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ere ure jurnorized to be appropriated to the United
non gency, $16,000,000 for the fiscal year 1990
LU Tone iscai year 1991 for television broadcasting 11erence with the provisions of this part.
: : 2111grun 2), no funds authorized to be appro-cu - ver isecrion ay may be obligated or expended un
eng resermmnes and notifies the appropriate com- .. . zac ne test of television broadcasting to
-2 baterea Y "tie V of the Departments of Com
Ia sate, the judiciary, and Related Agencies ... mer
Public Law 100_459)) 12 has demcu peste 1 adcasting to Cuba is feasible and will "
.. .m e terrerence with the broadcasts of ino
censees. The Federal Communications *
o Che appropriate committees of - "Le ind inai reports and other appropriate -L.
Cojectionable interference from teleI
u a o incumbent domestic licensees. H
a ys Jerore the President makes the de3.5***
'raytipn 1), the President shall submit a
ale committees of the Congress which in..
des 1ne test or television broadcasting to olla
tine iest of television broadcasting may be
the the determination and notification by the uer aragrapn 1), or
- pohon chemi
usuce, and State, the Judiciary, and Related papie m
meiten tune we 00-69. 102 Slat. 2220) provided the following:
AN UNSTNL CTION W hen Ra n t, construction, and improvement of facilities de gas membah ure and installation of necessary equipment for o
c hy S.C. 1471, $65,000,000, to remain availHome
S 1477bia): Provided, That not to exceed electe or the purchase, rent, construction, improvement
i praons including a test of television broadcasting
0,"itemap such startup operations the United States Infor. W hen
nied and located at Cudjoe Key Air Force Base Rhes that are not in new windore
m bursement, for both the United States Cus. mbie
tented Suates Information Agency's test of teleto take t hem
e ver. That the Department of Defense shall provide
R eport this effort to the maximum extent possible:
- Nissang activities shall be conducted for the same puma
AN N O e me conditions, direction and controls as the epih in
de wo Broadcasting to Cuba Act: Provided fur. ther, h hade det
section 7 of the Radio Broadcasting to Cuba Act hun
won licenses.". ** The Pe n R ****
vivum » the Secretary of State that the test of tele Vision Pros desalin
Public Law 100_459 demonstrated that such prudcarling $1$ Rasathe sale with a
recaonable interference with the broadcasts of incumbent damnesia Indonn e uunda vermination No. 90–36 of August 26, 1990 (56 FR 38659).
(c) 14 AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS.-Amounts appropriated to carry out the purposes of this part are authorized to be available until expended, SEC. 248.16 DEFINITIONS. As used in this part
(1) the term “icensee” has the meaning provided in section 3(c) of the Communications Act of 1934;
(2) the term “incumbent domestic licensee” means a licensee as provided in section 3(c) of the Communications Act of 1934 that was broadcasting a television signal as of January 1, 1989;
(3) the term "objectionable interference” shall be applied in the same manner as such term is applied under regulations of the Federal Communications Commission to other domestic broadcasters; and
(4) the term “appropriate committees of Congress” includes the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate.
14 Sec. 232 of the Forcign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102–138; 105 Slat. 703), added subsec. (c).
16 22 U.S.C. 1465|T.
b. Radio Broadcasting to Cuba Act Public Law 98-111 (S. 602), 97 Stat. 749, approved October 4, 1983; as amended by Public Law 98411 (Department of State Appropriations, 1985; H.R. 6712), 98 Stat. 1545 at 1574, approved August 30, 1984; Public Law 101-246 (Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991; H.R. 3792), 104 Stat. 15, approved February 16, 1990; Public Law 103–236 (Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995; H.R. 2333), 108 Stat. 382, approved April 30, 1994
AN ACT To provide for the broadcasting of accurate information to the people of
Cuba, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the “Radio Broadcasting to Cuba Act”.
FINDINGS; PURPOSES SEC. 2.1 The Congress finds and declares
(1) that it is the policy of the United States to support the right of the people of Cuba to seek, receive, and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers, in accordance with article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights;
(2) that, consonant with this policy, radio broadcasting to Cuba may be effective in furthering the open communication of accurate information and ideas to the people of Cuba, in particular information about Cuba;
(3) that such broadcasting to Cuba, operated in a manner not inconsistent with the broad foreign policy of the United States and in accordance with high professional standards, would be in the national interest; and
(4) that the Voice of America already broadcasts to Cuba information that represents America, not any single segment of American society, and includes a balanced and comprehensive projection of significant American thought and institutions but that there is a need for broadcasts to Cuba which provide news, commentary and other information about events in Cuba and elsewhere to promote the cause of freedom in Cuba.
ADDITIONAL FUNCTIONS OF THE UNITED STATES INFORMATION
SEC. 3.2 (a) In order to carry out the objectives set forth in section 2, the United States Information Agency (hereafter in this Act referred to as the “Agency”) shall provide for the open communication of information and ideas through the use of radio broadcasting to Cuba. Radio broadcasting to Cuba shall serve as a consistently
122 U.S.C. 1465. 2 22 U.S.C. 1465a.
lize Radio bro a cariety which are objecerica standardsuba and all be
reliable and authoritative source of accurate, objective, and comprehensive news.
