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could do so also " We are'i sorry to learn that" a party of

, determined DESERTION FROM H. M's 94Th Foot. A letter from Moul.

the 25th disgraced themselves, and the gallant regi main mentions that four men of H. M's 94th foot had deserted

ment to which they belong, on tbe evening of the 5th, to Martaban on the 2nd of September. The foolish fellows

by committing a most brutal and cowardly murder. In conse. went over on a spree, and were then afraid to return through

quence of some il-feeling (of long-standinig, and arising from an dread of the expected consequences, though it is known from a

absurdly trivial cause), a party of some thirty or forty men way. Burmese that they are very anxious to do so. Their condition laid and deliberately heat out the brains of a sepoy of the 8th is described as deplorably wretched, for though under no restraint

regiment, with bludgeons, when rëtürning, unarned and defenice. from the Burmese authorities, the men bave been obliged to sell

less, with a few friends (two of whose skulls they also fractured), nearly all their clothes for subsistence, and were reduced to the from the lines of the 12th regiment to his own. The dastardly greatest distress. A man of H. M's 84th, who deserted eleven

deed was coinmitted about eight o'clock in the evening, in the ti months. ago, gave himself up last month to the Moulmain

very middle of the cantonments. The two men co desperately authorities. He described his sufferings as so intense, that he

wounded, one a sepoy of the 12th, and the other of the murdered would rather undergo any punishment than submit longer to the

man's own regiment, were, when our letters left it still in a pre- *'? wretchedness that he had experienced since his desertion from carious state. The ring-leaders and principals were subsequently his regiment. Madras U. $. Gazette, Oct, 14.

identified, four' in number, and were to be "tried on the 11thote. THE WEATHER.-We are glad to learn that the men of the

There is said to be no doubt as to the result; the evidence before 91th are very healthy, and like Moulmain exceedingly. A strong

the inquest having been clear and conclusive. The 25th had rumour prevailed of, a reduction in the force, and that no

been entertained by the station on the 9th; and by the 8th regia Europeans, exeept two companies of artillery, are to be kept

ment the previous evening. Sir Charles Napier, ut in," says our ki: in the Tenasserim provinces; we should hardly think that go

correspondent, "the best speech I ever heard from Isim," spoke verment can contemplate a reduction, which: indeed seems

in deservedly handsome terms of their good services in Scinde, scarcely prudent, notwithstanding the present pacific aspect of

and bade them farewell with much feeling and good taste. The Burmah politics ; though cerrainly if any hostile attempts on the settlement were apprehended, a regiment, or brigade of Euro

man," says another friend, seldomi

when he speaks as a peans, could be landed there, thanks to steam, within a fort.

soldier to soldiers, Would that he he had never gone out of his night. It was further rumoured that the right wing of the 94th

line, for his own fame... Would so indeed., was to be relieved at Aden by the 2nd B. E. L, I., and the entire regiment to be transferred to the Bengal presidency.

nast!" titzat. A11 m? The commissioner Jest Moulmein on the 3rd, in the Proser. pine steamer, for Tavoy and Mergui. There has been, we understand, a decided split in the Moulmein cabinet, between the

CAPE OF GOOD HOPE, commissioner and his principal assistant, Major Macleod, and the matter has been referred to the Supreme Government. Our cor- Fire ON BOARD THE MADONNA: The bark Madonna, Capta respondent does not mention particulars, but states that the Miller, from Portsmouth to Ceylon, put into Table Bay on latter is a very popular man, and possesses the confidence of Friday evening, the 3rd inst., about 7 p.m. The captain every one in the provinces, of which he has such great expe- reports, that on the 26th September, about 10. p.m., a strong rience, that it is generally thought the interests of the Company smell of fire gave reason to fear that the cargo, consisting of would have been best consulted had Major Macleod been ap- coals, had ignited, but no smoke was discovered until the 29th,. pointed to succeed Major Broadfoot, C.B., as commissioner. when about 60 tons of coals were thrown overboard, in order to The rains at Moulinein this season are said to have been

endeavour to reach the fire, which was supposed to be somewhat terrific ; no less than 180 inches bad fallen between the 15th May about the main batchway; water was also copiously applied, but and 4th October, up to which time the monsoon still continued. the smoke and vapour increasing, they made for Table Bay, -Ibid.

which was reached at the time above stated, when the ship was

beached. After discharging her cargo, the Madonna was got

Es will off again on Sunday evening last.- Zuid Afrikaan, Oct. 10.

