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CochinEAL.-The price of this article has also advanced, and Rs. 3 5 per lb. could be easily obtained for it.

Bottles.-These have declined somewhat, and may now be quoted at Rs. 1 per dozen for quarts, and 10 to 12 annas per dozen for pints.

EXPORTS. There has been but little activity in the market for cotton, and though supplies are now arriving freely, the high prices continued to be asked by importers preclude extensive purchases.

Coffes.-Mocha is a trifle dearer than at the date of our last, the present quotation for it being Rs. 8 to 9 per maund. Malabar coffee remains without change.

Opium bas declined from Rs. 1,500, our last quotation, to Rs. 1,475 per chest.

In other articles there is no alteration to notice, save in Meckran wool, which we now quote at Rs. 140 per candy.

DEPARTURES. Sept. 13. Commerce, Bilton, Liverpool ; Frolic, Faucon, China; st. Phlox, Church, Surat.-15. Grab, Dadaloy, Malay Coast; st. Queen, Jobnstone, Aden.-18. Judal Currim, Nacoda, Calcutta ; Estrella de Damao, de Miranda, Goa. -- 19. Royal Sovereign, Freyer, Liverpool.–20. Berkshire, Smith, London ; Lanrick, White, China.-22. Emperor, Jones, London.-23. H.C. surveying brig Palinurus, Sanders, to the S.E. coast of Arabia ; st. Parsee, Gris. dale, Surat, Fanella, Hay, China.-25. Flor de Inhabane, C. Dias, Damaun.--26. Futtay Salam, Nacoda, Calcutta.—27. Roseanna, Crighton, China.—29. Gilmore, Maw, to Colombo ; st. Sesostris, Frushard, Kurrachee. - 30. Bella Marina, Wood, Clyde ; st. Phlox, Church, Surat.--Oct. 1. st. Semiramis, Hamilton, Suez.

PASSENGERS DEPARTED. Per Berkshire, to London.-Capts. M. S. H. Lloyd and T. W.E. Holdsworth; Lieut. G. E. A. Tobin; Ens. R. 0. Potts, and R. Inglis ; Assist. surg. J. Jopp; Qr. m. W. S. Hadley, lady, and five children, Miss Hadley; 221 non commissioned rank and file, six women, and fourteen children, of H.M.'s 2nd Queen's Royal Regi. ment of Foot.

Per Emperor to London.--Lient. col. R. Carruthers, lady, and three children; one capt. ; five subalterns, one surgeon; one assist. surg: ; 286 non-commissioned rank and file, four women, and eight children,-head quarters of H.M.'s 2nd or Queen's Royal Regiment of Foot.

Per Queen, to Aden :- Robert Montgomery Martin, Esq. Per Bella Marina, to the Clyde :-Capt. A. Richmond, 7th Madras N.I. and Ens. C. Wood, H.M.'s 78th Highlanders.

Per Gilmore, to Colombo :-Dr. & Mrs. H. Miller, Mr. Smyt. tan, Mr. Johnstone, and nine natives.

Per steamer Semiramis :-Lieut. and adj. C. Pattison, 78th Highlanders; Lieut. John Mayne, 2nd Mad. L.C.; Mrs. M'Donell and a European servant; T. Ogilvy, Esq. C. S. ; Lieut. and Mrs. John King, 2nd Queen's Royal; Maj. J. Sinclair, Bombay art.; Major F. D. George, 22nd regt. ; J. Kersbaw, Esq. merchant; W. F. Ogilvy, Esq. 69th Bengal N.I. ; Lieut. George Deare, H.M.'s 21st Fusiliers; John Clarkson, Esq. ; Lieut. C. Winfield, 18th M.N.I. ; A. Walkinshaw, Esq.; Lieut. Piercy, 2od Queen's Royals ; Capt. Price, do. do.; F. Gildea, do. do. ; W. W. Kirkby, Esq. do. do.; A. Gillespie, Esq. do. do.; G. Yonge, Esq. do. do.

MAULMEIN. The Bassein MERCHANT. - We have been obligingly favoured with the perusal of a letter from Amherst, from which we make the following extract for the information of our readers :-"On the 3rd instant, at about three or four p.m., the schooner Bassein Merchant, commanded by a serang, and bound from Rangoon to Maulmein with a cargo of Bengal gram, wheat, chillies, Burman trays, putsos dates, plums, &c., was driven ashore by a heavy gale of wind, opposite the signal point, and dashed to pieces. The cargo was scattered and washed away by heavy seas, a few trays and pustos being as much as the weather and opportunity permitted to be recovered. A Mussulman passenger, while the vessel was battling with the waves, leaped overboard, with the intention of swimming ashore, but the poor fellow was seen buffetting the waves for a moment and then disappeared ; his corpse was discovered the next morning completely disfigured, having been torn by the fishes, and washed ashore during the night. This is the only loss of life I have heard. The owner of the vessel must have sustained no trifling loss, as the vessel is now only fit for cutting up into billets.”Maulmein Chronicle, Aug. 13.