(b) Radio broadcasting in accordance with subsection (a) shall be part of the Voice of America radio broadcasting to Cuba and shall be in accordance with all Voice of America standards to ensure the broadcast of programs which are objective, accurate, balanced, and which present a variety of views.
(c) Radio broadcasting to Cuba authorized by this Act shall utilize the broadcasting facilities located at Marathon, Florida, and the 1180 AM frequency that were used by the Voice of America prior to the date of enactment of this Act. Other frequencies, not on the commercial Amplitude Modulation (AM) Band (535 kHz to 1605 kHz), may also be simultaneously utilized: Provided, That no frequency shall be used for radio broadcasts to Cuba in accordance with this Act which is not also used for all other Voice of America broadcasts to Cuba. Time leased from nongovernmental shortwave radio stations may be used to carry all or part of the Service programs and to rebroadcast Service programs: Provided, That not less than 30 per centum of the programs broadcast or rebroadcast shall be regular Voice of America broadcasts with particular emphasis on news and programs meeting the requirements of section 503(2) of Public Law 80–402.
(d) Notwithstanding subsection (c), in the event that broadcasts to Cuba on the 1180 AM frequency are subject to jamming or interference greater by 25 per centum or more than the average daily jamming or interference in the twelve months preceding September 1, 1983, the Director of the United States Information Agency may lease time on commercial or noncommercial educational AM band radio broadcasting stations. The Federal Communications Commission shall determine levels of jamming and interference by conducting regular monitoring of the 1180 AM frequency. In the event that more than two hours a day of time is leased, not less than 30 per centum of the programing broadcast shall be regular Voice of America broadcasts with particular emphasis on news and programs meeting the requirements of section 503(2) of Public Law 80_402.
(e) Any program of United States Government radio broadcasts to Cuba authorized by this section shall be designated “Voice of America: Cuba Service” or “Voice of America: Radio Marti program".
(f) In the event broadcasting facilities located at Marathon, Florida, are rendered inoperable by natural disaster or by unlawful destruction, the Director of the United States Information Agency may, for the period in which the facilities are inoperable but not to exceed one hundred and fifty days, use other United States Gov. ernment-owned transmission facilities for Voice of America broadcasts to Cuba authorized by this Act.
CUBA SERVICE OF THE VOICE OF AMERICA SEC. 4.3 The Director of the United States Information Agency shall establish within the Voice of America a Cuba Service (hereafter in this section referred to as the “Service"). The Service shall be responsible for all radio broadcasts to Cuba authorized by section 3. The Director of the United States Information Agency shall appoint a head of the Service and shall employ such staff as the head of the Service may need to carry out his duties. The Cuba Service shall be administered separately from other Voice of America functions and the head of the Cuba Service shall report directly to the Director of the Voice of America. 4
ADVISORY BOARD FOR CUBA BROADCASTING 5 SEC. 5.6 (a)? There is established within the Office of the President the Advisory Board for Cuba Broadcasting (hereafter in this Act referred to as the “Board”). The Board shall consist of nine members, appointed by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, of whom not more than five shall be members of the same political party. The President shall designate one member of the Board to serve as chairperson.
(b)? The Board shall review the effectiveness of the activities carried out under this Act and the Television Broadcasting to Cuba Act shall make such recommendations to the President and the Broadcasting Board of Governors 8 as it may consider necessary.
(c) In appointing the initial voting members of the Board, the President shall designate three members to serve for a term of three years, three members to serve for a term of two years, and three members to serve for a term of one year. Thereafter, the term of each member of the Board shall be three years. The President shall appoint, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, members to fill vacancies occurring prior to the expiration of a term, in which case the members so appointed shall serve for the remainder of such term. Any member whose term has expired may serve until his successor has been appointed and qualified.
(d) 9 The head of the Cuba Service and the head of the Television Marti Service shall serve, ex officio, as members of the Board.
322 U.S.C. 1465b.
*Sec. 305(0X1) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Slat, 436), struck out "and the Associate Director for Broadcasting of the United States Information Agency", and inscried in lieu thereof "of the Voice of America".
o Sec. 245(aX1) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-246; 104 Stat. 61), amended this section heading. It formerly read: "Board for Radio Broadcasting to Cuba".
Sec. 245(b) of that Act provided that "reference in any provision of law to the 'Advisory Board for Radio Broadcasting to Cuba' shall be considered to be a reference to the 'Advisory Board for Cuba Broadcasti
Sec. 245(c) of that Act provided that any member of the Advisory Board for Radio Broadcasting to Cuba shall serve out the remainder of his/her term of appointment as a member of the Advisory Board for Cuba Broadcasting.
622 U.S.C. 1465c.
7 Sec. 245(a X2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-246; 104 Stat. 61), reslated subsecs. (a) and (b).
8 Sec. 305(dx2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 436), struck out "Director and Associate Director for Broadcasting of the United States Information Agency", and inserted in lieu thereof “Broadcasting Board of Gov. ernors".
Sec. 245(a) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-246; 104 Stat. 61), restated subsec. (d); and in subsec. (e) struck out "The ex officio member" and inserted in lieu thercor "The cx officio members".