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minds m, renewing and powerfully determining their wills n, fo as they (altho' in themselves dead in lin) are hereby made willing and able freely to answer his call, and to accept and em. brace the grace offered and conveyed therein o.

Q. 68. Are the elect only effectually called?

4. All the elect, and they only, are effe&tually called p; although others may be and often are outwardly called by the ministry of the word q, and have some common operations of the Spirit r; who, for their wilful neglect and contempt of the

grace

beloved of the Lord, because God It is written in the prophets, And hath from the beginning chosen you they shall be all taught of God. Eto falvation, through fanctification very man therefore that hath heard, of the Spirit and belief of the truth: and hath learned of the Father, coma. v. 14. Whereunto he called you by eth unto me. out gospel, to the obtaining of the o Eph. ii. s. Even when we were glory of our Lord Jesus Christ. dead in fins, bath quickened us to

11. A&s xxvi, 18. To open their gether with Christ, (by grace ye are eyes, and to turn them from dark. saved.) Phil. ii. 13. For it is God Dels to light, and from the power of who worketh in you both to will Satan unto God, that they may re. and to do of his good pleasure. ceive forgiveness of lips, and au in- Deut, xxx, 6. And the Lord thy God beritance among them who are fanc. will circumcise thine heart, and she tified by faith that is in me. i Cor. heart of thy feed, to love the Lord ü. 10. But God harh revealed thy God with all thine heart, and them onto us by his fpirit: for the with all thy soul, that thou mayest Spirit fearcheth all things, yea the live. deep things of God, v. 12. Now 68. p Acts xiii. 48. And when we have received, not the spirit of the Gentiles heard this, they were the world, but the Spirit which is glad, and glorified the word of the of God : that we might know the Lord : and as many as were ordainthings that are freely given to us of ed to eternal life, believed. God,

9 Mat, xxii, 14. For many are n Ezek. xi. 19. I will give them called, but few are chosen. one lieart, and I will put a new fpi. r Mat, vii, 22. Many thall say to rit within you, and I will take the me in that day, Lord, Lord, have stoay heart out of their flesh, and we not prophesied in thy name? will give them an heart of flesh, and in thy name have cast our deEzek. xxxvi. 26. A new heart also vils: and in thy name have done will I give you; and a new spirit will í many wonderful works ? Mat. xii. par within you, and I will take away 20. But he that received the feed the stony heart out of your flesh, and into stony places, the fame is he I will give you an heart of flesh. that heareth the word, and anon 27. And I will put my Spirit with, with joy recciveth it : v. 21. Yec in you, and cause you to walk in my hath he not root in himself, buc Statutes, and ye shall keep my judg: dureth for a while : for when tribu. mebts, and do them. Joha vi. 45.

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grace offered to them, being justly left in their unbelief, do ne. ver truly come to Jesus Christ S.

Q. 69. What is the communion in grace, which the members of the invisible church have with Chrift?

A. The communion in grace, which the members of the invisible church have with Christ, is their partaking of the virtue of his mediation, in their justification t, adoption v, fan&tification, and whatever else in this life manifests their union with him w.

Q. 70. What is juftification?
A. Justification is an act of God's free grace unto finners x, in

which

lation or persecution ariseth be- eyes have thay closed; left they cause of the word, by and by he thould see with their eyes, and hear is offended. Heb. vi. 4. For it is with their ears, and understand impoffible for thofe who were once with their heart, and should be con. enlightened, and have tasted of the verted, and I should heal them. heavenly gift, and were made par. John vi. 64. But there are some of takers of the holy Ghoft, v. 5. And you that believe not. For Jesus have tasted the good word of God, knew from the beginning, they who and the powers of theworld to come, were that believed 'not, and who *v. 6. If they shall fall away, to fhould betray him,

