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ful conspiraces, attempts and practices of the enemies of GOD, against the true religion and professors thereof in all places, especially in these three kingdoms, ever since the reforma. tion of religion; and how much their rage, power and prefumption are of late, and at this time, increased and exercis

f ed,whereof the deplorable state of the church and kingdom of Ireland, the distressed estate of the church and kingdom of

th England, and the dangerous estate of the church and king

par dom of Scotland,are prefent and public testimonies: We have

be now at last (after other means of fupplication, remonitrance, proteftation and sufferings) for the preservation of ourselves and our religion from utter suin and destruction, according

th to the commendable practice of these kingdoms in former times, and the example of GOD's people in other nations ; after nature deliberation, resolved and determined to enter

. into a mutual and solemn league' and covenant, wherein wę

1; all subscribe, and each one of us for himself, with our hands lifted up to the most high GOD, do swear,

ki I. HAT we shall sincerely, really, and constantly, thra? THA

th the grace of GOD, endeavour in our feveral places!

ild and callings, the preservation of the reformed religion in the

fc church of Scotland, in doctrine, worship, discipline and government, against our common enemies; the reformation of

ft religon in the kingdoms of England and Ireland, in doctrine, worship, discipline and government, according to the word

U of GOD, and the example of the best reformed churches : And shall endeavour to bring the churches of God in the

t three kingdoms, to the nearest conjunction and uniformity

f in religion, confession of Faith, form of church-government

, directory for worship, and catechising; that we, and our poIterity after us, may, as brethren, live in faith and love; and the Lord may delight to dwell in the midst of us.

II. That we shall in like manner, without respect of persons, endeavour the extirpation of popery, prelacy, (that is, church-government by arch-bishops, bishops, their chancel. lors and commissioners, deans, deans and chapters, archdeacons, and all other ecclefiaftical officers depending on that hierarchy) superstition, heresy, schism, profaneness, and whatsoever shall be found to be contrary to found doctrine and the power of Godliness; least we partake in other mens

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fins, and thereby be in danger to receive of their plagues : and that the Lord may be one, and his name 'one in the three kingdoms.

III. We shall, with the fame sincerity, reality and constancy, in our several vocations, endeavour, with our estates and lives, mutually to preserve the rights and privileges of the Parliaments, and the liberties of the kingdoms; and to: preserve and defend the king's majesty's person and authority, in the prefervation and defence of the true religion, and liberties of the kingdoms; that the world may bear witness with our conscience of our loyalty, and that we have no thoughts, or intentions to diminish his Majesty's just power and greatnefs.

IV. We shall also, with all faithfulness, endeavour the dircovery of all such as have been or shall be incendiaries, Malignants, or evil inftruments, by hindring the reformation of religion, dividing the king from his people, or one of the kingdoms from another, or making any faction, or parties amongst the people, contrary to this league and covenant; that they may be brought to public trial, and receive condign punishment, as the degree of their offences shall require or deferve, or the supreme judicatories of both kingdoms' respectively, or others having power from them for that effect, shall judge convenient:

V. And whereas the happiness of a blessed peace between hese kingdoms, denied in former times to our progenitors, is by the good providence of God granted unto us, and hath been lately concluded, and settled by both parliaments ; We shall each one of us, according to our place and interest, en deavour that they may remain conjoined in a firm peace and union to all posterity; and that justice may be done upon the wilful opposers, thereof, in manner expressed in the precedent article.

VI. We shall also, according to our places and callings, in this common cause of religion, liberty and peace of the Kingdom's, aslist and defend all those that enter into this league and covenant,in the maintaining and pursuing thereof; and shall not suffer ourselves directly or indirectly, by whatfoever combination, persuasion or terror, to be divided and withdrawn from this blessed union and conjunction, whether to make defection to the contrary part;or to give ourselves to a


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deteftable indifferency or neutrality in this cause, which fo much concerneth the glory of GOD, the good of the king dom, and honour of the King; but shall all the days of our lives zealously and constantly continue therein, against all opposition,and promote the fame, according to our power, against all lets and impediments whatsoever; and, what we are not able ourfelves to suppress or overcome,sve shall reveal and make known that it may be timely prevented or removed ;' All which we shall do as in the fight of God.