Local Revenue.- From a comparative statement of actual

revenue and expenditure for the third quarters of the years 1844 State Of SHIKA BPOOR.-Our latest Upper Sindh letters are

and 1845, it appears, that whilst the expenditure for the third not quite so encouraging in rēspect to the health of the troops, quarter of 1814 exceeded the revenue by 2,7371. 185. 1fd.; the as they promised to prove by previous accounts. Sickness is revenue for the same period during 1845, exceeded the expendicertainly on the increase at Shikarpoor, and the outpost of

ture by 31,8491. 185. 4.d. The total revenue from Ist July to Shahpoor could only be relieved by attaching some twenty of 30th September, 1814, amounted to 40,555l. 85. 31d, and the the legion cavalry. The men at Meerpoor and Mohareekpoor expenditure to 43,2931. 68. 47d. For the same period in 1845, were to stand fast, it is believed, as a relief could not be the former amounts to 77,422. Als, 044., and the latter to afforded, In the legion about twenty per cent. were laid up,

-42,5721. 138. 41d. This increase on the quarter for 1845 princi. last year. Fears are chiefly entertained on account of dysen- and an increase in the custom and other departments.- Ibid. tery. A good deal of good had been effected by sending

Locusts. — Extract of a letter from Fort Beaufort, dated 29th the men out of cantonments, to a place a mile off

, on the Sept. 1845:-" That awsul scourge, the locusts, have again made other side of the city, where their convalescence has been their appearance in the neighbourhood of Klaas Smit's River, rapid, as the men are there separated from the evil infuences and in fearful myriads are moving slowly but certainly towards of climate and the Hooded lands in the vicinity of carton the Winterberg, where a few small swarms have already been ments. The spot is described as high and airy. Several kaBeen, and in the neighbourhood of the Kat River they have filahs had come into Shikarpoor, " but sach a miserable shew destroyed some of the young crops. Andries Pretorious has losts of things called horses was seldom seen."

... Delhi Gazette, Oct. 18. the whole of his. At this time of the year these unpleasant med the schland Soren

We have letters from Kurrachee visitors are the sure harbingers of famine, and a dire plague to harbour since the 3rd of the month, in waiting to carry the

our farmers will be saved the expense of reaping their scanty her yere som lhe sappers and miners, cand the 25th Bombay crops." – G. 7. Journal, Oct. 2.

ART the Toch. Sie Charles Napier is said to have been much an


DOMESTIC. noyed and disappointed at not receiving the Sindh medals by the opportunity, as he was naturally atixious to present them to

utaliinger : Y BIRTH. My miss of sogg! the 25th before leaving the land of their really gallant services READE, the wise of Charles W. Madras civil service, s. at through a prolonged period of five years. Some mistake ap- Wineberg.. pears to have been made by the Bombay officials, as the medals

ir as

f these steamcrs, * go in 11 entire teontga: -but only a small box containing some 40 Kandahar medals came

AM 1 to hand. As some of these were won by the 25th, his Excel. lency ordered out all the troops on the 6th, and presented them,

***, NEW ZEALAND. expressing his regret and disappointment, that it was not permit- Additional information respecting the late melancholy occur. ted him to decorate them with those awarded by their Queen for rence in New Zealand has been received. The Sydney Star of Meeanee and Hydrabad ; and though he had received his own August gives the following extract from a private letter:

