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of the 1991 UNHCR “Guidelines on the Protection of Refugee

Women". (b) PROCEDURES.-The Secretary of State should adopt specific procedures to ensure that all recipients of United States Government refugee and migration assistance funds implement the standards outlined in subsection (a).

(c) REQUIREMENTS FOR REFUGEE AND MIGRATION ASSISTANCE.— The Secretary of State, in providing migration and refugee assistance, should support the protection efforts set forth under this section by raising at the highest levels of government the issue of abuses against refugee women and children by governments or insurgent groups that engage in, permit, or condone

(1) a pattern of gross violations of internationally recognized human rights, such as torture or cruel, inhumane, or degrading treatment or punishment, prolonged detention without charges, or other flagrant denial to life, liberty, and the security of person;

(2) the blockage of humanitarian relief assistance;

(3) gender-specific persecution such as systematic individual or mass rape, forced pregnancy, forced abortion, enforced prostitution, any form of indecent assault or act of violence against refugee women, girls, and children; or

(4) continuing violations of the integrity of the person against refugee women and children on the part of armed in

surgents, local security forces, or camp guards. (d) INVESTIGATION OF REPORTS.–Upon receipt of credible reports of abuses under subsection (c), the Secretary of State should immediately investigate such reports through emergency fact-finding missions or other means of investigating such reports and help identify appropriate remedial measures.

(e) MULTILATERAL IMPLEMENTATION OF THE 1991 UNHCR “GUIDELINES ON THE PROTECTION OF REFUGEE WOMEN”.-The Secretary of State should work to ensure that multilateral organizations fully incorporate the needs of refugee women and children into all elements of refugee assistance programs and work to encourage other governments that provide refugee assistance to adopt refugee assistance policies designed to encourage full implementation of the 1991 UNHCR's "Guidelines on the Protection of Refugee Women". SEC. 502. INTERPARLIAMENTARY EXCHANGES.

(a) 105 AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS.— * * *

(b) 106 DEPOSIT OF FUNDS IN INTEREST-BEARING ACCOUNTS.Funds appropriated and disbursed pursuant to section 303 of Title III of Public Law 100–202 (101 Stat. 1329–23; 22 U.S.C. 276 note) are authorized to be deposited in interest-bearing accounts and any interest which accrues shall be deposited, periodically, in a miscellaneous account of the Treasury. SEC. 503. FOOD AS A HUMAN RIGHT.

(a) THE RIGHT TO FOOD AND UNITED STATES FOREIGN POLICY.

106 Subsec. (a) amended sec. 2 of Public Law Ap 400 and ser. 2 of Public Law 88-42. 106 22 U.S.C. 276 note.

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SEC. 506. TORTURE CONVENTION IMPLEMENTATION.

(a) 107 * * * (b) * * *

(c) 108 EFFECTIVE DATE.-The amendments made by this section shall take effect on the later of

(1) the date of enactment of this Act; or

(2) the date on which the United States has become a party to the Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman

or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. SEC. 507. UNITED STATES POLICY CONCERNING IRAQ.

(a) POLICY.It is the sense of the Congress that the President should

(1) take steps to encourage the United Nations Security Council

(A) to reaffirm support for the protection of all Iraqi Kurdish and other minorities pursuant to Security Council Resolution 688; 109

(B) to maintain the United Nations embargo on the Iraqi regime until Iraq complies with all relevant Security Council resolutions;

(C) to consider lifting selectively the United Nations embargo on the areas under the administration of the democratically-elected leadership of Iraqi Kurdistan, subject to the verifiable conditions that,

(i) the inhabitants of such areas do not conduct trade with the Iraqi regime, and

(ii) the partial lifting of the embargo will not materially assist the Iraqi regime; (D) to consider extending international protection, including the establishment of a safe haven, to the marsh Arabs in southern Iraq; and

(E) to pursue international judgments against Iraqi officials responsible for war crimes and crimes against humanity, based upon documentary evidence obtained from

Iraqi and other sources; (2) continue to advocate the maintenance of Iraq's territorial integrity and the transition to a unified, democratic Iraq;

(3) take steps to encourage the provision of humanitarian assistance for the people fleeing from the marshes in southern Iraq;

(4) design a multilateral assistance program for the people of Iraqi Kurdistan to support their drive for self-sufficiency; and

(5) take steps to intensify discussions with the Government of Turkey, whose support and cooperation in the protection of the people of Iraqi Kurdistan is critical, to ensure that the stability of both Turkey and the entire region are enhanced by the

measures taken under this section. SEC. 508. HIGH-LEVEL VISITS TO TAIWAN.

It is the sense of the Congress that,

107 Subsec. (a) added a new chapter 113B to 18 U.S.C. 108 18 U.S.C. 2340 note. 109 Por text, see Legislation on Foreign Relations, vol. V.

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SEC. 511. REPORT ON THE USE OF FOREIGN FROZEN OR BLOCKED

ASSETS, Not later than 60 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives a report containing a detailed accounting analy. sis and justification for all expenditures made from the assets of foreign governments that have been frozen or blocked by the Unit ed States Government, including expenditures from frozen or blocked assets of Haiti, Iraq, and Iran, SEC. 512.112 EXTENSION OF CERTAIN ADJUDICATION PROVISIONS

SEC. 513. POLICY REGARDING THE CONDITIONS WHICH THE GOV.

ERNMENT OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
SHOULD MEET TO CONTINUE TO RECEIVE NONDISCRIM

INATORY MOST-FAVORED-NATION TREATMENT.
(a) FINDINGS.—The Senate makes the following findings:

(1) In an Executive Order of May 28, 1993, the President established conditions for renewal of most-favored-nation (MFN) status for the People's Republic of China in 1994,113

(2) The Executive Order requires that in making a recommendation about the further extension of MFN status to China, the Secretary of State shall not recommend extension unless the Secretary determines that

(A) extension will substantially promote the freedom of emigration objectives of section 402 of the Trade Act of 1974; and

(B) China is complying with the 1992 bilateral agreement between the United States and China concerning

prison labor. (3) The Executive Order further requires that in making a recommendation, the Secretary of State shall determine whether China has made overall, significant progress with respect to

(A) taking steps to begin adhering to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights;

(B) releasing and providing an acceptable accounting for Chinese citizens imprisoned or detained for the non-violent expression of their political and religious beliefs, including such expression of religious beliefs in connection with the Democracy Wall and Tiananmen Square movements,

(C) ensuring humane treatment of prisoners, such as bry allowing access to prisons by international humanitarian and human rights organizations;

(D) protecting Tibet's distinctive religious and cultural heritage, ar

(E) pertai... g izenational radio and television broad casta into China (4) The Excits Ordet f.:-1,47 reguires the Ezecutive Branch to resorty 2.13 legative and ezentive ac

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