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dominions, and frustrating the am- finest display of human perfection. bitious and destructive designs of Whatever he read, he instantly had the enemy."
by heart: his favourite pursuits A pension of 2000l. per annum were the mathematics, philosophy, was also granted his Lordship, for astronomy, geography, history, and himself and the two next heirs of painting, in all of which he had the peerage.
made a great proficiency. His falo person, Lord Duncan was of vourite authors were Locke and a manly, athletic form, six feet Newton; and his retentive faculthree inches high, erect and grace ties were so strong, that he never ful, with a countenance indicating forgot a single incident with which great intelligence and benevolence. he had been once acquainted. He
His private character was that of could relate every circumstance of a most affectionate relative, a steady Grecian, Ronian, and English hisfriend, and what crowned the whole tory; was master of astronomy, with a lustre superior to all other and had pursued it up to all its qualities or distinctions, a man of recent discoveries; had the finest great and unaffected piety.
taste for drawing and painting, and He encouraged religion by his would frequently take admirable own practice; and the public oben likenesses of persons who struck servance of it was always kept up him, from meniory. He wrote a wherever he held the command. hand like copper-plate, and at a
When the victory was decided, very early period of his life had which immortalized his name, his made hiinself master of arithmetic. Lordship ordered the crew of his He was never known to be out of ship to be called together, and, at temper, and though he suffered an their head, upon his bended knees, illness of ten years, which termiin the presence of the Dutch Ad- nated in a dropsy, and bursting of miral, who was greatly affected with a blood-vessel upon the lungs, he the scene, he solemnly and pathe- was never once known to repine or tically offered up praise to the God be impatient. His wit was brilOF BATTLE.
liant and refined; and his loss will Let it be added here, that his de- ever be deplored by those who had meanor, when all eyes were upon the happiness of knowing him. him, in the cathedral of St. Paul's, - 6. The Rev. THOMAS Twi. on the day of general thanksgiving, NING, Rector of St. Mary's, Colwas so humble, modest, and de- chester, and formerly of Sidney vout, as greatly to increase that ad- College, Cambridge; B. A. 1760; miration which his services had M. A. 1763. procured him.
Sound learning, polite literature, His Lordship is succeeded by his and exquisite taste in all the fie son Robert, a Captain in the Ayr- arts, have lost an ornament and a shire Militia.
defender, in the death of this acAt the Grotto House, Margate, complished scholar, and worthy in the 16th year of his age, Mr.T. divine. P. Oldfield, a youth of most ex- His translation of the Poetics of traordinary genius, and too gene- Aristotle, must convince men of rally known to suffer an idea of learning of his knowledge of the the following account of his life to Greek language, of the wide exbe discredited: At the age of five tent of his classical erudition, of years and a half he had a scarlet his acute and fair spirit of critifever which brought on him a para- cism, and above all, of his good lysis of the lower extremities, and taste, sound judgment, and genedebilitated luis body for the rest of ral reading, manifested in his disa his lite; but his mind presented the sertations.
Mr. Twining was the only son of self to be absent from his parishthe eminent tea merchant by his ioners more than a fortnight in a first marriage, and intended by his year, during the last 40 years of his father to succeed him in that house, life, though from his learning, acwhich he had so well established; complishments, pleasing character but his son feeling an impulse to- and conversation, no man's com- wards literature and science, in- pany was so much sought. . treated his father to let him devote Mr. Twining was a widower his youth to study and a classical during the last 12 or 14 years of education; and being indulged in his life, and has lest no progeny. his wish, he was matriculated at His preferment in the church was Cambridge.
inadequate to his learning, pietv, Mr. Twining was contemporary and talents. But such was the moin that university with Gray, Ma- deration of his desires, that he neison, and Bates; and so able a mu- ther solicited nor complained. The sician, that besides playing the Colchester living was conferred harpsichord and organ in a master- upon him by the present Bishop of ly manner, he was so excellent a London, very much to his honour. performer on the violin, as to lead without personal acquaintance or all the concerts, and even oratorios, powerful recommendation ; but that were performed in the univer- from the modesty of his character sity during term time, in which . and love of a private life, his pro. Bates played the organ and harp- found learning and literary abili sichord. His taste in music was lities were little known, till the enlarged, and confirmed by study publication of his Aristotle. as well as practice; as few profese · - 10. Aged 83, the Rev. Robert sors knew more of composition, har- POTTER, prebendary of Norwich. monics, and the history of the art vicar of Lowestoft in Suffolk, and and science of music, than this formerly of Emmanuel College, intelligent and polished dilet- where he proceeded B.A. 1741, tante.