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«On Wednesday; the 8th July, we found a way of getting our

ment, are calculated to benefit India, and because we are large guns to the top of the hill not far discant from the pah, and firing down on the enemy into the holes, they had made to convinced that all unnecessary delay in commencing their hide themselves. A number of the natives were

destroyed, and construction is to be lamented, as a postponement of the in the night they evacuated and retired into the woods, so that we were unable to follow them.” The account further increase and diffusion of wealth among the people, as well adds, that four pieces of cannon were taken, and Heki's colours had been secured. By the 14th, the troops had re

as of the development and concentration of the strength and turned to Weimate, the missionary station, and were to be resources of the Government. early housed.

Heki with his forces proceeded to at pah, twenty miles to the south, and which, being on a losty mountain, was almost inaccessible. The same paper publishes some letters from Colonel Despard, but they are merely the official announcements. Subsequently another pah belonging to one THE present Governor-General of India has distinguished of Heki's adherents was taken and burnt. It was stated that Colonel Despard did not intend to attack Heki at present.

himself beyond most of his predecessors by the zeal which Two hundred and eighty of the 58th regiment were to proceed he has displayed in the cause of education, and the encoufrom Sydney to New Zealand, for which purpose the detach ments at Moreton Bay and Bathurst were called into head- ragement which he has extended to it. Until within a few quarters at Paramatta, whence they would be forwarded. It was rumoured that Sir M. O'Connell would accompany these.

weeks the press was unanimous in rendering him praise on Lieotcolonel Jackson, in command of the 99th, had issued an this head, and all parties appeared to be satisfied. A cloud order for the officers of that regiment to wear mourning from the 25th of July to the 16th of August for their brother-officer,

has, however, come over the fair scene; a writer in a Lieut. Beattie.

recent number of the Friend of India, under the signature

of “A Friend to Education,” has attacked the mode in NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS,

which it is proposed to carry out the professed design of the The communication of I. S. C. is of considerable interest, though

Government to bestow its patronage on educated, in pre. bardly suited to our columns. He had better send it to a maga

ference to uneducated natives; and the editor comes to the zine.

support of his correspondent in a leading article. The obPRESBYTER may rest assured that we shall no lose sight of the jections taken to the course proposed by the Council of subject to which he draws our attention.

Education, as far as we can collect them (for they are not A JUVENILE READER OF INDIAN HISTORY bas a great deal to

very explicitly stated), are three :- 1st. That the effect of read before he will be qualified to write on the subject to which he

the Council's plan will be to limit the patronage of the alludes. We are much gratified by the good opinion of MonUN LAL.

Government to the people of Calcutta.

2ndly. That the standard of acquirement is fixed too high. 3rdly. That the

tests are of such a nature as to exclude candidates who have ALLEN’S INDIAN MAIL, received instruction in Christian seminaries, and give to the

pupils of pagan schools a monopoly of the proffered boon LONDON,

of official preference. SATURDAY, December 6, 1845.

The first of the three is the only one which strikes was

tenable. If the proposed regulations will have the effect of The engineers and surveyors appointed to examine and restricting within local limits a benefit which should be report on the best means of affording to India the benefit of opened to all within the wide expanse of our Indian domi. railway communication have now entered on their work, nions, it affords matter for deep regret, as well as for very and before the lapse of any long period we may expect to severe blame upon those by whom the regulations have know something of the results of their inquiries. When been framed. All partiality in such a case should be their opinions shall be ascertained, the Government will, avoided; but if any could be excusable, it would certainly without doubt, be prepared to determine to which lines they not be that which should have the effect of sacrificing the will afford encouragement, in what manner, and to what ex- country to the capital. If, therefore, through inadvertence tent. At home the subject will not slumber. The capitalists (for we cannot believe that it can have occurred except of this country, disgusted with the many bubble schemes through inadvertence), such be the effect of the rules prowhich have disgraced the home market, and with the job- pounded by the Council of Education, we trust that no delay bery and fraud which have characterized so many plans will take place in revising them. The " Friend of Educa. which, by the aid of a seducing prospectus, have gained a tion” justly observes, that “natives will neither be willing certain degree of notice from the public, and secured a cer- nor able to come from a distance to the Town Hall" of . tain measure of advantage to their projectors, will turn to a Calcutta for examination. On this ground he proposes ** country where railways are really needed, and where, if system of local examination and registration, which, withjudiciously executed, they will produce an adequate return out pledging ourselves to an approbation of its details, te of profit. We wait with much anxiety the results of the are bound to say is absolutely essential, if the patronage of inquiries now in progress, because we are convinced that the Government is to be dispensed with any regard to.comrailways, beyond all osher physical means of improper mon justice.

