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native servant; Mrs. Stather and 3 children, with a native female servant; Mrs. Stuart and child, with European servant; the Rev. J. Murray Mitchell, Mrs. Mitchell, and native child; Major John Fawcett Mrs. Ormsby; Mrs. Ducat; Miss Green; Lieut. E. R. Black, H.M.'s 22nd regt.; Mr. Joa Ama Ido Smellekamp; Sr. Joao Carlo Passello Picaluga and native servant; Lieut. Missiter; Lieut. Southey, M.N.I.; Mr. Alfred Thillaye; Captain Ormsby, I.N.; Lieut. J. M. Babington, 48th M.N.I.; Capt. J. H. Thursby; F. E. Colegrave, Esq.

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COMMERCIAL.

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGES.

Bombay, November 1, 1845.
Government Securities.

5 per cent. Loan

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ido.

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do.

1825-26 Rs. 108 to 112 1832-33 do. 105 to 106 1835-36 do. 99 to 100 1841-42 do. 109 to 110 1842-43 do.

do. do. do.. do. do. do. 99 to 100 Exchange at 1s. 101d. to 1s. 10 d. for 6 months. Bank Shares.

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Bombay Bank
52 per cent. prem.
Oriental Bank Rs. 1,000 each (Rs. 500, the amount paid up).
Old Shares
New ditto
Agra Bank
Bank of Madras

56 to 58 do.
45 to 47 do.

Rs. 270 to 275

Rs. 400 to 410

Sovereigns, each

Bank of England Notes, per £..
German Crowns per 100.....

Sycee Silver per 100 tolas. ...............ṣà đẫmato alá ahea
Gold Leaf per tola....££••••

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Rs. 114

216 to 217

104 to 1044

16 to 17.

IMPORTS.

The interruption to business occasioned by the occurrence of the Dewallee holidays, which mark the close of the native commercial year, and which occupy several days in their celebration, has rendered the transactions in British imports, since the departure of the last mail, very limited in extent, and unimportant in character. This festival terminates to-day, and business may be expected to be reiewed with some degree of animation, but it is feared that the effects arising from the defective nature of the monsoon will prevent any very decided or prolonged improvement.

METALS.-The only material change in the market for metals is a falling off in the prices of the leading varieties of Copper.-This may be attributed to some forced sales made by parties in the absence of a legitimate inquiry.

COTTON MANUFACTURES.-The fabrics in which transactions have taken place since our last have chiefly consisted of 45-inch grey shirtings, grey madapollams, and domestics, which goods have been disposed of to a moderate extent at prices similar to those current in the early part of last month. A few grey and bleached jacconets and jamdanny lappets and bleached shirtings have likewise gone off, but there has been no active inquiry for those fabrics. Coloured and printed goods have been generally neglected, and the transactions in them have been few and unremunerating.

YARNS.-The prices of these are wholly unaltered, and the only sale of which we have heard is one of No. 40, Mule, at our quotation.

WOOLLENS. The market for woollen cloths continues very promising, the demand being dull, while stocks are large. We have been apprised of no transactions.

MARINE STORES.-There is no change to notice in the prices of articles under this head, if we except that of pitch, which may now be quoted at 4 rs. to44 per barrel, instead of 5 rs. as was the case at the date of our last,

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BEER Continues extremely dull, and in the absence of demand, no sales are reported. The prices of all brands are purely nominal, and the stocks in first hands as well as bottlers', are believed to be heavy.

SPIRITS.-But little inquiry exists for any variety of spirits, and as this has hitherto been a season of great activity, it is supposed that the imposition of the additional duty has operated as a check u o consumption. The stocks are heavy, and increasing, while prices have a downward tendency.

RED LEAD.-There has been a sale of 100 cwt. at 13 rupees per cwt. a price slightly in advance of that formerly quoted, and at the rate thus paid the market remains firm.

COCHINEAL.-This article is a trifle higher in nominal value, but we hear of no actual transactions.

