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policies, including consultations and communications encourag

ing other governments to take similar actions. (c) CLASSIFIED ANNEX.—The report may include a classified annex detailing Chinese arms sales and nuclear weapons proliferation activities. All other aspects of the report shall be unclassified.

(d) APPROPRIATE CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES.—The "appropriate congressional committees” referred to in subsection (a) shall include the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Finance of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives. SEC. 304. REPORT ON TERRORIST ASSETS IN THE UNITED STATES.

(a) REPORTS TO CONGRESS.—Beginning 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act and every 365 days thereafter, the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Attorney General and appropriate investigative agencies, 66 shall submit to the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Finance of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives a report describing the nature and extent of assets held in the United States by terrorist countries and any organization engaged in international terrorism. Each such report shall provide a detailed list and description of specific assets. 67 (b) DEFINITIONS.—For purposes of this section

(1) the term "terrorist countries”, refers to countries designated by the Secretary of State under section 40(d) of the Arms Export Control Act; and

(2) the term "international terrorism” has the meaning given such term in section 140(d) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989. PART B-ARMS CONTROL AND PROLIFERATION 68

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SEC. 321.6 LIMITATION ON RESCISSION OF PROHIBITIONS APPLICA.

BLE TO TERRORIST COUNTRIES. * * *
SEC. 322.70 POLICY ON MIDDLE EAST ARMS SALES.

In recognition of the particular volatility of the Middle East, the tremendous cost in human lives and suffering in the aftermath of the aggression by Iraq, and imperative that stability be maintained in the region while the course toward lasting peace is pursued, the authority to make sales under the Arms Export Control Act or to

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es Sec. 133(0X2XA) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103–236; 108 Stat. 396), struck out "Treasury and inserted in lieu thereof "Treasury, in consultation with the Attorney General and appropriate investigative agencies,".

o Sec. 133(6X2XB) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 396), added this sentence. * See other arms control legislation, beginning at page 1159. Sec. 321 amended

ded sec. 40 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2780XD). 70 Sec. 563(a) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 483), struck out "and" at the end of para. (2), in para. (3) struck out "and" at the end of subpara. (A); replaced the period at the end of subpara. (B) with “; and" and inserted a new subpara. (C).

Sec. 563(b) of that Act required:

") REPORT TO CONGRESS.-Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall submit to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate a report concerning steps taken to ensure that the goals of section 322 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 are being met.".

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furnish military assistance under chapter 2 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 shall be exercised with regard to the Middle East for the objectives set forth in law and that the President should

(1) transfer defense articles and services only to those nations that have given reliable assurances that such articles will be used only for internal security, for legitimate self-defense, to permit the recipient country to participate in regional or collective arrangements or measures consistent with the Charter of the United Nations, or otherwise to permit the recipient country to participate in collective measures requested by the United Nations for the purpose of maintaining or restoring international peace and security;

(2) transfer defense articles and services to nations in the region only after it has been determined that such transfers will not contribute to an arms race, will not increase the possibility of outbreak or escalation of conflict and will not prejudice the development of bilateral or multilateral arms control arrangements;

(3) take steps to ensure that each nation of the Middle East that is a recipient of United States defense articles and seryices

(A) affirms the right of all nations in the region to exist within safe and secure borders;

(B) supports or is engaged in direct regional peace negotiations; and

(C) 70 does not participate in the Arab League primary or

secondary boycott of Israel. SEC. 323.71 MISSILE TECHNOLOGY. * • . SEC. 324.86 REPORT ON CHINESE WEAPONS PROLIFERATION PRAC

TICES. (a) REQUIREMENT.-Within 90 days of the enactment of this Act the President shall submit a report to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives on “Chinese Nuclear, Chemical, Biological, and Missile Proliferation Practices”.

(b) CONTENT.-Such report shall be transmitted in classified and unclassified forms and shall describe all actions and policies of the People's Republic of China which relate to improving the military capabilities of nations in the Middle East and South Asia, including a description of previous and potential future transfers of

(1) M-series ballistic missile systems, and of technology and assistance related to the production of such missile systems;

(2) technologies capable of producing weapons-grade nuclear material; and

(3) technology and materials needed for the production or use of chemical and biological arms. (c) SPECIAL REPORT.-At any time that the President determines that the People's Republic of China is preparing to take, or has taken, any action described in subsection (b), he shall so report in writing to Congress.

71 Sec. 323 amended secs. 73 and 74 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 27976 and 2797c).

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in Menoo. SEC. 352 UNITED STATES PRESENCE N LITHUANIA LATVIA, AND ES

TONIA It is the sense of the Congress that in the aftermath of the res tablishment of full dp orrade relations between the United States and Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia, the United States Guvernment, including the Secretary of State, the Director of the l'nited States Information Agency, and the Director of the Foreign Commercial Service, should provide in Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia

(1) an embassy and full complement of embassy statl' and personnel;

(2) cultural and information officers for the purpose of expanding cultural contacts and promoting citizen, academic, professional, and other exchange programs between the United States and Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia; and

(3) commercial representatives for the purpose of expanding commercial and trade relations between the United States and

Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia.
SEC. 353. LAOTIAN-AMERICAN RELATIONS.