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On the second point we differ altogether both from the than by fixing a high one, which few will at first reach, but Friend of India and his correspondent. If any thing worthy | by the gradual effect of example and imitation will in course of the name of learning is to be encouraged, the test must of time be within the power of many. not be a low one. ' India is not to be rescued from her The third objection is, in our judgment, not less unreapresent condition of mental darkness by the communi- sonable than the second. The offence given by the Council cation of a little peddling elementary knowledge, a smat- of Education under this head seems to be, that in framing a tering of natural history, a smattering of geography, a course of examination for students of the English language, smattering, perhaps, of grammar.

Water spread over they have actually had the temerity to admit into it the the entire surface of a country in a thin sheet creates works of an obscure and barbarous writer of the Elizabethan a stagnant marsh; collected into deep channels it be- era named Shakspeare. In this respect, the character of the comes the source of universal enjoyment and prospe- new rules, according to the Friend of India, rity. It is much the same with knowledge. We may rest very singular appearance." We cannot help thinking that assured that in every country, where a high standard is not it would have assumed a more " singular appearance” had aimed at, nothing will be accomplished that is worth an Shakspeare been passed over. But the operation of the effort—nothing that will effectively raise the character of rules, we are told, entails " glaring partiality." How? We the people. 'Impart only to a few minds sound, solid in- should despair of explaining satisfactorily, and therefore the struction in language and science; educate them not for Friend of India shall speak for himself. “Let'us suppose,' shew, but for service;, and the beneficial effects will in due says he, "the case of a youth brought up in a seminary time appear in the influence which those educated in such a other than the Hindoo College and its offshoots. He is remanner will have on their fellows, and in the desire, which quired to construe a passage in Othello. He replies that will be created for the acquisition of attainments similar to plays are not class-books in missionary schools, but that he theirs. That mongrel state of half-knowledge when, to use has read and is prepared to explain Milton and Cowper. the well-known simile of Dr. Johnson, “ learning is like Then, sirrah, the president may say, you are totally unfit victuals in a besieged town-every man has a mouthful and for the public service of the British Government in India. It no man a bellyful,” is one from which we sincerely hope is not to be expected that society will tolerate the continuthat India will be preserved. We cannot do all that the ance of a system, the tendency of which is to throw the zealous would desire, or all that the sanguine may hope for; whole administration into the hands of institutions from but let us at least take care that what we do is done wel which all religious instruction is excluded." We hope that and efficiently—that it is executed with workmanlike skill society would not tolerate the continuance of any


sysand not with the bungling hand of a tinker. In England tem if it were ever introduced. We are warm friends to the the revival and diffusion of learning is chiefly owing to the progress of human knowledge, but still warmer to the numerous grammar-schools which sprang up over the extension of that knowledge which surpasses all other in country, in which the higher branches of knowledge, as far importance as far as it eclipses all other in the grandeur of as language was concerned, were studied and rendered fami- its revelations. We are anxious that India should partake liar to a large body of youth. Had these schools been esta- with us of the blessings of human science, but far more blished for the purpose of giving elementary instruction in anxious for the arrival of that appointed time (and arrive it reading and writing only, what would have been the result ? assuredly will) when the light of divine truth shall peneA paralysis of the national mind; a stagnation of the flow trate the darkest recesses of India, and its myriad inhabitof intellect; a universal cramping of the powers of thought ants shall rejoice in that light. Looking back on the past, by restricting them to petty objects. And such will be the we can see with sorrow and shame that our countrymen effect every

