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"(1) A review of all United States sponsored programs to promote demory
"(2) A clear statement of achievable goals and objectives for all United democracy programa, and an evaluation of the manner in which current thea meet thone goals and objectives.
"(3) A review of the current United States Government organization democracy Andistance and recommended changes to reduce costs and involved in the delivery of democracy assistance.
"Y4) Recommendations for coordinating programs, policies, and pron United States Government's role in democracy promotion
as the National Endowment for Democracy (hereafter in this title referred to as the "Endowment") which is not an agency or establishment of the United States Government.
(b) The purposes of the Endowment, as set forth in its articles of incorporation, are
(1) to encourage free and democratic institutions throughout the world through private sector initiatives, including activities which promote the individual rights and freedoms (including internationally recognized human rights) which are essential to the functioning of democratic institutions;
(2) to facilitate exchanges between United States private sector groups (especially the two major American political parties, labor, and business) and democratic groups abroad;
(3) to promote United States nongovernmental participation (especially through the two major American political parties, labor, business, and other private sector groups) in democratic training programs and democratic institution-building abroad;
(4) to strengthen democratic electoral processes abroad through timely measures in cooperation with indigenous democratic forces;
(5) to support the participation of the two major American political parties, labor, business, and other United States private sector groups in fostering cooperation with those abroad dedicated to the cultural values, institutions, and organizations of democratic pluralism; and
(6) to encourage the establishment and growth of democratic development in a manner consistent both with the broad concerns of United States national interests and with the specific requirements of the democratic groups in other countries which are aided by programs funded by the Endowment.
"(5) A review of all agencies involved in delivering United States Government funds in the form of democracy assistance and a recommended focal point or lead agency within the United States Government for policy oversight of the effort.
"(6) A review of the feasibility and desirability of mandating non-United States Government funding, including matching sunds and in-kind support, for democracy promotion programs. If it is determined that such non-Government funding is feasible and desirable, rec
ommendations should be made regarding goals and procedures for implementation.". 222 U.S.C. 4411. Authorization of appropriations for fiscal years 1994 and 1995 for the National Endowment for Democracy were included in general authorization levels for several pro grams; see sec. 201(a) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103–236; 108 Stal. 420).
Previous authorizations: fiscal year 1984—$31,300,000; fiscal year 1985—$31,300,000; fiscal year 1986—$18,400,000; fiscal ycar 1987—$18,400,000; fiscal year 1988_$17,500,000; fiscal year 1989–$18,100,000; fiscal year 1990–$25,000,000; fiscal year 1991-$25,000,000; fiscal year 1992—$30,000,000; fiscal year 1993—$31,250,000.; fiscal year 1994 $35,000,000.; fiscal year 1995$35,000,000.
The Department of State and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1995 (title V of Public Law 103_317; 108 Stat. 1772), provided the following for fiscal year 1995:
"NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR DEMOCRACY "For grants made by the United States Information Agency to the National Endowment for Democracy as authorized by the National Endowment for Democracy Act, $34,000,000, to renain available until expended.
Previous appropriations include: fiscal year 1984_$18,000,000; fiscal year 1986 $18,500,000; 'iscal year 1986-$18,000,000; fiscal year 1987-$15,000,000; fiscal year 1988_$16,875,000; fio al year 1989$ 15,800,000; fiscal ycar 1990_$17,000,000; fiscal year 1991-$25,000,000; fiscal ear 1992—$27,500,000, fiscal ycar 1993—$30,000,000, fiscal year 1994_$35,000,000.
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pabilities of the people of Latin America and the Caribbean and to promote better understanding between the United States and Latin America and the Caribbean through programs of cooperation, study, training, and research. Such funds may be used for program and administrative costs for institutions carrying out such programs. SEC. 610.10 ENGLISH TEACHING, TEXTBOOKS, AND OTHER TEACHING
MATERIALS. Wherever adequate facilities or materials are not available to carry out the purposes of paragraph (4) of section 604 in the participant's country and the President determines that the purposes of this title are best served by providing the preliminary training in the participant's country, the President may (by purchase, contract, or other appropriate means) provide the necessary materials and instructors to achieve such purpose. SEC. 611.11 * * * [Repealed—1994) SEC. 612.12 FUNDING OF SCHOLARSHIPS FOR FISCAL YEAR 1986 AND
FISCAL YEAR 1987. (a) CENTRAL AMERICAN UNDERGRADUATE SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM.—The undergraduate scholarship program financed by the United States Information Agency for students from Central America for fiscal year 1986 and fiscal year 1987 shall be conducted in accordance with this title.
