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MACKINTOSH, Assist. surg. J. fr. 2nd N.I. to 2nd batt. art.
Jap. 3. MACKINTOSH, Assist. surg. to afford med. aid to sick details of 4th
and 27th N.Í. as far as Wallajahbad, whence, upon giving over
charge, to return to pres. RANKING, Assist, surg. J. L. at disp. of Com.-in-chief, Dec. 20. Scott, Assist, surg. W. to do duty under the superint. surg. • southern div. Dec. 24. SCOTT, Assist. surg. A. J. M.D. fr. Ist fusil. to do duty with H.M.
94th and 44th N.I. during its march to Trichinopoly, Nov. 29, and
to afford med. aid to Lord Bishop of Madras during his visitation. STANBROUGH, Assist. surg. fr. 7th N.I. to 7th L.C. Dec. 5. WILLIAMS, Surg. B. fr. 13th N.I. to 41st N.I. Jan. 9.
Ross, Esq. Capt. Evatt, Mr. J. Ross, Mr. C. Ross, 2 mariners, 3 sepoys, 4 native women servants, and 3 native men servants.
Per Horizon, Cowerbe, Esq.
Per Sir W. Wallace, from Penang, Mrs. Rose, Mrs. Milne, Mrs. Stanly, Mr. Milne, Masters H. and W. Milae, Misses A. and E. Milne, 25 Chooliahs, and 3 sepoys.
Per Paragon, from Coringa, F. Coppleston, Esq. Mrs. Copplestoñ, and 2 children, with 2 native servants.
Per Claudine, from Calcutta, Mr. Shepherd and 3 children, Major Eames, Ist vet. batt, and 2 patives.
Per Lady Flora, from London, Capt. and Mrs. Bell, H.M.'s 4th regt. and 2 children; Lieut. and Mrs. Greenway, 46th M. N.I.; Mrs. M‘Nish, Mrs. Hamilton, and Mrs. Hobday, 2 European sexvants, and i native woman.
Per Duke of Argyll, from London, Mesdames Crawford, M'Car. thy, Scott, and Dyer; Miss Learlie ; Capt. Scott, Lieut. Dyer, Mr. M‘Carthy; Miss Crawford, Master M.Carthy, Mesdames Smith, Harvey, and Halliday, servants to Mrs. Crawford.
LEAVE OF ABSENCE. BROOKE, Assist. surg. 4th M.N.1. to England for 2 years on M.C.
fr. Sept. 21. LLOYD, Assist. surg. on M.C. in continuation fr. Oct. 31 to Jan. 31,
OFFICERS WHO HAVE PASSED THEIR EXAMINATIONS IN
DEPARTURES. Dec. 22. Steamer Precursor, Harris, Calcutta.--23. Cambrian, Chadds, Singapore.-24. Wellesley, Toller, London.—27. London, „Atwood, London.-28. H. M. Steamer Spiteful, Maitland, Calcutta. --22. Patchett, Norman, Liverpool. -JAN. 2. Patriot, Booth, Ceylon.-3. William, Scott, Mauritius.-5. Coringa, Chilcott, New
South Wales.-9. Horizon, Olive, Marseilles.-10. Dhuv, Cumber'land, Calcutta.-11. Defiance, Evatt, Calcutta.
Per Coringa, for New South Wales.-Capt. A. Chisholm; Mrs. Shaw and three children; Mrs. Ross and three children; Mrs. Huş., sill, and nine European convicts.
Per Defiance, for Calcutta.-C. W. Eaton, Esq. ; Lieut. Tulloch, 52nd N.İ., and Master Dunlop.
BIRTHS. ANDERSON, the lady of Brigade maj. A. C. at the Presidency, d.
Jan. 7. COLLINS, the wife of W. at Royapettah, s. Jan. 9. GRANT, the lady of Capt. S. A. at Secunderabad, d. Dec. 16. LANCASTER, the lady of Brev. capt. H. A. at Jaulnah, s. Dec. 3. LAWFORD, the lady of Brev. capt. H. at Vizianagram, d. Dec. 20. LIARDET, the lady of Capt. C. F. at Waltair, s. Dec. 12. MATHISON, the lady of Dr. at Masulipatam, d. still born, Dec. 8. MC ALPIN, the lady of Capt., H. M. 94th, at Trichinopoly, s.
Dec. 16. Mc Gous, the lady of Capt. at Secunderabad, d. Dec. 19. OSBORNE, the lady of Thomas, 40th, at Dharwar, s. Nov. 25. PARGITER, the lady of Rev. R. at Batticaloa, s. Nov. 27. PEREYRA, the wife of C. M. at Madras, s. Nov. 28. ROBERTSON, the lady of Lieut. W. G. 22nd N.I. at Berhampore, s.
Dec. 17. SHAW, the lady of J. at Madras, d). Jan. 6. TAYLOR, the lady of Rev. W. at Pursewankum, d. Dec. 21. THOMAS, the wife of Rey. J. at Meigoanaparam, d. Dec. 26. UNDERWood, the lady of Maj. G. A. M. eng. at Adyaur, d. still
born, Jan. 8.
do. Do. at thirty days—Is. 9 d. Treasury Bills, Bank Post Bills, Mauritius Government Bills-none in the market.