where if those who are anxious to diffuse educa- have been too often indifferent (not to say worse) to this retion are not mindful of quality as well as of quantity. Espe- , sult; but we are hopeful of the future, and we should lament cially will this be the case in India, where the mind, long the interposition of any let or hinderance to the glorious imprisoned in thick darkness, requires more peculiarly the consummation before us. But we must, in a spirit of bracing influence of severe study to enable it to regain its truth and candour, remind the Friend of India, that if the natural vigour. The Friend of India sneers (not much in the rules of the Council of Education do exclude the pupils of spirit of a friend) at making a knowledge of Shakspeare, missionary colleges from the benefits of examination in the * Addison and Johnson,

Whewell and Brinkley, Herschell first instance, and consequently from the ulterior advantages and Somerville, indispensable to office.” Now we are not the fault is in those with whom the management of those called upon to discuss the question whether holding out the 'colleges rests. ""Can any thing be more narrow-minded and prospect of official employment as the reward of literary captious than the answer put into the mouth of the supposed attainment be or be not the best mode of encouraging learn- pupil, that “plays are not class-books in missionary ing, for the Friend of India himself approves of it, provided schools ?" We can understand why many plays should be the tests be framed according to his own standard; but we excluded; we can understand why Congreve and Wycherley do say, that if the cultivation of the learning of the West is should be denied admission; but what sort of judgment to be encouraged among the natives of India, the object is must that be which excludes from a course of English study to be effected by recommending to their study such authors the author who stands at the head of English literature-its as those above-named, rather than Dilworth, Dyche, Fenning, brightest ornament and proudest boast-Shakspeare, the Vybe,, Mavor, and their brethren of like calibre. We wish to first of poets, and in the first class of pluilosophic writers ? see the native mind strengthened and invigorated, not merely And what must be thought of the ground of the exclusion crammed with a little commonplace information. We wish the form under which the magnificent genius of the poet improvement to be progressive; but progress is far less was developed ? He might have adopted the epic, likely to be secured by establishing in the first instance a or the lyric, or any other but the dramatic (perhaps the low standard, and trusting that in time it may be advanced, noblest of all), and he might have been read; but the

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choice which the peculiar bent of his genius imposed ACCORDING to a statement which lately appeared in our upon him is, according to the Friend of India, fatal. We paper from a resident, there is something in the geological are glad to find that Millon and Cowper are not under sen

formation of Hong Kong which gives to the climate a detence of banishment; but the association startles a little. pressing character. From two cases brought to our notice All honour to Cowper, say we, for the grace and variety by the China papers, we should imagine that there must be of his numbers, his vigour of thought, and language, the something either in the soil or air which excites nervous itti, shrewdness, point, and brilliancy of his satire, the beauty tability in an extraordinary degree.

In one and delicacy of his lighter compositions, the high moral case, the officiating sberiff is the chief actor, and religious tone of those of graver character ; all honour Hong Kong, like the parish of St. George's, Southwark, to Cowper which the most sanguine of his judicious ad-, unfortunately contains a debtors' prison; and it seems that, mirers can claim for him ; let him take place with Dryden until lately, those confined in it have enjoyed much the and Pope, and other glorious writers of the same order ; same measure of indulgence, as to intercourse with their but we cannot help thinking that the modesty of Cow legal advisers or private friends, as is accorded at home, per would have recoiled from an attempt to elevate him This liberty the, sheriff has thought fit to abridge

