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reports, and files and all other papers, things, or property belonging to or in use by Eisenhower Exchange Fellowships, Incorporated, pertaining to such activities and necessary to facilitate the audit. SEC. B.? AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

To provide a permanent endowment for the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Program, there are authorized to be appropriated to the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowships Program Trust Fund

(1) $2,500,000, or
(2) the lesser of-

(A) $2,500,000, or

(B) an amount equal to contributions to Eisenhower Exchange Fellowships, Incorporated, from private sector sources during the 4-year period beginning on the date of

enactment of this Act. SEC. 6.8 USE OF INCOME ON THE ENDOWMENT.

(a) REQUIREMENT FOR FUNDING OF UNITED STATES FELLOWS IN EMERGING EUROPEAN DEMOCRACIES.—For any fiscal year, not less than 50 percent of the amounts made available to Eisenhower Exchange Fellowships, Incorporated, pursuant to section 4(a) shall be available only to assist United States fellows in traveling to and studying in emerging European democracies.

(b) LIMITATION ON STUDY IN UNITED STATES.—For any fiscal year, not more than 50 percent of the amounts made available to Eisenhower Exchange Fellowships, Incorporated, pursuant to section 4(a) shall be available to assist foreign fellows in traveling to and studying in the United States.

(c) AGRICULTURAL EXCHANGE PROGRAM.–For any fiscal year, as may be determined by Eisenhower Exchange Fellowships, Incorporated, a portion of the amounts made available to Eisenhower Exchange Fellowships, Incorporated, pursuant to section 4(a) shall be used to provide fellowships for agricultural exchange programs for farmers from the United States and foreign countries.

(d) PARTICIPATION BY UNITED STATES MINORITY POPULATIONS.— In order to ensure that the United States fellows participating in programs of the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowships, Incorporated, are representatives of the cultural, ethnic, and racial diversity of the American people, of the amounts made available to Eisenhower Exchange Fellowships, Incorporated, pursuant to section 4(a) which are obligated and expended for United States fellowship programs, not less than 10 percent shall be available only for participation by individuals who are representative of United States minority populations. SEC. 7. REPORT TO CONGRESS.

720 U.S.C. 5204. The Department of State and Related Agencies Appropriations act, 1995 (title V of Public Law 103-317; 108 Stat. 1770), provided the following:

"EISENIOWER EXCHANGE FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM

MTRUST PUND "For payment to the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Program Trust Fund as authorized by the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Act of 1990 (20 U.S.C. 5204-05), $2,500,000, to remain available until expended.

"For necessary expenses of Eisenhower Exchange Fellowships, Incorporated to be derived from interest and earnings from the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Program Trust Fund as authorized by sections 4 and 5 of the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Act of 1990 (20 U.S.C. 5204–05), $300,000 to remain available until expended: Provided, That none of the funds appropriated herein shall be used to pay any salary or other compensation, or to enter into any contract providing for the payment thereof, in excess of the rate authorized by 5 U.S.C. 5376; or for purposes which are not in accordance with OMB Circulars A-110 (Uniform Administrative Requirements) and A-122 (Cost Principles for Non-profit Organizations), including the restrictions on compensation for personal services.".

* 20 U.S.C. 5205.

For any fiscal year for which Eisenhower Exchange Fellowships, Incorporated, receive funds pursuant to section 4(a) of this Act, Ei. senhower Exchange Fellowships, Incorporated, shall prepare and transmit to the President and the Congress a report of its activities for such fiscal year. SEC. 8. EXTENSION OF AU PAIR PROGRAMS.

The United States Information Agency shall continue to implement the au pair programs designated by the Director of the United States Information Agency as of July 10, 1990, until such au pair programs are authorized and implemented by another agency of the United States Government. Notwithstanding 10 section 555 of Public Law 100-461 and title III of S. 2757 as reported by the Sen. ate Committee on Foreign Relations on September 7, 1988 (pursuant to the enactment under section 555 of Public Law 100-461), the Director of the United States Information Agency is authorized to administer such au pair programs through fiscal year 1995 in a manner consistent with the requirements of the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961 and shall promulgate regulations regarding such au pair programs. SEC. 9.11 FASCELL FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM.* • .

