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(B) have access to all records, documents, and other available materials relating to those programs and operations; and
(C) have direct and prompt access to any official of the United Nations; (4) the United Nations has procedures in place designed to protect the identity of, and to prevent reprisals against, any staff member making a complaint or disclosing information to, or cooperating in any investigation or inspection by, the Inspector General;
(5) the United Nations has procedures in place designed to ensure compliance with the recommendations of the Inspector General; and
(6) the United Nations has procedures in place to ensure that all annual and other relevant reports submitted by the Inspector General are made available to the General Assembly
without modification. (c) SPECIALIZED AGENCIES.—United States representatives to the United Nations should promote complete Inspector General access to all records and officials of the specialized agencies of the United Nations, and should strive to achieve such access by fiscal year 1996.
(d) DEFINITION.-For purposes of this part, the term "Inspector General” means the head of an independent office (or other independent entity) established by the United Nations to conduct and supervise objective audits, inspections, and investigations relating to the programs and operations of the United Nations. SEC. 402. UNITED STATES PARTICIPATION IN MANAGEMENT OF THE
UNITED NATIONS. It is the sense of the Congress that consistent with the United Nations Charter, United States nationals should have equitable representation at senior management levels in the United Nations system, especially in the Department for Administration and Mangement 86 and in the office of the Inspector General. SEC. 403. SENSE OF THE SENATE ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE
FUNDING FOR UNITED NATIONS PEACEKEEPING OPER.
ATIONS. It is the sense of the Senate that beginning October 1, 1995, funds made available to the Department of Defense (including funds for "Operation and Maintenance”) shall be available for
(1) United States assessed or voluntary contributions for United Nations peacekeeping operations, or
(2) the unreimbursable incremental costs associated with the participation of United States Armed Forces in any United Nations peacekeeping operation (other than an operation necessary to protect American lives or United States national in
terests), only to the extent that the Congress has authorized, appropriated, or otherwise approved funds for such purposes.
* As enrolled. Should read "Management".
SEC. 404. ASSESSED CONTRIBUTIONS FOR UNITED NATIONS PEACE
KEEPING OPERATIONS. (a) REASSESSMENT OF CONTRIBUTION PERCENTAGES.—The Permanent Representative of the United States to the United Nations should make every effort to ensure that the United Nations completes an overall review and reassessment of each nation's assessed contributions for United Nations peacekeeping operations. As part of the overall review and assessment, the Permanent Representative should make every effort to advance the concept that, when appropriate, host governments and other governments in the region where a United Nations peacekeeping operation is carried out should bear a greater burden of its financial cost. (b) 87 LIMITATION ON UNITED STATES CONTRIBUTIONS.—
(1) FISCAL YEARS 1994 AND 1995.-Funds authorized to be appropriated for “Contributions for International Peacekeeping Activities” for fiscal years 1994 and 1995 shall not be available for the payment of the United States assessed contribution for a United Nations peacekeeping operation in an amount which is greater than 30.4 percent of the total of all assessed contributions for that operation, notwithstanding the last sentence of the paragraph headed “Contributions to International Organizations" in Public Law 92–544, as amended by section 203 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1976 (22 U.S.C. 287e note).
(2) SUBSEQUENT FISCAL YEARS.-Funds authorized to be appropriated for “Contributions for International Peacekeeping Activities” for any fiscal year after fiscal year 1995 shall not be available for the payment of the United States assessed contribution for a United Nations peacekeeping operation in an amount which is greater than 25 percent of the total of all assessed contributions for that operation.
(3) 88 * * * SEC. 405. UNITED STATES PERSONNEL TAKEN PRISONER WHILE
SERVING IN MULTINATIONAL FORCES. It is the sense of the Congress that,
(1) the President should take immediate steps, unilaterally and in appropriate international bodies, to assure that any United States military personnel serving as part of a multinational force who are captured are accorded protections equivalent to those accorded to prisoners of war under the 1949 Geneva Conventions and other international agreements intended to protect prisoners of war; and
(2) the President should also take all necessary steps to bring to justice all individuals responsible for any mistreatment or torture of, or for causing the death of, United States military personnel who are captured while serving in a multinational force.
