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16. The Duchy of Brunswick is thus divided —

Sq. miles. Inhabitants. 1. The District of Wolfenbuttel . . . 21) . . 110,000 2. The District of Schoningen

40,500 3. The District of Blankenbourg

20,000
4. The District of Hartz

.
.
. 14 . .

43,000 5. The District of Weser . . . 13 . .. 37,500

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This Duchy is governed by the fundamental law of the 6th of April, 1826, with states, and two chambers. Augustus-Louis-WilliamMaximilian-Frederic, born the 25th of April, 1806, became sovereign the 28th September, 1830. He resides at Brunswick. Army 3,500 men, contingent 2,096 men, making part of the 10th Corps d'Armée. Has two votes in the General Council, and contributes 1,000 forins to the diet. Revenue 650,000, debt 360,000 rix dollars.

17. Duchy Of NASSAU, comprising eighty-two square miles, and 248,000 inhabitants, is governed by the fundamental law of the 2nd of September, 1814, and that of the 4th of November, 1815, with states and two chambers. William-George-Augustus-Henry-Belgicus, born the 14th of June, 1792, succeeded his father, FredericWilliam, the 9th of January, 1816; residing at Wiesbade. Army 4,200 men, contingent 3,028 men, making part of the 9th Corps d'Armée. Has two votes in the General Council, and pays 1,000 florins to the diet. Revenue 1,200,000, debt nearly 4,000,000 rix dollars.

18. The GRAND DUCHY OF MECKLENBOURG Schwerin is thus divided

Sq. miles. Iohabitants. 1. The Duchy of Schwerin

127 . . 235,000 2. The Principality of Schwerin

8 . , 22,000 3. The Duchy of Ġustrow

85 . . 150,000 4. The District of Rostock

5 . . 24,000

24,000 5. The Duchy of Wiesmar .

3 . . 15,000 Total . . . . 128 . . 446,000

This Grand Duchy, with the Grand Duchy of Strelitz, form together but one chamber, and are governed by the ancient states. Frederic-François, born the 10th of December, 1756, succeeded his uncle the Duke Frederic, the 24th of April, 1785. He resides at Schwerin. Army 3,846 men, contingent 3,580, a part of the 10th Corps ( Armée. Has two votes in the General Council, and contributes to the diet 1,333; florins. Revenue 2,000,000, debt 8,000,000 rix dollars.

19. The GRAND Duchy of MECKLENBOURG STRELITZ is divided into the Lordship of Stargarde and the Duchy of Ratzebourg, containing thirty-eight square miles, and 79,343 inhabitants. George-Frederick-Charles-Joseph, born on the 12th of August, 1779, succeeded his father, the Grand Duke, Charles-Louis-Frederick, the 6th of November, 1816. His residence at New Strelitz. Army 742 men, contingent 718, a part of the 10th Corps d'Armée. Has one vote in the General Council, and pays to the diet 666 florins. Revenue 400,000 rix dollars, debt . . . . . . 20. The Grand Duchy of OLDENBOURG is divided into

Sq. miles. Inhabitants. 1. The Duchy of Oldenbourg . . . 100. . 210,000 2, The Principality of Lubeck

• • . 8 . . 21,000 3. The Principality of Birkenfeld

. 9 .

23,000 Total . . . . 117. 254,000

Paul Frederic Augustus, born on the 15th of July, 1783, succeeded his father the Duke, Peter-Frederic-Louis, the 21st of May, 1829. He resides at Oldenbourg. The army 2,500 men, contingent 2,178, a part of the 10th Corps d'Armée. Has one vote in the General Council, and pays to the diet 1,000 florins. Revenue 1,000,000 rix dollars, debt · · · · · ·

21. The DuchY OF ANHALT Dessau comprises sixteen and onefourth square miles, and 58,070 inhabitants. Leopold Frederick, born the 1st of October, 1794, succeeded his grandfather, Duke Leopold Frederic François, the 9th of August, 1817. Resides at Dessau. Army 700 men, contingent 529, making part of the 9th Corps d'Armée. One vote in the General Council, and pays 200 florins to the diet. Revenue 500,000, debt 600,000 rix dollars.

22. The DuchY OF ANHALT BERNBOURG has fifteen and threequarters square miles, and 40,100 inhabitants. Alexis-Frederic-Christian, born the 12th of June, succeeded his father, Prince François Albert, the 9th of April, 1796. Resides at Bernbourg. Army 500 men, contingent 370 men, composing a part of the 9th Corps d'Armée. One vote in the General Council, and pays the diet 200 florins. Revenue 300,000, debt 600,000 rix dollars.

