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10. Support of Peaceful Settlement of Disputes Executive Order 10206, January 19, 1951, 16 F.R. 629, 22 U.S.C. 287d-1 note.

By virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the statutes, including the United Nations Participation Act of 1945 (59 Stat. 619), as amended, hereinafter referred to as the Act, and the act of August 8, 1950 (Public Law 673, 81st Congress), and as President of the United States, it is hereby ordered as follows:

1. The Secretary of State, upon the request by the United Nations for cooperative action, and to the extent that he finds that it is consistent with the national interest to comply with such request, is authorized, in support of such activities of the United Nations as are specifically directed to the peaceful settlement of disputes and are not involving the employment of armed forces contemplated by Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, to request the Secretary of Defense to detail personnel of the armed forces to the United Nations, and to furnish facilities, services, or other assistance and to loan supplies and equipment to the united Nations in an agreed fair share of the United States under such terms and conditions as the Secretary of State and the Secretary of Defense shall jointly determine and in accordance with and subject to the provisions of paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of section 7(a) of the Act, and the Secretary of Defense is authorized to comply with the request of the Secretary of State, giving due regard to the requirements of the national defense.

2. The Secretary of State, in accordance with and subject to the provisions of section 7(b) of the Act, shall require reimbursement from the United Nations for the expense thereby incurred by the United States whenever personnel or assistance is made available to the United Nations except that in exceptional circumstances or when the Secretary of State finds it to be in the national interest, he may, after consultation with the Secretary of Defense, waive, in whole or in part, the requirement of such reimbursement.

3. The Secretary of Defense, in accordance with and subject to the provisions of section 7(a)(1) of the Act, may authorize personnel of the armed forces detailed to the United Nations to accept directly from the United Nations (a) any or all of the allowances or perquisites to which they are entitled under the first proviso of section 7(a)(1) of the Act, and (b) extraordinary expenses and perquisites incident to such detail.

11. Privileges and Immunities a. International Organizations Immunities Act, as amended

Partial text of Public Law 79–291 (H.R. 4489], 59 Stat. 669, approved Decem

ber 29, 1945, as amended by Public Law 89 353 (HR. 8210), 80 Stat. 5, approved February 2, 1966; Public Law 93–161 (H.R. 8219), 87 Stat. 635, approved November 27, 1973; Public Law 96-60 (Department of State Au. thorization Act, Fiscal Years 1980 and 1981; H.R. 3363), 93 Stat. 403, ap. proved August 16, 1979; Public Law 98–164 [Department of State Author. ization Act, Fiscal Years 1984 and 1985; H.R. 2159), 97 Stat. 1017 at 1023, approved November 22, 1983; Public Law 100–204 (Foreign Relations Au. thorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989; H.R. 1777), 101 Stat. 1331, ap. proved December 22, 1987; Public Law 100_362 (International Organiza. tions Immunities Act: Organization of Eastern Caribbean States; H.R. 4162), 102 Stat. 819, approved July 6, 1988; Public Law 103–236 (Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995; H.R. 2333), 108 Stat. 382, approved April 30, 1994

AN ACT To extend certain privileges, exemptions, and immunities to international organizations and to the officers and employees thereof, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

TITLE I SECTION 1.1 For the purposes of this title the term “International organization” means a public international organization in which the United States participates pursuant to any treaty or under the authority of any Act of Congress authorizing such participation or making an appropriation for such participation, and which shall have been designated by the President through appropriate Executive order as being entitled to enjoy the privileges, exemptions, and immunities herein provided. The President shall be authorized, in the light of the functions performed by any such international organization, by appropriate Executive order to withhold or withdraw from any such organization or its officers or employees any of the privileges, exemptions, and immunities provided for in this title (including the amendments made by this title) or to condition or limit the enjoyment by any such organization or its officers or employees of any such privilege, exemption, or immunity. The President shall be authorized, if in his judgment such action should be justified by reason of the abuse by an international organization or its officers and employees of the privileges, exemptions, and immunities herein provided or for any other reason, at any time revoke the designation of any international organization under this section, whereupon the international organization in question shall

122 U.S.C. 288.

cease to be classed as an international organization for the purposes of this title.2

Executive Order No.

Organization

Date
Feb. 19, 1946

9698 .....

9751 ...............

July 11, 1946

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The Food and Agriculture Organization.
The International Labor Organization.
The United Nations.
Inter-American Institute of Agricultural Sciences
Inter-American Statistical Institute.
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
International Monetary Fund.
International Wheat Advisory Committee
(International Wheat Council.)
United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
International Civil Aviation Organization.
International Telecommunication Union.
International Cotton Advisory Committee.
International Joint Commission. United States and Canada.
World Health Organization.
South Pacitic Commission.
Organization for European Economic Cooperation.
Inter-American Defense Board.
Provisional Intergovernmental Committee for the Movement of Migrants from Europe (mour

Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration),
Organization of American States (includes the Pan American Union, previously designated fed

19, 1946, by Executive Order No. 9698).
World Meteorological Organization.
International Finance Corporation.
International Atomic Energy Agency (included the Preparatory Commission of the Internateraf

