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wid to “die for us"-not only for our good, influence of connexions, and the fear of conbut in our place, and as our victim. How sequences? Would you not rejoice if God else could he have fulfilled the types under would take off the restraint, and allow you to the law? We are assured from the writings live as you please? Would you not feel grateful of the New Testament, especially from the towards him if he would permit you to live in epistle to the Hebrews, that the daily and sin, and not die in sorrow? Blessing him for annual sacrifices offered by the Jews were the indulgence, would you not go forth, free typical of Christ: but if they typified him at and easy, and say, “Well, no longer will I all, it must have been in his death; and if be detained from worldly dissipation-my they typified any thing in his death, it must heart has been always in it. No longer will have been the atonement which it made. I avoid slander-I always found it the salt They could not typify, in him, the death of a which gave a relish to conversation. I will martyr, sealing his doctrine with his blood ;l now grind the faces of the poor, and debase or the death of an example illustrating the myself even to hell, to get wealth–I loved virtues which he had taught. These views money equally well before; but it was dreadof his death are true as far as they go; but ful to think that no covetous man, who is an they did not go far enough to reach the main idolater, should have any inheritance in the thing, the thing which God determined from kingdom of God—but now I can be covetous the foundation of the world to render promi- here, and safe hereafter ?" nent in his death, and which the Church has Turn we to the Christian. Of the Reso beautifully expressed in these words deemer's subjects it is said, “ T'hy people “He was wounded for our transgressions, he shall be willing in the day of thy power;" was bruised for our iniquities; the chastise and among other things, he is willing to part ment of our peace was upon him; and with with sin-with all sin-with even his dearest his stripes we are healed.”
sins. His present hatred is greater than his And thus it is that he saves us from the former love. He now sees, not only what sin guilt of sin. But, to take a full view of this has cost him, but also what it cost the Repart of the subject, it is necessary to observe, deemer. “Can I ever call that sweet, which that by his atonement he not only removes he found so bitter; or deem that light, which guilt from the view of God, but also takes it he found so heavy? Can I ever be a friend from off the mind. For it is here alone that to his enemy?-to a monster that killed him. we find effectual relief. That which appeases who is all my salvation, and all my desire ?" God's wrath, can alone appease the sinner's A Christian may be surprised by sin, but he conscience. This blood, which speaketh bet- can never be reconciled to it. He has sworn ter things than that of Abel, addresses both eternal hatred against it-and he took the oath God and the sinner-it says to the one, “ For- under the cross. bear to strike;" and to the other, “ Be encou-l But is this all? Is he held in bondage by raged to hope." It answers all that justice a tyrant he detests? No. Jesus opens the has to say in a way of claim, and unbelief in prison to them that are bound. He saith to a way of objection. Thus by believing " we the prisoners, Go forth. Sin shall not have enter into rest.” Our fears and jealousies dominion over you; for ye are not under the subside; we draw near to God with humble law, but under grace. Thus sin is dethronconfidence, and feel “a peace which passeth ed—not only in the heart, but also in the life. all understanding."
By the influence of his Holy Spirit, he inBut to know whether our relief be really creasingly mortifies their corruptions, and peace, or nothing more than ease-it is ne- enables them to “lay aside all malice, and cessary to consider, not only how it is obtain- all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, and all ed, but by what it is accompanied. The peace evil speakings, and, as new-born babes, to dehe gives has purity with it, yea, purity in it. sire the sincere milk of the word, that they Those whom he redeems, he sanctifies; those may grow thereby.” The means of grace are whom he pardons, he renews. And hence now prized; and as they are used with a you read of our being “saved by the washing humble dependence and a holy purpose, they of regeneration, and the renewing of the are not used in vain. In waiting upon the Holy Ghost."
