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great philosopher has proved in the event the greatest tyrant in the universe. He not only subverted all the systems of the philosophers who went before him with a bold and licentious hand, not sparing that of his master Plato, as his pupil Alexander did all the empires of the east ; but, by that Instrument, has manacled the philosophy of all future times and though the dominion of that great prince and conqueror has vanished for many ages, and is now as though it never had existed, the chain of the philosopher is felt at this day by learned bodies and societies through some of the most distant and enlightened parts of Europe. His Logıç rendered eve more imperfect than he had left it, held out edir! as completely equipped to attend Reason in the search and communication of all truth, infallible as a guide , and incapable of improvement,' superčeded every other, o and deprived it for many ages of its most useful and faithful attendant; keeping learning and science in a dark and gloomy prison, and drawing a cloud over the disk of the literary fun, by which it was for centuries eclipsed, and of which more than a single limb is now obscured.
malo medicina; nec ipfa mali expers: Siquidem dialectica quæ recepta est, licet ad civilia et artes, quæ in sermone et opinione politæ sunt, rectiffime adhibeatur; naturæ tamen fùbtilitatem longo intervallo non attingit ; et pren. fando quod non capit, ad errores potius ftabilidendos et quasi figendos, quam ad viam veritati aperiendam valuit. Ibid. Præf,
Cæterum de virọ tam eximio certe, et ob acumen ingenii mirabili, Ariftotele, crediderim facile hanc ambitionem eum a discipulo suo accepiffe, quem fortafle æmulta. tus eft ; ut fi ille omnes nariones, hic omnes opiniones subigeret, et monarchiam quandam in contemplationibus Qbi conderet. Ibid. De Augm. Sc. lib, iji. cap. 4.
Whilst commentators, particularly the Latin and Arabian, were darkening this dark fystem by their illustrations, and the schoolmen were contending with great subtlety and little sense, and growing warmin Disputation, Truth and Learning were left to starve, cramped in their growth, and blasted in their prospects, in consequence of being deprived of their natu
• Primus mortalium Aristoteles certum Logicæ finem conftituit, precepta in ordinem redegit, fingulari artificio integræ artis Methodum contexuit. Quam invenit Logicam: tum feliciter perfecit, ut in hunc usque diem, per annos circiter bis mille, perpetuis clarissimorum virorum ftudiis exculta, nihil prorsus acceperit incrementi. Aldrich.
ral support and fuccour.' Instead of extracting the pure and genuine ore by an experimental and inductive process, these champions of fyllogism were employed in raking together heaps of sophisticated trafh, which they valued as the purest gold, Instead of pursuing Nature through her hidden stores, and connecting truth with truth, by a gradual operation, into an ufeful and wellcompacted chain, they fabricated their boasted fystems of base materials, with all the fubtlety of their art, into useless and factitious geer; instead of connecting science with science, according to their natural order and relation, and erecting them into a great edifice of truth, they filled the Schools with heaps of indigested rubbish, which, however worthless and deservedly despised by some; adds to its inutility this disgrace, that it remains in a great measure unremoved
i The flow progress of useful knowledge, during the many ages in which the fylogistic art was most highly cultivated as the only guide to science, and its quick progress since that art was disused, suggest a presumption againlt it; and the presumption is strengthened by the purility of the examples which have been always brought to illustrate its rules. Dr. Reid in the Appendix to vol. iii. Lord Kaim's Sketches.
mort How that sublimes and molt important part of Truth, the CHRISTIAN RELIGION, was enabled to emerge out of the midst of those errors and superstitions, by which it was surrounded and involved for many ages, whilst they were disguised and patronized by the evasive artifice and the fallacious subtleties of such a Logic,& is a profound and
: What is more sacred among Sciences than Divinity ? You have prophaned it by bringing in of that which you term Scholastic, gathered out of Lombard, Master of the fentences, which has engendered unto us the race of the Thomists, Scotifts, Albertists, Ocamists, Realifts, Nomi. C. nalists, and such others, whose foundation is laid upon the subtleties of Aristotle. Let any man remark the themes of your Sermons, the disputations of your Schools, together with those great and huge volumes of Commentaries upon the four books of the Sentences. Oracles are received every were from the Tripus of this Philosopher, and the Universities that ought to be instituted after a Christian manner, are changed into the Academies of that heathenish Athens. You spend more time in clearing that which seemeth ambiguous and doubtsul in the doctrine of that ingrate disciple toward Plato, than in teaching your Aocks the law of the Gospel. The oaths which the Universities do exact of their initiates and Batchelors, that they shall not controll him, are witnesses of the truth of what I speak. De Croy's Firft Conformity, chap. 3.