SAFFRON There is no change to notice either in price or dem and. BOTTLES remain without alteration.

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EXFORTS.

COTTON. Purchases have been made since our last to a moderate extent, chiefly for exportation to England. The only change of

value is in the price of Compta, which has advanced 2 to 3 rupees per candy. The other descriptions remain as before, and the market for all is firm. There are reports of a serious deficiency in the crops in Guzerat.

COFFEE.-Mocha has slightly advanced in price, and may now be quoted at 94 to 94 rupees per maund. The price of Malabar is stationary.

ELEPHANTS' TEETH.-Large and middling sized teeth have improved in value, the former having attained the rate of 95 rupees, and the latter 75 to 85, per maund.

CARDAMOMS have still further advanced, the price of short being now 51 to 52 rupees per maund.

WOOL. This has been arriving freely, and purchases have been readily made at our quotations. The diminution in the value of the Khorassan and Mekran varieties arises from the careless way in which they are got up, and from their being much adulterated. The wool of Cutch and Marwar, on the other hand, is greatly improved, and consequently fetches a better price.

OPIUM is without change, the price asked last month, Rs. 1,430 per chest, being still current.

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Europe by the steamer Lady Mary Wood, although sent to the post-office a few minutes before two o'clock (the advertised latest hour) were not forwarded to their destination, but returned to the senders. The letters in question were sent by two commercial houses whose communications and correspondence were extensive, and who, throughout the day, were despatching letters to the post-office so soon as they were sealed, in order that the post-office minions might experience as little inconvenience as possible. In the instance of these letters some excuse is raised which is not withall very reasonable. The whole of the "rejected addresses " were epistles to foreign countries, and as such, had to undergo various entries in sundry books at the Singapore post-office, to ensure the certainty of reaching their destination. Although in good time, that is several minutes before the advertised hour of closing the mails, the letters were returned; because, as alleged, there was no time to perform all the manipulations necessary (only at the Singapore post-office) in the instance of foreign letters. Why the postmaster did not notify that foreign letters would not be received after 9 A.M., or any other hour in the morning, as their peculiar circumstances demanded, we cannot conjecture. The excuse raised is entitled to scarcely any consideration. There was ample time for registering the letters had a clerk been engaged for the duty, or indeed with such agency as was then available, but for the time taken up with the letters of such as had the power, if they possessed the will, to remedy the evil complained of. The returned letters, we have reason to believe, were of the utmost importance, and in the instance of mercantile firms of less stability might prove seriously to their injury. As the government takes upon itself the monopoly of the overland mail, it is bound to provide ample aid for the due assorting, registering and dispatch of the packets. Charges are imposed for which something is not merely expected, it is a matter of right; the welfare of the settlement requires it, the distinctions of meum and teum demand it.

But a still worse casualty occurred: the whole of the prepaid letters were forgotten! They had been placed in a very snug corner, quite secure and sufficiently prominent, so that whatever might be the fate of other covers, the prepaid letters were certain of being despatched. Oh no, the whole of them were for. gotten until some time after the steamer's departure, when, cooly counting over the profits of the day, the nondespatch of the prepaid letters recurred to the memory of the post-office officials. This neglect is truly scandalous: no apology or excuse is attempted. Most of the letters had been sent two or three days previous, the post-office entries were complete, and all that was necessary was to put them into a bag by themselves or make them up into a separate parcel. With prepaid letters it not unfrequently happens that the postage is paid here not merely to ensure the delivery of the letters as addressed; but, in many cases, they give cover to remittances to children, parents, friends, and others whose circumstances prompt them to look to the receipt of the Indian Mail in England as the channel that conveys the looked for help, the desired aid for a child's schooling, a wife's necessities, a parent's only means of support! Had these letters not been prepaid their despatch was pretty

certain!

