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7. Soviet, Former Soviet, Eastern European Education and

Training Programs a. Freedom for Russia and Emerging Eurasian Democracies

and Open Markets Support Act of 1992

FREEDOM Support Act Partial text of Public Law 102–511 (S. 2632), 106 Stat. 3320, approved

October 24, 1992 AN ACT To support freedom and open markets in the independent states of the

former Soviet Union, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1.- SHORT TITLES.

This Act may be cited as the "Freedom for Russia and Emerging Eurasian Democracies and Open Markets Support Act of 1992" or the “FREEDOM Support Act”.

TITLE VIII–UNITED STATES INFORMATION AGENCY, DE

PARTMENT OF STATE, AND RELATED AGENCIES AND AC

TIVITIES
SEC. 801.- DESIGNATION OF EDMUND S. MUSKIE FELLOWSHIP PRO.

GRAM• • •
SEC. 802. NEW DIPLOMATIC POSTS IN THE INDEPENDENT STATES.

There are authorized to be appropriated for "NEW DIPLOMATIC POSTS" for personnel, support, and other expenses, not otherwise provided for, for the Department of State and the United States Information Agency to establish and operate new diplomatic posts in the independent states of former Soviet Union, $25,000,000 for fiscal year 1993, which are authorized to remain available until September 30, 1994. SEC. 803. OCCUPANCY OF NEW CHANCERY BUILDINGS.* • • SEC. 804. CERTAIN POSITIONS AT UNITED STATES MISSIONS.

(a) AMENDMENT.— Section 1004(a) of the Omnibus Diplomatic Security and Anti-Terrorism Act of 1986 is amended by adding at the

122 U.S.C. 5801 note. See also the FRIENDSHIP Act (Public Law 103–199; 107 Stat 2317), in Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 1994, vol. I-A.

* Sec. 801 added the Edmund S. Muskie Fellowship Program to sec. 227 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1992 and 1993 (22 U.S.C. 2452 note).

Sec. 803 repealed subsecs. (1) and (g) of section 132 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993.

Title X of the Omnibus Diplomatic Security and Anti-Terrorism Act of 1986 is the Fascell Fellowship Act.

end the following: “Not less than 15 shall be provided during fiscal year 1993.".

(b) 5 FUNDING.-In addition to the funds made available pursuant to section 1005(c) of that Act, funds authorized to be appropriated by chapter 11 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 may be used in carrying out the amendment made by subsection (a) with respect to missions in the independent states of the former Soviet Union. SEC. 806. INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT LAW INSTITUTE.

For purposes of the International Organizations Immunities Act (22 U.S.C. 288 and following), the International Development Law Institute shall be considered to be a public international organization in which the United States participates under the authority of an Act of Congress authorizing such participation. SEC. 806.7 CERTAIN BOARD FOR INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING

CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES. * * *
SEC. 807. EXCHANGES AND TRAINING AND SIMILAR PROGRAMS.

(a) FUNDING FOR EXCHANGES AND TRAINING AND SIMILAR PROGRAMS.—

(1) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—To carry out a broad spectrum of exchanges, and of training and similar programs to promote the objectives described in section 498 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, between the United States and the independent states of the former Soviet Union, there are authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1993 (in addition to amounts otherwise available for such purposes) the following:

(A) $20,000,000 for exchange programs for secondary school students.

(B) $30,000,000 for programs for participants other than secondary school students, including undergraduate and graduate students, farmers and other agribusiness practitioners, and participants in the exchanges carried out

under paragraph (2). (2) LOCAL AND REGIONAL SELF-GOVERNMENT EXCHANGES.The Director of the United States Information Agency is authorized to use funds authorized to be appropriated by paragraph (1)(B) to conduct exchanges to provide technical assistance in local and regional self-government to the independent states.

(3) REPORT ON PROPOSED FUNDING ALLOCATIONS.—Within 45 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the coordinator designated pursuant to section 102(a) of this Act shall submit to the Congress a report specifying the amount of funds authorized to be appropriated by paragraph (1) that is proposed to be allocated for each category of program and for each Government agency.

(4) PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION.

622 U.S.C. 4903 note.

622 U.S.C. 288j. For International Organizations Immunities Act (Public Law 79–291), see page 1509.

Sec. 806 amended sec. 301(c) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991.

822 U.S.C. 2462 note.

(A) USIA.—Educational, cultural, and any other exchange programs carried out under this subsection, including any such programs for secondary school students, shall be administered by the United States Information Agency, and funds allocated for such programs shall be transferred to that Agency.

(B) OTHER AGENCIES.—Training and other non-exchange programs carried out under this subsection shall be administered by the Agency for International Development or such other Government agency as has experience and ex

pertise in carrying out such programs. (5) ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES.—Up to 5 percent of the funds made available to each Government agency under this subsection may be used by that agency for administrative ex

penses of program implementation. (b) ENHANCEMENT OF USIA EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL ExCHANGE PROGRAMS.-In addition to amounts otherwise available for such purposes, there are authorized to be appropriated to the United States Information Agency for fiscal year 1993 for enhancement of existing educational and cultural exchange programs the following:

(1) $9,950,000 for Fulbright Academic Exchange Programs.

