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" A householder may be allowed the performance of all " the ceremonies attached to the (Brahminical) religion, " and also the fulfilling of the devotion of God: the ." fore-mentioned mode of worshipping the Supreme

Being, therefore, is required of a householder pos“sessed of moral principles.”* And the Ved declares, , ." That the celestial gods, and householders of strong “ faith, and professional uttis, are alike.”

It is optional to those who have faith in God alone, to observe and attend to the rules and rites prescribed by the Ved, applicable to the different classes of Hindoos, and to their different religious orders respectively. But in case of the true believers neglecting those rites, they are not liable to any blame whatever; as the Vedant says, “ Before acquiring the true knowledge of “ God, it is proper for man to attend to the laws and “ rules laid down by the Ved for different classes,

according to their different professions; because the " Ved declares the performance of these rules to be the “cause of the mind's purification, and its faith in “God, and compares it with a saddle-horse, which "helps a man to arrive at the wished-for goal.”+ And the Vedant also says, that “ Man may acquire the true “ knowledge of God even without observing the rules " and rites prescribed by the Ved for each class of Hin“ doos, as it is found in the Ved that many persons “ who had neglected the performance of the Brahmini“ cal rites and ceremonies, owing to their perpetual « attention to the adoration of the Supreme Being, ac

quired the true knowledge respecting the Deity."# The Vedant again more clearly states that, “ It is “ equally found in the Ved that some people, though

* 28th, 4th, 3d.

+ 36th, 4th, 3d.

| 36th, 4th, 3d.

they had their entire faith in God alone, yet per“.formed both the worship of God and the ceremonies “ prescribed by the Ved; and that some others neg“ lected them, and merely worshipped God.* The following texts of the Ved fully explain the subject, riz. “ Junuku (one of the noted devotees) had per“ formed Yugnyu (or the adoration of the celestial “gods through fire) with the gift of a considerable “sum of money, as a fee to the holy Brahmuns,” and

many learned true believers never worshipped fire, “nor any celestial god through fire.”

Notwithstanding it is optional with those who have their faith in the only God, to attend to the prescribed ceremonies or to neglect them entirely, the Vedant prefers the former to the latter, because the Ved says that attendance to the religious ceremonies conduces to the attainment of the Supreme Being.

Although the Ved says, " That he who has true faith “ in the omnipresent Supreme Being may eat all that

exists,” + i. e. is not bound to enquire what is his food, or who prepares it, nevertheless the Vedant limits that authority thus: “ The above-mentioned authority of the “ Ved for eating all sorts of food should only be ob“served at the time of distress, because it is found in " the Ved, that Chacraunu (a celebrated Brahmun) ate “ the meat cooked by the elephant-keepers during a “ famine.”It is concluded, that he acted according to the above stated authority of the Yed, only at the time of distress. Devotion to the Supreme Being is not limited to any 9th, 4th, 3d. + Chhandoggu.

| 28th, 4th, 3d.

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holy place or sacred country, as the Vedant says,

any place wherein the mind feels itself undisturbed,

men should worship God; because no specific au“thority for the choice of any particular place of wor

ship is found in the Ved,”* which declares, “ In

any place which renders the mind easy, man should 66 adore God.”

It is of no consequence to those who have true belief in God, whether they die while the sun is in the north or south of the equator, as the Vedant declares, “ That any one who has faith in the only God, dying “ even when the sun may be south of the equator, + his “ soul shall proceed from the body, through Soo khumna

(avein which, as the Brahmuns suppose, passes through “ the navel up to the brain), and approaches to the Su

preme Being.I” The Ved also positively asserts “ That “ he, who in life was devoted to the Supreme Being, « shall (after death) be absorbed in him, and again be “ neither liable to birth nor death, reduction nor aug" mentation."

The Ved begins and concludes with the three peculiar and mysterious epithets of God, viz. first, ONG; second, TUT; third, SUT. The first of these signifies “ That Being, which preserves, destroys, and creates!” The second implies “ That only being, which is neither 66 male nor female !” The third announces 66 The true being!These collective terms simply affirm, that ONE, UNKNOWN, TRUE BEING, IS THE CREATOR, PRESERVER, AND DESTROYER OF THE UNIVERSE!!!

• 1lth, 1st, 4th.

† It is believed by the Brahmuns, that any one who dies while the sun is south of the equator, cannot enjoy eternal beatitude.

| 20th, 2d, 4th.

TRANSLATION

OF THE

MO O N D U K-OP UNISH UD

OF THE

UTHURVU-VED,

ACCORDING TO THE GLOSS OF THE CELEBRATED

SHUNKURA-CHARYU.

CALCUTTA:

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