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to affirm, is impious and blasphemous f. Nor doth their cominunion one with another, as fainţs, take away or infringe the title or property which each man hath in his goods and possessionsg.
CHAP. XXVII. Of the Sacraments. ACRAMENTS are holy signs and seals of the covenant of grace a; immediately instituted by God b, to represent
III. , Col. i. 18. And he is the oil of gladness above thy fellows. head of the body, the church : who 8 Exod. xx. 15. Thou shalt not is the beginning, the first born from seal. Eph. iv. .28. Let him that the dead ; that in all things he might fole, steal no more : but rather let have the pre-eminence. v. 19. Por him labour, working with his hands it pleased the Father that in him the thing which is good, that he fhould all fuilness dwell. 1 Cor. viii. may have to give to him that need6. But to us there is but one God, eth. Acts v. 4. Whiles it remainthe Father, of whom are all ihings, ed, was it not thine owo ? and after and we in himn; and one Lord Jesus it was sold, was it not in thine own Christ, by whom are all things, and power ? why halt thou conceived we by him. Ifa. xlii. 8. I am the this thing in thine heart? thou hast Lord, that is my name, and my not lied unto men, but upto God. glory will I not give to another, I. a Rom iv. II. And he receiv. neither my praise to graven images. ed the sign of circumcision, a seal 1 Tim. vi. is, which in his times of the righteousness of the faith, be shall hew, who is the blessed and which he had yet being uocircumonly Poteutate, the King of kings, cised, that he might be the father and Lord of lords. v. 16, who of all them that believe, tho' they only hath immortality, dwelliog in be not circuincifed ; that righteous. the light which no man can ap- ness might be imputed unto them proach unto, whom no man hath also, Gen, xvii. 7. And I will eltaseen, nor can see: to whom be ho- blish my covenant between me and pour and power everlading. Amen, thee, and thy Seed after thec, in Psal. xlv. 7. Thou lovest righteous. their generations, for an everlafting ness and hatelt wickedness : there. covenant; to be a God unto thee, fore God, thy God, hath anointed and to thy feed after thee, V. 10. thee with the oil of gladnefs above (See below in letter f.) thy fellows. With Heb. i. 8. But b Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye there. unto the Son he faith, Thy throne, fore and teach all nations, baptizing
God, is for ever and ever ; a them in the name of the Father, fceptre of righteousness is the sceptre and of the Son, and of the Holy of thy kingdom : v. 9. Thou haft Ghost. I Cor. xi. 23. for I have loval righteousness, and hated ini. received of the Lord, that which quity; therefore God, even thy also I delivered unto you, That the God, hath anointed thee with the Lord Jesus, the same night in which
Christ and his benefits; and to confirm our interest in hime; as also to put a vilble difference between those that belong unto the church, and the rest of the world d; and folemnly to engage them to the service of God in Christ, according to his word e.
II. There is in every facrament a spiritual relation, or sacramental union, between the sign and the thing signified; whence it comes to pass, that the names and effects of the one are attributed to the other f.
he was betrayed, took bread.
thereof, Gen, xxxiv. 14. And thev c i Cor. x. 16. The cup of bles. said unto them, We cannot do this Ling which we bless, is it not the com- thing, to give our sister to one that munion of the blood of Christ ? the is uncircumcised : for that were a bread which we break, is it not the reproach unto us. communion of the body of Christ? e Rom. vi. 3. Know ye not, that i Cor. xi. 25. After the same man. so many of us as were baptized into ner also he took the cup, when he Jesus Christ, were baptized into his had supped, saying, This cup is the death ? v. 4. Therefore we are bu. New Teltament in my blood : this fied with him by baptism into death : doye, as oft as ye drink it, jo re that like as Christ was raisedupfrom membrance of me. Vi 26. For as the dead by the glory of the Father, often as ye eat this bread, and drink even so we also should walk in netthis cup, ye do fhew the Lord's nefs of life. i Cor. x. 16. (See in death till he come. * Gal, iii, 27. letter c.) v. 21. Ye cannot drink For as many of you as have been the cup of the Lord, and the cup baptized into Christ, have put on of devils : ye cannot be partakers of Christ. Gal. iii. 17. And this, I say, the Lord's table, and of the table That the covenant that was con- of devils. firmed before of God in Christ, the 11. f Gen, xvii. 10. This is my colaw which was four hundred and venant, which ye shall keep between thirty years after cannot disannul, me and you, and thy feed after that it should make the promise of thee; every man child among you none effect,
fall be circumcised. Mat. xxvi. 27. d Rom. xv. &. Now I say, That And he took the cup, and gave Jesus Christ was a minister of the thanks, and gave it unto them, saycircumcision for the truth of God, ing, Drink ye all of it. v. 28. For to confirm the promises made unto this is my blood of the New Testathe fathers. Exod. xii. 48. And ment, which is shed for many for when a stranger shall sojourn with the remission of fins. Tit. iii. 5. thee, and will keep the pasfover to Not by works of righteousness, which the Lord, lei ail bis males be cis we have done, but according to his cumcised, and then let him come mercy he saved us, hy the washing near and keep it : and he shall be of regeneration and renewing of the as one that is born in the land : for Holy Ghost. no vocircumcised persoa iball eat
III. The grace which is exhibited in or by the facraments rightly used, is not conferred by any power in them; neither doth the efficacy of a facrament depend upon the piecy or intention of him that doth administer it g, but upon the work of the Spirit h, and the word of institution, which contains, together with a precept authorifing the use thereof, a promise of benefit to worthy receivers i.