MARRIAGES. BEACHCROFT, Brig. maj. M. of Malabar, to Helen Robertson, d.
of Maj. gen. Allen, C.B. at Cannanore, Jan. 2. ELY, Lieut. col. comm. 42nd M.N.I. to Maria Charlotte, d. of
David Kerr, esq. at the Cathedral, Dec. 30. HAMILTON, Rev. R. K., A.M. to Susan Ann Sophia Churchill, d. of the Rt. Rev. the Lord Bishop of Madras, at St. George's Ca
thedral. JOHNSTON, Lieut. W. M. 18th N.I. to Isabella Augusta, d. of the
late Lieut. W. Reynolds, Bombay army at Nagpore, Nov. 21. KNOX, Rev. G., A.B. to Francis Mary Apne, d. of T. F. Reynolds,
M.D. at Cuddalore, Dec. 18.
English Goods.--Beer, Alsop's per hhd. Rs. 66; Bass's, Rs. 66 ; Elliot's, Rs.40; Hodgson's, Rs. 65 ; Saunders, Rs. 35; Tenant's, Rs. 35 ; Porter, Rs. 40
Long Cloths-Small demand.
To LONDON.-Dead Weight-Rice and Sugar, £3. 125. 6d. to &3. 15s. per ton of 50 cwt.-Sugar, £3. 75. 60.-Red Wood, £3.
-Cotton, £3. to £3. 15s. per 50 cubic feet.-Indigo, 24. ios. Seeds and other Miscellaneous Goods, £t. To WHAMPOA.--Cotton, Rs. 7 per Bale.
DEATHS. GEILS, U. J. the son of D. at Madras, aged 3 yrs. HORROCKS, Ens. W. S. 21st N.I. at Kuludgee, Dec. 15. MOORE, Mrs. the wife of Lieut. T. P. 22nd N.I. at Berhampore,
Nov. 28. WAUGH, Maj. gen. G. Madras army, military auditor general at
Penang, Nov. 3.
ARRIVALS. Dec. 23.-Wellington, Liddle, Portsmouth.-24. H.M. steamer Spiteful, Maitland, Colombo.-25. Patriot, Booth, Moulmein.-28. Northumberland, Bird, England; Defiance, Hall, Hong-Kong.-29. John Line, Brodie, London.-30. Diana, Vincent, London ; Duke of Roxburgh, Collard, London.-31. Fanny, Stephenson, Masulipatam.
-JAN. 1. Amelia, Meppen, Vizagapatam ; Rundolf Heron, Heron, Chittagong.-3. Augerin, Denison, Pondicherry.-4. Horizon, Olive,
Bourbon.-7. Sir W. Wallace, Rose, Penang; Paragon, Boxley, : Coringa.--8. H.M.S. Fox, Blackwood, Trincomalee.-9. Claudine,
Norris, Calcutta.-10. Anunchunder, Rogers, Akyab.–12. Lady
MISCELLANEOUS. STATEMENT OF COL. MOSELEY'S SERVICES. Arrived in India on the 14th of December, 1806, was sent to the Baraset institution in February, 1807, and passed an examination in the Oriental languages in March, 1808, obtained the usual reward from Government of Rs. 1000.
2nd.—Joined the 1st battalion 19th, now 38th, regiment at Sewrah, June, 1808; and in the years. 1809-10 I marched, with the regiment under Col. Arnold, to join a division of the army, commanded by Col. Martindell (late Major-gen. Sir Gabriel Martindell, K.C.B.), formed as an army of observation, and ready to co-operate with a strong force of the Madras army, commanded by Col. Sir Barry Close, Bart.
3rd. - In 1813-14 was with the army under Col. D. Marshall, (late Major-General Sir D. Marshall, K.C. B.,) assembled for the reduction of the strong fortress of Elwah. Army broke up in consequence of the Rajah coming to terms, but not until we had taken up a position in front of the place.
4th. In 1814-15 the 1st battalion 19th regiment joined the 7.-In 1825, Lord Amherst appointed me to the commissariat army under Colonel Ochterlony (late Major-General Sir D. Och
department as timber agent, on which duty I unhappily failed in terlony, Bart., G.C. B.,) formed to oppose General Commander.