23. The DuchY OF ANHALT COETHEN reckons fifteen square miles, and 35,000 inhabitants. The duchies of Anhalt-Dessau, Bernbourg, and Coethen, are governed in common by states. Henry, born the 30th of July, 1778, succeeded his brother, Duke Ferdinand, the 25th of August, 1830. He resides at Coethen. Army 350 men, contingents 325, a part of the 9th Corps d'Armée. Has one vote in the General Council, and pays the diet 200 florins. Revenue 200,000 rix dollars, debt . . . . . .

24. The PRINCIPALITY OF SCHWARZBOURG SONDERSHAUSEN is divided into

Sq. miles. Inhabitants. 1. The Upper Lordship . . .

8 . . 27,500 2. The Lower Lordship . . . . 8 . . 22,500

Total . . . . 163 , . 50,000

It is governed by the new laws, dated the 20th of December, 1831, and by five knights, five citizens, and five peasants. Gunther-Frederic-Charles succeeded his father, the Prince Christian Gunther, the 4th October, 1794, residing at Sondershausen. Army 500 men, contingent 457 men. Has one vote in the General Council, pays the diet 200 florins. Revenue 120,000, debt 450,000 rix dollars.

25. The PRINCIPALITY OF SCHWARZBOURG RUDOLSTADT is also divided into an upper and lower lordship, comprising nineteen square miles, and 58,000 inhabitants, and is governed since the 8th of January, 1816, by states, composed of eighteen deputies. Frederic-Gunther, born the 6th of November, 1793, succeeded his father, Louis Frederic, the 28th of April, 1807. His residence is at Rudolstadt. Army 700 men, contingent 539 men, making part of the 9th Corps d Armée. Has one vote in the General Council, and contributes to the diet 200 florins. Revenue 200,000 rix dollars, debt 200,000.

26. The PRINCIPALITY op HohenzOLLERN-HECHINGEN contains five square miles, and 15,000 inhabitants. Frederic-Hermann-Otton, born 22nd of July, 1776, succeeded his father, Prince Frederic-Otton, 2nd of November, 1810, and resides at Heckingen. Army 250 men, contingent 145 men, a part of the 8th Corps d Armée. Has one vote at the General Council, and pays the diet 250 florins. Revenue 44,500 rix dollars, debt . . . . . .

27. The PrinCIPALITY OF HOHENZOLLERN-SIGMARINGEN comprises eighteen and a quarter square miles, and 41,800 inhabitants. Antoine-Aloys-Menard François, born the 20th of June, 1762, succeeded his father, Prince Charles-Frederic, 26th of December, 1785. He resides at Sigmaringen. Army 450 men, contingent, 356 men, making a part of the 8th Corps d'Armée. Has one vote in the General Council, and pays to the diet 250 forins. The revenue 166,600 rix dollars, debt · · · · · ·

28. The PrinciPALITY OF Lichtenstein is divided into the counties of Schellenberg and Vadoutz, containing two and a half square miles, and 5,850 inhabitants. Jean-Joseph, born the 20th of June, 1760, succeeded his brother, the Prince Aloys-Joseph, 24th of March, 1805; resides at Vadoutz. The army 150 men, contingent 55 men, making a part of the 8th Corps d'Armée. Has one vote in the General Council, and pays to the diet 250 florins. Revenue 9,500 rix dollars, debt . . . . . .

29. The PRINCIPALITY OF Reuss, (Elder Branch,) contains seven square miles, and 24,300 inhabitants. "Henry 19th, born the 1st of March, 1790, succeeded. his father, Henry 18th, the 29th of January, 1817, resides at Greiz. Army 300 men, contingent 223, a part of the 9th Corps d'Armée. Has one vote in the General Council, and contributes 250 florins to the diet. Revenue 80 or 90,000 rix dollars, debt 120,000 rix dollars.

30. The PRINCIPALITY OF Reuss, (Younger Branch,) is formed by

Sq. miles. Inbabitants.
1. Reuss-Schleiz . . . . . 6 . .. 18,000
2. Reuss-Lobenstein-Ebersdorf. . 71. . 16,000
3. The Lordship of Gera

7 . . 24,500
Total 21. 58,500

These two principalities of Reuss, the elder and younger branches, are governed in common by ancient states. (a.) Henry 62, born the 31st of May, 1785, succeeded his father, Prince Henri 42, the 17th of April 1818, residing at Schleis. (6.) Henri 72, born 27th of March, 1797, succeeded his father, the Prince Henri 51, the 10th of July, 1822, residing at Lobenstein. The army 650 men, contingent 522 men, a part of the 9th Corps d'Armée. The Princes Henri 62 and 72 have one vote in the General Council, and pay the diet 250 forins. The revenue 105,000 rix dollars, debt......