IV. There be only two facraments ordained by Christ our Lord in the gospes, that is to say, baptism and the supper of the Lord; neither of which may be dispensed by any but by a minister of the word lawfully ordained ko
V. The facraments of the Old Testament, in regard of the spiritual things thereby fignified and exhibited, were for fubstance, the same with those of the Newl.
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III. g Rom. ii. 28. For he is not commanded you; and lo, I am with a few, who is one outwardly; nei. you alway, even uoto the end of ther is that circuncifion, which is the world. Amen. outward in the flesh : v. 29. But he IV. k Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye, is a Jew, who is one inwardly; and therefore and teach all nations, bapcircumcision is that of the heart, in tizing them in the name of the Fa. the spirit, and not in the letter, ther, and of the Son, and of the whose praise is not of men, but of Holy Ghost, i Cor. xi, 20. When God. 1 Pet. iii. 21. The like figure ye come together therefore into one whereunto, even baptism, doth also place, this not to eat the Lord's now fasc us, (not the putting away, Tupper. v. 23. For I have received of the filth of the flesh, but the an- of the Lord, ihat which also I deswer of a good conscience towards livered unto you, That the Lord god) by the resurrection of Jesus Jesus, the same night in which he Christ.
was betrayed, took bread. i Cor. h Matth. iij. 11. I indeed baptize iv, 1. Let a man so account of us, you with water unto repentance;
as of the ministers of Christ, and but he that cometh after me, is stewards of the mysteries of God. nightier than I, whose shoes I am Heb. v. 4. And no man taketh this not worthy to bear; he shall baptize honour unto limself, but he that is you with the Holy Ghost, and with called of God, as was Aaron. fire, 1 Cor. xii, 13. For by one V. / 1 Cor. x: 1. Moreover, bre. Spirit are we all baptized into one thren, I would not that body, whether we te Jews or Gen- be ignorant, how that all our fa: tiles, whether we be bond or free; thers were under the cloud, and all and have been all made to drink in- pafled through the sea ; v. 2. And to one Spirit.
were all baptized unto Moses in the i Mat. xxvi. 27, 28. See in let- cloud, and in the sea ; v. 3. And ter f.) Mat xxvii, 19. (See in let- did all cat the same spiritual meat ; ier b.) v. 20. Teaching them to, v. 4. And did all drink the fame obferve all things whatsoever i bare fpiritual drink; (for they drank of
CHAP. XXVIII. Of Baptism.
by Jesus Christ a, not only for the folemn admission of the party baptized into the visible church b; but also to be unto him a sign and seal of the covenant of grace c, of his in: grafting ioco Christ d, of regeneration e, of remission of sins f, and of his giving up unto God thro' Christ Jesus, to walk in newness of life g. Which facrament is by Christ's own apo pointment to be continued in his church until the end of the world b.
