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41/213 is a significant step toward complying with the intent of section 143 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987 (22 U.S.C. 287e note, 99 Stat. 405), as in effect before the date of enactment of this Act. 66

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(d) TERMINATION DATE.—This section shall terminate on September 30, 1989. SEC. 703. HOUSING ALLOWANCES OF INTERNATIONAL CIVIL SERV.

ANTS. (a) UNITED STATES POLICY.—It is the policy of the United States to seek the implementation by the United Nations of the recommendation by the International Civil Service Commission to deduct from the pay (commonly referred to as a "rental deduction”) of an international civil servant the amount of any housing allowance or payment which is provided by any member state to that international civil servant, in accordance with Article 100 of the Charter of the United Nations and regulations thereunder.

(b) UNITED STATES AMBASSADOR TO THE UNITED NATIONS.—The United States Ambassador to the United Nations shall seek to promote the adoption of the recommendation described in subsection (a). SEC. 704.67 • * . SEC. 705.68 • • • SEC. 706. PUBLIC ACCESS TO UNITED NATIONS WAR CRIMES COMMIS

SION FILES. (a) FINDINGS.—The Congress finds that

(1) with the passing of time, it is important to document fully Nazi war crimes and crimes against humanity, lest the enormity of those crimes be forgotten; and

(2) the files of the United Nations War Crimes Commission deposited in the archives of the United Nations contain information valuable to our knowledge of the genocidal actions of

the Nazis. (b) POLICY.—It is the sense of the Congress that United States policy should be to support access by interested individuals and organizations to the files of the United Nations War Crimes Commission deposited in the archives of the United Nations.

B Sec. 143 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987, was re pealed in 1991 by sec. 162(e) of Public Law 102-138 (105 Stat. 676).

67 Sec. 704 amended sec. 115(b) of the Department of State Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1984 and 1985 (Public Law 98–164; 97 Stat. 1017). It suspended United States participation in any organ of the United Nations, with the exception of the United Nations Security Council or the Safeguards Program of the International Atomic Energy Agency, that illegally expels, suspends or denies credentials to Israel.

es Sec. 705 amended sec. 114(a) of the Department of State Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1984 and 1985 (Public Law 98-164; 97 Stat. 1017). It limited the United States assessed contribution to the United Nations to the amount assessed less 25 percent of the amount budgeted for the Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Allecting the Human Rights of the Population of the Occupied Territories.

SEC. 708.60 PROTECTION OF TYRE BY THE UNITED NATIONS INTERIM

FORCE IN LEBANON. (a) FINDINGS.-The Congress finds that,

(1) the archaeological site of the ancient city of Tyre is an important part of the heritage of the people of Lebanon and of people everywhere;

(2) war and civil strife threaten the survival of the archaeological site at Tyre;

(3) the purchase of artifacts from Tyre, including purchases allegedly made by troops of the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNİFIL), is encouraging illegal excavation and looting of the Tyre site; and

(4) the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) could best protect the archaeological site of Tyre so as to pre

serve this treasure for future generations. (b) EXTENSION OF MANDATE OF UNIFIL.—The Secretary of State should request the Secretary General of the United Nations and the Security Council to extend the mandate of the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) to include protection of the archaeological site of the ancient city of Tyre. The Secretary of State is directed to seek an order prohibiting the purchase of any artifact from Tyre by any person associated with the United Nations. PART B-UNITED STATES COMMISSION ON IMPROVING

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE UNITED NATIONS SEC. 721.70 ESTABLISHMENT OF COMMISSION.