, by die to an equality with either Milton or Shakspeare. Then, too, recting that no person shall be admitted except by an order . we must have a word on that one of this incomparable pair from himself, the deputy sheriff

, or the jailer; and such whom the Friend of India is willing to honour. Do none of orders, it is said, can only be obtained withia certain Milton's works find a place in the Friend's Index expurgato- hours, nor always theo, as, according to the statement of rius ? Will the Friend pledge himself to the maintenance of the aggrieved prisoners (though the sheriff denies the fact), the poet's doctrines on marriage and divorce ? What says the grant of orders has been refused. The prisoners fura he to the heretical production pot many years since exhumed ther state, that the ground assigned for issuing the offen. and translated: Nay, what says he even to a portion of sive rule was the annoyance occasioned by persons passing, Milton's poetry? The Paradise Lost may be read, though the door of the police office on their way to the jail. If if the same spirit of false decorum which is active elsewhere this be so, it is clear that the auricular organs of the Hong were applied to this noble work, 'some parts of it "might Kong officials must be in a very high state of nervous er. place its reception in danger ; but as dramatic works are citement ; but, as any enhancement of the unavoidable evils excluded because they are dramatic, Samson Agonistes and of imprisonment, out of tenderness to shrieval ears, is to be Comus must be sealed to the eyes of the Indian student. deprecated, we would suggest the enactment of a law that all But with such paltry and narrow-spirited trifling it is pain: passers by the police-office should, like Learst

troop of borse, fúl to contend. We cannot readily imagine any thing more

be “shod with felt.” The sheriff, indeed, offers another rea. bitterly to be deplored than the exclusion of the disciples of son, resting on the danger of escape, and his own liability , Christian schools in India from advantages which are open if escape take place. The Marshal of the Queen's Bench to the pupils of schools into which Christian instruction is, in like manner, liable in case of escape, and we appre. does not enter. But if this takes place, with whom will lie hend that the number of persons in his custody cannot be the fault?. We are persuaded that there is no antagonism of less than those under the care of the Sheriff

of Hong Kong ; sound learning to sound religion, and no necessary associa- yet we believe any one within reasonable hours may walk tion of manly and elegant literature with religious darkness into the Queen's Bench prison, though a great deal of ceand impurity. To profess to teach the English language, remony is considered necessary to qualify for entering the and to proscribe the study of one of its noblest authors is prison of Hong Kong. If the sheriff be so dreadfully dermonstrous. So desirous are we for the removal of every vous on the subject of escape, we may expect in time that he obstacle from the way of the pupils of Christian schools,


go a little further, and deny all access whatever to the that if those who have the

management of such schools will prisoners. This would greatly dimiņish the chances of insist, in a spirit of bitter and blind prejudice, on interdict- escape, and thus tend mightily to the restoration of the ing the study of the greatest of our poets, we would make a afflicted functionary's peace of mind. What are the sufcompromise with them, and allow a candidate the option of ferings of a parcel of insolvents compared with the repose being examined either in Shakspeare or Milton; feeling of an officiating sheriff? That officer need not, we think, grateful and happy that the sins of the latter poet, dramatist despair of being able to carry the ulterior measure which we though he be, are not sufficiently deep to demand his con- have ventured to suggest; for his conduct in abridging the demnation to oblivion. This step we should be willing to privilege of intercourse having been brought to the notice of take in deference to a weak" brother ; whether or not the the Governor