Lord, their“ strength is renewed: they In attending to this process, let us remem- mount up with wings, as eagles; they run, ber, that he always saves us from the love of and are not weary, and they walk, and are sin. Here is the difference between moral re- not faint." Losses and trials, and all the disformation and evangelical conversion. In the pensations of Providence, are now also under one, sin is avoided; but in the other, it is ab- a gracious agency, and are made to “work horred. "For sin may be shunned where it is together for their good.” still loved; and the retreating sinner may: But while the reign of sin is thus destroylook back, like Lot's wife, and bewail the ed, the remains of it continue: and these are idols he has been forced to leave. Am I ad- deplored and felt by the Christian as his. dressing none who know what it is to forsake greatest distress. “O wretched man that I sin, only from a regard to reputation, from the I am! who shall deliver me from the body of
this death ?" In these circumstances, two | God, and God could derive no service from things relieve his mind, and animate him in you : you would remain strangers to peace the warfare. The one is, that his Saviour is and pleasure ; and the cause of your misery “ able to keep him from falling;" and the would be left behind. Sin and sorrow are other is, that he will present him faultless I inseparable. God himself cannot separate before the presence of his glory, with ex- them: he can only destroy the one by re ceeding joy." Then will he shake himself | moving the other. He makes men happy by from all his dust, and “ put on his beautiful, making them holy. garments” of complete holiness. What a Besides these thoughtless creatures which blissful change! When he examines him- I have mentioned, there are some who are self, he can find no ignorance, no pride, no more systematically wrong with regard to unbelief, no weakness-lle is become a part this subject. They profess to glory in the of a “glorious Church, and has no spot, or Saviour's cross, but they will have nothing to wrinkle, or any such thing !"
| do with his sceptre. His righteousness is But this respects only the soul-yonder their darling theme; but they mean by itstill lies the poor body. Death is the conse- a fine robe to cover a filthy back. They are quence of sin; and while the body is in the fond of the assurance of faith ; but they ingrave, the believer is not saved from all the tend by it a speculative persuasion of iheir natural effects of sin. But Jesus comes- safety, underived from and unconnected with " the resurrection and the life. He will | any gracious operations and qualities, as evichange this vile body, that it may be fa- dences. They consider it as a species of unshioned like unto his glorious body, accord- belief even to question their being the people ing to the working whereby he is able even of God; but they retain the love of the world to subdue all things unto himself."
in their hearts, and discover the same unsub Now behold the work of the Saviour per- dued tempers as others. They think it would fectly accomplished, and the deliverance of be wrong to allow sin either to distress or his people absolutely complete. Behold him alarm them—sin cannot hurt a believer-in“ delivering up the kingdom to God, even the deed sin has not the same evil when found in Father,” and hear him saying, “ All these I them, as when found in others: " he hath not engaged to save from their sins; and lo! they beheld iniquity in Jacob, neither hath he seen are all sinless."
perverseness in Israel !” This error does not, To conclude. Let us observe, First, If his like many others, arise from mere ignorance. name be called Jesus, because he shall save And therefore the apostle Jude calls those his people from their sins, how awfully de- who hold it “ ungodly men, who turn the ceived are those who hope to be saved in grace of our God into lasciviousness." And them! And yet, a degree of this confidence they would do well to remember that ano too commonly prevails. There are few in-ther Apostle says, “ The wrath of God is redeed but entertain some expectation of going vealed from heaven against all ungodliness to heaven when they die, however unholy and unrighteousness of men.” And the Sathey may live. Hence, though conscious that viour himself says, “ But these mine enethey love sin, and indulge themselves in the mies, which would not that I should reign practice of it, they feel nothing like despair over them, bring hither, and slay them before or distress. But upon what principle is your me." The character here given of the Lord's hope founded? Did you never read that people is, that they are saved from their sins: “ without holiness no man shall see the Lord? and this is what every truly awakened soul Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not desires. inherit the kingdom of God ?" Did the Sa- Therefore, Secondly, Here is relief and viour come to give you a license to sin with consolation for those who are sensible of the impunity? His coming was designed to make evil of sin, and are asking, “What must I do sin appear “ exceeding sinful;" his aim, as to be saved ?" Though deliverance appears you have heard, was to save us from it. “He so unspeakably desirable, you feel that you gave himself for us, that he might redeem us are wholly unable to accomplish it yourselves. from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a Nothing in your sufferings, or doings, can peculiar people, zealous of good works. For wash away the pollution, or subdue the influthis purpose the Son of God was manifested, ence of sin. Such despair as this makes way that he might destroy the worksof the devil." | for the hope of the Gospel. The convictions, And what notion have you of salvation, un- which you feel so painful and alarming, are accompanied with a deliverance from sin? | necessary, to enable you to perceive the This is like saving a man from drowning, by meaning, and to feel the importance of this keeping him under the water which is de- glorious dispensation. And these also prestroying him; or like recovering a man from pare you to welcome the approach of such a sickness, by leaving him under the malady peculiar Saviour. So that to you it is not only which constitutes the complaint. Were it “a faithful saying,” but “worthy of all acceppossible for you to be pardoned and not sanc- tation, that Jesus Christ is come into the world tified, you could enjoy no communion with to save sinners." Open, then, your hearts,
and let me pour into them the delightfull. And such a union as this is equally pleasmessage_"Unto you is born this day, in the ing and profitable. It forms the man, and the city of David, a Saviour which is Christ the Christian. It blends duty and privilege Lord!" He is come to "seek and to save together. It keeps our devotion from growthat which was lost." He is come that you ing up into rank enthusiasm; and our dili"might have life, and that you might have it gence from sinking into the wisdom of the more abundantly." The Sun of righteous world, which is foolishness with God. ness is arisen with healing under his wings." Let us, not imagine that the force of this Exercise faith upon him. In him there is example is inapplicable to us. What did our plenteous redemption. He is now asking, Saviour say to his disciples in the garden? « Wilt thou be made whole?"