Monsoon.— The monsoon is more severe this year than it has ever been known to be within the recollection of the oldest in. habitants of the place. There are few houses, we believe, that have not suffered more or less by its influence. During the past week we have had violent gusts of wind, accompanied with heavy showers, which unroofed and blew down houses, coverings of saw-pits, trees, &c. We understand a gharee, with some Burmese in it, was returning to town on Friday last, when it was caught in a tornado and smashed to pieces; we have not heard the extent of injury the individuals in it suffered. The tide has been very high for the last two or three days, and we have heard that the new locality at Obo, assigned to the inhabitants who had been burnt out, has been overflowed to a considerable depth.-Ibid, Aug. 20.

do.

COMMERCIAL.
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGES.
Bombay, October 1, 1845.

Government Securities.
Transfer Loan.... (nominal) Rs. 120 to 124
5 per cent. Loan 1825-26 do. 108 to 112
4 do. do. 1832-33 do. 105 to 106

do. 1835-36 do. 99 to 100
5 do. do. 1841-42 do. 109 to 110
4 do. do. 1842-43 do. 99} to 100

EXCHANGE.
London, 6 months' sight. is. 103d, to 13. 10}d.
Do. 30 days' sight..... ls. 9 d.

BANK SHARES.
Bombay Bank

50 per cent. prem. Oriental Bank Rs. 1,000 each (Rs. 500 paid up). New Shares.

21 to 22 do. Old ditto

22 to 24 do. Agra Bank

(Rs. 500)

Rs. 270 to 275 Bank of Madras

(1,000)

Rs. 400 to 410 PRICES OF BULLION. Sovereigns, each ... Bank of England Notes, per £.

}Rs. 114 Spanish Dollars per 100..

nominal. Germap Crowns per 100......

216 to 217 Sycee Silver per 100 tolas

104 to 1041 Gold Leaf per tola

16 to 17 FREIGHTS. To London, Liverpool, and Clyde, £3 175. 60. to £4.

IMPORTS. Little cbange has been exhibited since our last in the state of the market for imports. The business has been chiefly confined, as before, to cotton manufactures, for most varieties of which a steady inquiry has existed, while in metals, woollens, and other articles of less note, the transactions have been considerable, though prices particularly those of the former-have in the main been supported.

METALS.—The market for metals bas displayed but little animation.

COTTON MANUFACTURES.-The principal transactions since our last have been in grey and bleached sbirtings, and grey madapollams and domestics.

YARNS.—There has been a steady inquiry for grey, and n improvement in price has in some instances been realized.

WOOLLENS.—The market for these is still dull, and the prices unfavourable.

MARINE STORES.-We have heard of no sales in any of the arti. cles embraced under this head,

BEER.-The market remains in statu quo.

SPIRITS.—The only sale communicated to us is one of 12 hhds, of brandy at Rs. 3 2 per gallon. Prices remain stationary.

RED AND WHITE LEAD.-These have both improved invalue, to the extent of about Rs. 14 per cwt.

SCIND E. The subjoined letter, dated Hydrabad, the 8th inst., contains some acceptable items of Scinde intelligence:

“The steamers Satellite, Conqueror, and Assyria arrived at Kotree yesterday with the head-quarters of the 2nd European regt., under the command of Col. Frushard. They marched this morning for Kurrachee. Thedetachment of 300 men that arrived here on the 29th ult. in the Napier left Kotree on the 2nd; they have but few sick. H.M.'s 86ch is expected at Hydrabad, and I believe the regiment is to be made over to the Bengal establishment. The 2nd cavalry, at present here, is about to March for Mhow, Sir Charles finding the expense of the corps too great to think of keeping it in Young Egypt. The Sth, 12th, and 28th N.I., at present at Kurrachee, are to leave for Bombay as soon as the season opens. The jumpties, or flat. bottomed boats, in which the troops came down, were refitted by rhe authorities at Sukkur for the accommodation of the 2nd Eu. topeans."— Bombay Times, Sept. 20.

Just as we were going to press, we received letters from Suk. kur and Shikarpoor, of the 13th and 12th inst. respectively. We regret exceedingly to hear of the death of Major W. Brown. He was indeed an officer of the highest talent and merit. The 7th cavalry had only nine men in hospital at Shikarpore. Last year, at the same time, there were 350. About 5 o'clock of the 9th inst., some twenty-four Belooch convicts set upon the chuprassies in charge. These behaved well; some of the convicts made off, one died of his wounds, another will, it is supposed, not survive, and five others have suffered. Of those who escaped, only ten or eleven had been found when our letter lest.