(b) SCHOLARSHIPS FOR STUDENTS FROM OTHER DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.-Any funds appropriated to the United States Information Agency for fiscal year 1986 or fiscal year 1987 for any purpose (other than funds appropriated for educational exchange programs under section 102(a)(1) of the Mutual Educational and Cul. tural Exchange Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2452(a)(1)) may be used to carry out this title with respect to students from developing countries outside Central America. SEC. 613.13 LATIN AMERICAN EXCHANGES.
Of any funds authorized to be appropriated for activities authorized by this title, not less than 25 percent shall be allocated to fund grants and exchanges to Latin America and the Caribbean. SEC. 614.14 FEASIBILITY STUDY OF TRAINING PROGRAMS IN SIZABLE
HISPANIC POPULATIONS. No later than December 15, 1985, the Director of the United States Information Agency and the Administrator of the Agency for International Development shall report jointly, to the chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives, on the feasibility of greater utilization in those two agencies' scholarship and participant training programs of the United States universities in States bordering Latin America and Caribbean which are located in areas characterized by the presence of sizable Hispanic populations. SEC. 616.16 COMPLIANCE WITH CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET ACT.
10 22 U.S.C. 4710.
11 Formerly at 22 U.S.C. 4711. Sec. 611, which had required that the President report annually to Congress on activities and expenditures under this title, was repealed by sec. 139(13) or the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103–236; 108 Stat. 398).
12 22 U.S.C. 4712. 13 22 U.S.C. 4713. 14 22 U.S.C. 4714.
Any authority provided by this title to enter into contracts shall be effective only
(1) to the extent that the budget authority for the obligation to make outlays, which is created by the contract, has been provided in advance by an appropriation Act; or
(2) to the extent or in such amounts as are provided in advance in appropriation Acts.
1822 U.S.C. 4715.
5. National Endowment for Democracy Act Partial text of Public Law 98-164 (HR. 2916), 97 Stat. 1017 at 1039, ap.
proved November 22, 1983; as amended by Public Law 98-93 (Foreign Re. lations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987; H.R. 2068), 99 Stat. 406, approved August 16, 1985; Public Law 100–204 (Foreign Relations Au. thorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989; H.R. 1777), 101 Stat. 1331, ap. proved December 22, 1987; Public Law 102–138 (Foreign Relations Au. thorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993; H.R. 1416), 106 Stat. 647, approved October 28, 1991; Public Law 103–236 (Foreign Relations Author ization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995; H.R. 2333), 108 Stat. 382, approved April 30, 1994
AN ACT To authorize appropriations for fiscal years 1984 and 1985 for the Department of State, the United States Information Agency, the Board for International Broadcasting, the Inter-American Foundation, and the Asia Foundation, to establish the National Endowment for Democracy, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate artd House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
TITLE V-NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR DEMOCRACY
SHORT TITLE SEC. 501. This title may be cited as the "National Endowment for Democracy Act”.
NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR DEMOCRACY 1 SEC. 502.2 (a) The Congress finds that there has been established in the District of Columbia a private, nonprofit corporation known
See also sec. 212 of the Forcign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-246), and sec. 211 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Yean 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138), for reporting requirements relating to the National Endowment for Democracy.
Sec. 534 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103–236; 108 Stat. 481), provided the following:
"SEC. 534. STUDY OP DEMOCRACY EFFECTIVENESS.
"a) REPORT.-Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the President shall submit a report to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives on a streamlined, cost-effective of United States democracy assistance. The report shall include a review of all activities funded by the United States Government, including those funded through the National Endowment for Democracy, the United Slales Information Agency, and the Agency for International Develop ment "b) CONTENT OF REPORT.-The report shall include the following:
"1) A review of all United States-sponsored programs to promote democracy, incluang identification and discussion of those programs that are overlapping.
"(2) A clear statement of achievable goals and objectives for all United States-sponsored democracy programs, and an evaluation of the manner in which current democracy activities meet these goals and objectives.
"(3) A review of the current United States Government organization for the delivery of democracy assistance and recommended changes to reduce costs and streamline overhead involved in the delivery of democracy assistance.
"(4) Recommendations for coordinating programs, policies, and priorities to enhance the United States Government's role in democracy promotion.