Sidor som bilder
PDF
ePub

(b) PURPOSES OF THE COMMITTEE.—The purposes of the committee are as follows:

(1) To optimize funding for, and ensure the development and deployment of

(A) highly effective technologies and capabilities for the detection, monitoring, collection, processing, analysis, and dissemination of information in support of United States counterproliferation policy; 5 and

(B) disabling technologies in support of such policy. (2) To identify and eliminate undesirable redundancies or uncoordinated efforts in the development and deployment of such technologies and capabilities.

(3)6 To establish priorities for programs and funding.

(4)6 To encourage and facilitate interagency and interdepartmental funding of programs in order to ensure necessary levels of funding to develop, operate, and field highly-capable systems.

(5)6 To ensure that Department of Energy programs are integrated with the operational needs of other departments and agencies of the Government.

(6)6 To ensure that Department of Energy national security programs include technology demonstrations and prototype development of equipment. (c) DUTIES.—The committee shall

(1) identify and review existing and proposed capabilities and technologies for support of United States nonproliferation policy and counterproliferation policy? with regard to

(A) intelligence;
(B) battlefield surveillance;
(C) passive defenses;
(D) active defenses; and 8
(E) counterforce capabilities;

committee has been constituted. The notification shall identify the representatives designated pursuant to paragraph (3) and the working level officials of the committee.".

o Sec. 1502(bXi) of Public Law 103-337 (108 Stat. 2915) struck out "nonproliferation policy" and inserted in lieu thereof "counterproliferation policy".

& Sec. 1502(6/2) of Public Law 103-337 (108 Stat. 2915) added paras. (3) through (6).

7 Sec. 1502(cX1XA) of Public Law 103–337 (108 Stat. 2915) struck out "(including counterproliferation capabilities) and technologies for support of United States nonproliferation policy" and inserted in lieu thereof "and technologies for support of United States nonproliferation policy and counterproliferation policy".

8 Sec. 1502(cX1) of Public Law 103–337 (108 Stat. 2915) added "and" at the end of subpara. (D), and struck out subparas. (F) and (G), which had referred to inspection support and support of export control programs.

(2)9 prescribe requirements and priorities for the development and deployment of highly effective capabilities and technologies; 10

(3)9 identify deficiencies in existing capabilities and technologies;

(4)9 formulate near-term, mid-term, and long-term programmatic options for meeting requirements established by the committee and eliminating deficiencies identified by the committee; and

(5)11 assess each fiscal year the effectiveness of the committee actions during the preceding fiscal year, including, particularly, the status of recommendations made during such preceding fiscal year that were reflected in the budget submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, for the fiscal year following the fiscal year in which the

assessment is made. (d) ACCESS TO INFORMATION.—The committee shall have access to information on all programs, projects, and activities of the Department of Defense, the Department of State, the Department of Energy, the intelligence community, and the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency that are pertinent to the purposes and duties of the committee.

(e) 12 RECOMMENDATIONS.—The committee shall submit to the President and the heads of all appropriate departments and agencies of the Government such programmatic recommendations regarding existing, planned, or new programs as the committee considers appropriate to encourage funding for capabilities and technologies at the level necessary to support United States counterproliferation policy.

(f) TERMINATION OF COMMITTEE.—The committee shall cease to exist at the end of September 30, 1996.13

intelligencehe Department of sand activities of thacces

Sec. 1502(cX2) and (4) of Public Law 103-337 (108 Stat. 2915) struck out paras. (2), (3), and (7), and redesignated paras. (4), (5), and (6) as paras. (2), (3), and (4). Paras. (2), (3), and (7), formerly provided as follows:

"(2) as part of the review pursuant to paragraph (1), review all directed energy and laser pro grams for detecting, characterizing, or interdicting weapons of mass destruction, their delivery platforms, or other orbiting platforms with a view to the elimination of redundancy and the optimization of funding for the systems not eliminated;

"(3) review the programs (including the crisis management program) developed by the Department of State to counter terrorism involving weapons of mass destruction and their delivery systems;

"(7) in carrying out the other duties of the committee, ensure that all types of counterproliferation actions are considered.".

10 Sec. 1502(cX3) of Public Law 103–337 (108 Stat. 2915) struck out "to support fully the nonproliferation policy of the United States" after "technologies” in para. (2) (redesignated from para. (4)).

11 Sec. 1502(cX5) of Public Law 103-337 (108 Stat. 2915) added para. (5).

12 Sec. 1502(d) of Public Law 103-337 (108 Stat. 2916) amended and restated subsec. (e). It formerly read as follows:

"BUDGET RECOMMENDATIONS.—The committee may submit to the officials referred to in subsection (a) any recommendation regarding existing or planned budgets as the committee consid ens appropriate to encourage funding for capabilities and technologies at the level necessary to support United States non proliferation policy.".

i3 Sec. 1502(e) of Public Law 103-337 (108 Stat. 2916) struck out "six months after the date on which the report of the Secretary of Defense under section 1606 is submitted to Congress", and inserted in lieu thereof "at the end of September 30, 1996".

SEC. 1606. REPORT ON

NONPROLIFERATION

AND COUNTERPROLIFERATION ACTIVITIES AND PROGRAMS. (a) REPORT REQUIRED.—Not later than May 1, 1994, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report on the findings of the committee on nonproliferation activities established by section 1605.

(b) CONTENT OF REPORT.—The report shall include the following matters:

(1) A complete list, by program, of the existing, planned, and proposed capabilities and technologies reviewed by the committee, including all directed energy and laser programs reviewed pursuant to section 1605(c)(2).

(2) A complete description of the requirements and priorities established by the committee.