SUKKUR, Sept. 12.-" There is but little information to send you from this place ; such as I have you are most welcome to. The head-quarters of the 2nd European Regiment left for Kurrachee on the morning of the 1st; nothing has been heard of the

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detachment under Capt. Gibbs beyond its having arrived at Kotree. It lest on the 26th of last month, and by this time all must be under canvas at‘ Kurrachee.' The 1st company is all now lest in the barracks. In the event of sickness breaking out, they are to move down to a Parsee merchant's premises on the banks of the river, which are now vacant. This time last year sickness had broken out at Shikarpoor. I am glad to say the hospitals there are still nearly empty. The same can be said of this station as far as regards the sepoys, but several officers are on the sick list. So weak are the 4th and 69th in officers, that every officer who has been his two years with his regiment has a couple of companies. No news from the frontier. All is quiet. 'The detachment at Shahpoor has regularly kept the mountain robbers in order this season. Great improvements going on in the fort. A grand magazine is being built there amongst other things. Also the quarters of the officer on duty are being done up, and much did they require it. The officer at present there has to rough it in a tent. I pity him, for it must be no joke living under canvas at this time of the year. All are looking out for the relief. The findings of the two general courts martial are not yet out, viz., the one at Hydrabad on an assistant-surgeon of the Bombay estab. lishment, for rather curious charges, and on a private of the 2nd E. regt. for murdering a comrade here. This is a dull place, no theatricals, no re-unions, in fact nothing at all going on. No end of mules, pukals, tools and powder for blasting, are being made over to the commandant of Larkanna, for the purpose of making a road up the mountain to Howrah. This is, I fancy, the name of the spot considered the only really healthy one in Upper Scinde."--Delhi Gazette, Sept. 20.

JUNIOR BRANCH.

Second Class. Commissioner of the Court of Requests, ) £550—with an ap.

Colombo, Police Magistrate, Co. nual increase of £25, lombo

till it reaches 2650. Third Class.

£400-with an an. Commissioner of the Court of Requests,

nual increase of £20, and Police Magistrate, Jaffna........

till it reaches £500.

Fourth Class.
Commissioner of the Court of Requests and

Police Magistrate Galle
Do.
Do.

Bentotte 3001., with an ad-
Do.

Calpentyn nual increase of Do.

Do. Point Pedro 151. till it reaches
Do.

Do. Chavagacherry 375l.
Do.
Do.

Cayts
Do.
Do.

Mulletivo

Fifth Class. Commissioner of the Court of Requests and Police

1501. Magistrate Nuwera Ellia

I These salaries will commence from the 1st of August, 1845, from which date also will be computed the service entitling the newly added officers to the periodical increase of salary incident to their respective classes. -Ceylon Herald, Sept. 2.

A meeting of the subscribers to the · Rogers' testimonial was held yesterday at the treasury, when it was decided to carry out, if possible, both the schemes proposed, viz. the erection of a church at Badulla, and the placing of a tablet in it to the memory of the late major, not to exceed the value of 501Ibid.

DOMESTIC.

BIRTHS.
BOAKE, the lady of Rev. B. at Colombo, $. Aug. 16.
CAPPER, the lady of J. at Slave Island, twin sons, Sept. 4,
COOKE, Mrs. N. at Chilaw, d. Aug. 23.
MOIR, Mrs. at Mutwall, d. Sept. 18.
MOLDRECH, Mrs. at Colombo, s. Sept. 12.
POMPUES, Mrs. at Colombo, s. Sept. 8.

MARRIAGES, CLARKE, W. H. son of Rev. W. to Dorothea Frederica, d. of the

late Rev. J. D. Palm, at Wolfendahl Church, Sept. 11. KRONENBURG, A. to E. Frederica, d. of J. Mortier, esq. at Co

lombo, Aug. 28. VANDESPAR, W. C. to Henrietta Anne, d. of E. C. Waring, Ceylon

civil service, at Matele, Sept. 12.

...

...

...

...

DEATHS. Vos, R. F. D. at Anaroodapoora, Aug. 11, aged 21. Vos, E. D. at Colombo, Sept. 9, aged 29.

...

...

...

...

...

CEYLON. We have received the “ Estimate of the Revenue and Expenditure” of our island government for 1816. The length of the document forbids its insertion entire, but we shall proceed to notice such items as most attract our attention. The receipts for the year are estimated at 392,77H. and the expenditure at 392,7911., leaving a small balance against government.