II. The outward element to be used in this facrament is water, wherewith the party is to be baptized in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, by a minister of the gospel lawfully called thereunto i.
that spiritual Rock that followed vi, s. For if we have been planted them; and that Rock was Christ.) together in the likeness of his deall:
I. a Mat. xxviii. 19. (See letter k we shall be also in the likeness of his of the foregoing chapter.)
refurrection. bi Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spi e Tit. iii. s. Not by works of rit are we all baptized into one body, righteousness which we have done, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, but according to his mercy he saved whether we be bond or free; and us, by the washing of regeneration, have been all made to drink into and renewing of the Holy Ghost. ode Spirit.
f Mark i. 4. Joho did baprize in c Rom. iv. 11. And he received the wilderness, and preach the bapthe sign of circumcision, a seal of tism of repentance, for the remilliva the righteousness of the faith, which of lins. ke had yet being uncircuncised: & Rom. vi, 3. Know ye not, that that he might be the father of all so many of us as were baptized into them that believe, though they be Jesus Chrilt, were baptized into his Dot circuracised ; that righteousness death? v. 4. Therefore we are brie might be imputed unto them also. ried with him by baptism into deaih; With Col. ii. 11. In whom also ye that like as Christ was raised up kre circumcifed with the circumci- from the dead by the glory of the son made without hands, in putting Father, even fo we also ihould walk off the body of the fins of the fleih, in newness of life. by the circumcision of Christ. V, 12. b Mat. xxviii, 19. (See in letter & Buried with him is baptism, where- foregoing chapter.) v. 20. Teachin also ye are risen with him, thro' ing them to observe all things what the faith of the operation of God, foever I have commaoded
and who bath raised him from the dead. lo, I am with you alway, even word
d Gal. iii. 27. For as many of the end of the world. Amen, you as have been baptized into Il. i Mar, ul. Hal indeed bap. Chrift. have not on Chrilt.
III. Dipping of the person into the water is not necessary, but baptism is rightly administred by pouring or sprinkling water upon the person k.
IV. Noc only those that do actually profess faith in and obedience unto Christ I, but also the infants of one or both believing parents, are to be baptized m.
v. 9. Aud
tize you with water unto repen: sus Christ is the Son of God. v. 38. tance; but he that cometh after me, And he commanded the chariot to is mightier than I, whose shocs I am land ftill: and they went down not worthy to bear; he shall baptize both into the water, both Philip you with the Holy Ghost, and with and the eunuch; and he baptized fire. John i. 33. and I knew him him. not: but he that sent me to baptize m Gen. xvii. 7. And I will establish with water, the same faid unto me, my covepant between me and thee, Upoo whom thou shalt fce the Spi- and thy feed after thee, in their sit descending, and remaining on gederations, for an everlasting cohim, the same is he who baptizeth venant ; tobe a God unto thee, and with the Holy choft. Mat. xxviii. to thy seed after thce. 19. (See in letter k foregoing chap. God said unto Abraham, Thou ter.) v. 20. (See in letter b.) fhalt keep my covenant therefore,
III. k Heb. ix, 10, 19, 20, 21, thou, and thy feed after thee, in 22. Als ii, 41. Then they that their generatiocs. With cal. iii. 9. gladly received bis word, were bap. So then they who be of faith, are tized : and the same day there were blelled with faithful Abraham, v. added unto them about three thou
14. That the blessing of Abrahairt fand souls. Ads xvi. 33. And he might come on the Gentiles through took them in the same hour of the Jesus Chrift; that we might receive night, and washed their firipes, and the promise of the Spirit through was baptized, he and all his (traight- faith. and Co!. Jü. 11. In whom way. Mark vii. 4. And when they allo ye are circumcised with the cir. come from the market, excepe they cumcision made without hands, in wash, they eat not. And many o- putting off the body of the fios of ther things there be, which they the flesh, by the circumcilion of have received to hold, as the wath- Christ: v. 12. Buried with him in ing of cups and pots, brazen vessels, baptism, wherein also ye are risen aod of tables.
with him through the faith of the IV. I Mark xvi. 15. And he said operation of God, who hath raised anto chem, Go ye into all the world, him from the dead. And acts ü. and preach ye the gospel to every 38. Then Peter said unto them, Recreature. v. 16. He that believeth pent and be baptized, every one of and is baptized, shall be saved; but you in the name of Jesus Christ, be that believeth not, shall be dam- for the remiffion of lins, and ye thall ned. A&ts viii. 37. And Philip receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. Said, if thou belierelt with all thine v. 39. For the pronoise is unto you, heart, thou mayest. And he an. and to your children, and to all that fwered and said, I believe that je. arc afar off, even as many as the