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the cross of Christ should be made of none effe&t. 18. For the preaching of the cross is to & them that perish foolishness: but urito us - which are saved, it is the power of God. 19. For it is written, I will i destroy the wife dom of the wife, and will bring to nothing the understanding of the prudent. 20. Where is the * wise? where is the scribe? where is the disputer of this world ? 'hath not God made foolish the wisdom of this world? For w after that, in the wisdom of God, the world by wisdom knew not God, it pleased God by the (1) foolishness of preaching to fave them that believe.

22. For the Jews require a sign, and the Greeks feek after wif

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in Spcech, yet not in Knowledge. 20. * * Ifa.33. 18. -Where is Sec on Rom. 16. 18. * 2 Pet. I, the Scribe?' where is the Receiv16. We have not followed cunningly er?- Ifa. 44. 24. [Thus faith devised Fables, when we made the Lord] that turnech wife Mer known unto you the Power and sbackward, and maketh their know. Coming ufour Lord Jesus Chrift. ledge foolish. Rom. 1. 22. Profef

18. A&s 17.18.- Some [Phi- fing themselves to be wise, they losophers) said, What will this Babe became Fools. ler say? other fome, He seemeth

Job 12. 17, 20, 24. He leadech to be a fecter forth of strange Gods:10 Counsellors away fpoiled, and maketh because he preached unto them Je. the Judges Fools. He removech fus, and the Resurrection. 7 2 away the Speech of the Trufty, and Cor. 2. 15. We are unto God a takesh away the Underfiranding of the sweet favour of Christ, in them

Aged. He takech away the Heart that are saved, and in them that 15 of the chief People of the Earth. perilh.

Rom. .1. 19, 21, 28. :i Cor. 15. 2. See on Rom. That which may be known of God 1. 16.

is manifest in them ; for God hath 19. t Job 5. 12, 13. He dif: shewed it unto them. Because appointeth the Devices of the Crafty, 20that when they knew God, they so that their Hands cannot perform glorified him not as God, neither their Enterprise. He taketh the were thankful, but became vain wise in their own crafiiness.. * Ifa, in their Imaginations, and their 29. 14, The Wisdom of their wise foolilh Fleart was darkned. Even Min Thall perish, and the Under-25 as they did not like to retain God standing of their prudent Men in their knowledge, God gave Thall te hid. Jer. 8. 9. The wife them over to a reprobate Mind. Men are ashamed, they are dismayed † Luk. 10. 21. See on Mar. and taken; lo, they have rejected Il. 25. the Word of the Lord, and what 30 22. n + Mat. 16. 1. † Joh. 4. Wisdom is in them?

48. . See on Mat, 12. 38.

21.

(1) So those who thought themselves wife enough already, and refused to be benefitted by the preaching of the Gospel, were pleased to style it. But this wife Contrivance of God's, which they account: ed Foolishness, contributed more to the Salvation of Men, than any Mechods, though invented by the widest Men, could have done.

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dom: 23. But we preach Christ crucified, unto the ° Jews a stumbling-block, and unto the Greeks foolishness; 24. But unto them which are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ, the power of God, and the wisdom of God. 25. Because the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men. 26. For ye see your calling, brethren, how that not many * wife men after the flesh, (1) not many mighty, not many I 110ble are called. 27. But God hath chosen the a foolish things of the world, to confound the wise; and God hath chosen the weak things of the world, to confound the things which are mighty ; 28. And bafo things of the world, and things which are despised, hath God chofen, yea, and things which are not, to bring to nought things that are: 29. That no flesh should * glory in his Presence. 30. But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and

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fanctif, 23. $ Mat. Jt. 6. Blessed is lieveth. he whosoever shall not be offended rf Col. 2. 3. In whom are in me. “* Joh. 6. 60, 66. Many

hid all the Treasures of wisdom therefore of his Disciples, when and Knowledge they heard this, faid, This is an s 26. 1 Joh. 7. 48. Have any of hard faying, who can hear it? che Rulers, or of the Pharisees, be From that Time many of his Dir. Jieved on him? ciples went back, and walked no

27. ".+ Jam. 2, s.' Pfal. 8, more with him:

2. See on Mat. i 1. 25. Cor. 2.-14. The natural 10 29. * Eph. 2. 9.

See on Man receiveth not the things of Rom. 3. 27. the Spirit of God: for they are

30. + Jer. 23. 5, 6. Behold, foolishnefs unto him.

the Days come, faith the Lord, 24. 9 Rom. 1.16. I am not that I will raise unto David a ashamed of the Gospel of Christ: 15 righteous Branch, and a King shall for it is the Power of God unto reign and prosper, and lhall exeSalvation, to every one that be.