V. 65. And he Tenew them again unto repentance. faid, Therefore said i'unto you,

f Joho xii. 38. That the saying that no man can come unto me, ex. of Efaias the prophet night be ful- cept it were given unto him of my filled, which he spake, Lord, who Father. Pfal. 1xxxi. 11. But my harh believed our report and to people would not hearken to my whom hath the arm of the Lord voice: and Ifrael would none of me. been revealed ? v. 39. Therefore 'v. 12.- So I gave them up unto their they could not believe, because that own hearts Hults: and they walked Esaias said again, V. 40. He hath in their own counsels. blinded their eyes, and hardened. 69. t Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, their heart, that they should not whom he did predestinate, them he fee with their eyes, nor understand also called: and whom he calleri, with their heart, and be con. them he also justified: and whom Werted, and i fhould heal them. he justified, them he also glorified Acts xxvïï. 25. And when they a v Eph. i. 5. Having predestinated greed not among themselves, they us unto the adoption of children by departed, after that Paul had spoken Jesus Christ to himself, according one word, Well spake the Holy to the good pleasure of his will. Ghost by Efaias the prophet, unto w I Cor. i. 30. But of him are our fathers, V. 26. Saying, Go un- ye in Christ Jefus, who of God is to this people, and say, Hearing ye made unto us wisdom, and rightefhall hear, and shall not understand; oufness, and fanctification, and reand feeing ye shall fee, and not per demption. ceive. V. 27. For the heart of this 70. * Rom. iii. 22. Even the people is waxed gross, and their righteoufacís of God which is by ears are dull of bearing, and their

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which he pardonéth all their fin, accepteth and accounteth their persons righteous in his fighty; not for any thing wrought in them, or done by them z, but only for the perfect obedience and full satisfaction of Christ, by God imputed to them a, and received by faith alone b.

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faith of Jesus Christ unto all, and z Tit, iii. s. Not by works of upon all them that believe; for there righteousness, which we have done, is no difference. V. 24. Being jufti- but according to his mercy he saved fied freely by his grace, through us by the wathing of regeneration, the redemption that is in Jesus and renewing of the Holy Ghost. Christ: 0.25. Whom God hath fet *5. 7. That being justified by his forth to be a propitiation thro' faith grace we should be made heirs acis his blood, to declare his righte-cording to the hope of eternal life. ousness for the remission of Gips that Eph. i. 7. In whom we have res are paft, through the forbearance demption through his blood, the of God. Rom. iv. 5. But to him forgiveness of fins, according to the that worketh not, but believeth on riches of his grace. him that justifieth the ungodly, his * Rom. v. 17. For if by one faith is counted for righteousnels, man's offence, death reigned by one:

y 2 Cor. v. 19. To wit, that God much more they who receive abunwas in Christ, reconciling the world dance of grace, and of the gift of unto himself, not imputing their righteousness, shall reign in life by trespasses unto them; and hath one, Jesus Christ. v. 18. There' committed unto us the word of re. fore as by the offence of one, judge conciliation. v. 21. For he hath ment came upon all ined to conmade bim to be fin for us, who knew demnation; even so by the righteous. no fio; that we might be made the ness of one, the free gift came upon righteousness of God in him. Rom. all men unto justification of life. v. iii. 22. Even the righteousness of 19. For as by one man's disobediGod which is by faith of Jesus Christence many were made finners : so unto all, and upon all them that by the obedience of one, Shall many believe : for there is no difference. be made righteous. Rom. iv. 6. EV. 24. Being justified freely by his venas David also describeth the ! grace, through the redemption that blessedness of the man uato whom is in Jesus Chrift: v. 25. Whom God imputeth righteousness with cod hath set forth to be a propitia- out works. v. 7. Saying, Blessed rion, through faith in his blood, to are they whole iniquities are fordeclare his righteousness for the re- given, and whose los are coveredi million of fins that are past, through y. 8. Blessed is the man to whom the forbearance of God. v. 27. the Lord will not. impute lin. Where is boalting then? It is ex 6 Acts X. 43. Tolim gave all the cluded. By what law of works? prophets witness, that throngh his Nay: but by the law of faith. v. 28. name whosoever believeth ip him, Therefore we conclude, that a man hall receive remiffion of fios. Gal. is justified by faith without the decds ii. 16. Knowing that a man is noc of the law,

justified by the works of the law,

Q. 71. How is justification an act of God's free grace?

A. Although Christ by his obedience and death, did make a proper, real, and full satisfaction to God's justice in the behalf of them that are justified c: yet in as much as God accepteth the satisfaction from a surety which he might have demand ed of them; and did provide this surety, his own only Son d,

imputing

but by the faith of Jesus Christ, e- termined upon thy people, and uven we bare believed in Jesus Christ; pon thy holy city, to finidh the transthat we might be justified by the greffion, and to make an end of faith of Christ, and not by the lins, and to make reconciliation works of the law: for by the works for iniquity, and to bring in ever. of the law hall no Aeth be justifie lasting righteousness, and to seal up ed. Phil, iii. 9. And be found in the vision and propheey, and to a.. him, not having mine own righte. noint the most Holy, v. 26. and ousoess, which is of the law, but after thrcefcore and two weeks fall that which is through the faith of Messiah be cut off, but not for himChrist, the righteousness which is of self: and the people of the prince God by faith,