, has been by that authority approred

. The prio Council of Education will be equally accommodating we soners, it is declared by the officiating colonial secretary cannot tell; but if they should not, and if mischief should " do not appear to be borne out in the accusations which ensue, the blame, we must repeat, will rest upon the heads of they have advanced ;” but, as the chief accusation—that those who maintain a ridiculous principle of literary, exclu- of restricting the intercourse of the prisoners with those siveness, Julian the apostate thought to check the advance seeking access to them—is not denied, this official state, of Christianity by forbidding the children of Christians to '

ment would seem not to be altogether

s borne out." be instructed in the works of the great masters of Greek The other instance of morbid irritability of the nervous and Roman literature. British Christian writers in the system was briefly noticed at the conclusion of our last nineteenth century, think they can promote the cause of Summary. A Mr. Welch and some friends were amusing., their religion by forbidding access to the works of the themselves, by singing in the private house of Mr. Welch, at greatest authors of their own countryluss

the hour of half-past ten at night, within ear-shot of the

major-general commanding her Majesty's forces in Hong 1 ic ett a kad mi se druKong, on whose nerves the hilarious sounds produced such

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in piano excruciating agony, that'he felt it necessary to send a mes. ployed, continues to occupy the earnest attention of the sage to one of bis officers' (Lord T. B. Cochrane), requiring Anglo-Indian public. Venice having been suggested as a him, if he had not 'yet retired to rest," to ascertain whence port preferable to Trieste, Mr. Waghorri has published the the noise proceeded. His fordship, it appears, had re- following letter in the Times: tired to rest;" but, 'under the influence of zeal for the

29.11 297.**79%) o pastatud 116

from pay laldent at Venice, and comfort of his commanding officer, he desired his servant

received "to go and see where the noise "proceeded from." These

line of route, stating that Venica is a better point to London than are his own words, and from these we learn that his lord.

Triester all therefore

one and all that is no port for large steamers, as it cannot be ship's servant possesses a very remarkable faculty. Pigs,

approached on dark nights. As & sailor, and to the minds of all

sailors this one reason is sufficient, and thegefore I do not trouble they say, can see wind,' and this wonderful orderly can you with others. see noise. He went and reported Mr. Welch and his guests

Trieste, or rather Dwino; is the spot in future for the most rapid to be the disturbers. This was communicated to the major sions; 1 Rope

sitcams in the recente beteren faseat Britanie

and) will save me the trouble of answering sucht

her Eastern posses

points in future. 001 9143 soit20:Xoids 16 visits to go to Mr. Welch's house and request that the curtain route. "T, Sir, have to do with the politics of any country, might fall on the performances of the evening. The mes

except for the benefit of my own and in this matter, as far as Fan säge was civil enough, for it was accompanied by the gene

that Enchantingespected the question. Is it reasonable..

be further distant to Alexandria than the route now opened to us through

France, 300 miles ral's compliments; yet it was impertinent enough, for it was transmitted to a person' not'under the general's command, guarantee for the whole being carried out far more rapidly than ever,

the influence of Austria, whose dnfluence with the other states is ki and related to a matter in which he had no right to interfere. it wil or can be through Fratice, even when the whole line of railway There seems reason, however, to believe that the civility was

is complete from Boulogne to Marseilles : My reason for this asperis:

At this moneat we have steam önland, sea, and river all the way dropped by the way, and that the policeman, not accustomed

19:1 to such amenities, forgot the compliments. The rest of the

to Bruschal, pear Carlsthue, and before the French get their linesa ssage was delivered, and this function completed, the

all; for steamers to go rapidly, the Adriatic is tar better than This is content messenger was“ summarily ordered 'down "stairs, as might islands along its east coast, and in adverse weather a steamer would,

terranean. The Adriatic is an iplandsean icovered with numeroust have been expected. After he' had reached the street the go, on the average, two miles per hout faster than a steamer in the

