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(I) the dissemination of information on the fellowship program and the solicitation of applications for fellowships from qualified institutions of higher education and qualified individuals; and

(II) the awarding of such fellowships as the respective institution determines will best serve to carry out the purposes of this title after reviewing applications

submitted under subclause (I); and (B) to disseminate research, data, and findings on studies on the countries of Eastern Europe and the independent states of the former Soviet Union 12 and related fields in such a manner and to such extent as the respective institution determines will best serve to carry out the purposes of this title. (3) One part of the payments made in each fiscal year shall be used

(A) to provide fellowship and research support for American specialists in the independent states of the former Soviet Union and the countries of Eastern Europe and related fields 13 to conduct advanced research with particular emphasis upon the use of data on those states and countries; 14 and

(B) to conduct seminars, conferences, and other similar workshops designed to facilitate research collaboration between Government and private specialists in the independent states of the former Soviet Union and the countries of Eastern Eu

rope and related fields. 13 (4) One part of the payments made in each fiscal year shall be used to conduct specialized programs in advanced training and research on a reciprocal basis in the independent states of the former Soviet Union 15 and the countries of Eastern Europe designed to facilitate access for American specialists to research institutes, personnel, archives, documentation, and other research and training resources located in those states and countries. 16

(5) One part of the payments made in each fiscal year shall be used to support "training in the languages of the independent states of the former Soviet Union and the countries of Eastern Europe. 17 Such payments shall include grants to individuals to pursue such training and to summer language institutes operated by insti. tutions of higher education. Preference shall be given for Russian language studies and, as appropriate, studies of other languages of the independent states of the former Soviet Union.18

u Sec. 30246XB) of the FRIENDSHIP Act (Public Law 103–199, 107 Stat. 2323) struck out "fields of Soviet and Eastern European studies and related studies", and inserted in lieu thereof Independent states of the former Soviet Union and the countries of Eastern Europe and related fields in paras. (3XA) and (3XB) of sec. 805(b).

Sec. 302(6XC) of the FRIENDSHIP Act (Public Law 103–199; 107 Stat. 2323) struck out "the Soviet Union and Eastern European countries', and inserted in lieu thereof those states and countnes

10 Sec. 3026XDXi) of the FRIENDSHIP Act (Public Law 103–199, 107 Stat. 2323) struck out "Union of Sovet Socialist Repubhos", and inserted in hieu thereof Independent states of the former Soviet Union".

**Sec. 302(6XDXn) of the FRIENDSHIP Act (Public Law 103-199, 107 Stat 2323) struck out "the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and Eastern European countries", and inserted in lieu thereor "those states and countries".

17 Sec. 302(6XEXi) of the FRIENDSHIP Act (Public Law 103–199, 107 Stat. 2323) struck out "language training in Russian and Eastern European languages.", and inserted in heu thereof training in the languages on the independent states of the former Soviet Union and the countries of Eastern Europe

(6) Payments may be made to carry out other research and training in studies on the countries of Eastern Europe and the independent states of the former Soviet Union 12 not otherwise described in this section.

APPLICATIONS; PAYMENTS TO ELIGIBLE ORGANIZATIONS SEC. 806.19 (a) Any institution seeking funding under this title shall prepare and submit an application to the Secretary of State once each fiscal year. Each such application shall

(1) provide a description of the purposes for which the payments will be used in accordance with section 805; and

(2) provide such fiscal control and such accounting procedures as may be necessary (A) to ensure a proper accounting of Federal funds paid under this title, and (B) to ensure the verification of the costs of the continuing education and re

search programs conducted under this title. (b) Payments under this title may be made in installments, in advance, or by way of reimbursement, with necessary adjustments on account of overpayments and underpayments.

overpaymenimbursemeny be made

REPORT SEC. 807.20 The Secretary of State shall prepare and submit to the President and the Congress at the end of each fiscal year in which an institution receives assistance under this title a report of the activities of such institution supported by such assistance, if the administrative expenses of such institution which are covered by such assistance represent more than 10 percent of such assistance, together with such recommendations as the Advisory Committee deems advisable.

FEDERAL CONTROL OF EDUCATION PROHIBITED SEC. 808.21 Nothing contained in this title may be construed to authorize any department, agency, officer, or employee of the United States to exercise any direction, supervision, or control over the curriculum, program of instruction or research, administration, or personnel of any educational institution.

