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of the 1991 UNHCR “Guidelines on the Protection of Refugee

Women". (b) PROCEDURES.-The Secretary of State should adopt specific procedures to ensure that all recipients of United States Government refugee and migration assistance funds implement the standards outlined in subsection (a).

(c) REQUIREMENTS FOR REFUGEE AND MIGRATION ASSISTANCE.— The Secretary of State, in providing migration and refugee assistance, should support the protection efforts set forth under this section by raising at the highest levels of government the issue of abuses against refugee women and children by governments or insurgent groups that engage in, permit, or condone

(1) a pattern of gross violations of internationally recognized human rights, such as torture or cruel, inhumane, or degrading treatment or punishment, prolonged detention without charges, or other flagrant denial to life, liberty, and the security of person;

(2) the blockage of humanitarian relief assistance;

(3) gender-specific persecution such as systematic individual or mass rape, forced pregnancy, forced abortion, enforced prostitution, any form of indecent assault or act of violence against refugee women, girls, and children; or

(4) continuing violations of the integrity of the person against refugee women and children on the part of armed in

surgents, local security forces, or camp guards. (d) INVESTIGATION OF REPORTS.–Upon receipt of credible reports of abuses under subsection (c), the Secretary of State should immediately investigate such reports through emergency fact-finding missions or other means of investigating such reports and help identify appropriate remedial measures.

(e) MULTILATERAL IMPLEMENTATION OF THE 1991 UNHCR “GUIDELINES ON THE PROTECTION OF REFUGEE WOMEN”.-The Secretary of State should work to ensure that multilateral organizations fully incorporate the needs of refugee women and children into all elements of refugee assistance programs and work to encourage other governments that provide refugee assistance to adopt refugee assistance policies designed to encourage full implementation of the 1991 UNHCR's "Guidelines on the Protection of Refugee Women". SEC. 502. INTERPARLIAMENTARY EXCHANGES.


(b) 106 DEPOSIT OF FUNDS IN INTEREST-BEARING ACCOUNTS.Funds appropriated and disbursed pursuant to section 303 of Title III of Public Law 100–202 (101 Stat. 1329–23; 22 U.S.C. 276 note) are authorized to be deposited in interest-bearing accounts and any interest which accrues shall be deposited, periodically, in a miscellaneous account of the Treasury. SEC. 503. FOOD AS A HUMAN RIGHT.


106 Subsec. (a) amended sec. 2 of Public Law Ap 400 and ser. 2 of Public Law 88-42. 106 22 U.S.C. 276 note.

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(a) 107 * * * (b) * * *

(c) 108 EFFECTIVE DATE.—The amendments made by this section shall take effect on the later of

(1) the date of enactment of this Act; or

(2) the date on which the United States has become a party to the Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman

or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. SEC. 507. UNITED STATES POLICY CONCERNING IRAQ.

(a) POLICY.— It is the sense of the Congress that the President should

(1) take steps to encourage the United Nations Security Council

(A) to reaffirm support for the protection of all Iraqi Kurdish and other minorities pursuant to Security Council Resolution 688; 109

(B) to maintain the United Nations embargo on the Iraqi regime until Iraq complies with all relevant Security Council resolutions;

(C) to consider lifting selectively the United Nations embargo on the areas under the administration of the democratically-elected leadership of Iraqi Kurdistan, subject to the verifiable conditions that,

(i) the inhabitants of such areas do not conduct trade with the Iraqi regime, and

(ii) the partial lifting of the embargo will not materially assist the Iraqi regime; (D) to consider extending international protection, including the establishment of a safe haven, to the marsh Arabs in southern Iraq; and

(E) to pursue international judgments against Iraqi officials responsible for war crimes and crimes against humanity, based upon documentary evidence obtained from

Iraqi and other sources; (2) continue to advocate the maintenance of Iraq's territorial integrity and the transition to a unified, democratic Iraq;

(3) take steps to encourage the provision of humanitarian assistance for the people fleeing from the marshes in southern Iraq;

(4) design a multilateral assistance program for the people of Iraqi Kurdistan to support their drive for self-sufficiency; and

(5) take steps to intensify discussions with the Government of Turkey, whose support and cooperation in the protection of the people of Iraqi Kurdistan is critical, to ensure that the stability of both Turkey and the entire region are enhanced by the

measures taken under this section. SEC. 508. HIGH-LEVEL VISITS TO TAIWAN.