and M.A. 1788. He was known Besides his familiar acquaintance to the literary world as the transwith the Greek and Roman classics, lator of the three great writers of his knowledge of modern languages, the Greek Drama, which translaparticularly French and Italian, was tions have been generally admired such as not only to enable him to for the singular felicity by which read, but to write those languages the genius and manner of the rewith facility and idiomatic accu- spective writers are presented to us. racy. His friends and correspond- The prebend is in the gift of the ents will deplore his loss with no King, and the Bishop of Norwich common grief. His conversation is patron of the valuable living of and letters, when science and se- Lowestoft: · rious subjects were out of the ques. The Republic of letters, in the
tion, 'were replete with a wit, hu- death of Mr. Potter, has lost one of mour, and playfulness, so pleasant its best and most unassuming ornaand original, that we know not his ments. His manners were simple, prototype. - If there is any episto- and his life exemplary. He was a
lary resenıblance between his famni- scholar of the Old School, and no·liar correspondence, and any other thing tempted him to relinquish
eminent writer's, it is that of Gray, divine and polite literature. His whose letters are as nianly and works are not numerous, but they playful, as his private character are valuable, and will find their way was finical and fantastical.
to posterity. In the performance of his cccle- The only temporary effusion of siastical duties, Mr. Twining was his pen was a pamphlet in defence exemplary, scarcely allowing him of Gray, against the Criticisins of
Johnson. A great portion of his cles, boweeer, his Lordship wrote life was dedicated to the transla- a short note to Mr. Potter, acknows tion of three Greek Tragic Poets, ledging the receipt of his books to whom he is the first who has from time to time, and the pleasure done ample justice in our language. they had afforded him, and requestHe had the peculiar felicity of ing Mr. Potter's acceptance of a transferring their loftiness, and prebendal stall in the Cathedral of preserving their simplicity, without Norwich, which with his vicarage, running into bombast, or descend- rendered him comfortable for the ing to servility.
remainder of a life honourably deHis translations are justly ad- voted to those pursuits which best mired by those who are well versed become a profound scholar and in the originals, of the charms of true Christian. of which they convey the most gra- — At Seagrave, in Leicestershire, tifying idea to the English reader, the Rev. Robert Ingram, vicar of It was not till after he had com- Wormingford and Boxted in Essex, pleted his last translation, that of father of the Rev. Robert Acklom Sophocles, that Mr. Potter obtain- Ingram, rector of Seagrave, and ed any preferinent in the Church late Fellow of Queen's College, higher than that of vicar of Lowes- Cambrigde. He was formerly of toffe.
Bene't College, B.A. 1748, M.A. He had been a schoolfellow of 1753. Lord Thurlow, and had constantly In Maddox-Street, London, the sent his publications to that great Rev. Barker Finis Wood, late of man without ever soliciting a favour Diss in Norfolk, and formerly of from him.
- Clare Hall, Cambridge, where he On receiving a copy of Sopho proceeded B.A. 1757.
TO CORRESPONDENTS. The two last communications subscribed SEARCH, are literally copied from a very respectable Miscellany published about forty years ago; Low, though we are not so particular as to refuse reprinting valuable and scarce pieces, yet we do expect that our Correspondents will have so much candour as to inform us when their papers are not original, and to name the sources from whence they are taken.
The couplets by Bishop Horne are copied from that excellent Prelate's life, written by the late Reverend William Jones. We think it not quite fair to oblige us to pay postage for extracts.
We are sorry to be under the necessity of rejecting the Letter of JuveNIS, owing to its extreme length; and to the many complaints we have received from various triends respecting the tedious extension of an hypothetical subject.