We write "pretty certain," but we do so under correction, since that which surprises us most is, that any letters or newspapers were sent at all! It appears that the officer on board the steamer who takes charge of the mails had stated to the postmaster here that the packets were to be on board at 3 P. M. on the 10th. The postmaster's notification was to the effect that letters would be received until 2 P.M. At the stated hour, 3 P.M., Lieut. Bellairs called at the post-office for the mails-they were not ready. The steamer shortly after got underweigh, but no signs of the post-office packets were visible. The vessel was moving to and fro half an hour, apparently as fidgetty as a man pacing up and down a street, waiting his friend's appearance from a." moment's call" on a lady, which insensibly lengthens to an hour. At half-past 3 r.M., the officer in charge of the mails proceeded to the post-office, and finding that the packets were not made up, he bundled the letters and newspapers pell mell into bags, and hastened to the vessel so that the entire mail had a narrow chance of remaining in the post-office, to await the arrival of the Braganza next month! In the fluster, the pre-paid letters were forgotten; the foreign letters set aside! Further detention of the steamer, by the terms of their contract, subjected the Peninsular and Oriental Company to a penalty of 501. an bour.

The so-styled Singapore "post-office establishment" consists of a postmaster who does nothing, and receives an equal amount ; a

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deputy-postmaster who does most of the duties of the office, but receives little (100 Co.'s rs. permensem), to which is added a clerk, a sorter, and one peon, at a cost of 40 Co.'s rs, or a total charge for post-office duties of 140 Company's rupees per mensem! The contra side of the post-office has usually exhibited a receipt of 1,000 Co.'s rs. a month, and is on the increase. The postage of letters and newspapers received for despatch by the Lady Mary Wood to Galle amounted to 1,500 Co.'s rs.; the number i of covers 4,757. The paltry expenditure of 140 Co.'s rs. and the continuance of such an inefficient establishment, ill accords with the praise we are wont to bestow on the head of the Settlement, who, in his desire to exhibit a large amount of a cash balance, as a proof of the economy and correctness of his administration, permits the postal branch of the executive to be crippled, ill-paid; in short, as contracted in its usefulness as the policy which directs it is weak and disadvantageous. The salary paid to the deputy-postmater, on whom devolves the duties of the office, is no more than what a governor ought to pay to insure the services of an efficient domestic-Lord Elphinstone, when governor of Madras, paid four times the amount to his cook! Were the efficiency in the post-office department an object of solicitude by those who are paid to conduct and further the interests of the Settlement, qualified persons would be sought; and, when found, rewarded according to their merits and length of service.

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To return, however, to the subject of the non-despatched letters per Lady Mary Wood. It must be extremely gratifying! to the senders of the prepaid letters to know that their commu- 5 nications are not allowed to remain in the Singapore post office a prey to the incursions of ants and cockroaches! They were forwarded to Calcutta by the Fire Queen, on the day after the departure of the Lady Mary Wood, and will probably reach England via Bombay. Out we say upon the officiousness of the post-office minions! The prepaid letters despatched by the Fire Queen will not reach Calcutta until September the 26th, four days too late for the Bengal government express to Bombay; so they will go by ordinary dawk, reach Bombay in eleven days, a week after the steamer's departure, remain in the Bombay post-office until the 1st of November, and reach England December the 4th! Had the prepaid letters been kept in the Singapore post-office until the arrival here of the Braganza, on the 8th of October, they would reach London on the 16th November, eighteen days earlier!