It is the sense of the Congress that the President, in recognition of the constructive changes taking place in Laos, should

(1) upgrade the current American diplomatic representation in Vientiane, Laos, from Charge d'Affaires to the level of Ambassador;

(2) ensure that an American military attache is permanently assigned to the United States mission in Vientiane to assist the recovery of American prisoners of war and missing in action; and

(3) ensure that Drug Enforcement Agency personnel are permanently assigned, when practicable, to the United States mission in Vientiane for the purpose of accelerating cooperative ef

forts in narcotics eradication and interdiction. SEC. 354. POW/MIA STATUS. It is the sense of the Congress that,

(1) the United States should continue to give the highest national priority to accounting as fully as possible for Americans still missing or otherwise unaccounted for in Southeast Asia and to securing the return of any Americans who may still be held captive in Southeast Asia;

(2) the United States should ensure that there is a viable sustained process of joint cooperation with the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and the Lao People's Democratic Republic to achieve credible answers for the families of America's servicemen and civilians who are missing or otherwise unaccounted for, including primary-next-of-kin access to all records and information resulting from the process of joint investigations, surveys, and excavations;

(3) the United States should encourage and provide all necessary assistance to the families of POW/MIAS and to American veterans organizations, such as the American Legion, Veterans of Foreign Wars, and Vietnam Veterans of America in their efforts to account for POW/MIAS;

(4) General John Vessey should be highly commended for his personal commitment to resolving the POWMIA issue;

(5) the United States should develop a means to obtain the fullest possible accounting for Americans who are listed as missing or otherwise unaccounted for in Cambodia, without placing this humanitarian objective into conflict with United States efforts to obtain an acceptable political settlement of the Cambodian situation; and

(6) the United States should heighten responsible public awareness of the Americans still missing or otherwise unaccounted for in Southeast Asia through the dissemination of fac

tual data. SEC. 355. CHINA'S ILLEGAL CONTROL OF TIBET. It is the sense of the Congress that

(1) Tibet, including those areas incorporated into the Chinese provinces of Sichuan, Yunnan, Gansu, and Quinghai, is an occupied country under the established principles of international law;

(2) Tibet's true representatives are the Dalai Lama and the Tibetan Government in exile as recognized by the Tibetan people;

(3) Tibet has maintained throughout its history a distinctive and sovereign national, cultural, and religious identity separate from that of China and, except during periods of illegal Chinese occupation, has maintained a separate and sovereign political and territorial identity;

(4) historical evidence of this separate identity may be found in Chinese archival documents and traditional dynastic histories, in United States recognition of Tibetan neutrality during World War II, and in the fact that a number of countries including the United States, Mongolia, Bhutan, Sikkim, Nepal, India, Japan, Great Britain, and Russia recognized Tibet as an independent nation or dealt with Tibet independently of any Chinese government;

(5) in 1949–1950, China launched an armed invasion of Tibet in contravention of international law;

(6) it is the policy of the United States to oppose aggression and other illegal uses of force by one country against the sovereignty of another as a manner of acquiring territory, and to condemn violations of international law, including the illegal occupation of one country by another; and

(7) numerous United States declarations since the Chinese invasion have recognized Tibet's right to self-determination

and the illegality of China's occupation of Tibet. SEC. 356.72 RELEASE OF PRISONERS HELD IN IRAQ. (a) SENSE OF CONGRESS.—It is the sense of the Congress that

(1) in addition to other requirements of law, the President should not lift United States economic sanctions currently in place against the Iraqi government, and should continue to make every effort to ensure the multinational coalition maintains the full range of economic sanctions as embodied in the appropriate United Nations Security Council resolutions; and

(2) such sanctions should remain in effect until the Iraqi gov. ernment has released all individuals held prisoner and has accounted as fully as possible for all those missing as a result of Iraq's invasion of Kuwait, including those Kuwaiti citizens and other Kuwaiti residents captured or detained by Iraq. (b) REPORT TO CONGRESS.—The Secretary of State shall

(1) continue to consult with the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) on the status of a detailed list of all Kuwaiti citizens and other residents of Kuwait believed to have been captured or detained by the government of Iraq; and

(2) to the extent such information is available, submit a report on the steps which have been taken and planned actions to effect the release of remaining prisoners held by Iraq to the appropriate committees of the Congress not later than 180

days after the date of the enactment of this Act. (c) DEFINITION.-For the purposes of this section the term "appropriate committees of the Congress” means the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives. SEC. 357. POLICY TOWARD HONG KONG.

It is the sense of the Congress that the United States should encourage the Government of the United Kingdom to provide the people of Hong Kong all possible civil liberties, including popular election of the territory's Legislative Council, so that it will bequeath a fully functioning, self-governing democracy to China in 1997.

72 Functions vested in the Secretary of State in this section were further delegated to the Under Secretary for Political Affairs by Delegation of Authority No. 193, January 7, 1992 (Public Notice 1555; 57 P.R. 2298; January 21, 1992).

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