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(1) urges the people of the United States to recognize June 17, 1990, as the bicentennial of Benjamin Franklin's death and to celebrate Franklin's long and distinguished public service, his scientific and literary achievements, and his role as a Founding Father of our country; and

(2) calls on the relevant agencies and departments of the Federal Government of the United States to recognize the important goals of the Friends of Benjamin Franklin House and

the American Franklin Friends Committee. SEC. 1005. ASSOCIATION OF DEMOCRATIC NATIONS. (a) FINDINGS.—The Congress makes the following findings:

(1) It is the policy of the United States to support and promote democratic values and institutions around the world.

(2) Over the last decade, the United States, in concert with other nations, has provided support to those working for democracy in many nations throughout the world.

(3) Such support has advanced the cause of freedom and democracy in those nations by providing international technical expertise on holding free and fair elections, providing international observers to document the conduct of the elections, and in offering economic and humanitarian support to newly established democracies.

(4) On June 8, 1989, at the commencement ceremonies at Harvard University, the newest leader of a democratic nation, Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto of Pakistan, called for the establishment of an Association of Democratic Nations to support the right of peoples everywhere to choose freely their own government. (5) The goals of the Association would be to promote

(A) the holding of elections at regular intervals which are open to the participation of all significant political parties, which are fairly administered, and in which the franchise is broad or universal;

(B) respect for fundamental human rights, including freedom of expression, freedom of conscience, and freedom of association;

(C) international recognition of legitimate elections through international election observer missions at all stages of the election, including the campaign, the voting, and the ballot counting;

(D) the mobilization of international opinion and economic measures against the military overthrow of democratic governments; and

(E) the provision of economic assistance to strengthen

and support democratic nations. (b) POLICY. It is the sense of the Congress that,

(1) the proposal offered by Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto of Pakistan would further the cause of democracy, freedom, and justice and is in the interest of the United States; and

(2) the President of the United States should give serious consideration to the implementation of the proposal, and should provide not later than 120 days after the date of enact

cratic Natal costs congress ass

ment of this Act,91 a report to the Congress assessing the merits of, and estimated annual costs of, establishing such an As

sociation of Democratic Nations. SEC. 1006. POLICY REGARDING HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES IN CUBA (a) FINDINGS.—The Congress finds that

(1) the United Nations Commission on Human Rights in 1989 issued its first report on human rights in Cuba, the result of a year-long investigation that concluded on the 30th year of Fidel Castro's rise to power;

(2) that report extensively documented across-the-board human rights abuses, including cases of torture, missing persons, religious persecution, violations of civil and political rights, and violations of economic and social rights;

(3) the United Nations received 137 complaints of "torture, cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment";

(4) among the abuses reported to the United Nations were sensory deprivation, immersion in a pit latrine, mock executions, overcrowding in special cells, deafening loudspeakers, keeping prisoners naked in front of relatives, and forcing a prisoner about to be executed to carry his own coffin or dig his own grave;

(5) despite the Cuban Government's statements not to harass those who cooperated with the United Nations' investigation, many Cuban citizens who met, or attempted to meet with the United Nations team suffered reprisals;

(6) at least 26 Cuban human rights monitors and independent activists who were arrested in the aftermath of the United Nations investigation are currently serving prison sentences or

Nations in Veithout trial; an Commission, calling on etheral of the

(7) the United Nations Commission on Human Rights approved a resolution on March 9, 1989, calling on the Government of Cuba to cooperate with the Secretary General of the United Nations in settling unresolved questions of human

rights. (b) STATEMENT OF POLICY.-In the interest of promoting respect for internationally recognized human rights in Cuba, the Congress

(1) calls on the Secretary General of the United Nations to act upon the resolution approved by the Commission on Human Rights March 9, 1989, calling on the Secretary General to take appropriate action to follow up on the Commission's report on human rights in Cuba; and

(2) calls on the Secretary General to specifically urge the Government of Cuba to release at least 26 persons still being

held in detention because of their human rights activities. SEC. 1007. CONCERNING THE SUBMISSION TO THE CONGRESS OF

AGREEMENTS PERTAINING TO THE BOUNDARIES OF THE

UNITED STATES. It is the sense of the Congress that all international agreements pertaining to the international boundaries of the United States should be submitted to the Congress for such consideration as is appropriate pursuant to the respective constitutional responsibil. ities of the Senate and the House of Representatives. SEC. 1008. REPORT TO CONGRESS CONCERNING OCEANIA.

1 Sec. 32000X5) of Public Law 101-302 (104 Stat. 247) struck out by December 31, 1989" and inserted in lieu thereof "not later than 120 days aller the enactment of this Act".

Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and one year thereafter, the Secretary of State shall prepare and submit an unclassified report to the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate which

(1) sets forth in detail the policy of the United States with respect to Oceania, which is comprised of Polynesia, Micronesia, and Melanesia;

(2) examines the nature, extent, and source of political, social, and economic instability affecting states in such region;

(3) assesses the impact and level of communist influence in Oceania;

(4) analyzes projections for the total economic growth of such region, with particular emphasis on the exclusive economic zones (EEZ); and

(5) makes recommendations for specific measures necessary to ensure a strong United States presence in Oceania that contributes to and strengthens democratic institutions and eco

nomic growth for the states of the region. SEC. 1009. REPORT CONCERNING MEXICO.

Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall prepare and submit to the Congress a report concerning the relationship between the United States and Mexico. Such report shall

(1) analyze potential changes in political, cultural, diplomatic, economic, and other factors as the United States and Mexico move toward greater economic integration and cooperation;

(2) consider the feasibility and effect of a three-way meeting among Canada, Mexico, and the United States to discuss greater economic integration and cooperation;

(3) analyze political, cultural, diplomatic, economic, and other factors related to the development of an economically in. tegrated and cooperative border region between Mexico and the United States; and

(4) evaluate the adequacy of the resources of the Department of State which currently address relations between the United States and Mexico, including a projection of future needs to handle the increasing work load requirements resulting from the growing flow of goods, services, and people across the Unit

ed States-Mexican border. SEC. 1010. ESTABLISHMENT OF A LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN

DATA BASE. (a) AUTHORIZATION.-Of the funds authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1990 by section 101(a)(1), $1,300,000 are authorized to be appropriated to provide continued support for the establishment of a Latin American and Caribbean Data base.

(b) CONDITIONS.-In developing the data base described in subsection (a), the Secretary of State shall be required to satisfy the following conditions:

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(1) Any agreement for an on-line bibliographic data base entered into for purposes of this section shall continue to be subject to full and open competition or merit review among qualified United States institutions with strong Latin American and Caribbean programs.

(2) The Secretary of State shall ensure that funds are not awarded to maintain services which are significantly duplicative of existing services.

TITLE XI—BUDGET ACT COMPLIANCE
SEC. 1101. COMPLIANCE WITH CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET ACT.

(a) LIMITATION ON SPENDING AUTHORITY.--Any new spending authority (within the meaning of section 401 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974) which is provided under this Act shall be effective for any fiscal year only to the extent or in such amounts as are provided in advance in appropriation Acts.

(b) LIMITATION ON CONTRACT AUTHORITY.–Any authority provided by this Act to enter into contracts shall be effective only

(i) to the extent that the budget authority for the obligation to make outlays, which is created by the contract, has been provided in advance by an appropriation Act; or

(2) to the extent or in such amounts as are provided in ad

vance in appropriation Acts. SEC. 1102. WAIVER OF EARMARKS.

Section 101(a)(1) that follows "1991”; 101(c); 102(a)(2); 221(b); 702(a); 702(b) and 704(c) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (including amendments made thereunder), and section 1204 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 as amended by section 149(b) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991; section 505(e)3) of title V of the United States Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948, as amended by section 205 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991; and section 404(b) of the Asia Foundation Act as amended by section 501 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991; are hereby waived during fiscal years 1990 and 1991. So much of the preceding sentence as pertains to the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991, shall take effect only on the date of enactment of this Act.

h. Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988

and 1989

Partial text of Public Law 100_204 (HR. 1777), 101 Stat. 1331, approved December 22, 1987; as amended by Public Law 100_461 (Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, Fiscal Year 1989; H.R. 4637), 102 Stat. 2268, approved October 1, 1988; Public Law 101-246 (Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991; H.R. 3792), 104 Stat. 16, approved February 16, 1990; Public Law 101-649 [Immigration Act of 1990; $. 358), 104 Stat. 4978, approved November 29, 1990; Public Law 102–138 (Foreign Relations Authorization Act for 1992 and 1993; H.R. 1416), 105 Stat. 647, approved October 28, 1991; Public Law 102-583 (International Narcotics Control Act of 1992, H.R. 6187), 106 Stat. 4914, approved November 2, 1992; Public Law 103–149 (South African Democratic Transition Support Act of 1993; H.R. 3225), 107 Stat. 1603, approved November 23, 1993; Public Law 103–199 (FRIENDSHIP Act, H.R. 3000), 107 Stat. 2317, approved December 17, 1993; Public Law 103-236 (Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995; H.R. 2333), 108 Stat. 382, approved April 30, 1994

NOTE.-Sections in this Act amend other State Department and foreign relations legislation and are incorporated elsewhere in this compilation.

AN ACT To authorize appropriations for fiscal years 1988 and 1989 for the Department of State, the United States Information Agency, the Voice of America, the Board for International Broadcasting, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1.- SHORT TITLE AND TABLE OF CONTENTS.

(a) SHORT TITLE.—This Act may be cited as the "Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989”.

(b) TABLE OF CONTENTS.—The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

Page 276

Sec. 1. Short title and table of contents. ..

TITLE I—THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE
PART A-AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS; ALLOCATIONS OF FUNDS;

RESTRICTIONS
Sec. 101. Administration of Foreign Affairs. ...
Sec. 102. Contributions to International Organizations and Conferences;

International Peacekeeping Activities.
Sec. 103. International Commissions.
Sec. 104. Migration and refugee assistance. ...................
Sec. 105. Other programs. ....

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122 U.S.C. 2651 note.

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