20 U.S.C. 5206. 10 Sec. 1(v) of Public Law 103-415 (108 Stat. 4302) added text beginning at "Notwithstanding'.

11 Sec. 9 consisted entirely of amendments to the Fascell Fellowship Act (22 U.S.C. 4901 et seq.), and have been incorporated into that Act.

d. Research and Training for Eastern Europe and the Independent States of the Former Soviet Union Act of 1983 Partial text of Public Law 98-164 (H.R. 2916), 97 Stat. 1017 at 1047, ap.

proved November 22, 1983; amended by Public Law 102–138 (Foreign Re. lations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993; H.R. 1416), 106 Stat. 647, approved October 28, 1991; Public Law 103–199 (FRIENDSHIP Act; H.R. 3000), 107 Stat. 2317, approved December 17, 1993

AN ACT To authorize appropriations for fiscal years 1984 and 1985 for the Department of State, the United States Information Agency, the Board for International Broadcasting, the Inter-American Foundation, and the Asia Foundation, to establish the National Endowment for Democracy, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

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TITLE VIII-RESEARCH AND TRAINING FOR EASTERN EUROPE AND THE INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION 1

SHORT TITLE SEC. 801.1 This title may be cited as the "Research and Training for Eastern Europe and the Independent States of the Former Soviet Union Act of 1983”.

is oftand the inly verified

zational urity of the

FINDINGS AND DECLARATIONS SEC. 802.2 The Congress finds and declares that

(1) factual knowledge, independently verified, about the countries of Eastern Europe and the independent states of the former Soviet Union 3 is of the utmost importance for the national security of the United States, for the furtherance of our national interests in the conduct of foreign relations, and for the prudent management of our domestic affairs;

(2) the development and maintenance of knowledge about the countries of Eastern Europe and the independent states of the former Soviet Union 3 depends upon the national capability for advanced research by highly trained and experienced specialists, available for service in and out of Government;

(3) certain essential functions are necessary to ensure the existence of that knowledge and the capability to sustain it, including

122 U.S.C. 4501 note. Sec. 302(1) and (2) of the FRIENDSHIP Act (Public Law 103–199; 107 Stat. 2322) amended and restated the title heading and the short title in section 801. Each formerly referred to "Soviet-Eastern European Research and Training".

322 U.S.C. 4501.

'In paras. (1), (2), and (3XE) of this section, sec. 302 of the FRIENDSHIP Act (Public Law 103–199, 107 Slat. 2322) struck out "Soviet Union and Eastern European countries ", and inserted in lieu thereor "countries of Eastern Europe and the independent states of the former Soviet Union".

(A) graduate training;
(B) advanced research;

(C) public dissemination of research data, methods, and findings;

(D) contact and collaboration among Government and private specialists; and

(E) firsthand experience of the countries of Eastern Eu. rope and the independent states of the former Soviet Union 3 by American specialists, including on site conduct of advanced training and research to the extent prac

ticable; and (4) it is in the national interest for the United States Gov. ernment to provide a stable source of financial support for the functions described in this section and to supplement the financial support for those functions which is currently being furnished by Federal, State, local regional, and private agencies, organizations, and individuals, and thereby to stabilize the conduct of these functions on a national scale, consistently, and on a long range unclassified basis.

DEFINITIONS SEC. 803.4 As used in this title

(1) the term “institution of higher education" has the same meaning given such term in section 1201(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965; and

(2) the term “Advisory Committee" means the Advisory Committee for Studies of Eastern Europe and the Independent States of the Former Soviet Union 5 established by section 804(a).