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The denial, that the letters which were paid to be despatched per Lady Mary Wood but did not go, were not subsequently sent by the Fire Queen, “with the view of their being forewarded via Bombay, but were designed to be sent from Calcutta to Galle," is the more to be regretted. We sincerely regret that the post-office authorities are not entitled to the credit we are willing to afford them. We were willing to believe that the error committed in not sending them direct to Galle, per Lady Mary Wood, would be atoned for by sparing neither expense nor anxiety for their being safely and expeditiously forwarded to their destination. In this respect it appears that we have been mistaken. Regardless of the interests of the community, forgetful of the terms of the contract for the transit of this portion of her Majesty's mail, the prepaid letters have been sent to Calcutta, and, for aught we can say to the contrary, will remain in the Calcutta post-office for the payment of ship postage, unless the Capt. of the Fire Queen, foregoes the fee of two annas on each letter, to which he is entitled! The postmaster remarks that, "the letters will not go to Bombay, because the inland postage was not prepaid." By the same parity of reasoning they will not go to Galle, because the ship postage from Singapore to Calcutta, or from Calcutta to Galle, was not prepaid! Here is another stretch of logic which is really inexplicable. The letters have been sent “an airing!" may be lost in transitu, or rest in peace at Calcutta until gazetted as detained for ship postage.-Strait's Times.

警示

GOA. HE

COMMERCIAL BANK AT GOA-A prospectus is now in course of circulation amongst the Indian Portuguese, for the establishment at New Goa of a commercial bank, under the protection of the government of that colony. Its capital is to be 500,000 rupees, divided into 5,000 shares of 100 rupees each, of which only one-half is to be at present disposed of, the other half being reserved for sale in case the general meeting of the bank shareholders shall

consider it proper to do so. The bank is to be incorporated for thirty years from the 1st of January next, and its operations are to be begun as soon as 1,000 shares are taken. The regulations of the bank are printed in Portuguese, and contain a number of articles, which are arranged on the best principles. The notes of the bank are to be received as cash by all the government offices in Portuguese India, dina la vitar a fsh

If within five years it is found that the Bank is not successful, the establishment is to be broken up and the proceeds are to be distributed amongst the Shareholders.

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The present Governor of Goa, Senhor Jose Pereira Pestanho, is President of the Provisional Committee, tod

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The prospectus, which is now before us, is too long to be trans lated; but the plan appears to us to be sketched in it with considerable skill and care.

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The invitation to the Portuguese in India to promote the undertaking, is sufficient to prove the sincerity of the Projectors of the Bank. The basis of the undertaking is placed upon the following declaration; "The Epoch of discoveries, of conquests, and also of organic efforts, has passed for the Portuguese; it is therefore their duty now to promote their own material interests.'' -Bombay Gentleman's Gazette, Oct. 13, 14 and

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CHINA.

GAMBLING.On Thursday last, Mr. May having heard that a regular gambling establishment bad located themselves near Burn's Point, in the neighbourbood of a sing-song mat-house, proceeded in the evening, with two or three policemen, to inspect the new settlement. A mat-house, with eight tables, was

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found, and a bomber are Undeterred by the

large assemblage two and hundred in all), they succeeded in seizing and bringing off five of the parties engaged in play, who were placed next morning at the bar of the police magistrate. One who was proved to be a principal was sentenced to pay a fine of twenty dollars and suffer a month's imprisonment; other two, who had been registered, were to pay a fine of ten dollars, or be imprisoned for fifteen days; and other two, who were not registered, were to be flogged and turned off the island. Hong Kong Register.

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DOMESTIC.
BIRTHS.

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BURN, the wife of Capt. of the ship Caledonia, at Macao, s. Sept. 27. FRASER, the lady of Capt. of the ship Bombay Castle, at Hong Hong, s. Sept. 23.

KERR, the lady of Crawford, at Victoria, d. Sept. 8.

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DEATHS.

LEGGETT, H. at Macao, Sept. 23.
TUCKER, A. G. G. surg. on board the ship Alinden, at Victoria.

MANILLA.

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By the Spanish brig Dardo, we have received Manilla papers, from 20th July to 31st August.

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"We give to the public the satisfactory news that the Govern ment of her Majesty is treating with that of Great Britain about the mode of conveying correspondence from Madrid to Singapore, by way of Egypt, and has authorized our worthy captaingeneral to arrange for its conveyance from Singapore to Manilla." -Singapore Free Press.

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JAVA.