It is the sense of the Congress that,

107 Subsec. (a) added a new chapter 113B to 18 U.S.C. 108 18 U.S.C. 2340 note. 100 For text, see Legislation on Foreign Relations, vol. V.

(1) the Presidert sicc'd be comended for meeting with Taiwan's Minister ct EccccccLars during the Asia-Pacific Economic Cocperasica Cecierecce in Seatie,

(2) the Presidect scoc send Cacinet-level appointees to Taiwan to promoce (zied States interests and to ensure the continued success of laced States business in Taiwan; and

(3) in aduca to Cablet-level vs. the President should take steps to show dear med States support for Taiwan both in our bilateral rencse ud in malateral organizations

of which the Laited Stazes is a recoer. SEC. 509. TRANSFER OF CERT OBSOLETE OR SURPLUS DEFENSE


THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA (a) AUTHORITY — Witwaterstanding sectica 514 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 12 USC. 22:31:0 the President is authorized to transier to the Reccöue of Korea, in return for concessions to be negociated by the Secretary of Deiense, with the concurrence of the Secretary of Siare, any or all of the items described in paragraph (2.

(2The items referred to in paragraph 'I are equipment, tanks, weapons, repair pars, and armeniaca that,

A are obsciete or surplosites
B. are in the inventory of the Department of Defense;

Care intended for use as reserve socks for the Republic of Korea, ar.

Di as of the date of erartment of this Act, are located in a stockpile in the Republic of Korea b CONCESSIONS.-The value of the concessions negotiated pursuant to subsection 'a shall be at least equal to the fair market value of the items transferred. The concessions may include cash com.pensation, services, waiver of charges otherwise payable by the United States, and other items of value.

?C) AJVANCE VOTIFICATION OF TRANSFER-Not less than 30 days before making a transfer under the authority of this section, the President stal transmit to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, the Committee on Foreign Afairs of the House of Representa:ves, and the congressional deterse committees a notification of the proposed trarster. The neancation shall identify the iters to be transferred and the concessions to be received

id, EXPIRATION OF ALTHORITY.-.Vo transfer may be made under the authority of this section more than two years after the date of the enactment of this Act. SEC. 510. EXTENSION OF THE FAIR TRADE N ALTO PARTS ACT OF

1988. (a) IN GENERAL-Section 2125 of the Fair Trade in Auto Parts Act of 1938 '15 L.S.C. 4704) is amended by striking “1993' and inserting "1993".

bil EFFECTIVE DATE.—The amendment made by this section shall take effect on December 30, 1993.

1:8 hert we Lagulation on forcuar Reiations through 1994, vol. IA 111 15 CSC 414 DE


ASSETS, Not later than 60 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives a report containing a detailed accounting analy. sis and justification for all expenditures made from the assets of foreign governments that have been frozen or blocked by the Unit ed States Government, including expenditures from frozen or blocked assets of Haiti, Iraq, and Iran, SEC. 512.112 EXTENSION OF CERTAIN ADJUDICATION PROVISIONS



(a) FINDINGS.—The Senate makes the following findings:

(1) In an Executive Order of May 28, 1993, the President established conditions for renewal of most-favored-nation (MFN) status for the People's Republic of China in 1994,113

(2) The Executive Order requires that in making a recommendation about the further extension of MFN status to China, the Secretary of State shall not recommend extension unless the Secretary determines that

(A) extension will substantially promote the freedom of emigration objectives of section 402 of the Trade Act of 1974; and

(B) China is complying with the 1992 bilateral agreement between the United States and China concerning

prison labor. (3) The Executive Order further requires that in making a recommendation, the Secretary of State shall determine whether China has made overall, significant progress with respect to

(A) taking steps to begin adhering to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights;

(B) releasing and providing an acceptable accounting for Chinese citizens imprisoned or detained for the non-violent expression of their political and religious beliefs, including such expression of religious beliefs in connection with the Democracy Wall and Tiananmen Square movements,

(C) ensuring humane treatment of prisoners, such as bry allowing access to prisons by international humanitarian and human rights organizations;

(D) protecting Tibet's distinctive religious and cultural heritage, ar

(E) pertai... g izenational radio and television broad casta into China (4) The Excits Ordet f.:-1,47 reguires the Ezecutive Branch to resorty 2.13 legative and ezentive ac

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