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d. Implementing the United States Proposal for the Early.

Warning System in Sinai Public Law 94-110 (H.J. Res. 683) 89 Stat. 572, approved October 13, 19761 JOINT RESOLUTION To implement the United States proposal for the early.

warning system in Sinai. Whereas an agreement signed on September 4, 1975, by the Gov

ernment of the Arab Republic of Egypt and the Government of Israel may, when it enters into force, constitute a significant step

toward peace in the Middle East; Whereas the President of the United States on September 1, 1975,

transmitted to the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt and to the Government of Israel identical proposals for United States participation in an early-warning system, the text of which has been submitted to the Congress, providing for the assignment of no more than two hundred United States civilian personnel to carry out certain specified noncombat functions and

setting forth the terms and conditions thereof; Whereas that proposal would permit the Government of the United

States to withdraw such personnel if it concludes that their safety is jeopardized or that continuation of their role is no longer

necessary; and Whereas the implementation of the United States proposal for the

early-warning system in Sinai may enhance the prospect of compliance in good faith with the terms of the Egyptian-Israeli agreements and thereby promote the cause of peace: Now, therefore, be it

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the President is authorized to implement the “United States Proposal 2 for the Early Warning System in Sinai”: Provided, however, That United States civilian personnel assigned to Sinai under such proposal shall be removed immediately in the event of an outbreak of hostilities between Egypt and Israel or if the Congress by concurrent resolution determines that the safety of such personnel is jeopardized or that continuation of their role is no longer necessary. Nothing contained in this resolution shall be construed as granting any authority to the President with respect to the introduction of United States Armed Forces into hostilities or into situations wherein involvement in hostilities is clearly indicated by the circumstances which authority he would not have had in the absence of this joint resolution.

SEC. 2. Any concurrent resolution of the type described in the first section of this resolution which is introduced in either House of Congress shall be privileged in the same manner and to the

122 U.S.C. 2441 note. 2 See Legislation on Foreign Relations, vol. V, sec. G, for text of the U.S. proposal.

NOTE.—Sec. 12 of Public Law 91-672, the Foreign Military Sales Act Amendments, approved January 13, 1971, provided that the joint resolution should terminate effective January 2, 1971. (See Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 1993, vol. I, page 564.) See also, S. Con. Res. 64, passed July 10, 1970.

5. National Commitment Senate Resolution 85, 91st Congress, Report No. 91-129, agreed to June 26,

1969

RESOLUTION Whereas accurate definition of the term “national commitment" in

recent years has become obscured: Now, therefore, be it

Resolved, That (1) a national commitment for the purpose of this resolution means the use of the Armed Forces of the United States on foreign territory, or a promise to assist a foreign country, government, or people by the use of the Armed Forces or financial resources of the United States, either immediately or upon the happening of certain events, and (2) it is the sense of the Senate that a national commitment by the United States results only from affirmative action taken by the executive and legislative branches of the United States Government by means of a treaty, statute, or concurrent resolution of both Houses of Congress specifically providing for such commitment.

6. North Atlantic Alliance 1

a. NATO Participation Act of 1994 Title II of Public Law 103_447 (International Narcotics Control Corrections Act of 1994; H.R. 5246), 108 Stat. 4691 at 4696, approved November 2, 1994

TITLE I–NATO PARTICIPATION ACT OF 1994 2 SEC. 201. SHORT TITLE.

This title may be cited as the “NATO Participation Act of 1994". SEC. 202. SENSE OF THE CONGRESS. It is the sense of the Congress that,

(1) the leaders of the NATO member nations are to be commended for reaffirming that NATO membership remains open to Partnership for Peace countries emerging from communist domination and for welcoming eventual expansion of NATO to include such countries;

(2) full and active participants in the Partnership for Peace in a position to further the principles of the North Atlantic Treaty and to contribute to the security of the North Atlantic area should be invited to become full NATO members in accordance with Article 10 of such Treaty at an early date, if such participants

(A) maintain their progress toward establishing democratic institutions, free market economies, civilian control of their armed forces, and the rule of law; and

(B) remain committed to protecting the rights of all their citizens and respecting the territorial integrity of their neighbors; (3) the United States, other NATO member nations, and NATO itself should furnish appropriate assistance to facilitate the transition to full NATO membership at an early date of full and active participants in the Partnership for Peace; and

(4) in particular, Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia have made significant progress toward establishing democratic institutions, free market economies, civilian control of their armed forces, and the rule of law since the fall of their

previous communist governments. SEC. 203. AUTHORITY FOR PROGRAM TO FACILITATE TRANSITION TO

NATO MEMBERSHIP. (a) IN GENERAL.—The President may establish a program to assist the transition to full NATO membership of Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and other Partnership for Peace

See also chapter 138 of 10 USC, relating to cooperative agreements with NATO allies and other countries, in Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 1994, vol. 1-B, beginning at page 339. 222 U.S.C. 1928 note.

countries emerging from communist domination designated pursuant to subsection (a).

(b) CONDUCT OF PROGRAM.—The program established under subsection (a) shall facilitate the transition to full NATO membership of the countries described in such subsection by supporting and encouraging, inter alia

(1) joint planning, training, and military exercises with NATO forces;

(2) greater interoperability of military equipment, air defense systems, and command, control, and communications systems; and

(3) conformity of military doctrine. (c) TYPE OF ASSISTANCE.-In carrying out the program established under subsection (a), the President may provide to the countries described in such subsection the following types of security assistance:

(1) The transfer of excess defense articles under section 516 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, without regard to the restrictions in paragraphs (1) through (3) of subsection (a) of such section (relating to the eligibility of countries for such articles under such section).

(2) The transfer of nonlethal excess defense articles under section 519 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, without regard to the restriction in subsection (a) of such section (relating to the justification of the foreign military financing program for the fiscal year in which a transfer is authorized).

(3) Assistance under chapter 5 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (relating to international military education and training).

(4) Assistance under section 23 of the Arms Export Control Act (relating to the “Foreign Military Financing Program"). (d) DESIGNATION OF PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE COUNTRIES EMERGING FROM COMMUNIST DOMINATION.—The President may designate countries emerging from communism and participating in the Partnership for Peace, especially Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia, to receive assistance under the program established under subsection (a) if the President determines and reports to the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate that such countries,

(1) are full and active participants in the Partnership for Peace;

(2) have made significant progress toward establishing democratic institutions, a free market economy, civilian control of their armed forces, and the rule of law;

(3) are likely in the near future to be in a position to further the principles of the North Atlantic Treaty and to contribute to the security of the North Atlantic area; and

(4) are not selling or transferring defense articles to a state that has repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism, as determined by the Secretary of State under sec

tion 66) of the Export Administration Act of 1979. (e) NOTIFICATION.–At least 15 days before designating any country pursuant to subsection (d), the President shall notify the appro

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