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priate congressional committees in accordance with the procedures applicable under section 634A of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.

(f) DETERMINATION.—It is hereby determined that Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia meet the criteria required in paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of subsection (d). SEC. 204. ADDITIONAL AUTHORITIES.

(a) ARMS EXPORT CONTROL ACT.—The President is authorized to exercise the authority of sections 63 and 65 of the Arms Export Control Act with respect to any country designated under section 203(d) of this title on the same basis authorized with respect to NATO countries.

(b) OTHER NATO AUTHORITIES.—The President should designate any country designated under section 203(d) of this title as eligible under sections 2350c and 2350f of title 10, United States Code.

(c) SENSE OF CONGRESS.—It is the sense of Congress that, in the interest of maintaining stability and promoting democracy in Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and any other Partnership for Peace country designated under section 203(d) of this title, those countries should be included in all activities under section 2457 of title 10, United States Code, related to the increased standardization and enhanced interoperability of equipment and weapons systems, through coordinated training and procurement activities, as well as other means, undertaken by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization members and other allied countries. SEC. 205. REPORTING REQUIREMENT.

The President shall include in the report required by section 514(a) of Public Law 103-236 (22 U.S.C. 1928 note) the following:

(1) A description of all assistance provided under the program established under section 203(a), or otherwise provided by the United States Government to facilitate the transition to full NATO membership of Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and other Partnership for Peace countries emerg. ing from communist domination designated pursuant to section 203(d).

(2) A description, on the basis of information received from the recipients and from NATO, of all assistance provided by other NATO member nations or NATO itself to facilitate the transition to full NATO membership of Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and other Partnership for Peace countries emerging from communist domination designated pursuant to section 203(d).

b. Reaffirming the United States Commitment to the North

Atlantic Alliance Public Law 96–9 (H.J. Res. 283), 93 Stat. 22, approved April 19, 1979 JOINT RESOLUTION Reaffirming the United States commitment to the North

Atlantic Alliance. Whereas April 4, 1979, marks the thirtieth anniversary of the sign

ing in Washington of the North Atlantic Treaty; Whereas the alliance created by the treaty constitutes the mani

festation of the ties which bind the democracies of Europe and North America and of their determination to preserve their common heritage of individual liberties, the rule of law, and the dig.

nity of humankind; Whereas the peace and stability insured by the alliance for thirty

years has fostered the well-being and freedom of nearly six hun

dred million human beings; Whereas the conditions for political stability and economic prosper

ity derive from the military security provided by the alliance; and Whereas the search for world peace, mutual respect among the na

tions of the world, and reduction in armaments are attainable only in a secure environment: Now, therefore, be it

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Unit. ed States of America in Congress assembled, That the North Atlantic Alliance be reaffirmed as a vital commitment and cornerstone of United States foreign policy, and that the bipartisan spirit that inspired its birth be rededicated to the purpose of strengthening it further in the cause of peace and security.

SEC. 2. The Congress recognizes the contribution of the Canadian and European Allies to the common defense and to the preservation of the civilization and common heritage of the West.

SEC. 3. On the occasion of this thirtieth anniversary, the Congress pledges its support for the Alliance as the indispensable basis for the achievement of our mutual security, the reduction of tensions, and the pursuit of improved relations among all nations.

SEC. 4. The Congress requests that the President of the United States forward copies of this resolution to the Chiefs of State of all member countries of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, and to the Secretary General in recognition of his contribution to the strength and confidence of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

c. Reaffirming the Unity of the North Atlantic Alliance

Commitment Publie Law 96–287 (SJ. Res. 137), 32 Stat. 280, approved May 30, 1978 JOINT RESOLLTION Reaffirming the unity of the North Atlantic Alliance

commitment Whereas thirty years ago the Congress passed the Vandenberg Res

olution, which has come to represent the highest qualities of or

partisan statesmanship, and Whereas the North Atlantic Alliance has preserved the peace in

Europe for an entire generation, allowing its members to attain unprecedented levels of prosperity and weil-being for their peo

pie; and Whereas the leaders of the Alliance will gather in Washington,

D.C., on May 30 and 31, 1978, to renew their adherence to its

principies and rededicate themselves to its objectives; and Whereas this meeting will be the capstone of efforts to ensure that

the needs of coilective security will be met over the next decade: Now, therefore, be it

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the North Atlantic Alliance be reaffirmed as a vital commitment and cornerstone of United States foreign policy, and that the bipartisan spirit that inspired its birth be rededicated to the purpose of strengthening it further in the cause of peace and security.