heavy balances; but in consequence of a despatch (after a strict in-Chief Ameer Sing Toppa, commanding the whole of the Goorkah inquiry) from the Governor-general in Council (the right. hon. forces West of Khalmandoo - was at the battles and taking Lord William Bentinck), the hon. the Court of Directors acof Nallaghur, Ramghur, and all other intermediate stock quitted me of all blame and future liability. aded positions and forts, till the ultimate fall of Malown- 8. - In 1830 I joined the regiment as major, at Barrackpore, Colonel Ochterlony appointed me quarter-master' to the light and in the month of May, 1832, the corps took the field against infantry battalion of the army, brigaded with the 2nd battalion of the Coles, on which service the regiment lost five officers : I the then third regiment native infantry, now the 19th, and have been with the regiment doing duty as major since my prodesignated the reserve, commanded by Colonel Thompson, motion. a division which was pushed into the thick of every thing,
G. W. MOSELEY. and which bore the brunt of all Sir David's battles. We
The Sesostris steamer and the Pluto have arrived, bringing with were always thrown in advance, took up, and maintain. ed the various advanced posts till joined by Sir David
them H.M.'s 13th, or Prince Albert's own regt. from Kurrachee. and the main army. The reserve encountered every description
Arrangements had been made beforehand for the landing of the men; of privation, were exposed day and night for an uninterrupted
and the staff-officers of the garrison, with a guard of honour from
the 5th L. I., were in readiness to receive them. The Hon, the period of eight months, and not unfrequently a grass bed and want of food. The nature of the campaign here alluded to is
Governor, the Commander-in-Chief, the Hon. Mr. Crawford, and
the Hon. Mr. Reid, Members of Council; the Secretaries to too well known to admit of any further illustration from me. 5th.-In 1816, the regiment marched from Hansie, and joined
Government, Mr. Willoughby, Col. Melville, Mr. Escombe, &c., Col. Adams' division assembled at Banda in Bundlecund, des. with a large assemblage of the staff-officers at the Presidency, were tined for Hosseingabad, in 1817; the corps occupied the nume
at the road leading from the pier by five o'clock. The regiment rous ghauts intervening between Hosseingabad and Hinghen
was thinned in numbers, nearly one-third haring volunteered to Ghant, on the Nurbuddah river, to prevent the Pindaries
remain in India; and there were in its ranks apparently a concrossing that stream. It fell to my lot to command a company
siderable number who had never formed part of the “illustrious for the defence of Chippaneah Ghaut, and whilst in the per.
garrison." Still, as the war-worn heroes of Jellalabad marched formance of that arduous duty, a strong party of these marauders past, a thrill came over the spectators, as we thought of Ghuzni, attempted to force my position : I succeeded in beating them Kohistan, Tootun Durra, Purwan Durra, Khoord Cabool, Tezeen, back, and keeping them in check till Major Richard Clarke,
and Gundamuck, and, above them all, Jellalabad, where H. M.'s commanding at Hurdah (to whom I despatched an express) ar.
13th, and the 35th N. I., a troop of irregular cavalry, and saprived in command of the 5th Light Cavalry; the major imme.
pers and miners, maintained themselves against every difficulty for diately attacked and defeated this body of the enemy, offering the space of six months. me his thanks on the occasion.
The Courier of December 10th states that a general Court. 6th. - In 1817-18 Colonel Adams' whole division was formed Martial assembled in the Mess-room at Colaba for the trial, into brigades, and denominated the 5th division of the army of the it is said, of an officer of some standing, lately arrived from Deccan, subject to the orders of the Commander-in-chief of the England. Madras establishment, General Sir Thomas Hisslop-Colonel The Gentleman's Gazette notes that orders have been issued Adams appointed me brigade quartermaster to the Reserve and by the Government to have the export duty on salt lowered to the an assistant to the deputy-assistant quartermaster general-was scale at which it was levied prior to the coming into operation of at the battle of Gungrar, and destruction of the principal division Act XVI. of 1844 ; that is, to the sum of four annas per maund, of the Pindaries commanded by their chieftains Kurreem Khan on exportation for the ports of the Madras Presidency, and one and Namda Khan; this was a night attack, and per- anna per maund on that ex norted for Cochin and Travancore. formed by the Reserve. under Major Clarke. After his A meeting of the friends of the late William Sprott Boyd, success, Colonel Adams' services
called to Nag- Esq., took place at the rooms of the Royal Asiatic Society on pore, support of
that Residency, the 3rd December, when it was resolved to place a tomb over his and to act in conjunction with Colonel Scott, of the Madras remains in the Surat churchyard, and to erect a suitable monuarmy, to prevent the possibility of the Peishwah making an ment to his memory in St. Thomas's Cathedral. attempt to liberate the ex-rajah of that state. The division, after Col. Waddington, of the Engineers, has left for England. severe forced marches, arrived at Nagpore, and having obtained The Bishop of Bombay is on a tour through the northern accurate information of the Peishiwah's approach, immediately provinces. moved off to Hinghan Ghaut, from which position, after a very The Gov. Sir Geo. Arthur, has lately been suffering from a severe march of thirty-seven miles in the month of May, 1818, complaint in his eyes, from which, however, he is now partially we came up with and defeated the Peishwah's whole force at restored. the village of Sooney, taking several guns, treasure, and camp Major Jacob, of the artillery, an officer whose departure must equipages; compelling the Peishwah to seek immediate not pass unnoticed, leaves us by the January mail. He was the terms of surrender from Sir J. Malcolm. As soon as prac. first in India to introduce the practice of breaching mud walls with ticable, after this brilliant affair, Colonel Adams pushed on and loaded shells. He has for some time been charge of the gunlaid siege to the strongly fortified town and fort of Chandah, powder manufactory, and done much to improve the quality, which, after effecting a breach, was stormed and earried. I par- and reduce the price of that commodity. ticipated in the whole of the service. The rainy season having Gen. Baumgart, the com. of the garrison, leaves by the set in, the division returned to Hosseingabad. "In July I was January mail for Egypt, for the benefit of his health. ordered on command, with four companies of the 1st battalion, The Bombay branch of the Royal Asiatic Society have offered, 19th regt., aud a troop of horse artillery, to occupy the im- as a subject for their first prize, an essay on "The Historical portant ghaut of Shawpore, en route to Nagpore, for the connection with India, of the Bactrian, Parthian, and Sassanian double object of keeping the passes open, and preventing Kingdoms, and the influence which this connection produced on the escape of the ex-rajah of Nagpore from the Maha Deo Hindu Literature and Mythology." Hills.' I was employed all the rainy season on this arduous In our last obituary will be found an intimation of the death of service, exposed to the duties of constant day and night patroles Assist. surgeon Samuel Douglas Milligan, which took place on the * in an unwholesome dense forest, to keep the road open. In the morning of Tuesday, the 10th Dec. Dr. Milligan arrived in
month of October I was ordered to join the head-quarters of the Bombay 7th July, 1841, and was shortly afterwards placed in • division, leaving Lieutenant Orr, of the 1st battalion 19th regi- medical charge of the steamer Auckland, with which vessel he
ment in command of the post. On my arrival at Hosseingabad, proceeded to China, where he remained in service till the close Colonel Adams deputed me across the Nerbuddah in an unset- of the war.