The largest items in the estimated receipts are the following: Sea Customs (exclusive of duty on Cinnamon) £115,000 Duty on Cinnamon

25,000 Paddy

33,000 Arrack and Toddy

64,000 Salt

37,000 Tolls

22,000 Amongst the disbursements, the charges sanctioned by the Home Government amount of 241,061, and those requiring a vote of the Legislative Council to 166,2851. of the former, the principal areCivil fixed Establishments

£55,339 Revenue

38,294 Judicial

38,361 Military

35,882 Civil Pensions

32,450 Payment into the Queen's chest (Military)

24,000 Increase of pay to Clerks

7,500 Of the latter. Civil contingencies 72,9341., which include 21,0001. for the Civil Engineer's and Surveyor-General's department, and 20,0001. for that of the Commissioner of Roads. Revenue contingencies

£19,588 Judicial

16,191 Military

12,118 Commissariat

41,454 From the total of the expenditure the sum of 18,000l. is deducted as the probable saving on the disbursements, leaving the amount as above noted.--Ceylon Herald, Aug. 15.

The most distressing accounts are pouring in from the interior relative to the long.continued drought. We fear all kinds of produce have almost equally suffered by the want of rain, and a further continuance of dry weather may be attended with the most serious consequences. Several slight and partial sprinklings have, it is true, fallen, but so very slight as to be of little real service. If this weather continues a single week longer, the prospects of the planters this year will be sad indeed. Ceylon Herald, Aug. 26.

By a minute of the governor's, which appears in the Government Gazette of Saturday last, the following officers are attached to the civil service, with the salaries affixed to them :

SHIPPING.

ARRIVALS. Aug. 10.-Caroline, Williams, Tutucoreen.-14. Britannia, Ge. latty, London; Sophia, Tanner, Mauritius.-23. Sopria, Johas, Bombay, — 28. Eliza Ann, Meyers, Tutucoreen; Greyhound, Hutchinson, Galle.–31. Euphrutes, Monro, Mauritius. -SEPT. 4, Sammarang, Harvy, Liverpool; Royal Shepherdess, Scott, Galle.10. Sophia, Tanger, Tutucoreen.

PASSENGERS ARRIVED.
Per Britannia.-Mr. Fullerton, Mr. D. Fairweatber, Mr. J. Allas,
Mrs. Geddes, two children, and Miss Smith.

Per Sophia.-E. McCullock, Esq.
Per Greyhound.--Mrs. Hutchinson.

DEPARTURES.
AUG. 19.-Sophia, Tanner, Tutucoreen.-22. Caroline, Williams,
China.-30. Sophia, Jones, Calcutta.-Sept. 8. Greyhound, Hat-
chinson, Tutucoreen.-9. Euphrates, Monro, Moulmein.

...

...

GOA. Accounts from New Goa intimate that considerable excite. ment prevails in several of the adjoining villages, in consequence of sodie eight or ten children of both sexes having been lately carried off ly native crafts, supposed to have arrived from this port. The object of the kidnapping is unmistakeable. Nor, do we think, can the description of the craft be well mistaken. When it is remembered how extensively some years back the traffic in slaves was carried on by the Arab Bugglas frequenting this port, on which, in later years, the establishment of the marine police may have, in some measure, imposed a restraint, it would not be hard to believe that, having been checked in one quarter, an attempt should be made to re-establish the trade elsewhere. The Goa government, it is reported. have re. quested the co-operation of various authorities for the restors tion of the unfortunate children who have been lately found missing, and it is to be hoped that their praiseworthy efforts will soon be crowned with success. --Bombay Courier, Sept. 26.

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JAVA. The following information may prove useful to commanders of vessels proceeding to load at Sourabaya, in Java :-During the north-west monsoon (from November to March) loaded ships for Europe generally sail eastward through the Straits of Bali, and can load to about 18 feet before leaving Sourabaya Roads, but during the south-east monsoon (from April to October) ships for Europe sail westwards through Sunda Strait. They can then only load to 15 to 15$ feet even at spring tides; those loading deeper have to complete their cargoes at Point Panka, which involves some delay and four francs per coyan extra boat hire.

CHINA. The American ship Ann Maria, Capt. Millet, commander, which sailed from Whampoa for Penang on the 30th June last, arrived here on the 19th, having put back in distress and for repairs, the captain, chief mate, and nine of her crew being sick. She had a splendid run for six or seven days, after which she experienced severe gales off the coast of Luconia, accompanied with thick rainy weather, that continued for seven days, during which time no observations could be taken. All the sails were split, and her rigging and hulk damaged. In consequence of the sickness among the crew, it was with difficulty the few hands could bring her to Hong-kong.