87 22 U.S.C. 287e note. « Para. (3) amended Public Law 92-544, relating to contributions to the United Nations. ** Sec. 406 amended sec. 4 of the United Nations Participation Act of 1945 (22 U.S.C. 2876). 20 22 U.S.C. 2876 note.
SEC. 406.89 TRANSMITTALS OF CERTAIN UNITED NATIONS DOCU.
(a) 91 CONSULTATIONS AND REPORTS ON U.N. PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS.—
(1) CONSULTATIONS.—Each month the President shall consult with the Congress on the status of United Nations peace
keeping operatTION TO BE PRinformation shalittees:
(2) INFORMATION TO BE PROVIDED.-In connection with these consultations, the following information shall be provided each month to the designated congressional committees:
(A) With respect to ongoing United Nations peacekeeping operations, the following:
(i) A list of all resolutions of the United Nations Security Council anticipated to be voted on during such month that would extend or change the mandate of any United Nations peacekeeping operation.
(ii) For each such operation, any changes in the duration, mandate, and command and control arrangements that are anticipated as a result of the adoption of the resolution.
(iii) An estimate of the total cost to the United Nations of each such operation for the period covered by the resolution, and an estimate of the amount of that cost that will be assessed to the United States.
(iv) Any anticipated significant changes in United States participation in or support for each such operation during the period covered by the resolution, and the estimated costs to the United States of such
changes. (B) With respect to each new United Nations peacekeeping operation that is anticipated to be authorized by a Security Council resolution during such month, the following information for the period covered by the resolution:
(i) The anticipated duration, mandate, and command and control arrangements of such operation.
(ii) An estimate of the total cost to the United Nations of the operation, and an estimate of the amount of that cost that will be assessed to the United States.
(iii) A description of the functions that would be performed by any United States Armed Forces participating in or otherwise operating in support of the operation, an estimate of the number of members of the Armed Forces that will participate in or otherwise operate in support of the operation, and an estimate of the cost to the United States of such participation or support.
al control aicipated duovered bish month, rized by a cep
91 Functions vested in the President in sec. 407(a) were delegated to the Secretary of State, in coordination with the Secretary of Defense (Presidential memorandum of July 26, 1994; 59 F.R. 40205), and further delegated to the Assistant Secretary for International Organization Affairs (Department of State Public Notice 2086; sec. 10 of Delegation of Authority No. 214; 59 F.R. 50790).
(3) WRITTEN INFORMATION.—The information described in ciauses (i) and (in) of paragraph (2)(A) and the information described in clauses (i) and (ii) of paragraph (2XB) shall be provided each month to the designated congressional committees in written form not later than the 10th day of that month.
(4) INTERIM INFORMATION.GA) The President shall submit to the designated congressional committees a written interim report if, during the period between the monthly consultations required by paragraph (1), the United States learns that the United Nations Security Council is likely, before the next such consultation, to vote on a resolution that would authorize a new United Nations peacekeeping operation and that resolution was not previously reported on pursuant to paragraph (2)(B). Each interim report shall include the information described in clauses (i) and (ii) of paragraph (2)(B).
(B) Any such interim report shall be submitted not less than 5 days before the vote of the United Nations Security Council, unless the President determines that exceptional circumstances prevented compliance with the requirement to report 5 days in advance. If the President makes such a determination, the interim report shall be submitted promptly (but in no case later than 3 days after the vote) and shall include a copy of the determination and a description of the exceptional circumstances which were the basis for that determination.
