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and material gravity upon the liquid and Meeting surface of the water, and the other actions that display the excellent nature of Jesus.”

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JUSTINUS MARTYR, A. D. 150. In expositione fidei. “Christ is shown man from the similar and irreprehensible sufferings of our nature.”

Dialogo cum Tryphone. “Christ when born, acquired his strength, and grew up in the usual way of all mortals by using suitable things; he gave its own to each action and stage of life, making use of all sorts of food and living upwards of thirty years, John the precursor having heralded his advent.”

IRENÆUS, A, D. 180. Lib. 3, Cap. 32. “They err who say that Christ received nothing of the Virgin, that they may discard the inheritance of the flesh, perhaps they would also reject the resemblance. If he received not from man the substance of the flesh, he was made neither man nor the Son of man ; and if he was not made the same as we were, he performed no great wonder when he suffered and endured. Why descended he into Mary, if he received nothing from her ? Or if he assumed nothing from her he would not have used the food that comes from the earth, by which our earthly body is nourished.

Lib. 5, Cap. 1. “Silly are the people who say that he appeared only in vision : for these things were not performed in vision, but in real substance. And if, whilst he was not a man, he appeared man, he continued not to be what he really was, the Spirit of God: since the Spirit is invisible, neither was any reality in him : for that was not the thing that it appeared to be. We have already observed that Abraham and the other prophets saw him through the spirit of propheey, foretelling in vision that which was to come. Therefore, if he appeared then such, not being what he appeared, it was but some prophetic

vision that was made to the people, and we have to look for his other advent, in which he will be such as he appeared to the prophets. And we have proved it one and the same thing, to say that he was seen only in vision, and that he assumed nothing of the virgin : for he would not have truly flesh and blood, whereby he would redeem us, unless he had assumed the aneient form of Adam. Vain, therefore, are the disciples of Valentinian preaching this, that they may set aside the salvation of the flesh, and reprobate the creation of God.”

HIPPOLYTUS, A, D, 220. Epistola ad Reginam quandam. “Therefore, he calls him the first fruit of them that sleep, as being the first born of the dead, who when he rose from the dead and willed to show that the same had risen which had also died, the disciples doubting, – Thomas being called, he said to him : Feel here and see, that a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as you see me having. John XX.”

ORIGENES, A, D. 230. Lib. 1, de principiis. “Christ has assumed a body similar to ours, with this only difference, that he was born of the virgin from the Holy Ghost. And as Jesus Christ was born and suffered in reality, not in vision, he really died by the common death, and also really rose from the dead, and having conversed after his resurrection with his disciples, he was assumed into heaven.

Lib. 2, in Job. "In the latter days, God the only begotten descending from heaven, dressing himself from the Virgin with the covering of an earthly body, washed away the infirmity, uncleanliness also, and the filthiness of the whole world by bearing the sins of all people.”

SYNODUS NICÆNA, A. D. 325. In Symbolo. “Who for us men and for our salvation des. cended from heaven, and was incarnated of the holy Spirit, from the Virgin : and he was made man. He was crucified for us under Pontius Pilate, suffered and was buried.”

ATHANASIUS, A. D. 340. Epistola ad Epictetum contra Hæriticos. “You find, they say, nothing in the holy Scriptures to prove that God had been in a human body ; and the Fathers of the Council of Nice declared that it was not the body, but the Son himself was coeternal with the Father, and that it was of the substance of the Father : But they confess that the body drew origin totally from Mary according to the holy Scriptures.

Oratione 4, contra Arianos. “The Word born of Mary once came into the world in the latter days, to wash away sins, (For it pleased the Father to send his Sun, born of a woman, made under the law) for it is written : that the Word having assumed human flesh, was made man, and that he suffered in that flesh for us : for Peter attests, 1 Peter II, Christ having suffered in the flesh for us : to make himself manifest, and that we all may believe that he who was always God, was afterwards made man for our sake : for the divinity, as the Apostle saith, hath dwelt corporally in the flesh. Which is the same thing as to say: When he was God, he assumed a certain proper body, and using it as organ, he was made man for our sake. Therefore the properties of the flesh, are predicated of him also, because he dwelt in the flesh, namely, to hunger, to thirst, to suffer, to be weary, and other such acts as are peculiar to the flesh."