The British barque Erin, laden with timber from Singapore, which put in here on the 22nd, likewise reports having encountered a very severe gale on the 9th, 10tb, Ilib. Her rudder was damaged, ber tiller broken, nearly all her sails split, and the deck. load of timber washed overboard. On the 7th, the Erin picked up four shipwrecked Chinamen, who were found hanging on to the water-tank of their junk. They stated they had sailed from Singapore about the 10th of May, and that their junk had split in two and gone down. They had been exposed to the elements for fourteen days, and when rescued were totally without provi. sions.- China Mail,

The disasters sustained in the shipping on the coast this year have, we believe, been greater than during any previous one since the opening of the trade. This week brings accounts of two total wrecks, the Sam and the Possidone, besides serious damage sustained by other vessels. Of the Sam, which was lost on the Lamyet Islands, we learn that the captain and crew were saved, and taken in a junk to loo.choo. We are also told, on what may be regarded as good authority, that the course by which they were conveyed from the wreck to Foo.choo lay through an inland sea; and this is the case, it is certainly a new discovery that may be of consequence. The thing, how. ever, requires confirmation.

The following extract from a letter to a mercantile house here contains the only authentic statement of the wreck of the Possi. done that we believe has yet reached Hong-kong:

It is with much regret we now report to you the total wreck of the barque Possiilone, Valentine, in this river, on her way from Woosung, in charge of a pilot, to the anchorage bere.

From some cause or other, during the late spring tides, every vessel on her way up the river has grounded; and we hear that fine new Spanish ship Bella Vascongada, which was lying some days aground close to the Possidone, is supposed to be inost seriously injured. Shangbae, 28th July, 1845.--Ibid.

The Lady Mary Wood, Capt. Cooper, P. and 0. steam packet, arrived yesterday with the first mails for Hong-kong, from Europe. The mails have been in charge of Lieut. W. T. Bellairs. R. N., who has been appointed Admiralty agent between Ceylon and Hong-kong. This officer has come direct from England in company with the mails; and the dates of arrival and departure at and from the different places are as follows, viz. Places.

Arrived.
Southampton,

June 20th.
Gibraltar, June 25th,

26th.
Malta,

30th,

July 1st.
Alexandria, July 5th,

5th.
Cairo,

7th,

8th. Suez,

9th,

9th. Aden,

16th,

17th, Ceylon,

26th,

27th.
Pulo Penang, Aug. 2nd,

Aug. 2nd.
Singapore,

4th,

6th. Hong kong 13th, being 50 days since the mails

left Southampton. Ibid. We are sorry to learn that the American Baptist Mission at Canton has lately encountered serious and unexpected obstacles, which though for the present interrupting their operations, will in the long run probably tend to smooth the way for an exten. sion of missionary enterprise-a cause in which we hope shortly

to see an accession of labourers from the churches of England and Scotland, participating in the toils and honours of their American brethren.

A few weeks ago, the mission rented two adjoining tenements in Long Peach Street, about three-quarters of a mile from the river. After having settled the terms, they proceeded to make such alterations upon the buildings as were requisite for the formation of a chapel and dispensary; but after the workmen had been employed for some tiine, the inhabitants of the neighbouring houses began to manifest opposition to foreigners settling in such close proximity. This unfriendly spirit gradually increased, until it grew to such a height that large crowds gathering around the premises, compelled the workmen to desist; the doors were then nailed up, and a placard posted on them, warning every one against resuming operations, under pain of punishment at the hands of the Kei-fong, or neighbouring householders, who exercise an almost despotic sway over their respective vicinities.

The people, encouraged by success, proceeded to arrest the landlords who had presumed to rent their houses to foreigners. After confining them in one of the temples, they obliged them to refund the advance which had been received from the mission, and furthermore, to pay fines varying from one to two hundred dollars; the Kei-fong appropriating the money as compensation for their services, and for having been obliged to close their shops on account of the crowd, which was so great as to render this step necessary.

In the mean time, the mission laid a statement of the circumstances before Mr. Forbes, the American consul, in the form of a complaint for the violation of the treaty with the United States. This gentleman instantly forwarded the complaint to Keing, accompanying it with a respectful but firm remonstrance against such treatment on the part of the Chinese people. Two or three days afterwards the governor sent a reply, stating that it was ever his aim to maintain the just rights of foreigners, and that the local mandarins should have directions to inquire into and redress the grievance. Accordingly, on Thursday last, the Namhoy-yan (the highest district magistrate) instituted summary proceedings, and posted a proclamation in which the Keifong are held responsible for all damages that may have been illegally sustained.

It is a matter of no small consequence, that such a document should have been so issued, recognizing the rights of foreigners in Canton, and we believe the present is the first instance of the sort. Placarding is the recognized mode of publishing laws and ordinances to the people of China ; and it was a serious oversight in all the treaties lately entered into with the Chinese, that it was not stipulated that they should be promulgated in the usual way. The result is, we are informed, that the people in gene. ral are in ignorance of the nature of the rights guaranteed to foreigners, and most of those who may have heard of the trea. ties regard them at present as little better than forgeries.-Ibid.

DOMESTIC.

MARRIAGES. POPE, John, to Clarissa Rosa, d. of T. Cobham, Esq. at Victoria

Church, Hong Kong, Aug. 6.