The Letter of V.O.O. did not reach the Editor till after the pube lication of the last number, otherwise it would have been duly noticed: any further discussion of the point, after what has already appeared would be needless.
The Hint suggested by R. A. S. deserres consideration, and we believe it will be carried into effect; but we have strong reasons for declining to publish his Letter. The work he mentions is announced from a very bad quarter, and, if really intended, must be with a hostile view.
Another valuable Essay, by the venerable Bishop HORNE, shall appear in our next.
ERRATA IN THE LAST AND PRESENT NUMBER Piige 21, line 9, for conceptions réad corruptions.
-47,- 3, for hired read tried. --- 100, lines 28 and 5?, for Yæriç read Xaços, .
LIFE OF THE RIGHT REVEREND JOSEPH BUTLER, D.D.
. BISHOP OF DURHAM. THIS profoundly learned and pious divinė, was born
1 at Wantage in Berkshire, in 1692. His father, who was a substantial tradesman of that town, observing in him a very serious disposition and an excellent genius, determined to educate him for the ministry among the Protestant Dissenters of the Presbyterian denomination. Accordingly, after going through a preparatory course of education in the grammar school at Wantage, he was placed under Mr. Samuel Jones, who kept an academy then at Gloucester ; but afterwards at Tewkesbury, whose son, Mr. Jeremiah Jones, is advantageously known among scholars by his laborious and excellent work on the canonical authority of the New Testament. Here Mr. Butler made a rapid progress in his theological studies, of which he gave a striking proof in the letters addressed by him to Dr. Samuel Clarke, laying before him the doubts which had arisen in his mind respecting the conclusiveness of some of his arguments in his “ Discourses on the Being and Attributes of God.” The first of these was dated Nov. 4, 1713, and the sagacity and depth of thought displayed in it, immediately excited Dr. Clarke's particular notice. This encouraged Mr. Butler to address him again upon the subject; and the correspondence
Vol. VII. Churchm. Mag. Sept. 1804. : Y being being carried on in three other letters, the whole was aninexed to another edition of the Doctor's book. The inanagement of this correspondence was entrusted by Mr. Butler to his friend and school fellow Mr. Secker, (afterwards archbishop of Canterbury) who, in order to conceal the affair, undertook to convey the letters to the post office at Gloucester, and to bring back Dr. Clarke's answers. Our young student was not, during his continuance at Tewkesbury, solely employed in metapbysical speculations. Another serious subject of his enquiries, was the nature and ground of Nonconformity, the result of which was a determination to embrace the communion of the Church of England. This intention was at first disagreeable to his father, but at length he suffered his son to follow his inclination, and he accordingly entered bimself a commoner of Oriel College, Oxford, in 1714; where he contracted that friendship with Mr. Edward Talbot, second son of Dr. William Talbot, successively bishop of Oxford, Salisbury and Durhan, as laid the foundation of all his subsequent preferments. In 1718, at the recommendation of this friend, and of Dr. Clarke, Mr. Butler was appointed by Sir Joseph Jekyll, to be preacher at the Rolls, where he continued till 1726, in which year he published in one volume 8vo. fifteen sermons preached in that chapel. In the meantime, by the patronage of Bishop Talbot, he had been presented first to the rectory of Haughton, which he afterwards exchanged for that of Stanhope. Whilst Mr. Butler continued preacher at the Rolls, hé divided his time between his duty in town and the country; but when he quitted the Rolls he resided, during seven years,wholly at Stanhope, in the conscientious discharge of every obligation appertaining to a good parish priest. This retirement, however, was too solitáry for his disposition, which had in it a rataral cast of gloominess; and though his recluse hoars were by no means lost either to private improvement or public utility, yet he felt at times very painfully, the want of that select society of friends to which he had been accustomed, and which could inspire him with the greatest chearfulness. Mr. Şecker, who knew this, was very anxious to draw 'him out into a more active spliere, and omitted no opportunity of expressing this desire to: such as he thought capable of promoting iť. Having been appointed king's chaplain in 1759, he took occasion, in a conversation with whieh he was honoured