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6. Fascell Fellowship Act Partial text of Public Law 99-399 (Omnibus Diplomatic Security and Anti

Terrorism Act of 1986, H.R. 4151), 100 Stat. 853, approved August 27, 1986. as amended by Public Law 99-529 (Special Foreign Assistance Act of 1986, S. 1917), 100 Stat. 3010, approved October 24, 1986; Public Law 106 204 (Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1988, HR. 1777), 101 Stat. 1331, approved December 22, 1987; Public Law 101454 (Fascell Fellowship Amendments Act of 1990; S. 2017), 104 Stat. 1063 at 1065, approved October 24, 1990; Public Law 102-511 (FREEDOM Sup port Act; 8. 2532), 106 Stat. 3320, approved October 24, 1992; Public Las 103–199 (FRIENDSHIP Act; H.R. 3000), 107 Stat. 2317, approved December 17, 1994

AN ACT To provide enhanced diplomatic security and combat international

terrorism, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

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TITLE X-FASCELL FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM SEC. 1001. SHORT TITLE.

This title may be cited as the “Fascell Fellowship Act.” SEC. 1002.1 FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM FOR TEMPORARY SERVICE AT

UNITED STATES MISSIONS ABROAD. (a) ESTABLISHMENT.—There is hereby established a fellowship program pursuant to which the Secretary of State will provide fel. lowships to United States citizens while they serve, for a period of between one and two years, in positions which would otherwise be ? held by foreign national employees at United States diplomatic or consular missions abroad.2

(b) DESIGNATION OF FELLOWSHIPS.-Fellowships under this title shall be known as “Fascell Fellowships."

(c) PURPOSE OF THE FELLOWSHIPS.-Fellowships under this title shall be provided in order to allow the recipient (hereafter in this title referred to as a “Fellow”) to serve on a short-term basis at a United States diplomatic or consular mission abroad 3 in order to obtain first hand exposure to that country, including (as appropriate) independent study in that country's 3 area studies or languages.

122 U.S.C. 4901. Sec. 303 of the FRIENDSHIP Act (Public Law 103-199; 107 Slal 2323) struck out “IN THE SOVIET UNION AND EASTERN EUROPE" from the section heading and inserted in lieu thercor "ABROAD".

Sec. XbXl) of the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Act of 1990 (sec. 9 cited as "Fascell Fel lowship Amendments Act of 1990"; Public Law 101-454; 104 Stat. 1065) (A) struck out for merly' and inserted in licu thercor “which would otherwise be"; and (B) struck out In the Soviet I'mon or Eastern European countries" and inserted in lieu thereof "abroad".

Sec. 90X2) of the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Act of 1990 (sec. 9 cited as "Fascell Fel lowship Amendments Act of 1990"; Public Law 101-454; 104 Stat. 1066) (A) struck out in the Soviet Union or an Eastern European country and inserted in lieu thereof "abroad"; and (B) struck out “Soviet or Eastern European" and inserted in lieu thereof "that country's".

(d) INDIVIDUALS WHO MAY RECEIVE A FELLOWSHIP.-To receive a fellowship under this title, an individual must be a United States citizen who is an undergraduate or graduate student, a teacher, scholar, or other academic, or an other individual, who has expertise in international affairs, foreign languages, or career and professional experience or interest in international affairs, 4 and who has a working knowledge of the principal language of the country in which he or she would serve.

(e) WOMEN AND MEMBERS OF MINORITY GROUPS.-In carrying out this section, the Secretary of State shall activity recruit women and members of minority groups. SEC. 1003.5 FELLOWSHIP BOARD.

(a) ESTABLISHMENT AND FUNCTION.—There is hereby established a Fellowship Board (hereafter in this title referred to as the “Board”), which shall select the individuals who will be eligible to serve as Fellows.

(b) MEMBERSHIP.—The Board shall consist of 9 members as follows:

(1) A senior official of the Department of State (who shall be the chair of the Board), designated by the Secretary of State.

(2) An officer or employee of the Department of Commerce, designated by the Secretary of Commerce.

(3) An officer or employee of the United States Information Agency, designated by the Director of that Agency.

(4) Six academic specialists in international affairs or foreign languages,6 appointed by the Secretary of State (in consultation with the chairman and ranking minority member of the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and the chairman and ranking minority of the Committee on

Foreign Relations of the Senate). (c) MEETINGS.—The Board shall meet at least once each year to select the individuals who will be eligible to serve as Fellows.

(d) COMPENSATION AND PER DIEM.—Members of the Board shall receive no compensation on account of their service on the Board, but while away from their homes or regular places of business in the performance of their duties under this title, may be allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, in the same manner as persons employed intermittently in the Government service are allowed expenses under section 5703 of title 5 of the United States Code.

Sec. 9(bX3) of the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Act of 1990 (sec. 9 cited as "Fascell Fellowship Amendments Act of 1990"; Public Law 101-454; 104 Stat. 1066) struck out "Soviet or Eastern European area studies or languages" and inserted in lieu thereof "international affairs, foreign languages, or carcer and professional experience or interest in international affairs,".

622 U.S.C. 4902.

.Sec. 9(cX1) of the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Act of 1990 (sec. 9 cited as "Fascell Fellowship Amendments Act of 1990"; Public Law 101-454; 104 Stat. 1066) struck out “Soviet or Eastern European area studies or languages," and inserted in lieu thereof "international affairs or foreign languages,".

Sec. 9(cX2) of that Act made this amendment applicable "only to appointments to the Fascell Fellowship Board after the date of the cnactment of this section and shall not affect the service of members of such bor

date of the enactment of this section.".

