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15. President's Advisory Board on Arms Proliferation

Policy1 Executive Order 12946, January 20, 1995, 60 F.R. 4829 By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including section 1601 of the National Defense Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1994 (Public Law 103–160), and the Federal Advisory Committee Act, as amended (5 U.S.C. App. 2) (“Act”), except that subsections (e) and (f) of section 10 of such Act do not apply, and section 301 of title 3, United States Code, it is hereby ordered as follows:

Section 1. Establishment. There is established with the Department of Defense the “President's Advisory Board on Arms Proliferation Policy” (“Board”). The Board shall consist of five members who shall be appointed by the President from among persons in private life who are noted for their stature and expertise regarding the proliferation of strategic and advanced conventional weapons and are from diverse backgrounds. The President shall designate one of the members as Chairperson of the Board.

Sec. 2. Functions. The Board shall advise the President on implementation of United States conventional arms transfer policy, other issues related to arms proliferation policy, and on other matters deemed appropriate by the President. The Board shall report to the President through the Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs.

Sec. 3. Administration. (a) The heads of executive agencies shall, to the extent permitted by law, provide to the Board such information as it may require for the purpose of carrying out its functions.

(b) Members of the Board shall serve without compensation, but shall be allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, as authorized by law, including 5 U.S.C. 5701-5707 and section 7(d) of the Act, for persons serving intermittently in government service.

(c) The Department of Defense or the head of any other Federal department or agency may detail to the Board, upon request of the Chairperson of the Board, any of the personnel of the department or agency to assist the Board in carrying out its duties.

(d) The Secretary of Defense shall designate a federally funded research and development center with expertise in the matters covered by the Board to provide the Board with such support services as the Board may need to carry out its duties.

(e) The Department of Defense shall provide the Board with administrative services, facilities, staff, and other support services necessary for the performance of its functions.

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1 See also Public Laws and Executive Orders implementing sanctions relating to weapons pro liferation and nonproliferation issues, in Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 1994, vol. III.


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Page 1. War Powers .

1347 a. War Powers Resolution (Public Law 93–148)

1347 b. National Emergencies Act, as amended (Public Law 94-412) ......... 1353 c. United States Policy Toward Haiti (Public Law 103-423) ....

1358 d. Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq (Public Law 102-1) ...........................................................................

1361 e. Authorization for Use of Military Force in Somalia (Public Law 103–139) (partial text) ..........

1363 f. U.S. Armed Forces in Somalia (Public Law 103–160) (partial text) .... 1365 g. United States Military Forces in Lebanon ....

1367 (1) Multinational Force in Lebanon Resolution (Public Law 98– 119) ...........

1367 (2) Agreement Between the United States and Lebanon Regard

ing U.S. Participation in the Multinational Force, Dated Sep-
tember 30, 1982 ...

1371 2. Cuban Resolution (Public Law 87–733) ........

1374 3. Middle East Resolutions and Related Material ..........

1375 a. Resolution To Promote Peace and Stability in the Middle East (Pub. lic Law 85–7) .............

............................... 1375 b. Multinational Force and Observers Participation Resolution (Public Law 97-132) ...

1377 c. Multinational Force and Observers Reports (Executive Order 12361) 1382 d. Implementing the United States Proposal for the Early-Warning System in Sinai (Public Law 94-110)

1383 4. Tonkin Gulf Resolution (Public Law 88-408) (repealed) ............................... 1385 5. National Commitment (S. Res. 85, 91st Congress) ..........................................

1387 6. North Atlantic Alliance .....

1388 a. NATO Participation Act of 1994 (Public Law 103–447) (partial text). 1388 b. Reaffirming the United States Commitment to the North Atlantic Alliance (Public Law 96-9) .......

1391 c. Reaffirming the Unity of the North Atlantic Alliance Commitment (Public Law 95–287) .......

1392 7. Taiwan Relations ............

1393 a. Taiwan Relations Act (Public Law 96-8)

1393 b. Maintaining Unofficial Relations with the People of Taiwan (Execu. tive Order 12143) ..

1403 8. Panama Canal ..............

1406 a. Panama Canal Act of 1979 (Public Law 96–70) .....

1406 b. Panama Canal Commission Authorization-Fiscal Year 1995 (Public Law 103-337) (partial text) ........

1463 c. Panama Canal-Report to Congress (Public Law 100–203) (partial text) .........

1465 d. Delegation of Panama Canal Functions (Executive Order 12215) ...... 1466



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1. War Powers

a. War Powers Resolution Public Law 93–148 [H.J. Res. 642), 87 Stat. 666, passed over President's vero

November 7, 1973 JOINT RESOLUTION Concerning the war powers of Congress and the President

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Unit ed States of America in Congress assembled,

SHORT TITLE SECTION 1. This joint resolution may be cited as the "War Power Resolution".

PURPOSE AND POLICY SEC. 2.1 (a) It is the purpose of this joint resolution w fuifii tuse intent of the framers of the Constitution of the United States a insure that the collective judgment of both the Congrebt mine bado President will apply to the introduction of United Statet baie Forces into hostilities, or into situations where imminent mart.. ment in hostilities is clearly indicated by the circumstancat d'or the continued use of such forces in hostilities or in such a

(b) Under article I, section 8, of the Constitution, it it would provided that the Congress shall have the power w Husos a osobne necessary and proper for carrying into e um, not in nom* powers but aiso all other powers vesto try the lotus with Government of the Crisi Sana, or m any dunne, o, en thereof.

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