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(3) The Secretary of State should urge the Government of Thailand to address immediately the problems of protection associated with the Khmer along the Thai-Cambodian border. The Government of Thailand, along with appropriate international relief agencies, should develop and implement a plan to provide for greater security and protection for the Khmer at the Thai border.

(4) The international community should increase its efforts to assure that Indochinese refugee camps are protected, that refugees have access to a free market at Site 2, and that international observers and relief personnel are present on a 24hour-a-day basis at Site 2 and any other camp where it is deemed necessary.

(5) The Secretary of State should make every effort to identify each person at Site 2 who may qualify for admission to the United States as an immigrant and for humanitarian parole.

(6) The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees should be pressed to upgrade staff presence and the level of advocacy to revive the international commitment with regard to the problems facing Indochinese refugees in the region, and to pursue voluntary repatriation possibilities in cases where mon

itoring is available and the safety of the refugees is assured. (c) ALLOCATIONS OF REFUGEE ADMISSIONS.—Given the existing connection between ongoing resettlement and the preservation of first asylum, the United States and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees should redouble efforts to assure a stable and secure environment for refugees while dialog is pursued on other long-range solutions, it is the sense of the Congress that,

(1) within the worldwide refugee admissions ceiling determined by the President, the President should continue to recommend generous numbers of admissions from East Asia first asylum camps and from the Orderly Departure Program sufficient to sustain preservation of first asylum and security for Indochinese in Southeast Asia, consistent with worldwide refugee admissions requirements and the consultative processes of the Refugee Act of 1980;

(2) within the allocation made by the President for the Orderly Departure Program from Vietnam, the number of admissions allocated for Amerasians and their immediate family members should also be generous;

(3) renewed international efforts must be taken to address the problem of Indochinese refugees who have lived in camps for 3 years or longer; and

(4) the Secretary of State should urge the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees to organize immediately an international conference to address the problems of Indo

chinese refugees. (d) REPORTING.—The President shall submit a report to Congress within 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act on the respective roles of the Immigration and Naturalization Service and the Department of State in the refugee program with recommendations for improving the effectiveness and efficiency of the program.



la, Buca AND CÆCLARATICNE.-The Congress makes the following....r.g3 and

1, Thousands of idren in the Socalist Republic of Vietnain were fathered cy mercan avilians and military person

12, It has been repored that many of these Amerasian children are inel.gbie for ration cards and af en beg in the streets, bedre black market wareg, or prostitute themselves.

13) The mother of Ameragian ch idren in Vietnam are not eligible for government joog or empicyment in government enterprises and many are estranged from their families and are destitute.

(4) Amerasian children and their families have undisputed ties to the United States and are of particular humanitarian concern to the United States.

(5) The United States has a longstanding and very strong commitment to receive the Amerasian children in Vietnam, if they desire to come to the United States.

(6) In September 1984, the United States informed the Socialist Republic of Vietnam that all Amerasian children in Vietnam, their mothers, and qualifying family members would be admitted as refugees to the United States during a three-year period.

(7) Amerasian emigration from Vietnam increased significantly in fiscal year 1985 under the Orderly Departure Program of the United Nations High Commissioner on Refugees.

(8) On January 1, 1986, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam unilaterally suspended interviews of all individuals seeking to leave Vietnam legally under the auspices of the Orderly Departure Program for resettlement in the United States.

(9) On the 19th and 20th of October 1987, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam permitted the United States to resume inter

viewing Amerasians and their families. (b) SENSE OF THE CONGRESS.-It is the sense of the Congress that

(1) the United States should maintain its strong commitment to receive the Amerasian children in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and their families;

(2) the Socialist Republic of Vietnam should cooperate fully in facilitating the processing of all Amerasians who desire to be resettled in the United States; and

(3) the Socialist Republic of Vietnam should cooperate fully

in the processing of Amerasians for emigration. SEC, 908, REFUGEES FROM SOUTHEAST ASIA. (a) FINDINGS. --The Congress finds that

(1) the United States romains firmly committed to the security of Thailand and to improving relations between our two nations;

Nutei paragraphe (1) truth (a) were also enacted as see. 804 of the Indochinese Www Avalent and 14* Act 1947 (*** 101(a), title VIII, of the Continuing Ap Ivysowa wa ubal Law 2041

(2) the United States refugee resettlement and humanitarian assistance programs constitute an important factor in bilateral relations between the United States and Trailand:

(3) the preservation of first asylum for those feeing persecution is one of the primary objectives of the United Siates refugee program;

(4) the actions of another government in labeing refugee populations as “displaced persons" or closing its berders to new arrivals shall not constitute a barrier to the United Siates considering those individuals or groups to be refugees

(5) it is in the national interest to facilitate the reunification of separated families of United States citizens and permanent residents, and the Congress will look with disiaror on any na. tion which seriously hinders emigration for such rear seasons:

(6) the persecution of the Cambodian people under the Khmer Rouge rule from 1975–1979, which caused the dea:of up to two million people and in which the buik of the Kader people were subjected to life in an Asian Auschwitz, constituted one of the clearest examples of genocide in recent his tory; and

(7) the invasion of Cambodia by Vietnam and the subsequent occupation of that country by 140,000 Vietnamese troops backing up the Heng Samrin regime, which itself continues to seni. ously violate the human rights of Cambodians, and the pres. ence of 40,000 heavily armed troops under the control of the same Khmer Rouge leaders, overwhelmingly demonstrate that the life or freedom of any Cambodian not allied with the Khmer Rouge or supporting Heng Samrin would be senously endangered if such individual were forced by a country of first asylum to return to his or her homeland. (b) STATEMENT OF POLICY.-It is the sense of the Congress that,

(1) any Cambodians who are, or had been, at Khao I Dang camp should be considered and interviewed for eligibility for the United States refugee program, irrespective of the date they entered Thailand or that refugee camp;

(2) any Cambodian rejected for admission to the United States who can demonstrate new or additional evidence relating to his claim should have his or her case reviewed;

(3) the United States should work with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the International Committee of the Red Cross, and the Government of Thailand to improve the security of all refugee facilities in Thailand and to prevent the forced repatriation of Cambodian refugees;

(4) the United States should treat with utmost seriousness the continued reports of forced repatriations to Laos of wouldbe asylum seekers, and should lodge strong and continuous protests with the Thai Government to bring about an end to these repatriations, which endanger the life and safety of those involuntarily returned to Laos; and

(5) within the Orderly Departure Program the United States will give high priority consideration to determining the eligbility of serious health cases and cases involving children separated from both parents.

195) SecuritArizona, P.7, while ersity

(a) FINDINGS.—The Congress makes the following findings:

(1) Yang Wei, a Chinese national, studied at the University of Arizona from 1983 until he received his masters of science degree in microbiology in 1986.

(2) In May 1986 Yang Wei returned to China to marry Dr. Che Shaoli and arrange for funding for his continued studies under a PhD program at the University of Arizona.

(3) On January 11, 1987, while still an official student at the University of Arizona, Yang Wei was arrested by the Shanghai Public Security Bureau.

(4) Yang Wei has been held without charge or trial since January 11, 1987.

(5) Mr. Yang's wife, a student at Baylor Medical College in Houston, Texas, has been refused any information about her husband's whereabouts or condition by Chinese authorities.

(6) Mr. Yang's father, Yang Jue, and his mother Bi Shuyun, have been denied all contact with their son.

(7) The Chinese Criminal Procedure law of 1979, sections 92, 97, 125, and 142 provides for a maximum of four and a half months of detention without charge or trial and Yang Wei has now been held over six months, contrary to Chinese law.

(8) Yang Wei has not committed any crime under United States or Chinese law.

(9) Yang Wei and his wife only aspire to freedom and democracy.

(10) The treatment of Mr. Yang and his family is frightening to all Chinese students now studying in the West and meant to be so by Chinese authorities.

(11) Recently more than two thousand Chinese students signed an open letter to express their concern about recent po

litical developments in their country. (b) POLICY.—It is the sense of Congress that,

(1) the People's Republic of China should immediately release Yang Wei; and

(2) the United States should consider sympathetically applications for asylum from Chinese students studying in the United States who can, on a case-by-case basis, demonstrate a wellfounded fear of persecution.



82 The text of title X, cited as the "Anti-Terrorism Act of 1987", may be found at page 699.

83 The text of title XI, cited as the “Global Climate Protection Act of 1987", may be found in Legislation on Foreign Relations through 1994, vol. IV, sec. L.


SEC. 1201.64 • • • (Repealed-1993)
SEC. 1202.86 * * * [Repealed—1993)
SEC. 1203. * • [Repealed—1993)

It is the sense of the Congress that,

(1) the President should continue to express to the government of any country that engages in the harassment of reli. gious groups 88 the deep concern and opposition of the United States with respect to such activities; 89

(2) the governments of all 90 countries should comply with their commitments under the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenants on Human Rights, the Final Act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, and the Madrid Concluding Docu


HUMAN RIGHTS OF HUNGARIANS IN TRANSYLVANIA. The Congress deplores activities of the Government of the Social ist Republic of Romania restricting the internationally recognized human rights of Hungarians and other nationalities in Transyl. vania and elsewhere in Romania. SEC. 1206. SELF-DETERMINATION OP THE PEOPLE VROM THE BALTIC

STATES OP ESTONIA, LATVIA, AND LITHUANIA. It is the serise of the Congress that,

(1, the continuir.g desire and right of the people of the Baltic Siates of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania for freedom and inde pendate 2 bould be recognized; and

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