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SEC. 1002.1 FELLOWSHIP .
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1 (a) ESTABLISHMENT – program pursuant to wliin. I' lowships to United States. .

was congdowycom between one and two years, held by foreign national ei. consular missions abroad.2

(b) DESIGNATION OF FELL. shall be known as “Fascell F

(c) PURPOSE OF THE FELLO shall be provided in order to title referred to as a "Fellow”) United States diplomatic or co obtain first hand exposure to priate) independent study in th guages.

122 U.S.C. 4901. Sec. 303 of the FRIENDS! struck out “IN THE SOVIET UNION AND EAS, inserted in lieu thercol “ABROAD".

2 Sec. 9(bX1) of the Eisenhower Exchange Fellow." lowship Amendments Act of 1990"; Public Law 1: merly" and inserted in lieu thereof "which would ot? Union or Eastern European countries" and inserted

3 Sec. 9(bX2) of the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowsi. lowship Amendments Act of 1990"; Public Law 101-******* Soviet Union or an Eastern Europcan country and im ** struck out "Soviet or Eastern European" and inserted ir!

7. Soviet, Former Soviet, Eastern European Education and

Training Programs a. Freedom for Russia and Emerging Eurasian Democracies

and Open Markets Support Act of 1992

FREEDOM Support Act
Partial text of Public Law 102–511 (8. 2632), 106 Stat. 3320, approved

October 24, 1992
AN ACT To support freedom and open markets in the independent states of the

former Soviet Union, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1.- SHORT TITLES.

This Act may be cited as the “Freedom for Russia and Emerging Eurasian Democracies and Open Markets Support Act of 1992" or the "FREEDOM Support Act”.

TITLE VIII—UNITED STATES INFORMATION AGENCY, DE

PARTMENT OF STATE, AND RELATED AGENCIES AND AC-
TIVITIES
EC. 801.- DESIGNATION OF EDMUND S. MUSKIE FELLOWSHIP PRO.

GRAM.* • •
C. 802. NEW DIPLOMATIC POSTS IN THE INDEPENDENT STATES.

here are authorized to be appropriated for "NEW DIPLOMATIC srs" for personnel, support, and other expenses, not otherwise

ded for, for the Department of State and the United States In-
tation Agency to establish and operate new diplomatic posts in
independent states of former Soviet Union, $25,000,000 for fis-
car 1993, which are authorized to remain available until Sep-
ir 30, 1994.

•*.* OCCUPANCY OF NEW CHANCERY BUILDINGS.* • •
.•°* CERTAIN POSITIONS AT UNITED STATES MISSIONS.

**NDMENT.-Section 1004(a) of the Omnibus Diplomatic Se-
i Anti-Terrorism Act of 1986 is amended by adding at the

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91 note. See also the FRIENDSHIP Act (Public Law 103–199; 107 Stat. 2317),
foreign Relations Through 1994, vol. I-A.
poned the Edmund S. Muskie Fellowship Program to sec. 227 of the Foreign Rela-
on Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (22 U.S.C. 2452 note).
allnd subsecs. (1) and (g) of section 132 of the Foreign Relations Authorization
DE) and 1993.

unibus Diplomatic Security and Anti-Terrorism Act of 1986 is the Fascell

SEC. 1004.? FELLOWSHIPS.

(a) NUMBER.-Up to 100 fellowships may be provided under this title each year. Not less than 15 shall be provided during fiscal year 1993.8

(b) REMUNERATION AND PERIOD.-The Board shall determine, taking into consideration the position in which each Fellow will serve and his or her experience and expertise

(1) the amount of remuneration the Fellow will receive for his or her service under this title, and

(2) the period of the fellowship, which shall be between one and two years. (c) TRAINING.-Each Fellow may be given appropriate training at the Foreign Service Institute or other appropriate institution.

(d) HOUSING AND TRANSPORTATION.—The Secretary of State shall, pursuant to regulations

(1) provide housing for each Fellow while the Fellow is serving abroad, including (where appropriate) housing for family members; and

(2) pay the costs and expenses incurred by each Fellow in traveling between the United States and the country in which the Fellow serves, including (where appropriate) travel for fam

ily members. (e) EFFECTIVE DATE. Subsection (d) of this section shall not take effect until October 1, 1986. SEC. 1006.9 SECRETARY OF STATE.

(a) DETERMINATIONS.—The Secretary of State shall determine which of the individuals selected by the Board will serve at each United States diplomatic or consular mission abroad 10 and the position in which each will serve. (b) AUTHORITIES.-Fellows may be employed

(1) under a temporary appointment in the civil service;
(2) under a limited appointment in the Foreign Service; or

(3) by contract under the provisions of section 2(c) of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956. (c) FUNDING.–Funds appropriated to the Department of State for "Salaries and Expenses” shall be used for the expenses incurred in carrying out this title. 11

722 U.S.C. 4903.

& Sec. 1004(a) of the FREEDOM Support Act (Public Law 102-511; 106 Stat. 3353) added the second sentence.

22 U.S.C. 4904. Subsec. (b) was amended and restated by sec. 187 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-204; 101 Stat 1368).

10 Sec. 9(d) of the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Act of 1990 (sec. 9 cited as "Fascell Fellowship Amendments Act of 1990"; Public Law 101-454; 104 Stat. 1066) struck out in the Soviet Union or Eastern Europe" and inserted in lieu thereof "abroad".

11 Sec. 804(b) of the FREEDOM Support Act (Public Law 102-511; 106 Stat. 3353) provided the following:

"b) FUNDING.-In addition to the funds made available pursuant to section 1005(c) of that Act (Fascell Fellowship Act), funds authorized to be appropriated by chapter 11 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 may be used in carrying out the amendment made by subsection (a) with respect to missions in the independent states of the former Soviet Union.".

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