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entre l'Amérique et 1836
85. Convention entre les Etats-unis de l'Amérique septentrionale et les nations indiennes des Ottawa et Chin
pewa. Signée le 38. Mai 1836. (Acts of the first Session of the 24 Congress of the United States. Washington, 1836. Append. p. 63-72.) Proclamation du Président des Etats-Unis.
Andrew Jackson, To all and singular to whom these presents shall come, Greeting:
Whereas a treaty was made and concluded at the city of Washington, in the District of Columbia, between Henry R. Schoolcraft, commissioner on the part of the United States, and the Ottawa and Chippewa nations of Indians by their chiefs and delegates, on the twenty-eighth day of March one thousand eight hundred and thirty six; and an article supplementary thereto was also agreed upon on the thirty first day of March in the same year; which Treaty and supplementary article are in the following words to wit:
Articles of a treaty made and concluded at the city of Washington in the District of Columbia, betwe Henry R. Schoolcraft, commissioner on the part of the United States, and the Ottawa and Chippewa nations of Indians, by their chiefs and delegates,
Article First. The Ottawa and Chippewa nations of Indians cede to the United States all the tract of country within the following boundaries: Beginning at the mouth of Grand river of Lake Michigan on the north band thereof, and following up the same to the line called for, in the first article of the treaty Chicago of the 29th of August 1821, thence, in a direct line, to the head of Thunder-bay-river, thente with the line established by the treaty of Saganair, of the 24th of September 1819, to the mouth of said river, thence northeast to the boundary line in Lake Huron between the United States and the Britisi
ovince of Upper Canada, thence northwestwardly, 1836 Cowing the said line, as established by the commismers acting under the treaty of Ghent, through the aits, and river St. Mary's to a point in Lake SuperiorEth of the mouth of Gitchy Seeling, or Chocolate er, thence south to the mouth of said river and
its channel to the source thereof, thence, in a rect line to the head of the Shonawba' river of Green y, thence down the south bank of said' river to its Suth, thence in a direct line, through the ship annel into Grenbay, to the outer part thereof, ence south to a point in Lake Michigan west of the rth cape or entrance of Grand river, and thence st to the place of beginning, at the cape aforesaid, mprehending all the lands and islands, within these nits not hereinafter reserved. . | -- Article Second. From the cession aforesaid the tibes reserve for their own use, to be held in comnon the following tracts, namely: One tract of fifty housand acres to be located on the north shore of i trand Traverse bay, one tract of seventy thousand. tres to be located on, or, north of the Piere. Mare uetta river, one tract of one thousand acres to be cated by Chingassanoo, - or the Big Sail, on the heboigan. One tract of one thousand acres, to be icated by Mujeekewis, on Thunder - bay river. .
Article Third. There shall also be reserved for le use of the Chippewas living north of the straits of lichilimackinac, the following tracts, that is to say: Iwo tracts of three miles square each, on the north hores of the said straits, between Point-ay - Barbe nd Mille Coquin river, including the fishing grounds i front of such reservations, to be located by a ouncil of the chiefs The Beaver islands of Lake lichigan for the use of the Beaver island Indians. Round island, opposite Michilimackinac, as a place of Encampment for the Indians, to be under the charge 1 the Indian department. The islands of the Chenos, with a part of the adjacent north coast of Lake Huron, Corresponding in length, and one mile in depth. Sugar sland, with its islets, in the river of St. Mary's Six hundred and forty acres, at the mission of the Little Rapids. A tract commencing at the mouth of the Pississowining river, south of Point Proquois, thence
1836 running up said stream to its forks, thence westward,
in a direct line to the Red water lakes, thence across the portage to the Tacquimenou river, and down the same to its mouth, including the small islands and fishing grounds, in front of this reservation Six hundred and forty acres, on Grand island, and two thousand acres, on the main land south of it. Two sections, on the northern extremity of Green bay, to be located by a council of the chiefs. All the locations, left indefinite by this, under the directions of the President. It is understood that the reservation for a place of fishing and encampment, made under the treaty of St. Mary's of the 16th of June 1820, remains unal,fected by this treaty.
