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and subnetçription of thes made by this titlearry out this t
(2) SANCTIONS APPLIED TO EXISTING CONTRACTS.—The sanctions described in paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of subsection (a) shall apply to contracts, agreements, and licenses without regard to the date the contract or agreement was entered into or the license was issued (as the case may be), except that such sanctions shall not apply to any contract or agreement entered into or license issued before the date of the presidential determination under section 306(a)(1) if the President determines that the application of such sanction would be detrimental to
the national security interests of the United States. SEC. 308.9, 11 PRESIDENTIAL REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.
(a) REPORTS TO CONGRESS.—Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this title, and every 12 months thereafter, the President shall transmit to the Congress a report which shall include
(1) a description of the actions taken to carry out this title, including the amendments made by this title;
(2) a description of the current efforts of foreign countries and subnational groups to acquire equipment, materials, or technology to develop, produce, or use chemical or biological weapons, together with an assessment of the current and likely future capabilities of such countries and groups to develop, produce, stockpile, deliver, transfer, or use such weapons; (3) a description of
(A) the use of chemical weapons by foreign countries in violation of international law,
(B) the use of chemical weapons by subnational groups,
(C) substantial preparations by foreign countries and subnational groups to do so, and
(D) the development, production, stockpiling, or use of biological weapons by foreign countries and subnational
groups; and (4) a description of the extent to which foreign persons or governments have knowingly and materially assisted third countries or subnational groups to acquire equipment, material, or technology intended to develop, produce, or use chemi
cal or biological weapons. (b) PROTECTION OF CLASSIFIED INFORMATION.—To the extent practicable, reports submitted under subsection (a) or any other provision of this title should be based on unclassified information. Portions of such reports may be classified. SEC. 309. REPEAL OF DUPLICATIVE PROVISIONS.
(a) REPEAL.-Title V of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102–138), and the amend. ments made by that title, are repealed. (b) REFERENCES TO DATE OF ENACTMENT.—The reference
(1) in section 11C(a)(1) of the Export Administration Act of 1979, as added by section 305(a) of this Act, to the "date of the enactment of this section”,
11 22 U.S.C. 5606.
(2) in section 81(aX1) of the Arms Export Control Act, as added by section 305(b) of this Act, to the “date of the enactment of this section", and
(3) in section 306(a)(1) of this Act to the "date of the enactment of this title”, shall be deemed to refer to the date of the enactment of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102–138).12
12 Enacted October 28, 1991.
9. Arms Control and Disarmament Act Authorization for
Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 Partial text of Public Law 101-216 (H.R. 1495), 103 Stat. 1853, approved
December 11, 1989
NOTE.-Except for the provisions included below, this Act consists of amendments to the Arms Control and Disarmament Act. Those amendments have been incorporated into that Act at the appropriate places.
AN ACT To amend the Arms Control and Disarmament Act to authorize appropriations for the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1.1 SHORT TITLE
This Act may be cited as the "Arms Control and Disarmament Amendments Act of 1989”. TITLE I-ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT AGENCY * *
* SEC. 104.ARMS CONTROL IMPLEMENTATION AND COMPLIANCE RES
OLUTION The Director for the United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency should study, and report to the Congress on, the advisability of establishing in the Agency an arms control implementation and compliance resolution bureau, or other organizational unit, that would be responsible for
(1) managing the implementation of existing and future arms control agreements;
(2) coordinating the activities of the Special Verification Commission and the Standing Consultative Commission; and
(3) preparing comprehensive analyses and policy positions regarding the effective resolution of arms control compliance
questions. SEC. 105.3 ARMS CONTROL VERIFICATION.
(a) ESTABLISHMENT OF WORKING GROUP.—The President should establish a working group
(1) to examine verification approaches to a strategic arms reduction agreement and other arms control agreements; and
(2) to assess the relevance for such agreements of the verification provisions of the Treaty Between the United States
122 U.S.C. 2551 note. 222 U.S.C. 2565 note. 322 U.S.C. 2577a.
and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Elimination of Their Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles
(signed at Washington, December 8, 1987). (b) INFORMATION AND DATA BASE.(1) The Agency shall allocate sufficient resources to develop and maintain a comprehensive information and data base on verification concepts, research, technologies, and systems. The Agency shall collect, maintain, analyze, and disseminate information pertaining to arms control verification and monitoring, including information regarding
(A) all current United States bilateral and multilateral arms treaties; and
(B) proposed, prospective, and potential bilateral or multilateral arms treaties in the areas of nuclear, conventional, chemi
cal, and space weapons. (2) The Agency shall seek to improve United States verification and monitoring activities through the monitoring and support of relevant research and analysis.
(3) The Agency shall provide detailed information on the activities pursuant to this section in its annual report to the Congress.
SEC. 106. REPORTING REQUIREMENT ON PROSPECTS FOR CONVER
SION OF UNITED STATES DEFENSE INDUSTRIES. The Director of the United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, in consultation with the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Commerce, shall study, and (not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act) submit to the Congress a report, on concrete steps which could be taken to improve prospects for conversion of portions of United States defense industries to nondefense-related activities as opportunities are presented through the achievement of successful arms control agreements.
TITLE II—ON-SITE INSPECTION ACTIVITIES 4
*Title II added a new title V to the Arms Control and Disarmament Act. For related legislation on United States program for on-site inspections under arms control agreements, see also sec. 1014 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-189; 103 Stat. 1547).
10. Arms Control and Disarmament Act Authorization for
Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989
Partial text of Public Law 100–213 (H.R. 2689), 101 Stat. 1444, approved
December 24, 1987
NOTE.-Except for the provisions included below, the Act authorizing appropriations for ACDA for fiscal years 1988 and 1989 consists of amendments to the Arms Control and Disarmament Act. Those amendments have been incorporated into that Act at the appropriate places.
AN ACT To amend the Arms Control and Disarmament Act to authorize appropria
tions for the fiscal years 1988 and 1989 for the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the "Arms Control and Disarmament Amendments Act of 1987”.
SEC. 3. STANDING CONSULTATIVE COMMISSION. (a) FINDINGS.—The Congress finds that
(1) the Standing Consultative Commission was established by the United States and the Soviet Union under Article XIII of the Treaty on the Limitation of Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems as a framework for considering and resolving questions concerning compliance with arms control obligations; and
(2) the United States should raise and attempt to resolve is. sues relating to compliance by the United States and the Soviet Union with arms control agreements in the Standing Consultative Commission.
(c) STUDY AND REPORT.—The Director of the United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency shall conduct a study to determine how the Standing Consultative Commission could be used more effectively to resolve arms control compliance issues. The Director shall report the results of this study to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the chairman of the Committee on
1 Subsec. (b) amended title III of the Arms Control and Disarmament Act by adding a new sec. 38 requiring the President to submit to Congress an annual report on the activities of the Standing Consultative Commission.