DEATHS. MATHISON, A. at Macao, Aug. 9. OSBORNE, H. at Macao, on board the barque Calcutta, aged 25,

July 23.

Started.

SHIPPING.

ARRIVALS. JULY 12.-Ariel, Bush, Calcutta ; Sylph, Macdonald, Calcutta. 13. Pandora, Cothay, Liverpool; H.M.'s steain frigate Cleopatra, Rear Admiral Cecille, Manilla.—15. Macedon, Redknap, London. 28. Castle Huntley, MacIntyre, Bombay.-29. City of Derry, Were, London.- AUG. 9. Sandersons, Robertson, Liverpool. - Victory, Hall, Liverpool; Larpent, West, Liverpool.-Steainer Lady Mary Wood, Cooper, Ceylon.-16. Carthage, Fox, Liverpool; Edward Bousterd, Arnold, Liverpool.–17. Culdee, Campbell, Liverpool. 18. Druid, Ritchie, Liverpool.-19. Patna, Ponsonby, Liverpool.Maggie, Spence, Liverpool.- 20. Syria, Stroyan, Liverpool. 26. Lady Sale, Castor, Whampoa.--27. Resolution, Wood, Chusan.

PASSENGERS ARRIVED. Per City of Derry.—Mrs. Cay and family; Dr. and Mrs. Young ; Miss Cobbam ; Miss Pope ; T. Hyland, Esq. postmaster for Hong Kong; Mr. Crackenthorpe, and Dr. Watson.

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DEPARTURES. JULY 13. — H.M.S. Plover, Collinson, Fei-chow-foo; Duilius, Underhill, London.-18. Hesperus, Killy, Liverpool. - 19. Compelitor, Poole, London. - 21. Amiga, Dalrymple, Liverpool. – 23. H.M.S. Iris, Munday, Amoy.-29. Emerald Isle, Curling, London. -Aug. 1. James Turcan, Turcan, London.-5. Ariel, Burton, Cal.

cutta ; Medusa, Hewitt, Foo-choo-foo.-11. William Mitchell, Mc Occurring at a late period, it led to the unavoidable omission of a Lachlan, London ; Challenger, Archibald, Liverpool. - 18. William portion of matter intended to appear, as well as to the heterogeneous Shand, Morrison, London ; Mary Bannatyne, Picken, London.—23. mixture of different subjects, to which our correspondent refers. Hope, Goss, London.-25. William Parker, Stratton, Liverpool ; The latter, however, was not so confounding to the reader as ano. Livingstone, McDougall, London.

ther accidental disarrangement, the memory, of which is upon PASSENGERS DEPARTED.

record. Sir Richard Phillips, the projector, and for many years the Per H.M.S. Iris. -Hon. F. W. A. Bruce, on sick leave.

proprietor and publisher, of the Old Monthly Magazine, was, at an Per Emerald Isle.-Mrs. and Miss Hulme ; Mrs. Caine ; Messrs. earlier period of his life, printer and proprietor of a newspaper Hulme, Fearon, Clayton, and Jones.

at Leicester. It was during the war with revolutionary France, and Per William Mitchell.-J. Longsbaw, Esq.

intelligence from the Continent was looked for with great eagerness. Some important news, extracted from the Dutch papers, was re

ceived, and prepared for publication; but, just before going to press, SUMATRA.

an accident occurred which reduced the whole to a shapeleas, West Coast or Sumatra.– For some years past the Dutch meaningless mass of tpye in technical language called pie). have had ports at Tapoos, Baroos, Sinkel, and, we believe, also

There was not time to recompose the disturbed matter with at Tappanooly Bay, all on the West Coast of Sumatra, at each out delaying the publication; there was nothing ready to of which they have establishments, consisting of a military

supply its place; and, as it was market-day, many of those

who would be disappointed of their papers, bad delay taken place, force and Custom-house. Following the usual course of the

would, in the then state of communication, have bad to wait for Dutch colonial government in the east in regard to British

them for a week. The proprietor had a ready turn for a resource trade, they are said to levy at these places a duty of 38 per under embarrassment, and he hit upon the expedient of making the cent. on all British goods, while Dutch goods, by the very disorganized type fill up its proper place in the paper, prefacing it by convenient medium of a drawback, pay little or nothing. The an intimation from the editor, that Dutch papers had been received, Dutch functionaries no doubt regard this ingenious manœuvre but at so late an hour as not to allow time for translation, and that, as very clever and praiseworthy, but it appears to us to be to avoid disappointment, it had been deemed advisable to print the very little better than a fraud, and the practice or sanction of

most interesting portions in the original language, and to reserve it to be altogether unbecoming in any government. The Dutch

the translation for a future number. haye evinced a complete disregard to the second article of

