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1988 and 1989, shall be considered to be a final action of the Department of State, and any such recommendation shall be considered to have been made within the authority of the Foreign Service Grievance Board. SEC. 153. BROADENING THE CULTURAL, GEOGRAPHIC, AND ETHNIC

REPRESENTATION OF THE FOREIGN SERVICE AND THE

DEPARTMENT OF STATE. (a) 41 FINDINGS.-The Congress finds that a primary role of the Department of State is to represent the interests of the American people in foreign affairs and, as such, should strive to represent and include, among its policy and professional employees, the great diversity of the American people.

(b) 41 RECRUITMENT.-(1) Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall provide the Congress with a plan to assure that equal efforts are undertaken in each of the regions of the United States to recruit policy and professional Government Service employees and Foreign Service officers for the Department of State and each of its affiliated agencies.

(2) Not later than January 1, 1991,42 the Secretary of State shall implement the plan provided for in paragraph (1).

(c) REPORT BY THE INSPECTOR GENERAL.-Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Office of Inspector General of the Department of State shall submit to the Congress a report documenting, with respect to geographic distribution, race, ethnicity, gender and handicapping conditions, the composition of the workforce of the policy and professional Government Service employees and Foreign Service officers of the Department and each of its affiliated agencies. The report shall include

(1) a breakdown of current policy and professional Government Service employees and Foreign Service officers of the Department and each of its affiliated agencies by age, race, gender, undergraduate institution, graduate institution, and place of birth;

(2) a breakdown by age, race, gender, ethnic background, undergraduate institution, graduate institution, and place of birth of those persons who during 1988 passed the written portion of the Foreign Service examination but failed the interview portion; and

(3) a breakdown by age, race, gender, ethnic background, undergraduate institution, graduate institution, and place of birth of those persons who during 1989 passed the Foreign

Service examination. (d) PROHIBITION ON DISCRIMINATION BASED ON GEOGRAPHIC OR EDUCATIONAL AFFILIATION.-Section 105(b)(1) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3905(b)(1)) is amended by inserting "geographic or educational affiliation within the United States," after "marital status,".

(e) TASK FORCE AND REPORT ON HISPANIC RECRUITMENT.—The Secretary of State shall appoint a task force comprised of highranking officials to conduct a study and make recommendations concerning improvements in the recruitment and promotion of His

41 22 U.S.C. 2656 note.

Sec. 320/6X2) of Public Law 101-302 (104 Stat. 247) struck out “January 1, 1990" and inserted in lieu thereof "January 1, 1991".

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panic Americans at the Department of State and within the Foreign Service. Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the task force shall submit a report of the findings of such study to the Secretary of State and the appropriate committees of the Congress.

(f) REPORT TO CONGRESS ON STATUS OF UNDERREPRESENTED GROUPS AT THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE.-Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall prepare and submit to the Congress a report concerning efforts of the Department of State to improve the percentage of individuals who are at the assistant secretary and head of bureau level at the Department of State from groups which are underrepresented in the Foreign Service in terms of the cultural and ethnic diversity of the Foreign Service.

(g) 43 STUDY OF FOREIGN SERVICE EXAMINATION.—The Secretary of State shall enter into a contract with a private organization for a comprehensive review and evaluation of the Foreign Service examination. Such review and evaluation shall

(1) identify any cultural, racial, ethnic, and sexual bias;

(2) evaluate the ability of the examination to measure an individuals aptitude for and potential in the Foreign Service;

(3) consider the relevance of the Foreign Service examination to the work of a Foreign Service officer;

(4) make recommendations for the removal of any element of bias in the examination; and

(5) make recommendations for improvements to achieve an

examination free of any bias. Not more than 18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall prepare and submit a report to the Congress which contains the findings of such review and evaluation, together with the comments of the Secretary and measures which the Secretary has initiated to respond to any adverse findings of such review. Such report shall take into consideration the current efforts by the Department of State to review its Foreign Service examination.

(h) 44 FOREIGN SERVICE FELLOWSHIPS.—The Secretary of State is authorized to establish a Foreign Service fellowship program at the Department of State. The Foreign Service fellowship program shall provide a fellowship, for not less than 4 months, for academics in the area of international affairs who are members of the faculty of institutions of higher education. Such program shall give priority consideration in the award of fellowships to individuals teaching in programs in international affairs which serve significant numbers of students who are from cultural and ethnic groups which are underrepresented in the Foreign Service. SEC. 164. REPORT TO CONGRESS CONCERNING POLYGRAPH PRO.

