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military personnel who are captured while serving in a multi
national force. SEC. 406. TRANSMITTALS OF CERTAIN UNITED NATIONS DOCU
(a)? CONSULTATIONS AND REPORTS ON U.N. PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS.
(1) CONSULTATIONS.—Each month the President shall consult with the Congress on the status of United Nations peacekeeping opeìations.
(2) INFORMATION TO BE PROVIDED.-In connection with these consultations, the following information shall be provided each month to the designated congressional committees:
(A) With respect to ongoing United Nations peacekeeping operations, the following:
(i) A list of all resolutions of the United Nations Security Council anticipated to be voted on during such month that would extend or change the mandate of any United Nations peacekeeping operation.
(ii) For each such operation, any changes in the duration, mandate, and command and control arrangements that are anticipated as a result of the adoption of the resolution.
(iii) An estimate of the total cost to the United Nations of each such operation for the period covered by the resolution, and an estimate of the amount of that cost that will be assessed to the United States.
(iv) Any anticipated significant changes in United States participation in or support for each such operation during the period covered by the resolution, and the estimated costs to the United States of such
changes. (B) With respect to each new United Nations peacekeeping operation that is anticipated to be authorized by a Security Council resolution during such month, the following information for the period covered by the resolution:
(i) The anticipated duration, mandate, and command and control arrangements of such operation.
(ii) An estimate of the total cost to the United Nations of the operation, and an estimate of the amount of that cost that will be assessed to the United States.
(iii) A description of the functions that would be performed by any United States Armed Forces participating in or otherwise operating in support of the operation, an estimate of the number of members of the Armed Forces that will participate in or otherwise operate in support of the operation, and an estimate of
& Sec. 406 amended sec. 4 of the United Nations Participation Act of 1945 (22 C.S.C. 2876). 622 U.S.C. 28 Tb note.
?Functions vested in the President in ger 407') were delegated to the Secretary of State, in coordination with the Secretary of Defense Presidential memorandum of July 28, 1994, 59 F.R. 40205), and further delegated to the Agrigtant Secretary for International Organization AFfairs (Department of State Public Notice 2086 sec. 10 of Delegation of Authority No. 214, 59 F.R. 50790).
the cost to the United States of such participation or
support. (3) WRITTEN INFORMATION.—The information described in clauses (i) and (iii) of paragraph (2)(A) and the information described in clauses (i) and (ii) of paragraph (2)(B) shall be provided each month to the designated congressional committees in written form not later than the 10th day of that month.
(4) INTERIM INFORMATION. (A) The President shall submit to the designated congressional committees a written interim report if, during the period between the monthly consultations required by paragraph (1), the United States learns that the United Nations Security Council is likely, before the next such consultation, to vote on a resolution that would authorize a new United Nations peacekeeping operation and that resolution was not previously reported on pursuant to paragraph (2)(B). Each interim report shall include the information described in clauses (i) and (ii) of paragraph (2)(B).
(B) Any such interim report shall be submitted not less than 5 days before the vote of the United Nations Security Council, unless the President determines that exceptional circumstances prevented compliance with the requirement to report 5 days in advance. If the President makes such a determination, the interim report shall be submitted promptly (but in no case later than 3 days after the vote) and shall include a copy of the determination and a description of the exceptional circumstances which were the basis for that determination.
(5) NOTIFICATION AND QUARTERLY REPORTS REGARDING UNITED STATES ASSISTANCE.-(A) The President shall notify the designated congressional committees at least 15 days before the United States provides any assistance to the United Nations to support peacekeeping operations. This subparagraph does not apply to—
(i) assistance having a value of less than $3,000,000 in the case of nonreimburseable 8 assistance or less than $14,000,000 in the case of reimburseable 8 assistance, or
(ii) assistance provided under the emergency drawdown authority of sections 506(a)(1) and 552(c)(2) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2318(a)(1) and
2348a(c)(2)). (B) The President shall submit quarterly reports to the designated congressional committees on all assistance provided by the United States during the preceding calendar quarter to the United Nations to support peacekeeping operations. Each re port shall describe the assistance provided for each such operation, listed by category of assistance. The report for the fourth calendar quarter of each year shall be submitted as part of the annual report required by section 4(d) of the United Nations Participation Act of 1945 (as added by subsection (b) of this section) and shall include cumulative information for the preceding calendar year.
8 As enrolled. Should read "nonreimbursable" and "reimbursable".
(b) 9 * * * SEC. 408.10 TRANSFERS OF EXCESS DEFENSE ARTICLES FOR INTER
NATIONAL PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS. Chapter 2 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by adding after section 519 (22 U.S.C. 2321m) the following: * * * SEC. 409.11 REFORM IN BUDGET DECISIONMAKING PROCEDURES OF
THE UNITED NATIONS AND ITS SPECIALIZED AGENCIES. (a) ASSESSED CONTRIBUTIONS.—For assessed contributions authorized to be appropriated for “Assessed Contributions to International Organizations” by this Act, the President may withhold 20 percent of the funds appropriated for the United States assessed contribution to the United Nations or to any of its specialized agencies for any calendar year if the United Nations or any such agency has failed to implement or to continue to implement consensusbased decisionmaking procedures on budgetary matters which assure that sufficient attention is paid to the views of the United States and other member states that are the major financial contributors to such assessed budgets.
