORDIAL BALM of SYRIACUM is a genvarious branches of the executive; the cost and manner of proceeding to India ; the sports, ceremonies, whether constitutional or acquired, Nervous Menta. and pageants common to the country, &c. &c.

lity, Irritation, and Consumption,-by the use of London: Wm. H. ALLEN & Co., 7, Leadenhall Street.

which the impaired system becomes gradually and effectually restored to pristine health and rigour. Sold in bottles, price lis. and 33s. The 25 cases

may be had as usual, at their establishment. A NEW AND CHEAPER EDITION OF MAX.

NEW REGULATION SWORDS.

The CONCENTRATED DETERSIVE ES WELL'S “HECTOR O'HALLORAN."

SENCE ; an anti-syphilitie remedy for searching In a large vol. 8vo. embellished with 27 humorous

out and purifying the diseased humours of the engravings, now reduced to the low price of gs. ILKINSON and SON, Gun and blood, removing all Cutaneous Eruptions, Scum, elegantly bound in cloth.

Sword Manufacturers, invite officers to wit- Scrofula, Pimples on the head and face, Secondary THE FORTUNES of HECTOR ness the severe machine-proof they have cestablished Symptoms, &c. Price Ils. and 33. per bottle.

PERRY'S PURIFYING SPECIFIC PILLS MAN, MARK ANTHONY O'TOOLE. By w. probation

of his Grace the

Duke of Wellington, are been used with perfect success in all cases of Go. H. MAXWELL, author of the Life of Wels now the regulation swords for the army, according to norrhæa, Stricture, Inflammation, Irritation, kc, lington."

orders recently issued by the Adjutant-General. These pills are free from mercury, copaiva, and " A better story than Hector O'Halloran has not W. and Son manufacture guns, rifles, pistols, re- other deleterious drugs, and may be taken without appeared for years.. Parts of the work may compete conaoitering telescopes, and every requisite for ofti- interference with, or loss of time from, business with any of the most

striking descriptions in Oliver cers and sportsmen, especially for India. Presenta: and can be relied upon in every instance. Sold bs Hector O'Holloran is decidedly Mr. Max- tion and dress

swords of the most elegant patterns, all medicine renders. well's masterpiece, and cannot fail to become a ge- and every military accoutrement strictly correct, and

Messrs. PERRY and Co. may be consulted at neral favourite." London :-Printed for Tuomas Togg, 73, Cheapof first-rate quality.

their residenee, 19, Berners-street, Oxford-street,

daily, from 11 till 2 and 5 till 8. On Sundays, frou. side ; and sold by all other Booksellers.

27, PALL MALL, LONDON.

10 till 12.

W!!

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