GRAM. (a) REPORT TO CONGRESS.-Not later than January 31, of each of the years 1990 and 1991, the Secretary of State shall prepare and submit an annual report on the polygraph program of the Department of State to the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of

22 U.S.C. 3941 note. 422 U.S.C. 2665a.

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(c) REPORT.-Together with such other information as is determined to be appropriate and informative, such report shall include

(1) a determination of the reasons for the high rate of incidence of sexual harassment at such Federal agencies;

(2) an evaluation of the actions which have been proposed and implemented by such Federal agencies to respond to the findings of the Merit Systems Protection Board report;

(3) a proposal for further specific actions by each agency; and

(4) recommendations for such changes in administrative procedures, regulations, and legislation as may be considered necessary to address the problem of sexual harassment at the De

partment of State and the United States Information Agency. (d) SUBMISSION OF REPORT TO THE CONGRESS.—Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall submit the full and complete report of such study, together with such comments as the Secretary of State or the Director of the United States Information Agency consider appropriate, to the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate. SEC. 156. LIMITATION ON HOUSING BENEFITS.

(a) 46 IN GENERAL.-The Secretary of State shall establish and implement an appropriate housing policy and space standards in consultation with all agencies with employees outside the United States who are under the authority of the chief of mission or with other agencies or employees who participate in the overseas housing program. Such policy may not provide housing or related benefits based solely on the representational status of the employee, except if such individual is the ambassador, deputy chief of mission, permanent charge, or the consul general when serving as the principal officer.

(b) WAIVER.—The Secretary of State may grant exceptions to the restriction on providing housing or related benefits on a representational basis under subsection (a) on a case-by-case basis where a documented need for such exception is established. The Secretary of State shall prepare a comprehensive list annually of all such exceptions granted under this subsection. PART E-FOREIGN LANGUAGE COMPETENCE WITHIN

THE FOREIGN SERVICE SEC. 161.47 EXPANSION OF MODEL FOREIGN LANGUAGE COMPETENCE

POSTS. (a) DESIGNATION OF POSTS.-In order to carry out the purposes of section 702 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980, and in light of the positive report issued on March 28, 1986, by the Department of State, as required by section 2207 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980, the Secretary of State shall designate as model foreign language competence posts a minimum of six Foreign Service posts, representing the Department of State's five geographic bureaus, in countries where English is not the common language. Such designation shall be made not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act,48 and shall be implemented so that not later than October 1, 1991, in the case of non-hard language posts, and October 1, 1992, in the case of hard language posts, each Government employee permanently assigned to those posts shall possess an appropriate level of competence in the language common to the country where the post is located. The Secretary of State shall determine appropriate levels of language competence for employees assigned to those posts by reference to the nature of their functions and the standards employed by the Foreign Service Institute.

165 U.S.C. 5921 note. 47 22 U.S.C. 4171 note.

(b) "HARD LANGUAGE COUNTRY" Post To BE DESIGNATED.-At least one of the posts designated under subsection (a) shall be in a “hard language” country, as identified in the report to the Under Secretary of State for Management of May 12, 1986, entitled "Hard Language Proficiency in the Foreign Service". Such post shall be in one of the countries where the official or principal language is Arabic, Chinese, Japanese, or Russian.

(c) TERMINATION DATE.—The posts designated under subsection (a) shall continue as model foreign language posts at least until September 30, 1993, in the case of non-hard language posts, and September 30, 1994, in the case of hard language posts. Not later than January 31, 1995, the Secretary of State shall submit to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives a report describing the operation of such posts and the costs, advantages, and disadvantages associated with meeting the foreign language competence requirements of this section.

(d) EXEMPTION AUTHORITY.—The Secretary of State may authorize exceptions to the requirements of this section if

(1) he determines that unanticipated exigencies so require; and

(2) he immediately reports such exceptions to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on For

eign Affairs of the House of Representatives. (e) EXCLUDED POSTS.—The posts designated under subsection (a) may not include Dakar, Senegal, or Montevideo, Uruguay. The report required under subsection (c) shall include progress made in these posts in maintaining the high foreign language standards achieved under the initial pilot program

(f) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out this section. SEC. 162. REPORT ON FOREIGN LANGUAGE ENTRANCE REQUIREMENT

FOR THE FOREIGN SERVICE Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act,49 the Secretary of State shall submit to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on Post Office and Civil Service of the House of Representatives a report evaluating an entrance requirement for the Foreign Service of at least one world language at the General Professional Speaking Proficiency level, as defined by the Foreign

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