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and God the Son, in the council of the Trinity, before the world began.

II. The Sum of the covenant of redemption is this ; God having freely cholen unto tife; a certain number of loft Man. kind, for the glory of his rich grace, did give them, before the world began, unto God the Son, appointed Redeemer, that, upon Condition he would humble himself so far as to affume the human nature of a Soul and a Pody, unto Personal union with his divine nature, and ubmit limfell to die law, as surety for them, and fatisfy justice for thein, by giving obedience in their name, even unto the suffering of the cursed death of the cross, he should ranfom" and redeem them all from sin and death, and purchase unto them righteou:ness and eternal life, with all saving graces leading thereunto, to be effectüally, by means of his own appointment, applicd in due time to every one of them. This condition the Son of God (who is Jesus Christ our Lord) did accept before the world began's and in the fulness of time) came into the wor d, was born of the Virgin Mary, subjected himself to the law and complaily paid the ranfom of the cross but by vertue of the forcfaid bargain; made before the world began, he is in all ages, lince the fall of Adam, ffill upon the work of applying a&u. lly, the Purchased benefits unto the elect: And that he doth by way of entertaining a covenant of free grace a reconciliation with them, through faith in himself; by which covenant, he makes over to every believer a' right and interest to himself and to all his Blessings:

III. For the Accomplishment of this covenant of redempti. on, and making the elect partakers of the benefits thereof in the Covenant of Grace, Christ Jesus was clad with the threefold office of Prophet, Priest, and King. Made a Prophet, to reveal all saving knowledge to his people, and to perswade them to believe and obey the fame; made a Priest to offer up himself a facrifice once for them all, and to interceed continually with the Father, for making their persons and fervices acceptable unto him; and made a King, to subdue them to himself, to feed and rule them by his own appointed Ordinárce' and to defend theirt from cheir enemies,

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H E A D. III. The.outward. Means appointed to make the Elect Partakers of this Covenant, and all the reft that are called to be inexcusable, Mat xxii

. 14. Many are called. THE HE outward means and ordinances for making men Par.

takers of the covenant of grace, are fo wisey dispen: fed, as the elect.fhall be infallibly converted and saved by them and the reprobate, among whom they are, not to be juftly stumbled. The means are especially these four ; 1. The word of God. 2. The Sacraments, 3. Kirk-Government. 4. Prayer. In the word of God preached by sent messengers,the Lord makes offer of Grace to all finners upon condition of faith in Jesus Chrift; and whosoever do confess their sin, accept of CHRIST offered, and submit themselves to his ordinances, he will have both them and their Children received into the honour and privileges of the covenant of grace. By the Sacraments, God will have the covenant fealed for confirming the bargain, on foresaid condition. By Kirk-government, he will have them hedged in, and helped foreward unto the keeping of the covenant. And by prayer, he will have his own glorious Grace, promised in the Covenant, to be daily drawn forth, acknowledged and employed. All which Means are followed either really, or in profession only according to the quality of the covenanters as they are true or counterfeit believers.

II The covenant of grace set down in the old Testament before Christ came, and in'the new since he came, is one and the same in substance, albeit different in outward Administration: for the covenant of the old testament, being sealed with the Sacraments of circumcision and the Paschal Lamb, did set forth Christ's death to come and the benefits purchased thereby, under the shaddow of bloody facrifices and fundry Ceremonies ; But, since Christ came, the covenant being sealed by the facraments of baptism and the Lord's supper, doth clearly hold forth Christ already crucified before your eyes, victorious over death; and the grave, and gloriously ruling Heaven and earth, for the good of his own people,



The blessing which are effectually conveyed-by

these means to the Lord's elect, or chosen ones Mat. xxii. 14. Many are called, but few are chosen.