(5) NOTIFICATION AND QUARTERLY REPORTS REGARDING UNITED STATES ASSISTANCE.-(A) The President shall notify the designated congressional committees at least 15 days before the United States provides any assistance to the United Nations to support peacekeeping operations. This subparagraph does not apply to
(i) assistance having a value of less than $3,000,000 in the case of nonreimburseable 92 assistance or less than $14,000,000 in the case of reimburseable 92 assistance, or
(ii) assistance provided under the emergency drawdown authority of sections 506(a)(1) and 552(c)(2) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2318(a)(1) and
2348a(c)(2)). (B) The President shall submit quarterly reports to the designated congressional committees on all assistance provided by the United States during the preceding calendar quarter to the United Nations to support peacekeeping operations. Each report shall describe the assistance provided for each such operation, listed by category of assistance. The report for the fourth calendar quarter of each year shall be submitted as part of the annual report required by section 4(d) of the United Nations Participation Act of 1945 (as added by subsection (b) of this section) and shall include cumulative information for the pre
ceding calendar year. (b) 93 * *
m As enrolled. Should read "nonreimbursable" and "reimbursable". * Subsec. (b) amended sec. 4 of the United Nations Participation Act of 1945 (22 U.S.C. 2876).
thational Organ Funds appronations or to Nations or ment consensus
SEC. 408.94 TRANSFERS OF EXCESS DEFENSE ARTICLES FOR INTER
NATIONAL PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS... SEC. 409.96 REFORM IN BUDGET DECISIONMAKING PROCEDURES OF
THE UNITED NATIONS AND ITS SPECIALIZED AGENCIES. (a) ASSESSED CONTRIBUTIONS.—For assessed contributions authorized to be appropriated for “Assessed Contributions to International Organizations” by this Act, the President may withhold 20 percent of the funds appropriated for the United States assessed contribution to the United Nations or to any of its specialized agencies for any calendar year if the United Nations or any such agency has failed to implement or to continue to implement consensusbased decisionmaking procedures on budgetary matters which assure that sufficient attention is paid to the views of the United States and other member states that are the major financial contributors to such assessed budgets.
(b) NOTICE TO CONGRESS.- The President shall notify the Congress when a decision is made to withhold any share of the United States assessed contribution to the United Nations or its specialized agencies pursuant to subsection (a) and shall notify the Congress when the decision is made to pay any previously withheld assessed contribution. A notification under this subsection shall include appropriate consultation between the President (or the President's representative) and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate.
(c) CONTRIBUTIONS FOR PRIOR YEARS.-Subject to the availability of appropriations, payment of assessed contributions for prior years may be made to the United Nations or any of its specialized agencies notwithstanding subsection (a) if such payment would further United States interests in that organization.
(d) REPORT TO CONGRESS.-Not later than February 1 of each year, the President shall submit to the Congress a report concerning the amount of United States assessed contributions paid to the United Nations and each of its specialized agencies during the preceding calendar year.
(e) 96 * * * SEC. 410.07 LIMITATION ON CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE UNITED NA.
TIONS AND AFFILIATED ORGANIZATIONS. The United States shall not make any voluntary or assessed contribution
(1) to any affiliated organization of the United Nations which grants full membership as a state to any organization or group that does not have the internationally recognized attributes of statehood, or
(2) to the United Nations, if the United Nations grants full membership as a state in the United Nations to any organiza
on Sec. 408 added a new sec. 520 to the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2321n), relating to transfers of excess defense articles for international peacekeeping operations.
26 22 U.S.C. 287e note. Functions vested in the President in sec. 409 were delegated to the Secretary of State (Presidential memorandum of July 26, 1994; 59 F.R. 40205). The Secretary of State delegated functions authorized under subsections (b) and (d) to the Assistant Secretary for International Organization Affairs, but retained the authorities in subsec. (a) (Department of State Public Notice 2086; sec. 10 of Delegation of Authority No. 214; 59 F.R. 50790).
s Subsec. (e) repealed sec. 162(a) through (d) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993.
97 22 U.S.C. 287e note.