cus (1) It is plain from the History of the New-Testament, That several, had in Reputation for their Learning, Wisdom, and noble V Descent, did believe and embrace the Gospel, (See the References on Joh. 7: 98.) tho' the much greater Part of this Rank, influen. ced by Pride, and worldly Considerations, and unrqafonable Preju. dices, stood out, and would not come when they were called. Since therefore few of them, comparatively fpeaking, embraced the Gospel, We are not ao a Lofs for a Reason why fo* few of thac Condition were made choice of to be Preachers of it to the World ; which ! take to be the sense in which we are here to understand the Word Called. For People of all Conditions and circumstances, high and low, rich and poor were called to receive and believe the Gospel, and nureform and amend their Lives chat they might be faved,

fan&tification, and redemption : 31. That according as it is written, He that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord.

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ND I, brethren, when I came to you, came not

with excellency of speech, or of wisdom, declaring unto you the testimony of God. . 2. For 1 determined not to know any thing among you, fave Jelus Christ, and him crucified. : 3, And I was with you in .. weakness, and in fear, and in much trembling. 4

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cute Judgment and Justice in the Yea, doubtless, and I count all Earth. And this is his Name things but lofs, for the Excellence whereby he shall be called, The of the Knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord oor Righteousness. +Joh. 17. Lord: for whom I have suffered 19. For their fakes I fan&tifie my sthe Loss of all things, and do court self, that they also mighe be {ans them but Dung, that I may wig &ified through the Truth.

Chrift. -31.

'c Ifa. 65. 16. He who. 3. | Acts 18.1, 6, 12. --- Paul bl [ith himself in the Earth, fhall departed from Athens, and came bliss hin telf in the God of Truth.-10 to Corinth. When they opposed * Jer. 9. 23, 24. Thus faith the themselves, and blafphemed, he look Lord, Let not the wife Man glory his Raiment, and said unto them, in his Wifdom, neither let the Your Blood : be upon your own mighty Man glory in his Might, Heads. - The Jews made infur led not the rich Man glory in his is re&tion with one, accord again Riches. But let him that glorieth, Paul, and broughs him to che glory in this, that he underlandeth Judgment-Seat. and knoweth mę, that I am the í Cor. 4. 1o.

We are weakın Lord which exercise loving-kind. but ye are ftrang: ye are honourneli, judgment, and righteousness29 able, but we are depifedot:2 Car

; in the Earth: for in these things 11. 36. JE I must needs glory, I delighr, Yaich the Lord. Pfal. will glory of the things which 34. 2. My Soul shall make lier boast cancera mine Infirmities. + 2 Cor. in the Lord.- t 2 Cor. 10:17. He 12. 5,9,10. Of my felf I will that glorieth, let him glory in the 25 not glory, but in mige Infirmities

He said unto me, My Grace is luf CHAP. II.

ficient for thee: for my Strength See on!

is made perfect in Weaknes. Most ♡ See on i Cor: 1.6.

gladly, therefore widl rather glo. i Çor. 1.23. We preach jo'y in my Infirmities, that the Powe Christ crucified. Cor. 15. 3. er of Christ, may reft upon me, I delivered unto you first of all, Tlaerefore I take Plealure in Zafira that which I also received, how mities, in Reproaches, io Necessities, that Christ died for, cur Sins, ac. in Perfecutions, in Diltreffes for cording to the Scriptures. + Gal. Chrifts fake 21 for when I am meat, 6, 14. God forbid that I fould then am I strong. 2.Cor. 13:4 glory, Cave in the Cross of our 9.-We allo are weak in him. We Lord Jefus Christ. Phil. 3. 7,8. are glad when we are meak, and W bat things were gain to me, ye are Itrong. Gab 4. 13. Ye tiofe I counted Lots for Chrift.49)

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Cor. 1. 17.

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16. 25.

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And my speech, and my preaching was not with *enticing [Or, perswasible] * words of mans wisdom, but in demonftration of the Spirit, and of power. 5: That your faith should not *stand [Gr. be] in the wisdom of men, but in the h power of God. 6. How beit we speak wisdom among them that are i perfe&t: yet not the wisdom of this world, nor of the princes of this world, that come to ; nought. 7. But we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, even the hidden wisdom k which God ordained before the world unto our glory. 8.' Which none of the princes of this world knew : for had they known it, they would

not have crucified the Lord of Glory. 9. But as it is writ

ten, meye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entred into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him. 10. But God häth n revealed them unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit Searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God. 11. For avhat man knoweth the things of a man, o save the spirit of man

which E know how through infirmity of the Flesh, I preached the Gospel unto

8. + Mat.*. 11. 25.1. A&ts. you-ar first

13. 27. † Joh. 16. 3. See on 2 Pet. 1. 16.