(b) NOTICE TO CONGRESS.--The President shall notify the Congress when a decision is made to withhold any share of the United States assessed contribution to the United Nations or its specialized agencies pursuant to subsection (a) and shall notify the Congress when the decision is made to pay any previously withheld assessed contribution. A notification under this subsection shall include appropriate consultation between the President (or the President's representative) and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate.
(c) CONTRIBUTIONS FOR PRIOR YEARS. Subject to the availability of appropriations, payment of assessed contributions for prior years may be made to the United Nations or any of its specialized agencies notwithstanding subsection (a) if such payment would further United States interests in that organization.
(d) REPORT TO CONGRESS.—Not later than February 1 of each year, the President shall submit to the Congress a report concerning the amount of United States assessed contributions paid to the United Nations and each of its specialized agencies during the preceding calendar year.
(e) 12 REPEAL OF EXISTING LAW.-* * *
Subsec. (b) amended sec. 4 of the United Nations Participation Act of 1945 (22 U.S.C. 2876).
10 Sec. 408 added a new sec. 520 to the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, providing for transfers of excess defense articles for international peacekeeping operations. See Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 1994, vol. I-A.
11 22 U.S.C. 287e note. Functions vested in the President in sec. 409 were delegated to the Secretary of State (Presidential memorandum of July 26, 1994; 59 F.R. 40205). The Secretary of State delegated functions authorized under subsections (b) and (d) to the Assistant Secretary for International Organization Affairs, but retained the authorities in subsec. (a) (Department of State Public Notice 2086; sec. 10 of Delegation of Authority No. 214; 59 F.R. 50790).
12 Subsec. (e) repealed sec. 162(a) through (d) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993.
88-541 95 - 48
SEC. 410.18 LIMITATION ON CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE UNITED NA
TIONS AND AFFILIATED ORGANIZATIONS. The United States shall not make any voluntary or assessed contribution
(1) to any affiliated organization of the United Nations which grants full membership as a state to any organization or group that does not have the internationally recognized attributes of statehood, or
(2) to the United Nations, if the United Nations grants full membership as a state in the United Nations to any organization or group that does not have the internationally recognized
attributes of statehood, during any period in which such membership is effective. SEC. 411. UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL MEMBERSHIP. (a) FINDINGS.—The Congress makes the following findings:
(1) The effectiveness of the United Nations Security Council in maintaining international peace and security depends on its being representative of the membership of the United Nations.
(2) The requirement of equitable geographic distribution in Article 23 of the United Nations Charter requires that the members of the Security Council of the United Nations be chosen by nondiscriminatory means.
(3) The use of informal regional groups of the General Assembly as the sole means for election of the nonpermanent members of the Security Council is inherently discriminatory in the absence of guarantees that all member states will have the opportunity to join a regional group, and has resulted in
discrimination against Israel. (b) SENSE OF CONGRESS. It is the sense of Congress that the President should direct the Secretary of State to request the Secretary General of the United Nations to seek immediate resolution of the problem described in this section. The President shall inform the Congress of any progress in resolving this situation, together with the submission to Congress of the request for funding for the "Contributions to International Organizations” account of the Department of State for the fiscal year 1995. SEC. 412. REFORMS IN THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION.
(a) SENSE OF THE CONGRESS.—It is the sense of the Congress that United States contributions to the World Health Organization (WHO) should be utilized in the most effective and efficient manner possible, particularly for the reduction of diseases and disabilities in developing countries.
(b) POLICY.—The President shall direct the United States representatives to the World Health Assembly, the Executive Board, and the World Health Organization to monitor the activities of the World Health Organization to ensure that such organizations achieve
(1) the timely implementation of reforms and management improvements, including those outlined in the resolutions of the 46th World Health Assembly related to the external Auditor (WHA 46.21), the Report of the Executive Board on the
13 22 U.S.C. 287e note.
WHO Response to Global Change (WHA 46.16) and actions for
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(A) the determination of strategic and financial priorities; and
(B) the establishment of realistic and measurable targets
in accordance with the established health priorities. SEC. 413. REFORMS IN THE FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION.
In light of the longstanding efforts of the United States and the other major donor nations to reform the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the findings of the ongoing investigation of the General Accounting Office, the Congress makes the following declarations:
(1) It should be the policy of the United States to promote the following reforms in the Food and Agriculture Organization:
(A) Decentralization of the administrative structure of FAO, including eliminating redundant or unnecessary headquarters staff, increased responsibilities of regional offices, increased time for consideration of budget issues by member states, and a more meaningful and direct role for member states in the decisionmaking process.
(B) Reform of the FAO Council, including formation of an executive management committee to provide oversight of management.
(C) Limitation of the term of the Director General and the number of terms which an individual may serve.
(D) Restructuring of the Technical Cooperation Program (TCP), including reducing the number of nonemergency projects funded through the TCP and establishing procedures to deploy TCP consultants, supplies, and equipment
in a timely manner. (2) In an effort to increase the presence of United States personnel at the international food agencies and to enhance the professionalism of these institutions, it should be the policy of the United States, to the maximum extent practicable, to utilize existing personnel programs such as the United States Department of Agriculture Associate Professional Officer program to place United States personnel with unique skills in the Food and Agriculture Organization, the International Fund for Agri
cultural Development, and the World Food Program. SEC. 414. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING ADHERENCE TO UNITED
(1) the President should seek an assurance from the Secretary General of the United Nations that the United Nations will comply with Article 100 of the United Nations Charter;
(2) neither the Secretary General of the United Nations nor his staff should seek or receive instructions from any government or from any other authority external to the United Nations; and
hent inited Organ and to