He was a man of sound and well-cultivated undertled country, to treat for the purchase of cavalry horses to fill up standing, and of singularly kind and amiable disposition. Quiet, vacancies, and to render corps fit for immediate service; I was modest, and unassuming, he was endeared to all who knew him successful in all my negotiations, and purchased a great by the general benevolence of his disposition and friendliness of many superior horses (as avowed by the several Special Com- his manners. His death is deeply lamented by a large circle of mittees) from Pindaries, men who had the year before been friends and acquaintances, who knew and appreciated his merits, our most “bitter foes,"—have completed this duty, and ob- and now mourn his loss. tained the distinguished thanks of the Gov. gen. in Council, and We have, in the course of the month (December), had to deplore his ex. the Com.-in-Chief, the most noble the Marquis of heavy losses in our mercantile community: Mr. Church, of the Hastings. I proceeded to the presidency on sick leaye, when house of Brownrigg & Co., died on his arrival in England. Mr. Lord Hasting appointed me second in command to Baddely's D. Miller, of the house of Campbell and Miller, was cut off at the Horse,
Cape; and Mr. Geo. S. King, Jately of the house of King and
Lancaster, lost his life on board the steamer on his way to The sittings of the Criminal Court terminated on the 31st of Bombay.
last month; one capital sentence only was passed, and on the return The capital of his Highnessthe Rajah of Sattara was a gay of his Excellency the Governor from Chusan, in the beginning of scene of joy and gladness, of feasting and merry-making, on the this month, the unfortunate criminal, who had been convicted of occasion of the liberation from the Hill-fort of Punalla, of Lieut. the murder of his sergeant, in one of the Seapoy'regiments, .col. Ovans, the Resident at his Highness's Court, and special suffered the penalty of his crime. This is the first instance of Commissioner for the settlement of the Kolapoor territory. capital punishment in the settlement, and excepting some sentences The first intelligence of the Resident's release was announced of court-martial in the war time, is, I believe, the first time that by a salute of one hundred guns from the town, and of an equal the punishment of death has been inflicted by British authority. on number from the Sattara fort. In the course of the day, ele- these seas. A scaffold was constructed upon the English plan phants freighted with sugar and sweetmeats perambulated the with a drop platform ;—some difficulty occurred in executing the streets and lanes of the city, and distributed out of their abun. sentence, owing to the inexperience of the executioner, a Chinadance to all the inhabitants; when they proceeded to the banks man attached to the police department, who, it seems, tied the of the Kistnah, with a fresh cargo for the Bramins of Mhowlee.
noose so insecurely that the rope slipped from the unfortunate On the following day all the sepoys and officers' establishments man's neck, and he fell to the ground, a height of about seven feet, partook of a plentiful Zeeafut in honour of the same happy unhurt. The prisoner, a lascar, composedly remounted the event.
scaffold, and was a second time cast off, with more success than
before. A considerable crowd was present, but did not seem much DOMESTIC.
interested or impressed by the exhibition, nor did it excite much Loch, the lady of Lieut. W. Ist Lancers, at Rajcote, d. Dec. 20.
attention amongst the Chinese, partly because the sufferer belonged ito a different race, and more, perhaps, from the habitual apathy
of the Chinese, who look most unconcernedly upon sufferings in BELL, Mary, the wife of J. professor, at Byculla, Dec. 22.
which themselves are not involved. MILLER, David, of the firm of Campbell, Miller, and Co. at sea, on board the ship Bucephalus.