BATAVIA. By the Dutch Government steamer Bromo we have received Java Courants from the 6th to the 27th September, from which we give the following Anjer shipping list:

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Sept. 1.-British ship Sea Park, Humphries, from London 20th May, May, for China 1.-British ship Devon, Marley, from Liverpool 16th May, for Hong Kong. 2.-American ship Camera, Dundas, from Boston 21st May, for Manilla. 9.-American ship Mary Ellen, Dengburn, from New York, for China. 11,-British ship Dumfries, Thompson, from Liverpool, for China.

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15.-British ship Avoca, Howey, from Singapore 27thŝi
August, for London.
16.French ship Catharina, Rietmiyer, from Bordeaux>>
1st June, for Batavia.

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16.-British brig Emma, Powell, from Singapore 19:ha

August, for Mauritius,

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- ́› -17. —British bark Margaret Poynter, Jamieson, from Singapore 1st September, for London. 17.-British ship Palmyra, Campbell, from China, for London. 18.-British ship Cyrus, Spratly, from London, for South Sea. 19.-British bark William and James, Brown, from Singapore 28th August, for London, 20.-British ship Duilius, Underhill, from China 18th July, for London.

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We find the following items of news in these papers :

ON THE 21ST AUGUST, Sheik Abdullah Bin Omar Djowas, master of the schooner Asegauf, with his son and eleven of the crew of the said vessel, arrived at Blingoe, in the island of Banea, in a sampan, who reported that that vessel, which left Sumanap on the 4th August, was lost on the 11th, near the coast of Borneo, on one of the sandbanks surrounding the island of Mankap. Six others of the crew embarked in another sampan; but after keeping in company with the master for three days, separated from him during a stormy night, and have not been heard of since.

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THE Courant of the 11th ultimo mentions that a destructive fire took place at 10 o'clock on the forenoon of the 3rd September, in the new China campong at Djawana, in the residency of Japara, which, fanned by a strong wind, destroyed seventeen Chinese and twenty-four native houses. The loss from this fire is calculated at f 18,000.

CAPTAIN HOCKSTRA, of the Dutch ship Suzanna Christina, reports that on the 5th August, on his voyage to Sourabaya, he discovered a bank in latitude 5° 48' and long. 107° 44'-which was indicated by the change in the colour of the water, and which runs from north to south, in length about 2 cables. In running over it, 10, 91, 7, 61, and 5 fathoms water were found upon it, deepening to 10 and 11 fathoms. A fishing-stake, with. a small flag, was placed at the spot having 61 fathoms water.

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THE Courant of 3rd September records that some very severe shocks of an earthquake had been felt between half-past one and two o'clock in the afternoon, on the 20th July last, at Amboyna, which were followed on the evening of the same day, and on the following night, by slighter shocks. On the evening of the 21st, two heavy shocks were felt between half-past six and seven o'clock. Up to the 22nd August, slight shocks continued to be felt. The Government-house at Batoe Gadja suffered so much as to cause its abandonment; the newly erected military hospital also suffered damage, and the private houses have generally suf fered slightly. The shocks appeared to proceed from the east, were nearly all vertical, and were accompanied by a rustling

noise.

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PRIVATE LETTERS from Batavia mention the arrival of the new Governor-General, M. Rochussen, who landed on the 29th September, under every honour due to his station. Singapore Free Press.

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MAULMEIN.

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DESERTION FROM H. M's 94TH FOOT.-A letter from Moulmain mentions that four men of H. M's 94th foot had deserted to Martaban on the 2nd of September. The foolish fellows went over on a spree, and were then afraid to return through dread of the expected consequences, though it is known from a Burmese that they are very anxious to do so. Their condition is described as deplorably wretched, for though under no restraint from the Burmese authorities, the men have been obliged to sell nearly all their clothes for subsistence, and were reduced to the greatest distress. A man of H. M's 84th, who deserted eleven months ago, gave himself up last month to the Moulmain authorities. He described his sufferings as so intense, that he would rather undergo any punishment than submit longer to the wretchedness that he had experienced since his desertion from his regiment.-Madras U. S. Gazette, Oct. 14.