31. The PRINCIPALITY OF LIPPE contains twenty and a half square miles, and 67,730 inhabitants, governed by a new constitution from the 8th of June, 1819. Paul-Alexander-Leopold, born the 6th of November, 1796, succeeded his father the 4th of April, 1802, residing at Detmold. Army 800 men, contingent 691 men, making a part of the 10th Corps d'Armée. Has one vote at the General Council, and pays 250 forins to the diet. Revenue 320,000, debt 460,000 rix dollars.

32. The PRINCIPALITY OF LIPPE-SCAUMBOURG comprises ten square miles, and 26,000 inhabitants, and is governed by states installed the 15th of January, 1816. George-William, born the 20th of December, 1784, succeeded his father the 13th of February, 1787, under the regency of his mother. He resides at Buckebourg. Army 300 men, contingent 220 men, making part of the 10th Corps d'Armée. Has one vote in the General Council, and pays 250 florins to the diet. Revenue 140,000 rix dollars, debt . . . . . . 33. The PrincipALITY OF Waldeck, composed of

Sq. miles. Inhabitants.
1. The Principality of Waldeck . . 20, . 50,000
4. The Earldom of Pyrmont . . , 1}. . 6,000

Total : 214 56,000

Governed by states since the 19th of April, 1816. George-FredericHenry, born the 20th of December, 1789, succeeded his father, Prince George, the 9th of September, 1815, residing at Arolsen. Army 650 men, contingent 519 men, part of the 10th Corps d'Armée. Has one vote in the General Council, and pays the diet 250 florins. Revenue 260,000, debt 800,000 rix dollars.

34. The LANDGRAVIAT OF Hesse-HOMBOURG contains seven and three quarters square miles, and 22,400 inhabitants. Louis-WilliamFrederic, born the 29th of August, 1770, succeeded his brother, Frederic-Joseph, the 2nd of April, 1829, residing at Hombourg.

Army 250 men, contingent 200 men, making a part of the 8th Corps d'Armée. Has one vote in the General Council, and pays

35. The FREE CITY OF FRANKFORT comprises four and a half square miles, and 54,000 inhabitants. The free cities are represented by a senate. The army amounts to 600 men, the contingent 479, making a part of the 8th Corps d'Armée. Frankfort has one vote in the General Council, and pays 500 florins to the diet. Revenue 222,000, debt 1,666,000 rix dollars.

36. The Free City of HAMBOURG contains seven square miles, and 140,000 inhabitants. The army, 10,000 men, composed of burgher guard, contingent 1,298 men, making a part of the 10th Corps d'Armée. It has one vote in the General Council, and contributes to the diet 500 forins. Revenue 330,000, debt 600,000 rix dollars.

37. The Free City of LUBECK comprises six square miles, and 47,000 inhabitants. Army 650 men, the contingent 407 men, making a part of the 10th Corps d'Armée. Lubeck has one vote in the General Council, and contributes to the diet 500 florins. Revenue 220,000, debt 1,666,000 rix dollars.

38. The Free City of BREMEN contains five square miles, and 57,800 inhabitants. Army 600 men, contingent 485 men, making a part of the 10th Corps d'Armée. Has one vote in the General Council, and contributes to the diet 500 forins. Revenue 220,000, debt 1,650,000 rix dollars.

RECAPITULATION. Confederated Germany comprehends an extent of 11,3654 square miles, containing 34,276,943 inhabitants. Its revenues amount to 207,557,000, and its debts to 852,308,000 rix dollars; without taking into consideration the debts of the towns and the domains. The expense of the Chancery of the most serene German diet, reaches but to the very moderate sum of 31,641 forins.

The States, to the number of eleven, which in the federal council (of seventeen votes) form a complete majority, (seeing that nine votes carry it,) have, in the General Council, for greater security, thirty-nine of the sixty-nine votes. As, in reality, this league was never made for the security of all these cock-robin kings and puppetprinces of plundered Germany, this sovereignty of a thousand and one nights, but rather with the intention of increasing the strength of Austria and Prussia, which might protect themselves from the spirit of conquest of France, and the political aggrandizing of Russia, it results, that central Germany ought to be considered only as a PrussoAustrian administration ; and, that all these numerous princes are clad with a semi-official authority, only in order to facilitate the march of this great machine. This polity has also the advantage of not frightening France with the Bourbons, of securing the good graces of England, and of exciting the jealousy of neither. Moreover,

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