" Watch and pray, lest ye enter into temptaLet not the nature or the number of your tion"-the very thing here exemplified by transgressions keep you from him. For what Nehemiah and his brethren: “Nevertheless is he come-but to save us from our sins? If we made our prayer unto our God, and set a you do not think yourselves too good, he does watch against them day and night.” Besides, not think you too bad to be saved by him. one of the most common and striking images Throw yourselves at his feet, and say, “O by which the life of the Christian is held Lord, undertake for me- Save me, and I forth is that of a warfare. A warfare we shall be saved; heal me, and I shall be healed; find it to be" without are fightings, and for thou art my praise.""
within are fears." Like these builders, we Finally. What should be the feelings of also are opposed by various classes of enethose who are already saved by him ? --To mies who labour to hinder our work, and you, all this is more than speculation : it is are always endeavouring to get an advantage experience. You were once " in the bond-over us. What then can be more reasonable age of corruption;" but “the Son has made than to betake ourselves to Prayer and vigiyou free; and you are free indeed.” Not | lance ? that you are freed from all service and obedi- I. Let us MAKE OUR PRAYER TO GOD. On ence-but you now obey and serve a master him let us place our reliance; and bring all whose " yoke is easy, and whose burden is our perplexities, afflictions, and wants, and light." From such an obligation you do not spread them before his throne. Nothing can wish to be delivered. You can never forget | be done without prayer. what great things he has done for you. You Prayer is recommended by God himselfacknowledge his goodness in saving you " Call upon me in the day of trouble, and from indigence, from accidents, from diseases, I will deliver thee, and thou shalt glorify from "Wicked and unreasonable men”—but, me.” above all, you bless him for “ turning you The very exercise of prayer is useful. It away from your iniquities."
calms the mind; it drives back our fears; it Thus delivered out of the hand of your strengthens the weak hands, and confirms the enemies, see that you "serve him without feeble knees. fear, in holiness and righteousness before him, Prayer-is the forming of a confederacy all the days of your life.” Feel your engage with God, and bringing down the Almiglity ments to him. Let the impressions of grati- to our assistance: and tude become every day more powerful. And " Satan trembles when he sees to a wondering, or a despising world, say,
The weakest saint upon his knees." with the Apostle, “ The love of Christ con- He knows that he cannot contend with Omstraineth us; because we thus judge, that if nipotence; but he will never be afraid to one died for all, then were all dead: and meet you alone, however you may be armed. that he died for all, that they which live He will never be afraid to engage you in the should not henceforth live unto themselves, field if he can keep you out of the closet. but unto him which died for them, and rose This then is our wisest course, because it is again."
our safest-not to encounter the enemy single-handed, but when we are in danger of
any sin, feel any rising passion, or perceive DISCOURSE XXIV.
any approaching temptation—to say, “O Lord, I beseech thee, deliver my soul. Here
is a foe, and I feel my weakness and my igTHE UNION OF PRAYER AND WATCHFULNESS.
norance-o come to my succour; inspire me
with strength; teach my hands to war, and Nevertheless we made our prayer unto our my fingers to fight. O Lord, haste thee to God, and set a watch against them day and help me!! » night.-Neh. iv. 9.
For let us remember that every thing is In this mode of defence we have an ex- under his control; and according as we please ample worthy of our imitation. It is equally or offend him, according as he interposes in expressive of piety and prudence; of depend our favour or refuses his aid, we fail or prosence upon God, and the use of means. per, Except the Lord build the house, they
labour in vain that build it. Except the Lord of the power of Divine grace. Let his injury keep the city, the watchman waketh but in prove our security. “Let him that thinketh vain."