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THE WEATHER.-We are glad to learn that the men of the 94th are very healthy, and like Moulmain exceedingly. A strong rumour prevailed of a reduction in the force, and that no Europeans, except two companies of artillery, are to be kept in the Tenasserim provinces; we should hardly think that goverment can contemplate a reduction, which indeed seems scarcely prudent, notwithstanding the present pacific aspect of Burmah politics ; though certainly if any hostile attempts on the settlement were apprehended, a regiment, or brigade of Europeans, could be landed there, thanks to steam, within a fortnight. It was further rumoured that the right wing of the 94th was to be relieved at Aden by the 2nd B. E. L. I., and the entire regiment to be transferred to the Bengal presidency.

The commissioner, left Moulmein on the 3rd, in the Proser. pine steamer, for Tavoy and Mergui. There has been, we understand, a decided split in the Moulmein cabinet, between the commissioner and his principal assistant, Major Macleod, and the matter has been referred to the Supreme Government. Our correspondent does not mention particulars, but states that the latter is a very popular man, and possesses the confidence of every one in the provinces, of which he has such great experience, that it is generally thought the interests of the Company would have been best consulted had Major Macleod been appointed to succeed Major Broadfoot, c.B., as commissioner.

The rains at Moulmein this season are said to have been terrific; no less than 180 inches bad fallen between the 15th May and 4th October, up to which time the monsoon still continued. -Ibid.

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SCINDE.

STATE OF SHIKAR POOR.-Our latest Upper Sindh letters are not quite so encouraging în respect to the health of the troops, as they promised to prove by previous accounts. Sickness is certainly on the increase at Shikarpoor, and the outpost of Shahpoor could only be relieved by attaching some twenty of the legion cavalry. The men at Meerpoor and Mohareekpoor were to stand fast, it is believed, as a relief could not be afforded, In the legion about twenty per cent. were laid up, but the fevers are said to be mild compared with those of last year. Fears are chiefly entertained on account of dysentery.A good deal of good had been effected by sending the men out of cantonments, to a place a mile off, on the other side of the city, where their convalescence has been rapid, as the men are there separated from the evil influences of climate and the Hooded lands in the vicinity of cantonments. The spot is described as high and airy. Several ka filahs had come into Shikarpoor, "but such a miserable shew of things called horses was seldom seen.” Delhi Gazette, Oct. 18." MURDER OF A

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medal, he said he had determined not to wear it until they could de uso also, We are sorry to learn that a party of the 25th disgraced themselves, and the gallant a regi- ei ment to which they belong, on the evening of the 5th, by committing a most brutal and cowardly murder. In consequence of some ill-feeling (of long standing, and arising from an absurdly trivial cause), a party of some thirty or forty men way. L laid and laid and deliberately beat out the brains of a sepoy of the 8th regiment, with bludgeons, when returning, unarmed and defericeless, with a few friends (two of whose skulls they also fractured), from the lines of the 12th regiment to his own. The dastardly deed was committed about eight o'clock in the evening, in the very middle of the cantonments. The two men so desperately wounded, one a sepoy of the 12th, and the other of the murdered man's own regiment, were, when our letters left it, still in a precarious state. The ring-leaders and principals were subsequently identified, four tim number, and were to be tried on the 11th.. There is said to be no doubt as to the result, the evidence before the inquest having been clear and conclusive. The 25th had been entertained by the station on the 9th, and by the 8th regi^1 ment the previous evening. Sir Charles Napier, in," says our sa correspondent, "the best speech I ever heard from him," spoke. in deservedly handsome terms of their good services in Scinde, and bade them farewell with much feeling and good taste. The farewell order, too, is and "The old man," says another friend, "seldom errs, when he speaks as a soldier to soldiers. Would that he he had never gone out of his line, for his own fame. Would so indeed.