And, because the se kingdoms are guilty of many sins, and provocations against God, and his Son Jesus Christ, as is too manifest by our present distresses and dangers, the fruits thereof ; 'we profess and declare, before God and the world, our unfeigned desire to be humbled for our own sins,and for the fins of these kingdoms, especially that we have not as we ought valued the inestimable benefit of the gospel, that we have not laboured for the purity and power thereof,and that we have not endeavoured to receive Christ in our hearts, nor to walk worthy of him in our lives, which are the causes of other fins and tranfgreffions so much abounding amongít us: and our true and unfeignied purpose, defire, and endeavour for ourselves, and all others under our power and charge, both in public and in private,in all duties we owe to God and man, to amend our lives, and each one to go before another in the example of a real reformation ; that the Lord may turn away his wrath and heavy indignation, and establish these churches and kingdoms in truth and peace." And this covenant we make in the presence of Almighty God, the searcher of all bearts, with a true intention to perform the fame,as we shall answer at that great day, when the secrets of all hearts fhall be disclosed ; most humbly befeeching the Lord to strengthen us by his holy spirit for this end; and to bless our defires & proceedings with such success,as may be deliverance and safety to his people,and encouragement to other Christian Churches, groning under, or in danger of the yoke of Antichristan tyranny, to join in the fame, or like association and covenant, to the glory of God, the enlargement of the kingdom of Jefus Christ, and the peace and tranquillity of Christian kingdoms and common-wealths.

F I N I S.

Ν I .

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Those which doin a more special way relate unto
the dangers of these times.

Together with
The act of the Commiffion of the general assembly, 1648,

and act of Parliament 1649, for Renewing the League
and copenant.

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The act of the commission of the general Asembly, for renewa ing the Solemn League and Covenant.

Edinburgh, October 6. 1648. T

HE commission of the general assembly considering that a great

part of this land have involved themselves in many and gross breaches of the folemn league and covenant; and that the hands of many are grown slack in following and pursuing the duties continued therein; and that many, who not being come to sufficient age when it was first sworn and subscribed, have not hitherto been received in to the same: do, upon these, and other grave and important considerati ons,appoint and ordain the folemn league and covenant to be renewed throughout all the congregations of this kingdom. And, because itis a duty of great weight and consequence, ministers, after the light hereof, would be careful to take pains, in their doctrine and otherwise, that their people may be ina de sensible of these things wherein they have broken the covenant, and be prepared for the renewing thereof with suitable affections and dispositions : And, that these things may be the better performed, we have thought it necessary to condescend · upon a folemn acknowledgment of public fins and breaches of the covenant, and a folemn engagement to all the duties contained therein, namely, those which do in a more special way relate unto the dangers of these times, and this folemn acknowledgment and engagement;fent herewith shall be made ule of, and the league and covenant shall berenewed in such manner as follows. First, There shall be intimation of a solemn public humiliation and fast the second Sabbath of De. cember,to be kept upon the next Thursday, and the Lord's day thereafter; at which intimation, the League and Covenant, and the public acknowledgment of sins,and engagenient unto duties are to be publicdy read by the minister, in the audience of all the people; and they are to be exhorted to get copies thereof, that they may be made ac quainted therewith: and the homiliation and falt is to be kept the next Thursday, thereafter,in reference to the breaches of the covenant, contained in the solemn public acknowledgment as the causes thereof; and the next Lord's day thereafter which is also to be spent in public humiliation and fasting, immediately after the fermon, which is to be applyed to the bulinels of that day, the públic acknowledgment and eagagement is again to be publicly, read : and thereafter prayer is to be made, containing the confeffion of the breaches mentioned therein, and begging merey for these lins,and strength of God for renewing the covenant in sincerity and truth:after which prayer,the Solemn League and Covenant is to be read by the minister, and then to be sworn by him and all the people who are to engage themselves for performance of a}} the duties cuntained therein; namely, these which are mentioned in the public acknowledgment and engagement, and are opposite unto the fins therein confesled and the actions is to be closed with praya er 10 God,that his people may be enabled, in the power of his strenght, to do their duty, according to their oath, now renewed in fo folemn a way. It is also hereby provided, That all those who renew the League and Covenant, hall again subscribe the saine: and that nonebe admitted to the renewing or subscribing thereof, who are excluded by the other act and direction fent herewith,


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