The United States Commission on Improving the Effectiveness of the United Nations (hereafter in this part referred to as the “Commission”) is hereby established. SEC. 722.70 PURPOSES OF THE COMMISSION. (a) PURPOSES.—The purposes of the Commission shall be to

(1) examine the United Nations system as a whole and identify and evaluate its strengths and weaknesses; and

(2) prepare and submit to the President and to the Congress recommendations on ways to improve the effectiveness of the United Nations system and the role of the United States in the United Nations system, including the feasibility of and means

for implementing such recommendations. (b) CONSULTATION REGARDING OTHER UNITED NATIONS REFORM EFFORTS.-In carrying out this section, the Commission shall make every effort to consult, where appropriate, with other public and private institutions and organizations engaged in efforts to reform the United Nations system, including efforts being made directly under the auspices of the United Nations. SEC. 723.70 MEMBERSHIP OF THE COMMISSION. (a) MEMBERS.

(1) NUMBER AND APPOINTMENT.—The Commission shall be composed of 16 members, appointed as follows:

Sec. 13919, of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Pubhe Law 103-236; 109 Stat 39, repealed subsec. (c) of this section, which had requind that the Secretary of State report to the chairpersons of the Committees on Foreiga Altair and Foreign Rea bons on progress in implementing this section.

* 22 USC 207 note.

(A) Two Members of the Senate, one appointed by the President pro tempore of the Senate and one appointed by the Minority Leader of the Senate.

(B) Two Members of the House of Representatives, one appointed by the Speaker of the House and one appointed by the Minority Leader of the House.

(C) Eight individuals from the private sector, two appointed by the President pro tempore of the Senate, two appointed by the Minority Leader of the Senate, two appointed by the Speaker of the House, and two appointed by the Minority Leader of the House.

(D) Four individuals appointed by the President, not more than two of whom may be from the same political

party. (2) CRITERION FOR APPOINTMENTS.—Individuals appointed pursuant to subparagraphs (C) and (D) of paragraph (1) shall be representative, to the maximum extent possible, of the full range of American society.

(3) APPOINTMENTS TO BE MADE PROMPTLY.-All appointments pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be made not later than 60 days after the effective date of this part.

(4) VACANCIES.—Any vacancy in the membership of the Commission shall be filled in the same manner as the original ap

pointment was made. (b) ADVISORS.Former United States Permanent Representatives to the United Nations who are not appointed to the Commission shall be invited by the Commission to serve as advisors to the Commission. (c) COMPENSATION AND TRAVEL EXPENSES.—

(1) COMPENSATION IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in paragraph (2), each member of the Commission may be compensated at not to exceed the daily equivalent of the annual rate of basic pay in effect for grade GS-18 of the General Schedule under section 5332 of title 5, United States Code, for each day during which that member is engaged in the actual performance of the duties of the Commission.

(2) GOVERNMENT PERSONNEL.-Members of the Commission who are full-time officers or employees of the United States or Members of Congress shall receive no additional pay on account of their service on the Commission.

(3) TRAVEL EXPENSES.—While away from their homes or regular places of business in the performance of services for the Commission, members of the Commission, and Advisors serving pursuant to subsection (b), shall be allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, in the same manner as persons employed intermittently in the Government service are allowed expenses under section 5703(b) of title 5, United States Code. (d) CHAIRMAN AND VICE CHAIRMAN.—The Chairman and Vice Chairman shall be elected by the Commission from among members of the Commission.

(e) QUORUM.—Nine members of the Commission shall constitute a quorum for purposes of transacting business, except that four members shall constitute a quorum for holding public hearings.

SEC. 724.70 POWERS OF THE COMMISSION.

(a) IN GENERAL.- For the purpose of carrying out this part, the Commission may hold such hearings (subject to the requirements of subsection (b)) and sit and act at such times and places, take such testimony, and receive such evidence as the Commission considers necessary to fulfill the purposes specified in section 722. (b) MEETINGS.

(1) MINIMUM NUMBER OF PUBLIC HEARINGS.—The Commission shall hold a minimum of five public hearings.

(2) OPEN MEETINGS.-Section 552b of title 5 of the United States Code shall apply with respect to the Commission.