H. H. should apply to an East-India agent.

A LIVERPOOL READER will find his request attended to. the treaty of March, 1824 – å treaty which through their

Notices of various publications are ready, but are unavoidably want of good faith has been as productive of advantage to the

postponed till our next. Dutch as it has been of the reverse to the English through their strict observance of it. We will quote this article, which, were it properly observed, would be of the highest advantage to Bri

ALLEN’S INDIAN MAIL, tish trade, as, notwithstanding the double duty, English goods could compete successfully with Dutch manufactures, but the evasion of the terms of which enables the Maatschappy to main

LONDON, tain their monopoly, by which the welfare and happiness of the many are sacrificed to the interests of the few. We will quote

TUESDAY, Nocember 4, 1845. this article, because its plain and explicit terms cannot be too often held up in contrast to their systematic violation and evasion, and it may be that some feelings of shame will lead to a

Mr. Waghorn has achieved a triumph in the way of more decent adherance to them.

rapid communication, of which he may well be proud, bar. " 2.--The subjects and vessels of one nation shall not pay, upon importation or exportation, at the ports of the other, in the

ing left Alexandria on the morning of the 20th ult., and eastern seas, any duty at a rate beyond the double of that at proceeding by Trieste, arrived in London soon after 4 which the subjects and vessels of the nation to which the o'clock a. m. on the 31st, distancing the Mail, transport belongs are charged."-Singapore Free Press.

mitted by way of Marseilles, by almost three days. It is CAPE OF GOOD HOPE.

right to state that he had a start of upwards of forty hours, The Government have at last shewn compassion with the emi.

but against this advantage is to be set the fact that he had to grants in the Natal territory! Despatches from home, received make his way by a route hitherto unused for the purpose, last week, it is said, have placed Natal under the government of while the frequency with which the Marseilles route bas this colony, and empowered the Governor, Sir Peregrine Maitland, to appoint a lieutenant-governor, and such other function

been traversed must have tended to increase that precision aries as circumstances will require.

and regularity which are the results only of constant use. The Executive Council have consequently been in serious He has established the fact that the Indian Mails may be deliberation, and the following appointments have been offered, viz.-to M. West, Esq., civil commissioner of Albany, the

brought through the German territories more expeditiously lieutenant governorship of Natal, with a salary of £800; to H. than through France. Whether any permanent change may Cloete, Esq., the recordership, with £600; to J. J. Le Sueur,

in consequence be determined on, we are unable to state, Esq., to be secretary to Government and treasurer-general, with £500; and to J. O'Reilly, Esq., clerk of the peace at

but as it is impossible to foresee what accidents may occur, it Somerset, to be crown prosecutor, with £300.

is, at all erents, well to have two strings to our bow. The only situation which has yet been accepted is that by J. J. Le Sueur, Esq., and it is said that his son is also appointed as his clerk, at £200 per annum. Whether the other gentlemen Why should the ruling authorities of India encourage have accepted the appointments tendered to them, is not yet known.Zuid Afrikaan, Aug. 22.

the formation of railways? This is a question which might A general emigration is now in progress to Delagoa, and will, be answered by referring to the vast advantages which such at the termination of the winter, become as important as but few have anticipated. This is the information which we have during railways would confer on the people ; and such an answer the past week obtained from beyond Drakenberg, and we believe

would, we are persuaded, be admitted as a valid one by it, as far as the general emigration is concerned, lest his Exc. the those who hold the reins of power. But at present we are Governor, who we presume is at present on the colonial boun.

disposed to answer the inquiry rather by an appeal to the dary, will be capable to restore such order, and effect such arrangement as will be sufficient to restrain her Majesty's allies,

peculiar advantages which the Government would derive to as well as subjects, and to place them under such lawful and itself—to the great accession which would be made to its acknowledged authority, that the one as well as the other may

own strength and means of stability—to the celerity of know where he can look for that protection which he has a right to expect, owing to their relative situations. - Natalier.

action which would be gained, and the pecuniary benefits

that would be secured. We speak of the value of railways NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS.

to the Government simply as the Government, and they are A WELL-WISHER, who inquires into the cause of the confusion such as no vise rulers would forego the opportunity of exbibited in one or two columns of our publication of the 4th ult., is informed that the derangement was the result of one of those