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Infantry to Bombay. They the 10th. Sir Charles Napier is said to have been much annoyed and disappointed at not receiving the Sindh medals by the opportunity, as he was naturally anxious to present them to the 25th before leaving the land of their really gallant services through a prolonged period of five years. Some mistake appears to have been made by the Bombay officials, as the medals were actually advised as dispatched by one of these steamers, but only a small box containing some 40 Kandahar medals came to hand. As some of these were won by the 25th, his Excellency ordered out all the troops on the 6th, and presented them, expressing his regret and disappointment, that it was not permit ted him to decorate them with those awarded by their Queen for Meeanee and Hydrabad; and though he had received his own

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FIRE ON BOARD THE MADONNA. The bark Madonna, Capt. Miller, from Portsmouth to Ceylon, put into Table Bay on Friday evening, the 3rd inst., about 7 p.m. The captain reports, that on the 26th September, about 10 p.m., a strong smell of fire gave reason to fear that the cargo, consisting of coals, had ignited, but no smoke was discovered until the 29th,.. when about 60 tons of coals were thrown overboard, in order to endeavour to reach the fire, which was supposed to be somewhat about the main hatchway; water was also copiously applied, but the smoke and vapour increasing, they made for Table Bay, which was reached at the time above stated, when the ship was beached. After discharging her cargo, the Madonna was got off again on Sunday evening last. — Zuid Afrikaan, Oct. 10.

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LOCAL REVENUE.-From a comparative statement of actual revenue and expenditure for the third quarters of the years 1844 and 1845, it appears, that whilst the expenditure for the third quarter of 1844 exceeded the revenue by 2,7371. 18s. 1d.; the revenue for the same peried during 1845, exceeded the expenditure by 34,8491. 18s. 4 d. The total revenue from 1st July to 30th September, 1844, amounted to 40,5551. 8s. 34d, and the expenditure to 43,2931. 6s. 42d. For the same period in 1845, the former amounts to 77,4221. 11s 914., and the latter to 42,5721. 13s. 4 d. This increase on the quarter for 1845 principally arises from 28,7054, 178, 91d, realized from Guano licences and an increase in the custom and other departments. Ibid.

LOCUSTS.-Extract of a letter from Fort Beaufort, dated 29th Sept. 1845" That awful scourge, the locusts, have again made their appearance in the neighbourhood of Klaas Smit's River, and in fearful myriads are moving slowly but certainly towards the Winterberg, where a few small swarms have already been seen, and in the neighbourhood of the Kat River they have a destroyed some of the young crops. Andries Pretorious has lost. the whole of his. At this time of the year these unpleasant

dated the 8th and We have letters from Kurrachee, visitors are the sure harbingers of famine, and a dire plague to

inst. Two steamers had been in the harbour since the 3rd of the month, in waiting to carry the Bombay

this part of the country. Should they continue to move forward our farmers will be saved the expense of reaping their scanty crops."-G. T. Journal, Oct. 2.

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BIRTH♪ Á 152, qila 71 1

READE, the wife of Charles W. Madras civil service, s. at Wineberg.

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A NEW ZEALAND.

Additional information respecting the late melancholy occurrence in New Zealand has been received. The Sydney Star of August gives the following extract from a private letter:

"On Wednesday, the 8th July, we found a way of getting our large guns to the top of the hill not far distant from the pah, and firing down on the enemy into the holes they had made to hide themselves. A number of the natives were destroyed, and in the night they evacuated and retired into the woods, so that we were unable to follow them." The account further adds, that four pieces of cannon were taken, and Heki's colours had been secured. By the 14th, the troops had returned to Weimate, the missionary station, and were to be early housed. Heki with his forces proceeded to a pah, twenty miles to the south, and which, being on a lofty mountain, was almost inaccessible. The same paper publishes some letters from Colonel Despard, but they are merely the official aunouncements. Subsequently another pah belonging to one of Heki's adherents was taken and burnt. It was stated that Colonel Despard did not intend to attack Heki at present. Two hundred and eighty of the 58th regiment were to proceed from Sydney to New Zealand, for which purpose the detach. ments at Moreton Bay and Bathurst were called into headquarters at Paramatta, whence they would be forwarded. It was rumoured that Sir M. O'Connell would accompany these. Lieut. colonel Jackson, in command of the 99th, had issued an order for the officers of that regiment to wear mourning from the 25th of July to the 16th of August for their brother-officer,

Lieut. Beattie.