Considerable excitement has prevailed during the last few weeks SCALES, F. at Lower Colabah, aged 8, Dec. 19.
on the publication of an ordinance for the registration of all inSHARPE, A. of Edinburgh, in the Europ. Gen. Hosp. Dec. 18.
habitants of Hong Kong, European and Chinese. This ordinance SHIELDS, Lieut. R. H.M.'s 78th 'Highlanders, at Sukkur,
was dated the 26th of August, but did not appear in the Gazette Nov. 29.
until the 20th of October, and was to come into operation on the SPROULE, J. M.D. assist. surg. on the Bombay establishment at 1st of November,-leaving only ten days for parties to inform Bombay, Dec. 30.
themselves of and prepare to meet its requirements. It provided WILLIAMS, Rev. E. P. at Bombay, Dec. 30.
for the annual registration of all residents ; calling upon them to
appear before an officer, to be appointed and called the Registrar To London, 31. to 31. 55. ; to Liverpool, 31. 55. to 31. 103. to China,
General, personally once in each year, to communicate such parRs. 15 to do.; opium, per clipper, drs. 3 to 4.
ticulars of station, calling, and family, as the registrar might see
fit to demand, and to take out a license or ticket of registration, SHIPPING.
paying for the same a sum varying from twenty dollars to one
dollar per annum : without such ticket no person was to be allowed Dec. 21. Steamer Sir James Rivett Carnac, Duverger, Colombo.- to remain in the island more than twenty-four hours. Seamen on 26. Phlox, Landsfield, Mauritius ; Lady Sale, Castor, Calcutta.- leave under certain regulations, and some others were excepted. This : 27. Enrie, Smith, Ichaboe.-Jan. 1. Carcyro, Haslewood, China. was published in English and Chinese, and created a very great sen-2. Herefordshire, Richardson, Cork.
sation ; many of the English, and especially some of the merchants so
long accustomed to have everything in their own hands under the old Dec. 24. James Hall, Grant, Madras.-31. Earl Grey, Moleson,
system, when the foreign community in China formed an irresponsible .china.-Jan. 1. Berenice, Johnson, Suez; Malabar, Pare.
oligarchy governing themselves, considered it an unjust and unwarranted interference with themselves and their affairs ; public
meetings were held, at which the measure was denounced as arbi, CEYLON,
trary and unconstitutional, and a committee was appointed to
carry out such measures as might be necessary to protect her Ma. DOMESTIC.
jesty's subjects from her Majesty's Governor and officers. However, BIRTHS.
his Excellency did not seem very much frightened, but great was the CHAMPION, the lady of Capt. 95th Regt. at Galle, s. Nov. 8.
'war of words throughout the great town of Victoria, and wonderful the JACOB, the lady of Mr. at Kandy, d. Nov. 8.
confidence of the " anti-registration” party, as the eventful 1st of KESSEN, the lady of the Rev. A. at Caltura, d. Nov. 13.
November approached. On the preceding day a deputation waited PARGITER, the lady of Rev. R. at Barricaloe, s. Nov. 27.
on the Governor in Council,' and delivered a remonstrance against SWAN, the lady of R. Dalgleish, late of the Indian Navy, at the measure as unconstitutional, and such as, in the opinion of the Kandy, s. Nov. 25.
l' memorialists, her Majesty's Government would not confirm.' This
document was the next day returned, with a reply, intimating that MARRIAGES. ALDOUS, Mr. I. C. s. of Mr. R. to Miss Eliza Henrietta, d. of Mr.
the wording of it was considered disrespectful to her Majesty's A. De Kretser, at Colombo, Nov. 25.
representative, and as such could not be received ; it was followed CARROL, Henry, to Miss Jane Guillod, Dec. 24.
by two others, in which all disrespectful intention was disowned, Cherry, Rev. Henry, American Missionary, to Henrietta, d. of H. and the subject of grievance again set forth. It seems that the I. Ebel, Esq. at Paumben, Nov. 9.
(third and most respectful of these documents reached the Colonial VANDORT, Mr. R. B. to Miss Jane Caroline Goldestein, at St. Secretary first, and was replied to in the same tone as before ; Paul's Church, Nov. 7.
and when the second communication came to hand, it provoked a special Gazette, withdrawing in effect the answer before given,
and referring to the colonial regulations, instructing governors of HOFFMAN, Mrs. C. W. at Colombo, Dec. 5. McCarthy, Edwin, s. of Rev. E. aged 7, at the house of Mrs. M.
colonies to receive only such remonstrances and petitions as should Smith, Nov. 21.
be worded respectfully, and intimating the readiness of GovernMACPHERSON, Lieut. col. late of H.M. Ceylon Rifle Regt. at
ment to receive any such on the subject at issue. It is understood Colombo.
that the members of the committee (“ of public safety" !!) have STUART, Clarissa Sophia, wife of Mr. C. Urquhart, at Kandy, individually sent apologies, disclaiming all intention of acting in Nov. 20.
à disrespectful or obnoxious manner.