(2) $10,850,000 for other programs administered by the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs. (c) 9 REPEAL.-Effective 6 months after the date of enactment of this Act, section 225 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993, and the item relating to that section in the table of contents set forth in section 2 of that Act, are repealed. (d) AGRIBUSINESS EXCHANGES.

(1) AUTHORIZATION.—The President is authorized to establish regional agribusiness offices at State universities and land grant colleges in the United States for the purpose of expanding exchanges between agribusiness practitioners in the United States and agribusiness practitioners in the independent states of the former Soviet Union.

(2) LIMITATION ON FUNDING SOURCES.–Funds authorized to be appropriated by this section or other provisions of this Act (including chapter 11 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961) may not be used to carry out this subsection.

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b. Soviet-Eastern Europe Educational Exchange Programs

in the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993

Partial text of Public Law 102-138 (HR. 1415), 105 Stat. 647, approved Octo

ber 28, 1992; amended by Public Law 102–511 (FREEDOM Support Act; S. 2532), 106 Stat. 3320, approved October 24, 1992

AN ACT To authorize appropriations for fiscal years 1992 and 1993 for the

Department of State, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

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TITLE II-UNITED STATES INFORMATIONAL,
EDUCATIONAL, AND CULTURAL PROGRAMS

PART A-UNITED STATES INFORMATION AGENCY

SEC. 210.1 CLAUDE AND MILDRED PEPPER SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM.

(a) PURPOSE.—It is the purpose of this section to provide Federal financial assistance to facilitate a program to enable high school and college students from emerging democracies, who are visiting the United States, to spend from one to two weeks in Washington, District of Columbia, observing and studying the workings and operations of the democratic form of government of the United States.

(b) GRANTS.—The Director of the United States Information Agency is authorized to make grants to the Claude and Mildred Pepper Scholarship Program of the Washington Workshops Foundation to carry out the purpose specified in subsection (a).

(c)2 AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized to be appropriated $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1992 to carry out this section, of which not more than $500,000 is authorized to be available for obligation or expenditure during that fiscal year. Amounts appropriated pursuant to this subsection are authorized to be available until expended.

The Directorm of goverdying the soin Washinsiting

122 U.S.C. 2452 note.

2 The Department of State and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1992 (title V of Public Law 102-140; 105 Stat. 822), provided under educational and cultural exchange programs, that "$1,000,000 shall be available for the Claude and Mildred Pepper Scholarship Program of the Washington Workshops Foundation".

The Department of State and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1993 (title V of Public Law 102–395; 106 Stat. 1870), provided under educational and cultural exchange programs, that "$200,000 shall be available for the Claude and Mildred Pepper Scholarship Program of the Washington Workshops Foundation and $600,000 shall be available for the Institute for Rep resentative Government.".

PART B-BUREAU OF EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL

AFFAIRS
SEC. 221. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

In addition to amounts otherwise made available under section 201 for such purposes, there are authorized to be appropriated to the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs to carry out the purposes of the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961 the following amounts: * * *2

(5) OTHER PROGRAMS.–For "East Europe Training Projects”, “Citizen Exchange Programs", and the “Congress-Bundestag Exchange Program”, $14,028,000 for the fiscal year 1992 and $14,700,000 for the fiscal year 1993.

the visits i Congres Secretary gency, the year 19obligatided under

JA Of Soviet-nam States apprunity for a Director ofo be

(9) SOVIET-AMERICAN INTERPARLIAMENTARY EXCHANGES.-For the expenses of Soviet-American Interparliamentary meetings and visits in the United States approved by the joint leadership of the Congress, after an opportunity for appropriate consultation with the Secretary of State and the Director of the United States Information Agency, there are authorized to be appropriated $2,000,000 for the fiscal year 1992, of which not more than $1,000,000 shall be available for obligation or expenditure during that fiscal year. Amounts appropriated under this subsection are authorized to be available until expended.

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SEC. 223. USIA CULTURAL CENTER IN KOSOVO.

(a) ESTABLISHMENT.—The Director of the United States Information Agency shall establish a cultural center in the capital of Kosovo in Yugoslavia when the Secretary of State determines that

the physical security of the center and the personal safety of its de ne employees may be reasonably assured.

(b) REPORT.-Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment on of this Act, and every 90 days thereafter until a center is estabare in lished under subsection (a), the Director of the United States Infor

mation Agency shall submit a report to the Chairman of the Com-
mittee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Chairman of the
Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives on
progress toward establishment of a center pursuant to subsection
(a), including an assessment by the Secretary of State of the risks
to physical and personal security of the establishment of such a
center.

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SEC. 226.3* • * (Repealed—1992)
SEC. 226.- ENHANCED EDUCATIONAL EXCHANGE PROGRAM.

(a) PROGRAMS FOR FOREIGN STUDENTS AND SCHOLARS.

3 Formerly at 22 U.S.C. 2452 note. Soc. 225 established the "Eastern Europe Student Exchange Endowment Fund'. Soc. 807(c) of the FREEDOM Support Act (Public Law 102-511; 106 Slat. 3354) repealed sec. 225, cfTective 6 months aser the date of enactment of that Act (October 24, 1992). For text of sec. 225, 8cc 105 Slat. 699.

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