BASILIUS MAGNUS, A. D. 370. In Liturgia. "O only begotten Son and Word of God, when thou wert immortal thou hast vouchsafed for our salvation to be incarnated, and to be immutably made man of the blessed Mother of God and ever Virgin Mary, and to be crucified.”


Catechesi 4, de generatione Filii. "Believe thou that this only begotten Son of God descended for our sins from heaven to earth; and that he assumed the humanity of the same affections with us ; that he was born of the Holy Ghost and of the Virgin Mary. He assumed human nature, not in imagination, or vision, but in reality ; passing not as if by a pipe through the Virgin ; but being truly made man of her; he having been nourished and truly fed of her suck, as we also are. If that incarnation be visionary, visionary is also our salvation.

Catechesi 13, Illuminatorum. “Jesus has truly suffered for mankind, for the cross is not a vision, nor the redemption an opinion, nor is his death imaginary and salvation fabulous ; for if his death be imaginary, they would have been true who said : We remember that the seducer said whilst living. Therefore the passion is true ; for he was truly crucified. We are not confounded, nor do we deny him, but rather we glory in him.”

EPIPHANIUS, A. D. 380. Hæresi 20. "He descended from heaven and was conceived, not of the seed of man, but by the Holy Ghost, and had truly a body of Mary, and formed for himself flesh from the blessed Mother, and received a human soul and mind; all that which man is, (sin excepted), he united in himself by his deity, and he was born in Bethlehem.

Hæresi 77. “The Word when he came, truly fulfilled all things that had been foretold of him: Behold, a Virgin shall conceive in her womb. He was in truth, not in imagination, conceived; he was truly carried in the womb, was truly present in the flesh, having in truth flesh and soul, and in truth a mind, being in truth all things that man is, except sin, begotten

in reality of the virginial womb, and of the blessed Virgin, not from the seed of man. Having, as already said, flesh, soul, and mind, in reality, been born in reality of his mother, rolled in swaddling clothes in the cradle, carried by Mary and brought into Egypt, returning from Egypt, and tarried in Nazareth, came to the Jordan and was baptized by John, and tempted by the devil ; he had called the disciples in reality, and preached the kingdom of heaven in reality, as he is found to have done all things in reality. He was betrayed by Judas, arrested by the Jews, dragged to Pontius Pilate, and by hiin adjudged to death, and nailed to the cross, saying : I thirst, give me to drink, receiving in reality vinegar with gall, tasting it, and receiving no more drink ; fastened to the cross, in reality he exclaims : Eli, Eli, lamma sabacthani, in reality inclining the head and expiring ; in reality the body was taken down, and was in reality received and dressed by Joseph, and deposited really in the tomb, and secured with a great stone. Descending in the Deity with the soul into hell, and liberating in strength and power the chained prisoners : God the Word returning with the blessed soul, by which he redeemed the captives : rising again the third day, in truth, with body and soul, and all the organs : being found with the disciples during forty days, blessing them in reality at mount Olivet, ascending in reality into heaven, in the presence of the disciples he was raised up in reality into the clouds : sitting at the right hand of the Father in reality, in the same body and Deity, in the same perfect humanity, with which he united all things into one, and one spiritual perfection, God existing in glory, sitting for judging the living and the dead: he shall come in reality. And nothing is altered but all things were fully completed in him.

JOANNES CHRYSOSTOMUS, A. D. 400. Homilia 24, in priorem ad Corinthios. “Death has not carried away this body pierced by the nails and torn by the whips.

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