Atomic Energy Agency).
Universal Postal Union.
International Hydrographic Bureau.
Intergovernmental Maritime Consultative Organization.
Pan American Health Organization (includes the Pan American Sanitary Bureau, previously des

ignated July 11, 1946, by Executive Order No. 9751).
Inter-American Development Bank
Caribbean Organization.
Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission.
Great Lakes Fishery Commission
International Pacitic Halibut Commission
International Cottee Organization.
Interim Communications Satellite Committee.
International Telecommunications Satellite Consortium.
International Cotton Institute.
Asian Development Bank
International Secretariat for Volunteer Service,
Lake Ontario Claims Tribunal (status revoked by Executive Order 11439. Dec. 7. 1968)
United International Bureau for the Protection of Intellectual Property (BIRPO.
Customs Cooperation Council.
International Telecommunications Satellite Organization.
European Space Agency (su perseding Executive Orders 11318 and 11351).
Organization of African Unity.
World Intellectual Property Organization.
International Development Association
International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes.
International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
The African Development Fund.
The International Fertilizer Development Center
International Maritime Satellite Organization.
The Multinational Force and Observers.
The International Food Policy Research Institute (@cept for those provided by sec 20Hd.me

last clause of soc. 2(d), and sec, 7(b).
The Atrican Development Bank
The International Criminal Police Organization (accept for those provided by sec. 21c), the po

tions of secs. 2(d) and 3 relating to customs duties and federal internal revenue importa

tion taxes, and secs. A through 6).
The International Boundary and Water Commission. United States and Maria
World Tourism Organization.

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2 The international organizations listed below this note are currently designated by the President as public international organizations entitled to enjoy the privileges, exemptions and im munities of the Internat Organizations Immunities Act.

Executive Order No.

Date

Organization

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Inte-American Investment Corporation,
Commission for the Study of Alternatives to the Panama Canal
Pacitic Salmon Commission
United Nations Industrial Development Organization.
International Committee d the Red Cross
Multilateral Investment Guarantee Organization.
Offices of the Commission of the European Communities.
Organization of Eastern Caribbean States.
International Fund for Agricultural Development.
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
European Space Agency.
North Pacific Marine Science Organization.
North Pacitic Anadromous Fish Commission.
Commission for Environmental Cooperation,
Commission for Labor Cooperation.
Border Environment Cooperation Commission
North American Development Bank.
Israel-United States Binantional Industrial Research and Development Foundation,

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12956 .................. March 13, 1995

SEC. 2.3 International organizations shall enjoy the status, immunities, exemptions, and privileges set forth in this section, as follows:

(a) International organizations shall, to the extent consistent with the instrument creating them, possess the capacity

(i) to contract;
(ii) to acquire and dispose of real and personal property;

(iii) to institute legal proceedings. (b) International organizations, their property and their assets, wherever located, and by whomsoever held, shall enjoy the same immunity from suit and every form of judicial process as is enjoyed by foreign governments, except to the extent that such organizations may expressly waive their immunity for the purposes of any proceedings or by the terms of any contract.

(c) Property and assets of international organizations, wherever located and by whomsoever held, shall be immune from search, unless such immunity be expressly waived, and from confiscation. The archives of international organizations shall be inviolable.

(d) Insofar as concerns customs duties and internal-revenue taxes imposed upon or by reason of importation, and the procedures in connection therewith; the registration of foreign agents; and the treatment of official communications, the privileges, exemptions, and immunities to which international organizations shall be entitled shall be those accorded under similar circumstances to foreign governments.

SEC. 3.4 Pursuant to regulations prescribed by the Commissioner of Customs with approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, the bag. gage and effects of aliens, officers and employees of international organizations, or of aliens designated by foreign governments to serve as their representatives in or to such organizations, or of the families, suites, and servants of such officers, employees, or representatives shall be admitted (when imported in connection with the arrival of the owner) free of customs duties and free of internalrevenue taxes imposed upon or by reason of importation.

322 U.S.C. 288a. * 22 U.S.C. 288b.

SEC. 4.5 The Internal Revenue Code is hereby amended as follows:

(a). Effective with respect to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1943, section 116[C), relating to the exclusion from gross income of income of foreign governments, is amended to read as follows:

"C) INCOME OF FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS AND OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS.—The income of foreign governments or international organizations received from investments in the United States in stocks, bonds, or other domestic securities, owned by such foreign governments or by international organizations, or from interest on deposits in banks in the United States of moneys belonging to such foreign governments or international organizations, or from any other source within the United States, shall not be included in gross income and shall be exempt from taxation under this subtitle."

(b)? Effective with respect to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1943, section 116h)(1), relating to the exclusion from gross income of amounts paid employees of foreign governments, is amended to read as follows:

“(1) RULE FOR EXCLUSION.—Wages, fees, or salary of any employee of a foreign government or of an international organization or of the Commonwealth of the Philippines (including a consular or other officer, or a nondiplomatic representative), received as compensation for official services to such goverment, international organization, or such Commonwealth

(A) If such employee is not a citizen of the United States, or is a citizen of the Commonwealth of the Philippines (whether or not a citizen of the United States); and

"(B) If, in the case of an employee of a foreign government or of the Commonwealth of the Philippines, the services are of a character similar to those performed by employees of the Government of the United States in foreign countries or in the Commonwealth of the Philippines, as the case may be; and

“(C) If, in the case of an employee of a foreign government or the Commonwealth of the Philippines the foreign government or the Commonwealth grants an equivalent exemption to employees of the Government of the United States performing similar services in such foreign country or such Commonwealth, as the case may be.” (c) Effective January 1, 1946, section 1426(b), defining the term "employment” for the purposes of the Federal Insurance Contributions Act, is amended (1) by striking out that word "or" at the end of paragraph (14), (2) by striking out the period at the end of paragraph (15) and inserting in lieu thereof a semicolon and the word "or”, and (3) by inserting at the end of the subsection of the following new paragraph:

“(16)8 Service performed in the employ of an international organization”.

* The provisions of sec. 4 are contained in title 26 of the United States Code, as noted below. & 26 U.S.C. 892. ? 26 U.S.C. 893(a). *20 U.S.C. 3121(by.

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