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1835

45.

Convention entre la France et la daigne pour régler l'établissei des bacs et bateaux de passage les fleuves et rivières limitro

. En date du 2. Août 1835. (Traités de la Roy. Maison de Savoie. T. V. 1

Sa Maj. le Roi de Sardaigne et Sa Maj. des Français voulant faire cesser les inconvénie résultent de l'état actuel des passages d'eau : fleuves et rivières servant de limite entre les Etats, et régler d'un commun accord et d'une a uniforme l'établissement des bacs et bateaux de p sur les mêmes fleuves et rivières, ont à cet effe mé leurs Plénipotentiaires, savoir:

Sa Majesté le Roi de Sardaigne, le sieur O Solar Comte de la Marguerite, Commandeur d dre Religieux et Militaire de Saint Maurice, el Lazare, Chevalier Grand - Groix de l'Ordre belle la Catholique d'Espagne, et de l'Ordre du Son Premier Secrétaire d'Etat pour les affaires gères, et

Sa Majesté le Roi des Français le sieur Ed Chasteau, Chevalier de l'Ordre Royal de la 1 d'honneur, et de celui de Saint Joseph de To son chargé d'affaires à Turin.

Les quels, après avoir échangé leurs pouvoirs, sont convenus des articles suivans.

1. Le droit d'établir ou d'autoriser l'établiss de bacs ou bateaux de passage sur les fleuves vières, servant de limite entre les deux Etats, i tient exclusivement aux deux Gouvernemens.

II. Aucun bac ou bateau de passage ne sera que du commun consentement des deux Gouverne

III. L'indemnité à la quelle les possesseurs tenteurs des bacs ou bateaux de passage actuell existant pourraient légalement prétendre pour la des constructions, appareils et agrès, ainsi que cessation de jouissance, ne seront point réglés en

jun par les deux Gouvernemens. Les intéressés pré- 1835 enteront leurs demandes ou réclamations séparément uprès de chaque Gouvernement, pour la moitié qui

concerne, sans qu'il y ait lieu à l'intervention de un ou de l'autre pour appuyer les réclamations de urs sujets respectifs. Chacun des deux Gouvernelens se reservant de les examiner conformément à es lois et règlemens sur la matière.

IV. L'établissement de tout bac, bateau ou barpe de passage sera dorénavant affermé aux enchères ubliques alternativement par une des deux Administraons, et les produits seront annuellement partagés ntr'elles par égales portions. Les sujets des deux Itats seront admis moyennant caution et garantie vaible à concourir aux enchères. | V. Les employés des deux Administrations pouront, conformément aux lois et réglemens de chaque Stat, constater les contraventions, et les porter s'il a lieu, au jugement des Tribunaux compétens.

VI. Il ne pourra être établi aucun pont sur les leuves et rivières servant de limites aux deux Etats, ue du commun consentement des deux Gouvernemens." jes particuliers qui voudront en établir devront obtenir

la fois l'autorisation des administrations respectives. wes conditions, les garanties, les tarifs seront reglés, lans ce cas de commun accord par des conventions péciales négociées soit entre les deux gouvernements oit entre les autorités locales déléguées à cet effet..

VII. La présente Convention sera ratifiée, et les fatifications seront échangées à Turin dans l'espace le six semaines ou plutôt si faire se peut.

En foi de quoi les dits Plénipotentiaires ont signé a présente, et y ont apposé le cachet de leurs armes.

Fait à Turin le deux du mois d'Août mil huit cent

trente cinq.

Le Comte SOLAR DE LA MARGUERITE.

E. DE CHASTEAU. (Ratifiée par le Roi des Français le 7, et par le Roi

de Sardaigne le 10. Septembre 1835.)

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46.

Convention entre les Etats-unis de l' Amérique septentrionale et les nations indiennes de Comanche et Witchetaw et leurs tribus associées, sig.

, née le 24. Août 1835. (Ratifiée à Washington par le président des Etats

unis le 19. Mai 1836.) (Acts of the first session of the 24 Congress of the United States. Washington 1836. Appendix p. 30.)