SRJ S

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THE present Governor-General of India has distinguished himself beyond most of his predecessors by the zeal which he has displayed in the cause of education, and the encou ragement which he has extended to it. Until within a few weeks the press was unanimous in rendering him praise on this head, and all parties appeared to be satisfied. A cloud has, however, come over the fair scene; a writer in a recent number of the Friend of India, under the signature of "A Friend to Education," has attacked the mode in which it is proposed to carry out the professed design of the Government to bestow its patronage on educated, in preference to uneducated natives; and the editor comes to the support of his correspondent in a leading article. The ob

PRESBYTER may rest assured that we shall not lose sight of the jections taken to the course proposed by the Council of subject to which he draws our attention.

A JUVENILE READER OF INDIAN HISTORY has a great deal to read before he will be qualified to write on the subject to which he alludes.

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We are much gratified by the good opinion of MOHUN LAL.

Education, as far as we can collect them (for they are not. very explicitly stated), are three:-1st. That the effect of the Council's plan will be to limit the patronage of the Government to the people of Calcutta. 2ndly. That the standard of acquirement is fixed too high. 3rdly. That the tests are of such a nature as to exclude candidates who have received instruction in Christian seminaries, and give to the pupils of pagan schools a monopoly of the proffered boon of official preference.

NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS. The communication of I. S. C. is of considerable interest, though hardly suited to our columns. He had better send it to a magazine.

ALLEN'S INDIAN MAIL,

LONDON,

SATURDAY, December 6, 1845.

THE engineers and surveyors appointed to examine and report on the best means of affording to India the benefit of railway communication have now entered on their work, and before the lapse of any long period we may expect to know something of the results of their inquiries. When their opinions shall be ascertained, the Government will, without doubt, be prepared to determine to which lines they will afford encouragement, in what manner, and to what extent. At home the subject will not slumber. The capitalists of this country, disgusted with the many bubble schemes which have disgraced the home market, and with the jobbery and fraud which have characterized so many plans which, by the aid of a seducing prospectus, have gained a certain degree of notice from the public, and secured a certain measure of advantage to their projectors, will turn to a country where railways are really needed, and where, if judiciously executed, they will produce an adequate return of profit. We wait with much anxiety the results of the inquiries now in progress, because we are convinced that railways, beyond all other physical means of improve

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ment, are calculated to benefit India, and because we are convinced that all unnecessary delay in commencing their construction is to be lamented, as a postponement of the increase and diffusion of wealth among the people, as well as of the development and concentration of the strength and resources of the Government.

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The first of the three is the only one which strikes us as tenable. If the proposed regulations will have the effect of restricting within local limits a benefit which should be opened to all within the wide expanse of our Indian dominions, it affords matter for deep regret, as well as for very severe blame upon those by whom the regulations have been framed. All partiality in such a case should be avoided; but if any could be excusable, it would certainly not be that which should have the effect of sacrificing the country to the capital. If, therefore, through inadvertence (for we cannot believe that it can have occurred except through inadvertence), such be the effect of the rules propounded by the Council of Education, we trust that no delay will take place in revising them. The "Friend of Educa tion" justly observes, that "natives will neither be willing nor able to come from a distance to the Town Hall" of: Calcutta for examination. On this ground he proposes a system of local examination and registration, which, with out pledging ourselves to an approbation of its details, we are bound to say is absolutely essential, if the patronage of the Government is to be dispensed with any regard to common justice.

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