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2. The United Nations Headquarters Agreement Act Partial text of Public Law 80-357 (S.J. Res. 144), 61 Stat. 756, approved
August 4, 1947 JOINT RESOLUTION Authorizing the President to bring into effect an agreement between the United States and the United Nations for the purpose of establishing the permanent headquarters of the United Nations in the United States and au. thorizing the taking of measures necessary to facilitate compliance with the provi.
sions of such agreement, and for other purposes. 1 Whereas the Charter of the United Nations was signed on behalf
of the United States on June 26, 1945, and was ratified on August 8, 1945, by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and the instrument of rati
fication of said Charter was deposited on August 8, 1945; and Whereas the said Charter of the United Nations came into force
with respect to the United States on October 24, 1945; and Whereas article 104 of the Charter provides that “The Organization
shall enjoy in the territory of each of its Members such legal capacity as may be necessary for the exercise of its functions and
the fulfillment of its purposes”; and Whereas article 105 of the Charter provides that:
“1. The Organization shall enjoy in the territory of each of its Members such privileges and immunities as are necessary for the fulfillment of its purposes.
“2. Representatives of the Members of the United Nations and officials of the Organization shall similarly enjoy such privileges and immunities as are necessary for the independent exercise of their functions in connection with the Organization.
"3. The General Assembly may make recommendations with a view to determining the details of the application of paragraphs 1 and 2 of this article or may propose conventions to
the Members of the United Nations for this purpose."; and Whereas article 28 and other articles of the Charter of the United
Nations contemplate the establishment of a seat for the perma
nent headquarters of the Organization; and Whereas the interim arrangements concluded on June 26, 1945, by
the governments represented at the United Nations Conference on International Organization instructed the Preparatory Commission established in pursuance of the arrangements to “make studies and prepare recommendations concerning the location of
the permanent headquarters of the Organization"; and Whereas during the labors of the said Preparatory Commission, the
Congress of the United States in H. Con. Res. 75, passed unanimously by the House of Representatives December 10, 1945, and agreed to unanimously by the Senate December 11, 1945, invited
al Oppresentedents concian
122 U.S.C. 287 note.
the United Nations “to locate the seat of the United Nations Or
ganization within the United States"; and Whereas the General Assembly on December 14, 1946, resolved
“that the permanent headquarters of the United Nations shall be established in New York City in the area bounded by First Avenue, East Forty-eighth Street, the East River, and East Forty
second Street"; and Whereas the General Assembly resolved on December 14, 1946,
“That the Secretary-General be authorized to negotiate and conclude with the appropriate authorities of the United States of America an agreement concerning the arrangements required as a result of the establishment of the permanent headquarters of the United Nations in the city of New York” and to be guided in these negotiations by the provisions of a preliminary draft agreement which had been negotiated by the Secretary-General and
the Secretary of State of the United States; and Whereas the General Assembly resolved on December 14, 1946,
that pending the coming into force of the agreement referred to above “the Secretary-General be authorized to negotiate and conclude arrangements with the appropriate authorities of the United States of America to determine on a provisional basis the privileges, immunities, and facilities needed in connection with
the temporary headquarters of the United Nations"; and Whereas the Secretary of State of the United States, after consulta
tion with the appropriate authorities of the State and city of New York, signed at Lake Success, New York, on June 26, 1947, on behalf of the United States an agreement with the United Nations regarding the headquarters of the United Nations, which
agreement is incorporated herein; and Whereas the aforesaid agreement provides that it shall be brought
into effect by an exchange of notes between the United States and the Secretary-General of the United Nations: Therefore, be
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the President is hereby authorized to bring into effect on the part of the United States the agreement between the United States of America and the United Nations regarding the headquarters of the United Nations, signed at Lake Success, New York, on June 26, 1947 (hereinafter referred to as the “agreement”), with such changes therein not contrary to the general tenor thereof and not imposing any additional obligations on the United States as the President may deem necessary and appropriate, and at his discretion, after consultation with the appropriate State and local authorities, to enter into such supplemental agreements with the United Nations as may be necessary to fulfill the purposes of the said agreement: Provided, That any supplemental agreement entered into pursuant to section 5 of the agreement incorporated herein shall be submitted to the Congress for approval. The agreement follows: 2
2 For text of the agreement, see Legislation on Foreign Relations, vol. V.
SEC. 2. For the purpose of carrying out the obligations of the United States under said agreement and supplemental agreements with respect to United States assurances that the United Nations shall not be dispossessed of its property in the headquarters district, and with respect to the establishment of radio facilities and the possible establishment of an airport:
(a) The President of the United States, or any official or governmental agency authorized by the President, may acquire in the name of the United States any property or interest therein by purchase, donation, or other means of transfer, or may cause proceedings to be instituted for the acquisition of the same by condemnation.
