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HISTORY AND ANTIQUITIES,
OF KINGSTON UPON THAMES.
THE obscurity of the remote periods of local History, renders it impossible to give a very satisfactory account of the original formation and early growth, of Towns of considerable antiquity: this is particularly the case of the town of Kingston upon Thames. That this Town was a celebrated place in the early periods of our History, is erident from the record of a council held there in the year
838. as will be mentioned hereafter.
Leland, describing this place, says, « olde monuments of the toune of Kingeston, be 66 founde
yn the declyving doune from Come Park “ towards the Galoys; and there yo ploughying “ and diggid, have very often beene founde fun« dations of waulles of houses, and diverse
coynes. " of brasse, sylyer, and gold, with Romaine in66 scriptions, and painted yerthen pottes ; and yn
ya the Cardinal Wolsey's tyine was found
“ Romayne money of sylver and plates of sylverto
coyne, and masses to bete into plates to coyne, 6 and chaynes of sylver. And
the old tyme the commune saying ys that the bridge where the “commun passage was over the Tamise was lower us on the ryver than it is now. And when men
began the new town in the Saxon tymes they “ toke from the very clive of Comepark side to “ build on the Tamise side; and sette a new bridge “hard by the same. In the new towne by " the Tamise side there is a house yet caulled " the Bishop's Haulle. But now it is turnid into - a commun dwelling house of a tounish man. “ It was sumetyme the bishop of Winchester's “ House, and as far as I can conject sum bishop
wery of it did neglect this house and becam to 66 build at Assher nere the Tamise side 2 or 3 “ miles above Kingeston." This house has been long since pulled down; the site of it is still called Bishop's Hall. As the bishop's of Winchester before Waynfleets time, held frequent ordinations in the parish church at Kingston, it is not improbable that they might have a temporary residence here, to which they could resort upon such occasions, instead of an inn.
Situation and Boundaries.
Kingston is a market and corporation town, pleasantly situated on the eastern banks of the Thames, and on the great road from London to Portsmouth; is distant eleven miles from Westminster bridge, and gives name to the hundred in which it lies..
The parish is of large extent, and is bounded by Petersham, Richmond, Putney, Mortlake, Wimbleton, Merton, Malden, Chesington, and Long Ditton. The soil is rarious, consisting of clay, sand, and gravel, but no chalk; the land is for the most part arable. The parish, exclusive of llam and Hook, which are rated separately, is, assessed the sum of 14491. 13s. 8d. to the land
Kingston formerly a Borough. This town, was represented in five Parliaments by the following Burgesses viz.
4 Edw II. Westminster, Adam le Templeur.
John de Cruïïce. 5 Edw II. London, Roger le Cauterer,
John Tuile. 6 Epw II. Westminster, John Toly,
John at Crouch.