The standeth, take heed, lest he fall." " Trust Does a nation dispense with God, and place in the Lord with all thy heart, and lean not their proud dependence on natural and ac- unto thine own understanding : in all the quired resources ? He can “lead away their | ways acknowledge him, and he shall direct counsellors spoiled, and make their judges thy paths.” “Let us therefore come boldly fools." He speaks, and the tempest roars- to the throne of grace, that we may obtain and a navy sinks in the mighty waters." mercy, and find grace to help in time of He sends sickness; a general is laid by- need." and his absence occasions the destruction of a But what is the dependence upon God whole army, and the devastation of a whole which we recommend !- It is wise, it is caucountry.
tious, it is active. And if vigilance be noDoes a man in trade dispense with God, thing without prayer, prayer is nothing with and rely upon the wisdom of his own under-out vigilance. We must therefore, , standing, the power of his own arm, or the II. SET A WATCH, BECAUSE OF OUR ENEMIES, claim he has on the friendship of others ? NIGHT AND DAY. This is not so much attended How easily can God convince him of his de- to as it ought to be. For the help God af pendence upon Providence! He can touch fords is not designed to favour indolence, but an invisible spring, and a thousand occur- to encourage exertion; and in his wisdom be rences are in motion: the man wonders to has connected the means and the end tofind his plans crossed, his hopes disappointed.gether: and therefore to expect the end, with It matters not what he gets-he gets nothing. out the use of the means, is nothing but pre“ Ye have sown much, and bring in little; ye sumption. eat, but ye have not enough; ye drink, but If people would exercise the same common ye are not filled with drink; ye clothe you, sense in religion which they discover in the but there is none warm; and he that earneth ordinary affairs of life, it would save them wages earneth wages to put into a bag with from a thousand mistakes. Behold the husholes." Or he may succeed—but his pros-bandman. He knows that God gives the inperity will destroy him. The God he disre-crease-but he also knows how he gives itgards stands by, and as he drinks the poison, and therefore manures, and ploughs, and sows, says, “Let him alone.” He would be rich and weeds. His reliance upon God tells him without consulting God-and he is rich that favourable seasons and influences are and falls “into temptation, and a snare, and necessary, to raise and ripen the corn-but mto many foolish and hurtful lusts, which he is never guilty of such folly as to go forth drown men in destruction and perdition.” at harvest, and expect to reap where he has
Surely a Christian does not think of going not sown. Yet such is the folly of many on without God! Generally and habitually, with regard to religious things. Such is the ne does not. “Without me," says the Sa- folly of a man who complains he does not viour, “ye can do nothing; and the believer profit by the word—but never tries to imis convinced of this—but not so much as he press his mind with the importance of the ought to be; and sometimes he seems en- duty in which he is going to engage; never tirely to forget the conviction. Let us take hears with attention and application; never an instance. When our Lord forewarned Pe- retires to review what he has heard, and to ter of his danger, Peter deemed the premoni- make it his own. Does the word of God tion needless" Though all men should be operate like a charm, so that it is equally the offended because of thee, yet will I never be same whether a man be awake or asleep! offended; though I should die with thee, yet Such is the folly of a man who complains will I not deny." And he was sincere. But that his children are not religious, when he though warm, he was not wise. He was not knows that he never trained " them up in the aware of his own weakness. He did not con- way they should go;" never prayed with sider how differently he would feel in new them; never instructed them early in the circumstances; he did not apprehend that a principles of the Gospel; never placed before little curiosity would bring him into cor- them a good example in his own temper and pany, and company into danger; and that the life. Such is the folly of those heads of famiimpertinence of a maid-servant would induce lies who complain of servants-not considerhim to "curse and to swear, saying, I know ing that kind affections, expressions, and acnot the man." Had he prayed where he pre- tions, can only be returned where they are sumed-had he said, “Lord, thou knowest received that a harsh, unfeeling, tyrannical all things; thou knowest my frame, and re- master; that a haughty, niggardly, scolding memberest that I am dust; I bless thee for mistress-can never be served by cordial althe merciful caution; hold thou me up and tention, and cheerful obedience. By failing I shall be safe,' "-he would have triumphed in their duty to their dependents, they set where he fell: and have been—not an in- the consciences of their dependents easy in stance of the weakness of human nature, but I the breach of duty to them. A poor man may