Meanwhile the Chinese inhabitants were not idle. They looked CHIN A.
upon the whole thing as an arrant case of “squeezing" upon a Extract of a letter from our own Correspondent at Hong Kong. scale of magnitude such as their own mandarins could hardly have
Sir, I am happy to be able to report, for the information of contemplated. They could not see why the advantages of regis. our friends at home, the continued prosperity and advancement of tering all the respectable residents and removing all the disreputable our new settlement. Since the date of my last the weather has ones, could not be carried out without the imposition of a pollbeen particularly favourable, and sickness in the colony is almost tax, certainly a very heavy one, at ten days' notice, amounting, in unknown; some of those lately arrived from England have suffered the case of every day-labourer, to as much as he could earn in from fever, and from such affections as the change of climate almost three days. They concluded the whole thing was a pretext for & invariably induces, but there have been of dangerous or fatal squeeze, and naturally enough could not perceive that there was attacks very few indeed.
any security given why the same should not be repeated monthly
instead of yearly, as set forth in the proclamation. Moreover, with their usual shrewdness, when they saw their English neighbours bestirring themselves, they thought it high time to be on the look-out for themselves. Nothing, however, was heard of their in
tention; hardly a hint of any combination among them; all went con quietly till the night of the, 31st; every one continued peaceably at their wonted employment; but on the morning of the 1st, a unanimous movement was made, numbers left the island together, every man ceased work, all the shops were closed, and even the bazaars shut up ; not even provisions for the day were to be had. The English residents suffered little from this, as the Chinese ser- vants had provided beforehand; but the police were obliged to break open the shops and market to obtain food for themselves, the military, and the shipping; and the men who carried the provisions to the boats were several times attacked. Finding that the day passed off without any attempt to collect the dollars, and that the next day brought a proclamation postponing the operation of the measure for two months, no further disturbance occurred, and in the course of the third day, tranquillity was entirely restored, the Chinese met at the house of an influential merchant, Chinam," and presented a petition to the Governor, and were assured that the obnoxious clauses in the Ordinance should receive due reconsideration.
It is worthy of remark, shewing the facility and effect with which such combinations are carried out by the Chinese, that fifteen hundred Coolies employed on the Government works ceased work on this occasion for three days, sacrificing exactly the amount of wages that would, had they continued at their work, have enabled them to pay the amount of the registration fees; the same was the case with at least three times as many workinen in private employ. It is said that the principal agents in all such movements are the members of the “Triad Society," an association similar to that of the Jacobites of old, for restoring the “Ming "dyna: ty, who were about two hundred years back expelled by the present Tartar family, and whose meetings are still held in remote parts of the empire, notwithstanding all the efforts of government to suppress them, whilst a mysterious connection links together immense numbers in one community, possessing great and secret influence, of which the authorities are in such fear, that every one convicted of belonging to the “ Triads” is doomed as a traitor without trial. Several leaders of these men have lately fallen into the hands of the police authorities of Hong-Kong, but it is not known what course will be taken with them. It has been currently reported that the English merchants, with the aid of their native servants and managers, took an active shure in the organizing of this move.ment of the Chinese ; but I do not attach the least credit to the rumour, nor do I think there is one Englishman in China, cer„tainly not one English merchant, who would lend himself or his authority to such a proceeding, however much they may have caused and supported the Chinese riot by their own agitation (speaking in an Hibernian sense) on the subject. It is understood that the Registration Ordinance is under reconsideration before the Council, and that certain provisions will be modified. I enclose you a copy of it, and of the correspondence I have above referred to.
Some of the provisions of this document, which is here equivalent to an Act of Parliament, will sound strangely in English ears,
but it must be borne in mind that it is a law made for an entirely i new colony, swarming with refugees from all parts of an immense empire, who speak not our tongue, nor recognize our customs ; who consequently require stringent and summary modes of goivernment; that the English, who are included under the same rules, are but few in number comparatively, and that some of the clauses most obnoxious to them are most necessary in the case of Chinese ; and that while the colony professes to be governed by English law, we cannot either wish or expect to have one law for
the poor and another for the wealthy---one for the Chinese and another for the English. I waive the question of the amount of the tax as a matter of policy altogether distinct from the main ques tion; but it may be observed, and is worthy of remark, that this part of the Ordinance, namely the amount of the fees, or head. .money, is the only point upon which the English make no opposi. tion, and the only one about which the Chinese trouble themselves.