Mediterranean, particularly in the stormy Gulf of Lyons. 4. OW Wrath of Mr. Welch ascended to a point worthy of his We can now

get mails in ninety hours between Trieste and Lange name, and putting his head out of the window, be assured

don, which is the average to

Cologne and Ostend Rail way, and Maubeian Railway, to Bruschal, the retreating policeman, that if the general sent any further

pear Carlsrhue, while through France there is not yet one mile of message of the like character, he would horsewhip some

railway available ; by-and-by, forty-five hours will be the average, body-whether the general or the policeman seems to be dis

when a railway is completed to Dwing or Drieste. From Trieste tot Alexandria one of her Majesty's

will puted. We hope it was not the general

, for, as Mr. Welch days; no steamer can average it best stilles in less than eve was clearly in the right up to this point, we are anxious that

days. Now, here is a positive gaia, against all denial, of two days he should be right throughout. The evidence as to the

of the sem passage to Alexandria, per

have no doubt that the present Government of England, in con. son destined, in case of a repetition of the offence, to come

nection with the East-India Company, will carry this matter through. I have still my eye on further

shortening the route to lndia : under the discipline of the horsewhip, is contradictory; but in all its bearings, pot forgetting the railway over the Desert. I can the policeman obviously took the threat to himself, for he

only say my nim shall be steadily and unchangeably fixed to all that?

tends thereto. summoned before the officiating magistrate the person who

1 w11" ST1417.11 tsista bild Fodbo in fuaolt uttered it. This perhaps was not very extraordinary, but

The success of Mr. Waghorn has led to other suggestions, the result undoubtedly was. Mr. Welch was fined twenty and among them to the following' from Barcelona, which

aj natan dollars'! Had he actually resorted to the use of the horse appeared in the City Article of the Times :

20. VE Qindb whip, this would have been intelligible enough; but he had only threatened, and therefore the utmost extent of magiste

horn for his successful effort to discover a second route for the


land mail from India, I have been induced to make inquiries herea ríal power in this case was to bind him over to keep the which lead me to suggest that a third, and, perhaps, more feasible, peace. Even this power might be questioned, because the route might be pointed out. The distance from Alexandria to Trieste threat was hypothetical, and its execution depended upon

of Dwino and to Barcelona are, with little difference, the same: 15

believe to Dwino it will be about 1,500 English miles, to Barcelona another party doing something which be had no right to do; 1,600; the passage from Alexandria to Barcelona direct by Malta, but under any construction, to require security for the peace

which mail it would also takro, being much plainer sailing (which was clearly all that the magistrate was empowered to do, that through the Adriatic,

perhaps would compensate for me ance to ease of distance) than:

which is, I have under

stopd, very often most difficult navigation. From Barcelona to Sanb and in inflicting a fine he exceeded his authority "Awriter who has taken up the defence of the magistrate

bat 260 English mires, which evet bir bene in the Bay of Biscay, is in one of the local papers, alleges that the defendant in this over in a hight carriago in two days. The ordinary Spanish mail frota

there arrives b

here now in three days and a half, and it proceeds, a4.4. case had acted improperly on some former occasion ;' but very slow pace, And is detained several hours at Saragossa to come that could furnish no justification of the infliction of an

on by the Madrid mail. I have very lately travelled over the road unlawful punishment when he again came before the magis

come more ,

place it was a most excellent high road; a new line of trate." We are sorry to see Englishmen, vested with

high road was then being made, and is now, I understand, completed 5

from Tydela to Saragong. The only difficulty from Saragossa acreo little brief authority,” 'at' a distance from their native is the river Cinea, which is at present passed by a ferryboat, and country, '“ playing such antic tricks;" but it is well that when the mountain torrents come down it sometimes impassable;

but a new suspension bridge has just been contracted for by Govern, even in so small a community as Hong Kong there is a ment, and is to be immediately constructed, the commercial houses press to give them publicity.

*** of this tity having advanced the capital. Powerful steamers codia, istiti I believe, reach

this port from Alexandria, with greater ease and :: tilting

the Cantabrian coast in two or even less, and another steamer could OVERLAND COMMUNICATION N WITH INDIA. take the mail from there to Southampton or Plymouth in three days. The acceleration of the overland mails, by adopting as War, I believe generally did it with ease in that time. An Irish gen

The British steamers on the north coast of Spain, during the civil route shorter and more convenient than that at present em. tleman, whose opinion I consider of value, as he is a ten years resi.


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