(b) Upon the request of the President, or such officer as the President may designate, the Attorney General of the United States shall cause such condemnation or other proceedings to be instituted in the name of the United States in the district court of the United States for the district in which the property is situated and such court shall have full jurisdiction of such proceedings, and any condemnation proceedings shall be conducted in accordance with the Act of August 1, 1888 (25 Stat. 357), as amended, and the Act of February 26, 1931 (46 Stat. 1421), as amended.
(c) After the institution of any such condemnation proceedings, possession of the property may be taken at any time the President, or such officer as he may designate, determines is necessary, and the court shall enter such orders as may be necessary to effect entry and occupancy of the property.
(d) The President of the United States, or any officer or governmental agency duly authorized by the President, may, in the name of the United States, transfer or convey possession of and title to any interest in any property acquired or held by the United States, pursuant to paragraph (a) above, to the United Nations on the terms provided in the agreement or in any supplemental agreement, and shall execute and deliver such conveyances and other instruments and perform such other acts in connection therewith as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of the agreement.
(e) There are authorized to be appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, such sums as may be required to enable the United States to carry out the undertakings hereby authorized: Provided, That any money appropriated under this authorization shall be spent only on a basis of reimbursement by the United Nations in accordance with section 3 of the agreement, and that the money thus reimbursed shall be deposited and covered into the Treasury of the United States as miscellaneous receipts.
SEC. 3. The President, or the Secretary of State under his direction, is authorized to enter into agreements with the State of New York or any other State of the United States and to the extent not inconsistent with State law, with any one or more of the political subdivisions thereof in aid of effectuating the provisions of the agreement.
SEC. 4. Any States, or, to the extent not inconsistent with State law, any political subdivisions thereof, affected by the establishment of the headquarters of the United Nations in the United States are authorized to enter into agreements with the United Nations or with each other consistent with the agreement and for the purpose of facilitating compliance with the same: Provided, That, except in cases of emergency and agreements of a routine contractual character, a representative of the United States, to be appointed by the Secretary of State, may, at the discretion of the Secretary of State, participate in the negotiations, and that any such agreement entered into by such State or States or political subdivisions thereof shall be subject to approval by the Secretary of State.
SEC. 5. The President is authorized to make effective with respect to the temporary headquarters of the United Nations in the State of New York, on a provisional basis, such of the provisions of the agreement as he may deem appropriate, having due regard for the needs of the United Nations at its temporary headquarters.
SEC. 6. Nothing in the agreement shall be construed as in any way diminishing, abridging, or weakening the right of the United States to safeguard its own security and completely to control the entrance of aliens into any territory of the United States other than the headquarters district and its immediate vicinity, as to be defined and fixed in a supplementary agreement between the Government of the United States and the United Nations in pursuance of section 13(3)(e) of the agreement, and such areas as it is reasonably necessary to traverse in transit between the same and foreign countries. Moreover, nothing in section 14 of the agreement with respect to facilitating entrance into the United States by persons who wish to visit the headquarters district and do not enjoy the right of entry provided in section 11 of the agreement shall be construed to amend or suspend in any way the immigration laws of the United States or to commit the United States in any way to effect any amendment or suspension of such law.
3. U.S. Participation in Certain International Organizations Partial text of Public Law 81-806 (H.J. Res. 334), 64 Stat. 902, approved
September 21, 1950 JOINT RESOLUTION To amend certain laws providing for membership and
participation by the United States in certain international organizations. Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following laws of the United States are hereby amended in the following particulars: * * *1
SEC. 2. All financial contributions by the United States to the normal operations of the international organizations covered by this Act, which member states are obligated to support annually, shall be limited to the amounts provided in this Act: Provided, That contributions for special projects not regularly budgeted by such international organizations shall not be subject to the above limitation.
All financial contributions by the United States to international organizations in which the United States participates as a member shall be made by or with the consent of the Department of States regardless of the appropriation from which any such contributions is made. The Secretary of State shall report annually to the Congress on the extent and disposition of such contributions.
1 This resolution raised funding authorizations for U.S. participation in international organizations: American International Institute for the Protection of Childhood (22 U.S.C. 2696_obso lete), United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (22 U.S.C. 279a), South Pacific Commission (22 U.S.C. Sup. III, 280b(a)), World Health Organization (22 U.S.C. Sup. III, 290b), and International Labour Conference, International Labor Organization (22 U.S.C. Sup. III, 272a(a) and (b)).