The French fleet is still at Macao, where Keying, on the 19th ult. had a meeting with the Plenipotentiary, M. Legrieiuer; it is understood the French applied for a locality in which to settle and build residences for the traders and others of their nation, and re. ceived the Typa island, off Macao; but that island, it appears, was formerly, and is now considered by the Portuguese as a dependency of their flag, and the French proposal was negatived. On the same occasion Keying gave audience to the Portuguese Governor, and the removal of the restrictions hitherto imposed upon foreign Yessels entering the inner harbour of Macao was agreed upon, and the port dues generally lowered. It is said that had this step been
taken at the commencement of the war, Macao would now hate presented an aspect of far fairer prosperity, and Hong-Kong possibly would never have been settled ; the position of the Porteguese is at present hopeless, and, have not the least doubt that the next few years will see Macao, once the proudest city in the eastern seas, and so lately a thriving and populous port, sink from its present insignificance into absolute obscurity and negleet, unless. before that time the place should change masters, with a large and poor population, no land for cultivation, an imbecile govern. ment, and an empty treasury, a large military force, for whom they can barely provide pay from month to month, and assistance from Europe not to be hoped for-what other result can we anti. cipate? The French plenipotentiary is said to have made an offer to take the place off their hands, but without success; the mercantile community look with little interest upon the morements of the French force, accustomed as they have so long been to see the French interest and commerce confined to the paltry transactions of two ships at most in one year ; but the politician will naturally be anxious to inquire into the motives which could induce our neighbours to fit out an expedition on so large a scale as the present, comprising, besides the admiral in command, a consul to be established at Canton, at Macao, and, I believe, Hong Kong; a plenipotentiary, withi ambassadorial commission to the Emperor, attended by an effective diplomatic corps and interpreters, and accompanied by men learned in European sciences and arts, with sperimens of the natural produce, and of nearly all the manufactures known in France, even to a doll dressed in the last Parisian fashion. M. Legrieuer is at present at Canton, but is daily expected at Hong Kong, on a visit to his excellency the governor.
His Excellency the Governor of Hong Kong has given publicity to the return furnished by the Consul of Shanghai of the value of goods imported and exported at that port iu the second quarter of the present year. The imports amounted to 382,000 dollars, which would be at the rate of 15,28,000 dollars, or £300,000 a year; but the trade is in its very infancy; it has nothing of the bone and gristle even of youth. The Friend of China, of the 23rd of November, states, that while the imports of the cotton manufactures of Great Britain during this quarter are stated at 54,838 pieces, the imports during the next quarter, and to the middle of October, were not far short of 150,000 pieces. Among the exports, which amounted in the quarter ending June to 121,800 dollars,-8,623 catties of raw silk, equal to about 1,000 bales, are mentioned ; during the three and a half months subsequent to June, there were shipped not less than 3,000 bales of raw silk; a quantity nearly equal to the entire export of silk from China during the previous year. With this almost incredible increase in so short a space of time, before us, it is impossible to fix any limit for the trade wbich may be expected to grow up at this port, the northern rival of Canton, when the Chinese merchants and their capital have been drawn to it, and regular channels of commerce have been opened to the wealthy and populous districts in connection with it.
Loss or the Srork.- The barque Slork (Miller), grounded on a ledge of rocks to the S E. of the Romania Islands, Nov. 12. Every exertion was made by the cap'ain, officers, and crew to lighten the vessel, by throwing over ballast, and it was hoped that she would float on the rise of the tide, but it was soon found that she was too firmly fixed on the rocks to allow of this. At 8 p.m. finding that there was no chance of getting her off, and the vessel having by that time filled to the beams, it was thought advisable, for the general safety, to proceed to Singapore. The offieers, crew, and five Chinese passengers, accordingly left the vessel in the launch, at 9h. 30m. p.m.and arrived here on the afternoon of the following day. The H.C.'s steamer Diana was immediately dispatched to the wreck, and on boarding it on the following morning found it full of water. H.M.'s steamer Driver subse quently proceeded to the wreck, and returned yesterday, having saved a good many articles. The schooner Venus also proceeded to the wreck, and had secured several articles, and prepared others for removal, when the rope by which she was connected with the wreck was cast off by some one on board the latter, and the tide running very strong at the time, it was found impossible for her boat to make up to the wreck against it, so that she was forced to return to Singapore minus hier expected prize. The wreck and cargo, we understand, have been sold for benefit of the underwriters.
CHINESE HostilITY IN Canton.-In Canton, the hatred of foreigners seems to continue unabated. A letter, dated the 18th inst., states that, on that morning, a chop had been sent in by the mob, threatening they would destroy the whole of the factories, should the English attempt to rebuild them.
AMERICAN TRADE WITH CHINA. - Merchants in the United States, accustomed to send goods to China, have, it is stated,
FREIGHTS. To London and Lirerpool, 31. 103. per ton of 50 cub. ft. To outports, 10s. per ton additional. To Calcutta and Madras, very scarce. To Bombay cargoes are scarce, and shippers unwilling to submit to the old rates.
Hong-Kong, Nov. 15, 1844.
Hong Kong, Nov. 2.-His Exc. the Governor regrets to have received, in an official report from the Assistant Magistrate of Police, the following communication with reference to the suppressed riot :
“ My information leads me to believe that other than Chinese influence has been exerted to mature the late movement. The leading part taken by the Compradore of an English firm, the meeting of Chinese held at the house of that firm, the intimate knowledge displayed by the Chinese of the proceedings of certain English regarding the registration, and the adoption of precisely similar language, would seem to mark most clearly the assistance and co-operation of one or more Englishmen."
His Exc. the Governor would fain hope, for the sake of the British character, that none could have been found capable of thus tampering with the Chinese population; but, as the subject has come officially before him, he deems it necessary to take this public notice of it, and to draw the attention of any who could descend to such unworthy, practices to the consequences entailed on the ignorant and unfortunate Chinese, who have been necessarily subjected by the magistrates to severe punishment.
