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and Analyses. New Inductions may be instituted, new Axioms established, and new Inventions found : and thus the great vo-, lume of Nature is calculated, by the omniscience of its Author, to afford scope to the virtuous and honourable employment of sages and philosophers, till its whole system shall diffolve and vanish, and be succeeded by one of a superior order ; when there will be “ a new heaven and a new earth,” in which the First will himself take place of second Causes; when the film which is spread over the carnal eye will be removed, new objects presented, and new scenes disclosed, under the aspect and illumination of a brighter SUN.

See Isaiah Ix. 19, 20; and Luke xvii. 2.

CH AP.

CH A P. IX.

Of the Logic of Facts.

CROM Physics, the plan chalked out 1 for the arrangement and execution of this general Chart of Truth leads me to that extensive department comprehending all those transactions, occurrences, and events, which are known by the name of FACTS, as belonging to the same Theoretica province of the Mind, and entitled to the fame distinction from subjects both of Practical and Poetical intention.

• Tõs di Jewentixñs diavoas, xai un wpautixñs, unde ποιητικής, το εύ και κακώς, TΑΛΗΘΕΣ έξι και ΨΕΥΔΟΣ, Aristot. Eth. Nicom. Lib. vi. cap. I.

Oưx éso dè w poaspetèv slèv yeyovés olov sTEis apoasa grītas Idcov Top Inxévær. zde yaç Bensuetas wepi tã yego

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This is a kind of truth, which is so direct and obvious in its nature, so open to the apprehension, and so familiar to the mind, of all men ; that it seems to have escaped philosophical enquiry and critical examination, As it is, however, a species of truth of more universal extent than any other, and of more immediate importance in every stage and sphere of life ; and, particularly, since by the decree of providence it has been made a principal foundation of those fuperior and fublimer truths, which are the main object of this analysis, it demands, in its place, a logical confideration... . .

rúres, ára sepi tã coopéve, xai ivdexonévs. so die geyouds iz indíxetas pantysvé fan. diò óptüs Aya'twv, :;!

Μόνα γαρ αυτό και θεός σερίσκεται, ., .
Agyinta nostūv å vo' av wengayuevo mod

"; Ibid.

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SECT. I.

of the PRINCIPLE of Facts.

L ACTS have, indeed, a molt intimate

t' and inseparable connection with Phy'fics. As truths they derive their existence

from the fame FIRST PRINCIPLE, from the notices and indications of the EXTERNAL SENSES ; and, had it not been fol their close connection with the subject of the succeeding chapter, they would have been entitled to the precedence in this logical arrangement, as they supply the foundation of all phyfical deductions : for 'without Experiments, which are a species of Facts, there can be no sound philosophy of nature.

But, whereas Physics leave the first impressions made upon the senses by individual objects, and, from Appearances and Effeets, by the help of experiments, descend to the investigation of Qualities and Causes, in

order

order to form general laws for the proof of particular truths, which are permanent, and will extend to all times and places so long as nature remains the same ; Facts, as truths, result immediately from the individual objects presented to the Senses, from the Appearances and Effeets themselves, and, however certain, are tranhent, and confined within the limits of time and place. . ,

They are all particular independent truths, not deriving their proof from generals, as those of Physics do ; but requiring to their confirmation, that a particular, event, or series of events occurred to the ocular observațion of a certain person or persons, at a certain time and place ; that a particular phænomenon appeared; or shat a particular thing, was heard or seen to be said. of done. So that, før the proof of Facts, the coincidence of a particular transaktion, person, time,

· Philosophia individua dimittit; neque impressiones primas individuorum, sed notiones ab illis abstractas complectitur; atque in iis componendis et dividendis, ex lege naturæ et rerum ipfarum evidentia, versatur. Atque hoc prorsus officium eft atque opificium rationis. Baconus De Augm. Sc. lib. II. cap. 1.

and

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