(3) A comprehensive discussion of the near-term, mid-term, and long-term programmatic options formulated by the committee for meeting requirements prescribed by the committee and eliminating deficiencies identified by the committee, including the annual funding requirements and completion dates established for each such option.

(4) An explanation of the recommendations made pursuant to section 1605(e) and a full discussion of the actions taken on such recommendations, including the actions taken to implement the recommendations.

(5) A discussion of the existing and planned capabilities of the Department of Defense

(A) to detect and monitor clandestine programs for the acquisition or production of weapons of mass destruction;

(B) to respond to terrorism or accidents involving such weapons and thefts of materials related to any weapon of mass destruction; and

(C) to assist in the interdiction and destruction of weapons of mass destruction, related weapons materials, and

advanced conventional weapons. (6) A description of

(A) the extent to which the Secretary of Defense has incorporated nonproliferation and counterproliferation missions into the overall missions of the unified combatant commands; and

(B) how the special operations command established pursuant to section 167(a) of title 10, United States Code, might support the commanders of the other unified combatant commands and the commanders of the specified combatant commands in the performance of such overall

missions. (c) FORMS OF REPORT.—The report shall be submitted in both unclassified and classified forms, as appropriate. SEC. 1607. DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this subtitle:

(1) The term “appropriate congressional committees” means

(A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Appropriations, the Committee on Foreign Relations, and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate; and

(B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Appropriations, the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House

of Representatives. (2) The term "intelligence community" has the meaning given such term in section 3 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401a).

SUBTITLE B-INTERNATIONAL NONPROLIFERATION ACTIVITIES SEC. 1611. NUCLEAR NONPROLIFERATION. (a) FINDINGS.—The Congress finds the following:

(1) The United States has been seeking to contain the spread of nuclear weapons technology and materials.

(2) With the end of the Cold War and the breakup of the Soviet Union, the proliferation of nuclear weapons is now a leading military threat to the national security of the United States and its allies.

(3) The United Nations Security Council declared on January 31, 1992, that “proliferation of all weapons of mass destruction constitutes a threat to international peace and security" and committed to taking appropriate action to prevent proliferation from occurring.

(4) Aside from the five declared nuclear weapon states, a number of other nations have or are pursuing nuclear weapons capabilities.

(5) The IAEA is a valuable international institution to counter proliferation, but the effectiveness of its system to safeguard nuclear materials may be adversely affected by financial constraints.

(6) The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty codifies world consensus against further nuclear proliferation and is scheduled for review and extension in 1995.

(7) The Nuclear Nonproliferation Act of 1978 declared that the United States is committed to continued strong support for the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and to a strengthened and more effective IAEA, and established that it is United States policy to establish more effective controls over the trans

fer of nuclear equipment, materials, and technology. (b) COMPREHENSIVE NUCLEAR NONPROLIFERATION POLICY.-In order to end nuclear proliferation and reduce current nuclear arsenals and supplies of weapons-usable nuclear materials, it should be the policy of the United States to pursue a comprehensive policy to end the further spread of nuclear weapons capability, roll back nuclear proliferation where it has occurred, and prevent the use of nuclear weapons anywhere in the world, with the following addi. tional objectives:

(1) Successful conclusion of all pending nuclear arms control and disarmament agreements with all the republics of the former Soviet Union and their secure implementation.

(2) Full participation by all the republics of the former Soviet Union in all multilateral nuclear nonproliferation efforts and acceptance of IAEA safeguards on all their nuclear facilities.

(3) Strengthening of United States and international support to the IAEA so that the IAEA has the technical, financial, and political resources to verify that countries are complying with their nonproliferation commitments.

(4) Strengthening of nuclear export controls in the United States and other nuclear supplier nations, impose sanctions on individuals, companies, and countries which contribute to nuclear proliferation, and provide increased public information on nuclear export licenses approved in the United States.

(5) Reduction in incentives for countries to pursue the acqui. sition of nuclear weapons by seeking to reduce regional tensions and to strengthen regional security agreements, and encourage the United Nations Security Council to increase its role in enforcing international nuclear nonproliferation agreements.

(6) Support for the indefinite extension of the Nuclear NonProliferation Treaty at the 1995 conference to review and extend that treaty and seek to ensure that all countries sign the treaty or participate in a comparable international regime for monitoring and safeguarding nuclear facilities and materials.

(7) Reaching agreement with the Russian Federation to end the production of new types of nuclear warheads.

(8) Pursuing, once the START I treaty and the START II treaty are ratified by all parties, a multilateral agreement to significantly reduce the strategic nuclear arsenals of the United States and the Russian Federation to below the levels of the START II treaty, with lower levels for the United Kingdom, France, and the People's Republic of China.

(9) Reaching immediate agreement with the Russian Federation to halt permanently the production of fissile material for weapons purposes, and working to achieve worldwide agreements to

(A) end in the shortest possible time the production of weapons-usable fissile material;

(B) place existing stockpiles of such materials under bilateral or international controls; and

(C) require countries to place all of their nuclear facilities dedicated to peaceful purposes under IAEA safe

guards. (10) Strengthening IAEA safeguards to more effectively verify that countries are complying with their nonproliferation commitments and provide the IAEA with the political, technical, and financial support necessary to implement the necessary safeguard reforms.

(11) Conclusion of a multilateral comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty. (c) REQUIREMENTS FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF POLICY.-(1) Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to the Congress a report, in unclassified form, with a classified appendix if necessary, on the actions the United States has taken and the actions the United States plans to take during the succeeding 12-month period to implement each of the policy objectives set forth in this section.

« FöregåendeFortsätt »