By order, ADOLPHUS E. Shelley, Clerk of Councils.
EXCURSIONS IN THE COUNTRY.
MAULMEIN. We have Maulmein papers to the 29th of November, but they contain no later news than that brought by the Ganges some time ago. On the subject of the war between the Burmese and Siamese, which we announced some weeks since, the Maulmain Chronicle gives the following :
“We received intimation a short time since, that the Siamese had made an encroachment on the limits of the Burmese on the Zimmay side, and that a Burmese force, to the amount (as said)? of forty thousand men, was about to move in that direction. We did not give credence to this report, imagining that the force might have probably been intended to act against the Red Karens, of which a communication was recently transmitted by the King of Ava to the local authorities here. We were not a little surprised to learn, by the arrival of two functionaries from the Court of Ava, a few days ago, that their mission was to as certain how far such encroachment on the part of the Siamese is known and sanctioned by the British Government, who, by the treaty of Yandaboo, have expressly provided in Article X.
The good and faithful ally of the British Government, his Mau jesty the King of Siam, having taken a part in the present war, will to the fullest extent, as far as regards his Majesty and his subjects, he included in the above treaty.' To render this ar. ticle more intelligible, we quote Article VI. No person what ever, whether native or foreigner, is hereafter to be molested by either party, on account of the part which he may have taken, or have been compelled to take, in the present war. But whether this treaty be considered by Tharawadde a dead letter or others wise, it could give no assurance to the Siamese, to expect any aid or support from the British nation for any trespass or aggression she might commit subsequently on the neighbouring states with impunity. It is not improbable that the trade between this port and the disturbed region may be interrupted for a time ; yet, we should suppose either of the warlike powers must be held responsible for damages done by them to persons and property of British subjects, inasmuch as these are authorized by passes to proceed, and go on the faith of their own government, on mercantile expeditions into these Burmese and Siamese dependencies.”-Maulmain Chronicle, Nov. 20.
In making public the following clause of “ 'The Supplementary Treaty,” signed by their Excellencies Sir Henry Pottinger, Bart., G.C.B., her Britannic Majesty's plenipotentiary, and the imperial commissioner Keying, the officiating consul has to in. form her Majesty's subjects residing at, or visiting the port of Amoy, that the Chinese authorities do not consider themselves authorized to grant permission to persons or parties to visit the surrounding country. The said authorities however have inti. mated their wishes that no limit should be fixed for restraining respectable persons from taking exercise or recreation, trusting to their own discretion that no dispute or quarrels should take place between them and the natives.
The officiating consul therefore urgently enjoins all persons desirous of extending their excursions into the country, the absolute necessity of compliance with these wishes, and to remark the confidence shewn by the authorities.
· The things most likely to produce complaint and dispute, are the indiscreet use of fire-arms, visiting the houses of the natives against their will, and passing through their towns and villages.
. It is requested, therefore, these acts may be abstained from, and all walled towns or fortified places be avoided, and it is ad. visable that all parties should be accompanied by an intelligent Chinese, conversant with the English as well as the Chinese language.
Should any cause unfortunately occur that may give rise to collision with the natives, the officiating consul, in virtue of his instructions, and in compliance with the government notifica. tion, issued at Victoria under date the 22nd July, 1813, will hold the parties implicated, amenable to the penalties therein mentioned.
Article 6 - Provides that English merchants, residing at or resorting to the five ports, shall not go into the surrounding country beyond certain distances (to be fixed by the local authorities and consuls), “and on no pretence for purposes of traffic;" and that if any person, whatever his rank, station, or calling, disobey this article, and wander away into the country, he shall be seized and handed over to the British consul for snitable punish
Amoy, December 2, 1813. Persons proceeding into the country are limited in distances to one day's journey from the consulate. The latter limit has been atfixed subsequent to the framing of the regulations above.
(Signed) Henry Gribble.
&c. &c. &c.
ALLEN'S INDIAN MAIL,
Since our last publication, the reports of Lord Metcalfe's? health are favourable. His lordship, indeed, has irreparably lost the sight of one eye; but his general health is not so much broken as to enforce his retirement from the high office for which he had been selected at a most critical period, and his mental vigour is unabated. Under these circumstances, he has determined to remain at his post.
With the announcement of this gratifying fact, we might properly quit the subject, were we not impelled to continue our remarks by a desire to render justice to another dis tinguished Indian servant, and to offer a merited tribute of respect to the service of which he is a member. Not long since, the retirement of Lord Metcalfe appeared inevitable; and public opinion, like that of one man, turned to Sir Henry Pottinger as his only fitting successor. Lord Metcalfe belonged to the civil service of India; Sir Henry Pottinger belongs to its military service. In that country he commenced his career of honour, and in that country, till within a very brief period, he pursued it. The enter
LYSTER, the lady of J. comm. Elizabeth Ainslie at Macao, d.
DEATHS. LAWRENCE, Wm. A. drowned in the Canton River, Sept. 11. MACLEHOSE, Robt. Win. S. of James, at Vietoria, Hong Kong, aged 9, Sepi. 19.