possessing, if within their reach. accidents which will happen " in the best regulated" establishments. The British empire in India has on its frontiers those well disposed to assail it. Even within circle of its sway, and obey the impulse of the will ? These are Government quescircumscribed on every side by the actual dominions of tions, and their importance cannot fail to be felt both in Britain, are spots where concealed enmity broods over its India and at home. dark imaginings; where the seeds of disorder are ready In claiming for Indian railways encouragement from the strewn, and await only a favourable state of the political State, we do not refer to the indirect encouragement of atmosphere to burst into life and activity. At various points mere permission or protection ; we mean direct pecuniary within British India hatred of the Western stranger is encouragement. We should discourage such a course in unceasingly nourished, and dormant conspiracy waits its England. There the people are both able and ready to time. To meet danger wherever it may arise, the British carry out the great works required, and individual enterGovernment maintains a noble army, but from the vast ex- prize will secure all that is conducive to national benefit. In tent of country which must often be traversed before this such a country as Great Britain, the less the governors dom efficient instrument of defence can be brought to bear upon the less they are felt and heard of, the better. To introduce the impending danger, such danger very often gathers strength the

agency of Government here would be a departure from from unavoidable delay, which greatly increases the diffi- the character of our free institutions, and an approach to culty, and greatly enhances the expense of resisting it. Let that state of things, unhappily prevailing in too many India be intersected by well-designed and well-constructed continental states, where the Government is every thing, lines of railway, and the effect will be the same as that of the people nothing; where the latter, so far from being in doubling, and more than doubling, the numerical amount of any degree self-governed, can scarcely perform any act but its army. Before the power of steam and rail, time and space under the surveillance and direction of the police, and are shrink into a small fraction of their former dimensions, and not even entrusted with the choice of their own religion or the those who have the command of these conquering agents can education of their own children. But we need not say that the give effect to their will, at the distance of hundreds of miles, circumstances of India are widely different, and that in that with nearly as much facility as within their own immediate country Government is compelled to interfere in many things neighbourhood. Is any part of our Indian frontier threat- which in countries differently circumstanced are wisely left to ened with danger-does any internal disturbance call for the people. If Government abstain from the actual support of military interposition ? troops in any number, and with any railways in India, there is reason to fear an indefinite postquantity of baggage, may be transported from one side of ponement of their introduction; or what would be nearly as India to the other in less time than it now takes to move them bad, a commencement followed by a sudden and longfrom one province to that adjoining. The ground which protracted check. Government should secure, in the first now requires many weeks of tedious marching may be instance at least, that the work should be done, and well passed over in a few hours—and with this advantage that the done. There should be no beginning and breaking off from troops will arrive at the point where they are wanted with failure of funds, or because the projectors, having made out fatigue, fresh and fit for action as though they had just their market, had disappeared, and given way to others turned out of a neighbouring barrack. It is a trite remark, hoping to play the same game, but disappointed. In time that to ensure peace, a nation should always be prepared for perhaps in a short time-direct interference might become war, and in this view railways in India more especially are unnecessary; but at present, while the business is altogecapable of affording the best assistance towards maintaining ther experimental, we are persuaded that it cannot safely be peace, and consequently towards maintaining the security withheld. of the Government.

To provide the means of defence against external and inter- “WONDERS will never cease;" and further, there will nal enemies must ever be the first object of all wise govern- never be wanting believers in any description of wonder ments, and railways, we have seen, furnish the best auxiliaries which any person may choose to put forward with a grave for this purpose. But there is another point of view to which face and a confident manner. the subject particularly addresses itself to the rulers of India. Indian jugglers are famous throughout the world; but The larger portion of the revenue of the Government is they must look to their reputation, for Englishmen are derived from the land. Whatever tends to increase the among them who threaten to put all their achievements to value of land already cultivated, or to bring into cultiva- shame, and take the bread out of their mouths. We do not tion land lying waste, will tend to the enrichment of the know whether the reader will anticipate that these intruders Government treasury, will conduce to placing the finances belong to the sublime sect of Mesmerists, but such is the of India in a sound and flourishing condition, and to render fact. Mesmerism has reached India, and in a country the taxes more productive without impoverishing those who where a vast majority of the inhabitants receive with solemn pay them. Such is the tendency of railways, and on this acquiescence all the extravagances of Hindoo mythology, ground, next to that of providing for the defence of the it may be said to have found an appropriate soil. country, should the Government of India encourage them. We do not know the precise extent to which the claims of

Supposing Calcutta connected with the North-West Mesmerism have been pushed in this country, but in India Provinces by a railroad, and who shall estimate the probable they proceed very far indeed. Not only are patients mesmeamount of the land, now unproductive, in whole or in part, rized there as here by "twviddling their thumbs,” and other which would then, under the hand of the cultivator, become processes of the like nature, but, according to the chief profesprolific in consequence of the ready means of transport sor of the new science in India (whom, from a motive of ten: offered for its produce ? Again, if such a railway were derness, we will not name), they are “ entranced or made deconstructed, would either Seik or Nepaulese dare to beard lirious” (these arc his words), first, "by drinking mesmethe British authorities, knowing that the punishment would rized water; secondly, through a wall; thirdly, at a great follow the offence with almost as much rapidity as the limbs distance; fourthly, by regarding them (the patients) stea

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