ESTABLISHMENT OF ADVISORY COMMITTEE 6 SEC. 804.6 (a) There is established within the Department of State the Advisory Committee for Studies of Eastern Europe and the Independent States of the Former Soviet Union? which shall be composed of the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Education, the Librarian of Congress, the President of the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies, and the President of the Association of American Universities. The Secretary of State shall be the Chairman.8

* 22 U.S.C. 4502.

Sec. 302(4) of the FRIENDSHIP Act (Public Law 103–199; 107 Stat. 2322) struck out "SovietEastern European Studies Advisory Committee" and inserted in lieu thereof "Advisory Committee for Studies of Eastern Europe and the Independent States of the Former Soviet Union".

© 22 U.S.C. 4503. Soc. 302(5XA) of the FRIENDSHIP Act (Public Law 103–199; 107 Stat. 2323) struck out “THE SOVIET-EASTERN EUROPEAN STUDIES" before "ADVISORY COMMITTEE" in the sec tion heading.

7 Sec. 302(5XB) of the FRIENDSHIP Act (Public Law 103-199; 107 Stat. 2323) struck out "So viet-Eastern European Studies Advisory Committee ", and inserted in lieu thereof "Advisory Committee for Studies of Eastern Europe and the Independent States of the Former Soviet Union".

8 The functions conferred upon the Secretary of State by this subsection are delegated to the Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence and Research, pursuant to State Department Dele gation of Authority No. 208 of November 30, 1993 (Public Notice 1924; 59 F.R 1054; January 7, 1994).

(b) The Advisory Committee shall meet at the call of the Chairman and shall hold at least one meeting each year. Three members of the Advisory Committee shall constitute a quorum

(c) The Secretary of State may detail personnel of the Department of State to provide technical and clerical assistance to the Advisory Committee in carrying out its functions under this title.

(d) The Advisory Committee shall recommend grant policies for the advancement of the objectives of this title. In proposing recipients for grants under this title, the Advisory Committee shall give the highest priority to national organizations with an interest and expertise in conducting research and training concerning the countries of Eastern Europe and the independent states of the former Soviet Union and in disseminating the results of such research. In making its recommendations, the Advisory Committee shall emphasize the development of a stable, long-term research program.

AUTHORITY TO MAKE PAYMENTS SEC. 805.10 (a) The Secretary of State, after consultation with the Advisory Committee, shall make payments, in accordance with the provisions of this section, out of funds made available to carry out this title.11

(b)(1) One part of the payments made in each fiscal year shall be used to conduct a national research program at the postdoctoral or equivalent level, such program to include

(A) the dissemination of information about the research program and the solicitation of proposals for research contracts from American institutions of higher education and not-forprofit corporations, such contracts to contain shared-cost provisions; and

(B) the awarding of contracts for such research projects as the respective institution determines will best serve to carry out the purposes of this title after reviewing proposals submit

ted under subparagraph (A). (2) One part of the payments made in each fiscal year shall be used

(A) to establish and carry out a program of graduate, postdoctoral, and teaching fellowships for advanced training in studies on the countries of Eastern Europe and the independent states of the former Soviet Union 12 and related studies, such program

(i) to be coordinated with the research program described in paragraph (1);

(ii) to be conducted, on a shared-cost basis, at American institutions of higher education; and

(iii) to include

Sec. 302(5XC) of the FRIENDSHIP Act (Public Law 103-199; 107 Stat. 2323) struck out "So viet and Eastern European countries", and inserted in lieu thereof "the countries of Eastern Europe and the independent states of the former Soviet Union".

10 22 U.S.C. 4504.

u The functions of making payments conferred upon the Secretary of State by this subsec. were delegated to the Director of the Bureau of Intelligence and Research, pursuant to State Department Delegation of Authority No. 155 (September 21, 1984, 49 F.R. 39002).

Sec. 302(6XA) of the FRIENDSHIP Act (Public Law 103-199; 107 Stat. 2323) struck out "Soviet and Eastern European studios", and inserted in lieu thereof "studies on the countries of Eastern Europe and the independent states of the former Soviet Union" in paras. (2XA), (2XB), and (6) of sec. 805(b).

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