that shall come, Thall destroy the 71.c Rom. 1. 8. But God com- city and fancuary, and the end mendeth his love towards us, in thereof shall be with a flood, and that while we were yet finners, unto the end of the war, desolations Christ died for use v. 9. Much are determined. Ifa. liji. 4. Surely more then being now justified by his he hath born our griefs, and carried blood, we shall be saved from wrath our sorrows : yet we did efteem him through him. v. io. For if when stricken, smitten of God, and af. we were enemies, we were recorcil. flicted. v. 5. But he was wounded ed to God by the death of his son: for our tranfgressions, he was bruismuch more being reconciled, weed for our iniquities: the challiseshall be saved by his life. v. 19. For ment of our peace was upon him, as by one man's disobedience many aod with his Itripes we are healed, were made funers: fo by the obe. v. 6. All we like Deep have gone dience of one shall many be made aftray: we have turned every one righteous.

to his own way, and the Lord hath di Tim. ii. 5. For there is one laid on him the iniquity of us all. God, and one Mediator between v. 10. Yet it pleased the Lord to God and men, the man Christ Je- bruise him, he hath put him to Sus ; v. 6. Who gave himself a rao- grief : when thou shale make his Som for all, to be testified in due foul an offering for fin, he shall fee time. Heb. X. 10. By the which bis seed, he shall prolong his days, will we are sanctified, through the and the pleasure of the Lord thall offering of the body of Jesus Christ prosper in his hand. v. 11. He shall once for all Mat. xx. 28. Even as fee of the travail of his soul and shall the Son of man came not to be mi- he satisfied'; by his knowledige hall niftred unto, but to minifter, and my righteous fervant justify many; to give his life a ranfom for many, for he ball bear their aniquities. v. Dan. ix. 24. Seventy weeks are de.

imputing his righteousness to them e; and requiring nothing of them for their justification but faith f, which also is his gift g, their justification is to them of free grace h).

Q. 71. What is jusifying faith:

A. Justitying faith is a faving grace i, wrought in the heart of a smier by the Spirit k, and word of God l, whereby he, be. ing convinced of his sin and misery, and of the disability in himself and all other creatures to recover him out of his lost condi

tion,

12. Therefore will I divide him a of yourselves: it is the gift of God. portion with the great, and he shall Eph, i. 7. Ia whom we have divide the spoil with the strong: be redemption through his blood, the caufe he hath poured out his foul forgiveness of fins, according to the uato death; and he was numbred riches of his grace. with the trasfgreffors, and he bare 72. i Heb. x. 39. But we are not the fin of many, and made inter- of them who draw back upto perdi: ceßon for the transgressors. Heb. tion; but of them that believe to the üm 22. By so much was Jesus made saving of the soul, a furety of a better testament. Rom. k 2 Cor. iv. 13. We having the riž. 32. He that spared not his own fame fpirit of faith, according as it Son, but delivered him up for us is written, I believed, and therefore all, how shall he not with him also have I spoken: we also believe, and freely give us all things? 1 Pet. i. therefore speak. Eph. i. 17. That 18. For as much as ye know that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, ye were not redeemed with corrup- the Father of glory, may give unto tible things, as filver and gold, from you the spirit of wisdom and revelayour vaio conversation received by tion, in the knowledge of him: v. tradition from your fathers ; V. 19. 18. The eyes of your understanding But with the precious blood of Christ, being enlightened; that ye may as of a Jamb without blemish and know what is the hope of his cal. without spot.

ling; and what the riches of the e-2 Cor. V. 21. For he hath made glory of his inheritance in the saints. him to be sio for us who knew no v. 19. And what is the exceeding fia; that we might be made the greatness of his power to us-ward, righteousness of God in him. who believe, according to the work

Rom. iii. 24. Being justified ing of his mighty power. freely by his grace, through the rc | Rom. X. 14. Hów then shall demption that is in Jesus Chrilt: v. they call on him in whom they -25. Whom God hath set forth to have not believed ? and how fail be a propitiation through faith in they believe in him of whom they his blood, to declare his righteous. have not heard ? and how thall Dels for the remission of lins that are they hear without a preacher? *v. palt, through the forbearance of 17.50 then, faith cometh by hearGod.

ing, and hearing by the word of & Eph. ii, 8. For by grace are yte God. Saved, through faith, and that not

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