Article Fourth. In consideration of the foregoing cessions, the United States engage to pay to the Otava and Chippewa nations, the following sums name: 1st. An annuity of thirty thousand dollars per annum, in specie, for twenty years, eighteen thousand dollars to be paid to the Indians between Grand river and the Cheboigan; three thousand six hundred dollars to the Indians on the Huron shore, between the Cheboigan and thunder bay river; and seven thousand four hundred dollars, to the Chippewas north of the straits, as far as the cession extends; the remaining one thousand dollars, to be invested in stock by the Treasury Department and to remain incapable of being sold, without the consent of the President and Senate which may, however, be given, after the expiration of twenty one years. 2nd. Five thousand dollars per annum, for the purposes of education, teachers shoolhouses, and books in their own language, to be continued twenty years, and as long thereafter as Congress may appropriate for the object. 3rd. Three thousand dollars for missions, subject to the conditions) mentioned in the second clause of this article. 46 Ten Thousand dollars for agricultural implements, catia mechanics tools, and such other objects as the Presia dent may deem proper. 5th. Three hundred dollars per annum for vaccine matter, medicines, and the services of physicians, to be continued while the Indians remain on their reservations. 6th. Provisions to the amount of two thousand dollars; six thousand be hundred pounds of tobacco; one hundred barrels o
and five hundred fish barrels, annually for twenty 1836 's. 7th. One hundred and fifty thousand dollars, oods and provisions, on the ratification of this treaty, e delivered at Michiliminack... Article Fifth. The sum of three hundred thousand ars shall be set apart for the payment of just debts inst the said Indians. All claims for such debts. ll be examined by a commissioner to be appointedthe President and Senate, who shall act under b instructions as may be given to him, by the or
of the President, for the purpose of preventing the wance of unjust claims. The investigation shall be aled, except such as were contracted by Indians living hin the district of country hereby ceded, and to citizens residents of the United States. No claim shall be paid t of this fund unless the claimant will receive the m allowed to him, as full payment of all debts, due
him by the said Indians. If the fund fall short i the full amount of just debts, then a ratable divion shall be made. If it exceed such amount, the bance shall be paid over to the Indians', in the same anner, that annuities are required by law to be paid.. .
Article sixth. The said Indians being desirous of aking provision for their half breed relatives, and e President having determined, that individual resertions shall not be granted, it is agreed, that in lieu ereof, the sum of one hundred and fifty thousand llars shall be set apart as a fund for said half breeds. o person shall be entitled to any part of said fund, kless he is of Indian descent and actually resident ithin the boundaries described in the first article of his treaty, nor shall any thing be allowed to any Ich person, who may have received any allowance f any previous Indian treaty. The following principles, hall regulate the' distribution. A census shall be taken f all the men, women, and children, coming within his article. As the Indians bold in higher consideraon, some of their half breeds than others, and as here is much difference in their capacity to use and ake care of property, and consequently, in their pover to aid their Indian connexions, which furnishes a trong ground for this claim, it is therefore agreed, hat at the council to be held upon this subject, the cornmissioner shall call upon the Indian chiefs to de.
1836 signate, if they require it, three classes of these clai
mants, the first of which, shall receive one-half more than the second, and the sécond double the third. Each man, woman and child shall be enumerated, and an equal share, in the respective classes shall be allowed to each. If the father is living with the family, he shall receive the shares of himself, his wife and children; if the father is dead or separated from the family, and the mother is living with the family, she shall have her own share and that of the children. If the father and mother are neither living with the family, or if the children are orphans, their share shall be retained till they are twenty one years of age provided, that such portions of it, as may be ne cessary, may under the direction of the President, be from time to time applied for their support. All other persons at the age of twenty one years shall receive their shares agreeably to the proper class. Out of the said fund of one hundred and fifty thousand dollar the sum of five thousand dollars shall be reserved to be applied, under the direction of the President, to the support of such of the poor half breeds, as may require assistance, to be expended in annual instalments for the term of ten years, commencing with the second year. Such of the half breeds as may be judged incapable of making a proper use of the money, allowed them by the commissioner, shall receive the same in instalments, as the President may direct.
Article Seventh. In consideration of the cessions above made, and as a further earnest of the disposition felt to do full justice to the Indians, and to further their well being, the United States engage to keep two additional blacksmith-shops, one of which, shall be located on the reservation north of Grand river, and the other at the Sault Ste Marie. A permanent interpreter will be provided at each of these locations It is stipulated to renew the present dilapidated shop at Michilimackinac, and to maintain a gunsmith, in addition to the present smiths establishment, and to build a dormitory for the Indians visiting the post, and appoint a person to keep it, and supply it with firewood. It is also agreed, to support two farmers and assistants, and two mechanics as the President may designate, to teach and aid the Indians, in agrle