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Y these outward ordinances, as our Lord makes the re-

probate inexcusable, fo, in the power of his spirit, he
applies unto the elect, effectually, all saving graces purcha-
sed to them in the covenant of Redemption, and maketh a
change in their persons. In particular, 1. He doth Convert or
Regenerate them, by giving spiritual life to them, in opening
their understandings, renewing their wills, affections and
faculties, for giving spiritual obedience to his commands.
He gives them faving faith by making them, in the sense
of deserved condemnation, to give their consent heartily to
the covenant of grace, and to embrace Jesus Christ unfeignedly
3. He gives them Repentance, by making them, with godly
forrow, in the hatred of fin, and love of righteousness, turn
from all iniquity to the service of God. And, 4. He Santifies
them,by making them go on and persevere in faith, and spirit-
ual obedience to the law of God, manifested by fruitfulness in
all duties, and doing good works, as God offereth occasion.

II. Together with this inward change of their persons, God changes all their state: For, so soon as they are brought by faith into the covenant of grace, 1. He Justifies them, by imputing unto them that perfect obedience which Christ gave to the law, and the fatisfaction also which upon the cross Christ gave unto justice in their name. 2. He Reconciles them, and makes them friends to God, who were before enemies to God. 3. He Adopts them, that they shall be no more children of Satan but children of God, enriched with all spiritual privileges of his Sons. And last of all, after their warfare in this life is ended, he perfects the holiness, and blessedness, first of their soul at their death, and then both of their souls and their bodies, being joyfully joined together again in the resurrection, at the day of his glorious coming to judgment, when all the wicked shall be sent away to Hell, Сс 3


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with Satan whom they have served : But Christ's own chosen and redeemed Ones, truc believers, students of holiness, shall remain with himself for ever,in the State of Glorification.



Contained in Scripture, and holden forth briefly

in the forcfaid Confession of Faith and Cate:

vince a man of fin, and of righteousness, and of judgment, John xvi. 8. partly by the law or covenant of works, that he may be humbled and become penitent; and partly by the gospel or Covenant of grace, that he may become an unfeigned believer in Jesus Christ and be strengthned in his faith upon folid grounds and warrantș, and give evidence of the truth of his faith by good fruits, and so be saved.

The Sum of the covenant of works, or of the law, is this, If thou do all that is commanded and not fail in any point, thou Malt be saved; But if thou fail, thou shalt die, Rom. x, 5. Gal.

The sum of the gospel, or covenant of grace and reconcili. ation, is this, If thou fee from deferued wrath 10 'the true Re deemer Jesus Chrift, (who is able to save to the uttermost alļ that come to God through him) thou shalt not perish, but have eternal life, Rom. X. 8.9.11.

For convincing a man of fin, of righteousness, and of judg: ment by the law, or covenant of works, let thefę Scriptures ao mong many more be made use of.

111. 10. I 2.

1. For convincing a Man of fig by the law, con: sider Jer. xvii

. 9, 10. "He heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately

wicked, who can know it? I the Lord search the heart, I try the reins

evento give every man according to hụs ways, and According to the fruit of his doings,


Here the Lord teacheth these two things;

1. That the fountain of all our miscarriage, and actual sin. ning against God.' is in the heart, which comprehendeth the mind, will, affections, and all the powers of the soul as they are corrupted and defiled with original sin; the mind being not only ignorant and uncapable of faving truth, but also full of error and enmity against God; and the will and affections being obstinately disobedient unto all God's directions, and bent toward that only which is evil : The heart (saith he) is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked; yea, and unsearchably wicked, fo that no man can know it, and Gen. vi. 5. Every imagination of the thoughts of man's heart is only evil continually, faith the Lord, whose Testimony we must trust in this and all other matters; and experience also may teach us that, till God make us deny ourselves we never look to God in any thing, but fleshly self-interest alone doth rule use' and move all the wheels of our actions.

2. That the Lord bringeth our original fin, or wicked in. clination, with all the actual fruits thereof, unto reckoning be. fore his judgment-seat; For he fearcheth the heart, and tryetle the reins to give every man according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings,


Hence let every man reason thus ::

« What God and my guilty conscience beareth witness of, * I am convinced that this is true,

“ But God and my guilty conscience beareth witness, that

my heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately fi wicked; and that all the imaginations of my heart, by nature, * are only evil continually.

" Therefore I am convinced that this is trye."


Thus a man may be convinced of sin by the law,

II. For convincing a man of righteousness by the

law, consider Gal. iii. 10,

S many as are of the works of the law, are under the curse:

for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.



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