talk of casting all his care upon God, and manner of spirit your are of.” Some are sing Jehovah jireh," the Lord will provide," more inclined naturally to sloth; others, to anas long as he please; but if he become idle, ger and impatience: some, to pride and vaniwandering about from house to house; if he ty; others, to wantonness and the pleasures omit opportunities of exertion, and lives be- of sense. There is a "sin that most easily yond his income-let such a man remember, besets us;" and this demands our peculiar that he tempts God, but does not trust him- circumspection and care. an inspired Apostle says, “if any man also Thirdly. Observe how you have already will not work, neither shall he eat." God been foiled or ensnared. He who would enknows our dispositions, and hence he is pre-counter an enemy successfully should be inpared to advise us—and he has commanded formed of his mode of fighting; and how is us “not to be unequally yoked together with this to be done but by observation and reflecunbelievers." If we disregard this admoni- tion? “How was such a place taken? How tion, and form irreligious alliances—all the did I lose such a battle? What rendered devotion in the world will never remedy the the last campaign so little efficient ?--Let mischief or prevent the misery
me look back upon my past life; and endeaHe then who, while he lives carelessly and vour to derive wisdom from my old follies, indifferently, hopes to be delivered from evil and strength from my falls. By what secret merely by prayer, is only “sporting himself avenue did sin enter? Have I not been tawith his own deceivings." He who enjoined ken by surprise, where I deemed myself most prayer, never intended to make it the “sacri- secure? And may not this be the case fice of fools." Prayer, when unaccompanied again? Are there not some places and comby a corresponding course of action, is tri- panies from which I never returned without fling with God; and prayer, when contra- injury? Shall I turn again to folly? Let dicted by our practice, is insulting God to his painful experience awaken me—and keep face.
me awake.” And therefore, not only be prayerful, but Thirdly. Guard against the beginnings " sober and vigilant." And to enable you “to of sin. You should learn, even from an set a watch" successfully-take the following enemy; and take the same course to preserve directions.
yourselves, as the Devil does to destroy you. First. Impress your minds with a sense Now the tempter never begins where he inof your danger. The evil which lurks under tends to leave off. Would he induce a man every temptation is inexpressible. The de- to impurity? He does not propose the crime sign of it is to make you sin ; and to sin, is at once-but prepares for it by degrees, by to debase your nature, to defile your con- the cherishing of loose thoughts, by the inscience, to rob yourselves of peace and repu- dulging of improper familiarities, by the tation, and to destroy "both body and soul in courting of favourable opportunities. If he hell." I know there is a deceitfulness in sin; would produce infidelity-he first reconciles and that the enemy endeavours to represent the youth to read poisonous books, perhaps it as a liberty and pleasure; or, if an evil at for the sake of the style, or some curious all, as a trifling one. But take your estimate subject treated of; he draws him into the of all sin from the Scripture, from the Judge company of those who entertain loose notions himself who is to punish it—and you will of religion, and ridicule some of its doctrines find that it is “exceeding sinful”-that its and institutions: from these, he joins the history, like Ezekiel's roll, is “ written within sceptic; and he prepares him for the scoffer. and without, with lamentation and mourning Guard therefore against the first deviations and wo."
from the paths of righteousness. Crush the Think of this and common sense being cockatrice in the egg; or it will grow up your counsellor, you will watch; you will be into a frightful serpent. Cut off the shoots willing to make any sacrifices, any efforts, of iniquity; yea, nip the very buds: it will rather than lie down in everlasting shame otherwise “ bring forth fruit unto death." and sorrow. “ If I conquer-I gain endless Finally. Avoid the occasions of sin. Nohonour and happiness. If I am overcome-I thing is more dangerous than idleness, or am undone for ever. And, O my soul, is having nothing to do. Our idle days, says there no danger of this? Are there not Henry, are the Devil's busy ones. And, says temptations in every situation? In my busi- another, When the mind is full, temptation ness? In my food? In my dress? Have I cannot enter; but when it is empty and open, not a wise and a powerful adversary, who the enemy can throw in what he pleases. “ goes about as a roaring lion, seeking whom Stagnant waters breed thousands of noxious he may devour ?" And is there not a subtle insects; but this is not the case with living party within, carrying on a traitorous corres water. pondence with the world and the devil with | A prudent man looketh well to his going, out?-O my soul, awake, and watch !" and will think it at any time worth while to
Secondly. Study your constitutional weak- go round, in order to avoid a pit. “ Remove thy nens and failings. Endeavour to know “what way far from her, and come not nigh the door