SEC. 2. The Congress recognizes the extraordinary success of the North Atlantic Alliance in fulfilling its goals of safeguarding the freedom, common heritage and civilization of its peoples, founded on the principles of democracy, individual liberty and the rule of law.

SEC. 3. On the occasion of the NATO summit meeting in Washington, the Congress declares its support for efforts to reaffirm the unity of the North Atlantic Alliance, to strengthen its defensive capabilities to meet threats to the peace, and on this basis to persevere in attempts to lessen tensions with the Warsaw Pact States.

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7. Taiwan Relations 1

a. Taiwan Relations Act

Public Law 96-8 (HR. 2479), 93 Stat. 14, approved April 10, 1979; as amend.

ed by Public Law 98-164 (Department of State Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1984 and 1985; H.R. 2915), 97 Stat. 1017 at 1061, approved November 22, 1983

AN ACT To help maintain peace, security, and stability in the Western Pacific and

to promote the foreign policy of the United States by authorizing the continuation of commercial, cultural, and other relations between the people of the United States and the people on Taiwan, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SHORT TITLE SECTION 1. This Act may be cited as the “Taiwan Relations Act”.

FINDINGS AND DECLARATION OF POLICY SEC. 2.2 (a) The President having terminated governmental relations between the United States and the governing authorities on Taiwan recognized by the United States as the Republic of China prior to January 1, 1979, the Congress finds that the enactment of this Act is necessary

(1) to help maintain peace, security, and stability in the Western Pacific; and

(2) to promote the foreign policy of the United States by authorizing the continuation of commercial, cultural, and other relations between the people of the United States and the peo

ple on Taiwan. (b) It is the policy of the United States,

(1) to preserve and promote extensive, close, and friendly commercial, cultural, and other relations between the people of the United States and the people on Taiwan, as well as the people on the China mainland and all other peoples of the Western Pacific area;

(2) to declare that peace and stability in the area are in the political, security, and economic interests of the United States, and are matters of international concern;

(3) to make clear that the United States decision to establish diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China rests upon the expectation that the future of Taiwan will be determined by peaceful means;

1 See also sec. 1073 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995, relating to visas for high-level officials of Taiwan, in Legislation on Foreign Relations through 1994, vol. 1-B, page 390.

See also sec. 221 of the Immigration and Nationality Technical Corrections Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-416; 108 Stat. 4320), relating to visas for officials of Taiwan, in this volume. 222 U.S.C. 3301.

(4) to consider any effort to determine the future of Taiwan by other than peaceful means, including by boycotts or embargoes, a threat to the peace and security of the Western Pacific area and of grave concern to the United States;

(5) to provide Taiwan with arms of a defensive character; and

(6) to maintain the capacity of the United States to resist any resort to force or other forms of coercion that would jeopardize the security, or the social or economical system, of the

people on Taiwan. (c) Nothing contained in this Act shall contravene the interest of the United States in human rights, especially with respect to the human rights of all the approximately eighteen million inhabitants of Taiwan. The preservation and enhancement of the human rights of all the people on Taiwan are hereby reaffirmed as objectives of the United States.

IMPLEMENTATION OF UNITED STATES POLICY WITH REGARD TO

TAIWAN SEC. 3.3 (a) In furtherance of the policy set forth in section 2 of this Act, the United States will make available to Taiwan such defense articles and defense services in such quantity as may be necessary to enable Taiwan to maintain a sufficient self-defense capability. 4

(b) The President and the Congress shall determine the nature and quantity of such defense articles and services based solely upon their judgment of the needs of Taiwan, in accordance with procedures established by law. Such determination of Taiwan's defense needs shall include review by United States military authorities in connection with recommendations to the President and the Congress.

(c) The President is directed to inform the Congress promptly of any threat to the security or the social or economic system of the people on Taiwan and any danger to the interests of the United States arising therefrom. The President and the Congress shall determine, in accordance with constitutional processes, appropriate action by the United States in response to any such danger.

APPLICATION OF LAWS; INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS SEC. 4.5 (a) The absence of diplomatic relations or recognition shall not affect the application of the laws of the United States with respect to Taiwan, and the law of the United States shall apply with respect to Taiwan in the manner that the laws of the United States applied with respect to Taiwan prior to January 1, 1979.

322 U.S.C. 3302.

* Sec. 23 of the International Security Assistance Act of 1979 (Public Law 96-92; 93 Sual 710) provided authorization for the President to transfer to Taiwan war reserve material and other property during calendar years 1980 and 1981. For text of sec. 23, see Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 1994, vol. I-A.

622 U.S.C. 3303.

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