For the purpose of establishing and perpetuating Peace and Friendship between the United States of America and the Comanche and Witchetaw nations, and their associated bands or tribes of Indians, and between these nations or tribes and the Cherokee Muscogee, Choctaw, Osage, Seneca, and Quapaw nations or tribes of Indians, the President of the United States has, to accomplish this desirable object, and to aid therein, appointed Governor M. Stokes, M. Arbuckle, Brigdi. Genl. United States army, and F. W Armstrong, Actg. Supdt Western territory, commissioners on the part of the United States, and the said Governor M. 'Stokes and M. Arbuckle, Brigdi. Genl. United States army, with the chiefs and representations of the Cherokee, Muscogee, Chocktaw, Osage, Seneca and Quapaw nations or tribes of Indians, have met the chiefs, warriors, and representatives of the tribes first above named at Camp Holmes, on the eastern border of the Grand Prairie, near the Candian river, in the Mus. cogee nation, and after full deliberation, the said nations or tribes have agreed with the United States, and with one another upon the following articles.

Art. 1. There shall be perpetual peace and friend. ship between all the citizens of the United States of America, and all the individual composing the Coman. che and Witchetaw nations and their associated bands or tribes of Indians, and between these nations or iribes and the Cherokee, Muscogee, Choctaw, Osage, Seneca and Quapaw nations or tribes of Indians.

Art. 2. Every injury or act of hostility by one 1835 or either of the contracting parties on the other, shall je mutually forgiven and forever forgot.

Art. 3. There shall be a free and friendly interourse between all the contracting parties hereio , and t is distinctly understood and agreed by the Comanche ind Witchetaw nation, and their associated bands or tribes of Indians, that the citizens of the United Staes are freely permitted to pass and repass through heir settlements or hunting grounds without molestaion or injury on their way to any of the provinces of the Republic of Mexico, or returning therefrom, and hat each of the nations or tribes named in this article, further agree to pay the full value for any injury heir people may do to the goods or property of the citizens of the United States taken or destroyed, when peaceably passing through the country they inhabit, or hunt in, or elsewhere. And the United States hereby guaranty to any Indian or Indians of either of the said Comanche or Witchetaw nations and their associated bands or tribes of Indians, a full indemnification for any horses or other property which may be stolen from them. Provided ihat the property so stolen cannot be recovered, and that sufficient proof is produced that it was actually stolen by a citizen of the United States, and within the limits thereof.

Art. 4. It is understood and agreed by all the hations or tribes of Indians parties to this treaty, that each and all of the said nations or tribes have free permission to hunt and trap in the Great Prairie west of the Cross Timber, to the western limits of the Uni

ted States.

Art. 5. The Comanche and Witchetaw nations and their associated bands or tribes of Indians, sevelally agree and bind themselves to pay full value for any injury their people may do to the goods or other property of such trades as the President of the Uniled States may place near to their settlements or bunting ground for the purpose of trading with them. "Art. 6. The Comanche and Witchetaw nations and their associated bands or tribes of Indians agree, that in the event any of the red people belonging to the nations or tribes residing south of the Missouri Tiver and west of the State of Missouri, not parties

1835 to this treaty, should visit their towns or be found on

their hunting ground, that they will treat them with kindness and friendship and do no injury to them in any way whatever.

Art. 7. Should any difficulty hereafter unfortunately arise between any of the nations or tribes of Indians parties hereunto, in consequence of murder, the stealing of horses, cattle, or other cause, it is agreed that the other tribes shall interpose their good offices to remove such difficulties and also that the Government of the United States may take such measures as they may deem proper to effect the same object, and see that full justice is done to the injured party.

Art. 8. It is agreed by the commissioners of the United States, that in consequence of the Comanche and Witchetaw nations and their associated bands or tribes of Indians having freely and willingly entered into this treaty and it being the first they have made with the United States or any of the contracting para ties, that they shall receive presents immediately after signing as a donation from the United States; nothing being asked from these nations or tribes in return, except to remain at peace with the parties hereto, which their own good and that of their posterity require.

Art. 9. The Comanche and Witchetaw nations and their associated bands or tribes, of Indians, agree, that their entering into this treaty shall in no respect

interrupt their friendly relations with the Republic of · Mexico where they all frequently hunt and the Comanche nation principally inhabit; and it is distinctly understood that the Government of the United States desire that perfect peace shall exist between the nations or tribes named in this article and the said republic.

, Art. 10. This treaty shall be obligatory on the nations or tribes partiểs hereto from and after the date hereof, and on the United States from and after its ratification by the Government thereof.

Done and signed and sealed at Camp Holmes on the eastern border of the Grand Prairie near the Canadian river in the Muscogee nation, this twenty fourth day of August one thousand eight hundred and thirty

Ligning as they shall les or any.

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