See on I

5 9.

in * Isa. 64. 4. Since the Be. 3 Rom. 15. 19. Through migh- "ginning of the World Men have ty Signs and Wonders, by the not heard, nor perceived by the - Power of the Spirit of God; so

Ear, neither hath the Eye Seen, O that from Jerusalem, and round a God, besides thee, what he hath - bout unto Illyricum, I have fully to prepared for him that waiteth

preached the Gospel of Christ. for him. Cor. 4. 20. The Kingdom of God in Joh. 14: 26. The Comis not in Word, but in Power. forter, which is the kolx Ghost, † 2Cor 4.7. We have this Treasure whom the Father will send in my in earthen Vessels, that the Excel-Ts Name, he shall teach you all things, lency of the power may be of God, and bring all things to your reand not of us. t 2 Cor.6.' 4,6,7.

membrande, whatsoever I have In all things approving our felves said unto you.' Joh. 16. 13. When as the Minifters of God. By the Spirit of Truth is come, he will pureness, by the holy Ghost. By 20guide you into all Truth. Mat: the Word of Truth, by the Power 16, 17 p 1 Joh. 26 27, See on

1 Thef. 1. s. Our Gof. Mat. 13. 11. pel came nor 'unto you in Word

ót Prov. 20.-27. The Spin only, but also in Power, and in'. rit of Man is the Candle of the the holy Ghost.

25 Lord, searching all the inward 5. ń See on Ver. 4.

? Parts of the Belly.'Prov27. 6. i 1 Phil. 3. 15. Heb. 's: 19. As in Water Face answer 14. See on Heb. 13. 21.

i eth to Face: fo the Heart of 7. * + Eph. 3.9 Col. 1:26. Man to Man, -+ Jer. 199. The Heart † 3 Tim. 3.9. See on Rcm. 30

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Acts 3. 17:

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. which is in him? even to the P things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God. 12. Now we have receiv. ed, not the spirit of the World, but the 9 Spirit which is of God; that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God. 13. Which things allo. we speak, not in the words which mans' wisdom teacheth, but which the holy Ghost tcacheth;. (1) comparing spiritual things with spiritual. 14. But the s natural (2) man receiveth

not is deceitful above all Things, God, but those that be of Men. and desperately wicked, who can + Rom, 8.7. The carnal Mind is enknow it?

mity against God: for it is not P See on Rom. 11. 33, 34.

fubject to the Law of God, nei+ Rom. 8. 19. -Ye have ther indeed can be. Jam. 3. 15,

S received the spirit of Adoption,

This Wifdom defcendeth not whereby we cry, Abba, Father. from above, but is earthly, fenfus!,

13. 2 Pet. 1. 16. See on devilish. Jude ver. 19. These } Cor. J. 17.

be they who feparate themselves, 14.

s Mat. 16. 23. -Thou 19 fenfual, having not the Spirit, Savoureff nor the things that be of

(1) The Meaning is, comparing one divine Revelation with another; the Revelations of the old Testament with the Revelarians of the new, and fhewing how the Prophecies, Types, &c. in the old Testament are, by the fame Spirit now under the Gospel, explain'd and fulfilled by Christ and his Religion.

(1) The Persons to whom the Apostle writ this Epistle, were such as had the Advantage of divine Revelation. We may therefore hence learn, that a Man of the finest Wit, and of the brightest natural Parts, improved by Study, and all the Embellishments of humane Learning, is notwithstanding' unable to make a sound Judgment of spiritual thirgs, without the Aids and Operations of the holy Spirit ;, which Aids he is ready to befow on all who do not resist and grieve him, and are willing to receive them, and desirous to improve them. The natural Man here, is cpposed not to one who is regenerate and fan&tified, but to one who believes, or is enlightred by the holy Spirit, which Humination. a Man may have without and befire his Regeneration, as one who is unregenerate may have fome' Gifts of the Spi. rit which a regenerate Person has not, witness, the Miracles wrought by fome in the Name of Chrift, which implies their believing in him. It dces not appear to me that we are required to lay alıdę the use of our Rrajon in Matters of Religion ; for Realon is an exçellent: Gift, a: Light bestowed upon Man by God, as well as Reve; Jacion, ard is of lingular Ufe to preserve us from being imposed upon by false Pretenders to immediate Revelation. Accordingly wę may abíerve, that God has made it our Duty to exercise our Rezson in matters of Religien. Hence those many cautions not to fuffer our felves to be deceived. See the References, on Mat. 24: 4. Hence the holy Scriptures' appeal to the Reason and Understanding of Men. See the References on , Cor. 10. 15. As there are some who let too high a Value upon humane Reasop, so there are o

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