(3) CALLING MEETINGS.—The Commission shall meet at the call of the Chairman or a majority of its members. (c) DELEGATION OF AUTHORITY.—When so authorized by the majority of the Commission, any member or agent of the Commission may take any action which the Commission is authorized to take by this section.

(d) INFORMATION FROM FEDERAL AGENCIES.—The Commission may secure directly from any Federal agency information necessary to enable it to carry out this part. Upon request of the Chairman of the Commission, the head of any such Federal agency shall furnish such information to the Commission, to the extent authorized by law; except that the head of any Federal agency to which a request for information is provided pursuant to this subsection may deny access to such information, or make access subject to such terms and conditions as the head of that agency may prescribe, on the basis that the information in question is classified and the Commission does not have adequate procedures to safeguard the information in question, or that the Commission does not have a need to know the classified information. In addition, a Federal agency may not provide the Commission with information that could disclose intelligence sources or methods without first securing the approval of the Director of Central Intelligence. The head of any such Federal agency may provide information on a reimbursable basis. SEC. 725.70 STAFF.

(a) STAFF MEMBERS AND CONSULTANTS.–Subject to such rules as may be adopted by the Commission, the Chairman of the Commission, without regard to the provisions of title 5, United States Code, governing appointments in the competitive service and without regard to the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of such title relating to classifications and General Schedule pay rates, may

(1) appoint a Director who shall be paid at a rate not to exceed the rate of basic pay in effect for Level V of the Executive Schedule under section 5316 of title 5, United States Code;

(2) appoint and fix the compensation of such other staff personnel as the Chairman considers necessary; and

(3) procure temporary and intermittent services to the same extent as is authorized by section 3109(b) of title 5, United

States Code. (b) DETAILING OF GOVERNMENT PERSONNEL.–Upon request of the Commission, the head of any Federal agency may detail, on a

reimbursable basis, any of the personnel of that agency to the Commission to assist it in carrying out this part. SEC. 726.70 REPORT.

The Commission shall transmit to the President and to the Congress a report containing a detailed statement of the findings, conclusions, and recommendations of the Commission, including minority views. This report shall be transmitted not later than 18 months after the date on which all members of the Commission have been appointed. SEC. 727.70 FUNDING FOR THE COMMISSION.

a) COMMISSION TO BE PRIVATELY FUNDED.-The Commission may accept and use contributions from private United States sources to carry out this part. No Federal funds may be made available to the Commission for use in carrying out this part.

(b) LIMITATION ON SIZE OF CONTRIBUTIONS.—The Commission may not accept contributions from any single source which have a value of more than 71 the greater of

(1) $100,000, or

(2) 20 percent of the total of all contributions accepted by the Commission. (c) COMMISSION APPROVAL OF CERTAIN CONTRIBUTIONS.—The Commission may accept contributions having a value of $1,000 or more from a single source only if more than two-thirds of the members of the Commission have approved the acceptance of those contributions. (d) DISCLOSURE OF CONTRIBUTIONS.—.

(1) PERIODIC REPORTS TO CONGRESS.—Every 30 days, the Commission shall submit to the chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives, and to the chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, a list of the source and amount of each contribution accepted by the Commission during the preceding 30 days.

(2) FINAL REPORT.—The source and amount of each contribution accepted by the Commission shall be listed in the report submitted pursuant to section 726. (e) LIMITATION ON OBLIGATIONS AND EXPENDITURES.—Notwithstanding subsection (a), the limitations on expenditures and obligations in section 1341 of title 31, United States Code, shall apply to the Commission. SEC. 728.70 GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE AUDITS OF THE COMMIS

SION. The provisions of subchapter II of chapter 7 of title 31 of the United States Code (relating to the general duties and powers of the General Accounting Office) shall apply with respect to the programs and activities of the Commission, including the receipt, disbursement, and use of funds contributed to the Commission, to the same extent as those provisions apply with respect to other agencies of the United States Government.

71 Sec. 409 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-246; 104 Stat. 68), inserted "the greater of" aller "than".

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