18 Sec. 302(6XEXii) of the FRIENDSHIP Act (Public Law 103–199; 107 Stat. 2323) inserted "and, as appropriate, studies of other languages of the independent states of the former Soviet Union".

1922 U.S.C. 4505. 20 22 U.S.C. 4506. 21 22 U.S.C. 4507.

ALLOCATION OF FUNDS SEC. 809.22 Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by section 102(1) of this Act-23

(1) up to $5,000,000 for the fiscal year 1984 shall be available to carry out this title; and

(2) $5,000,000 for the fiscal year 1985 shall be available only to carry out this title.

TERMINATION SEC. 810.24 * * * (Repealed-1991)

22 22 U.S.C. 4508.

Previous years' authorizations were: fiscal year 1986—$4,800,000; fiscal year 1987$5,000,000; fiscal year 1988_$4,600,000; fiscal year 1989_$5,000,000; fiscal year 1990 $4,600,000; fiscal year 1991-$5,200,000; fiscal year 1992—$4,784,000, fiscal year 1993– $5,025,000.

23 Sec. 102(1) authorized funds for "Administration of foreign affairs" within the Department of State for fiscal years 1984 and 1985. Authorizations for "Soviet-East European Research and Training" in following years appeared in State Department Authorization Acts for those years.

* Formerly at 22 U.S.C. 4509. Soc. 810 was repealed by sec. 209 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102–138; 105 Stal 694). It had pro vided that The provisions of this litle shall cease to be effective at the end of the 10-year period beginning on the date of enactment of this title.”.

8. United States—India Programs a. United States-India Fund for Cultural, Educational, and

Scientific Cooperation Act

Partial text of Public Law 98-164 (H.R. 2916), 97 Stat. 1017, at 1061, ap. proved November 22, 1983; as amended by Public Law 99-93 (Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987; H.R. 2068), 99 Stat. 405, approved August 16, 1985; and by Public Law 100-204 [Foreign Rela. tions Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989; H.R. 1777], 101 Stat. 1331, approved December 1987

AN ACT To authorize appropriations for fiscal years 1984 and 1985 for the Department of State, the United States Information Agency, the Board for International Broadcasting, the Inter-American Foundation, and the Asia Foundation, to establish the National Endowment for Democracy, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

TITLE IX-UNITED STATES-INDIA FUND FOR CULTURAL,

EDUCATIONAL, AND SCIENTIFIC COOPERATION

SHORT TITLE SEC, 901. This title may be cited as the “United States-India Fund for Cultural, Educational, and Scientific Cooperation Act”.

ESTABLISHMENT OF THE FUND SEC. 902.1 (a) The President 2 is authorized to enter into an agreement with the Government of India for the establishment of a fund (hereafter in this title referred to as the “Fund”) which would provide grants and other assistance for cultural, educational, and scientific programs of mutual interest. Such programs may include exchanges of persons, exchanges of information, and other programs of study, research, and scholarly cooperation. The agreement may also provide for the establishment of an endowment, a foundation, or other means to carry out the purposes of the agreement.

(b) The United States representatives on any board or other entity created in accordance with the agreement to administer the Fund shall be designated by the President predominately from among representatives of United States Government agencies, including those administering programs which may be supported in whole or in part by the Fund.

122 U.S.C. 290j.

2 Executive Order 12517 of May 29, 1985, delegated all functions vested in the President by this Act to the Secretary of Slale.

(c) United States Government agencies carrying out programs of the types specified in subsection (a) may receive amounts directly from the Fund for use in carrying out those programs.

USE OF UNITED STATES OWNED RUPEES TO CAPITALIZE THE FUND

SEC. 903.3 (a) Subject to applicable requirements concerning reimbursement to the Treasury for United States owned foreign currencies, the President may make available to the Fund, for use in carrying out the agreement authorized by section 902, up to the equivalent of $200,000,000 in foreign currencies owned by the United States in India or owed to the United States by the Government of India. Such use may include investment in order to generate interest which would be retained in the Fund and used to support programs pursuant to that agreement.

(b) 4 In accordance with the agreement negotiated pursuant to section 902(a), sums made available for investment for the United States-India Fund for Cultural, Educational, and Scientific Cooperation under the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, and the Judiciary and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1985, and any earnings on such sums shall be available for the purposes of section 902(a).

322 U.S.C. 290j-1.

*Subsec. (b), originally added by Public Law 99-93 (99 Stat. 406), was amended and restated by sec. 305 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100_204, 101 Stat 1379).

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