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(2) the President should

(A) direct world attention to the right of self-determination of the people of the Baltic States by issuing on July 26, 1988, a statement that officially informs all member nations of the United Nations of the support of the United States for self-determination of all peoples and non recogni. tion of the forced incorporation of the Baltic States into the Soviet Union;

(B) call attention to violations of internationally recognized human rights in the Baltic States; and

(C) promote compliance with the human rights and humanitarian provisions of the Helsinki Final Act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe in the Bal


(a) SUPPORT FOR SOLIDARITY.—It is the sense of the Congress that

(1) Solidarity deserves special praise and recognition as the only free and independent trade union in Poland;

(2) Solidarity reflects the Polish people's desire for free and democratic institutions and activities; and

(3) Solidarity is one of the leading democratic representatives of the Polish working people. (b) ASSISTANCE IN SUPPORT OF DEMOCRACY IN POLAND.—Notwithstanding any other provision of law, of the amounts authorized to be appropriated to carry out chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (relating to the economic support fund) for fiscal year 1988, not less than $1,000,000 shall be available only for the unconditional support of democratic institutions and activities in Poland.



RIGHTS AGENDA. (a) FINDINGS.—The Congress finds that,

(1) the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which was adopted and proclaimed by the General Assembly of the United Nations, states in paragraph 2 of Article 13 that "Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country";

(2) the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states in Article 19 that “Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive, and impart information and ideas through any media regardless of frontiers”;

(3) the Government of Cuba has violated the Cuban people's internationally recognized human rights, including freedom of movement, emigration, opinion, and expression;

(4) Cuban human rights violations are a major obstacle to improved United States-Cuban relations; and

(5) the United Nations Human Rights Commission has acted selectively in addressing human rights violations in various

countries and has failed to piace Cuba on its agenda despite overwheiming evidence of the continuing disregard and sys terriatic abuse of internationally recognized human rights by

the Government of Cuba. (b) SENSE OF CONGRESS.-It is the sense of the Congress that

(1) the Government of Cuba should respect internationally recognized human rights, including freedom of movement, em gration, opinion, and expression, and

(2) the United States delegation to the United Nations should continue its commendable efforts to bring this issue before the attention of the United Nations and to place Cuban human rights abuses on the agenda of the United Nations

Human Rights Commission, (c) DISTRIBUTION OF TEXT TO U.N. MEMBERS. The Secretary of State shall cause the text of this section to be circulated by the United States among the members of the United Nations in order to highlight Cuba's behavior in violation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. SEC. 1212. PARTIAL LIFTING OF THE TRADE EMBARGO AGAINST

NICARAGUA. It is the sense of Congress that the President should exempt from the trade embargo against Nicaragua those items which would benefit Nicaragua's independent print and broadcast media, private sector and trade union groups, nongovernmental service organizations, and the democratic civic opposition, SEC. 1213. TERRORIST BOMBING IN HONDURAS, (a) FINDINGS.—The Congress finds that

(1) a terrorist bomb exploded on August 8, 1987, in the China Palace restaurant in Comayagua, Honduras,

(2) the bomb was directed at American soldiers and did in fact wound American soldiers and an American contracur,

(3) the United States military personnel were in Honduras assigned to Joint Task Force Bravo,

(4) Honduran authorities have named Alfonso Guerrero Ulloa as a suspect in this act of terrorist and have #warrant for his arrest;

(5) the Government of Mexico, contrary w acepud yr 16 of international law on narooring terrorista, bat gratud kabylum to Mr. Guerrero, and

(6) the United States Covernment has proubud w the Gov. ernment of Mexico. b) STATEMENT OF POLICY - It is the sense of that Congrest that

(1) the United States Congress Cepiores the larwormup of international terrorists, and

(2) the United States Covernment shouid call upon the Covernment of Mexico i turi Mr. Guerrery over to the Coven

ment of tionduras. SEC. 1214. HUMAN RIGHTS IN FATAGLAY. (a) FINDINGS,The Congress finas tica

(1, the Government of Faraguay systematically has violaud the internationaliy recognizec numar: rignts Of Ile Citizens,

tay the police death of a ne Congressection (a

(2) various provisions of Paraguayan law provide for the detention of individuals without trial for an indefinite period of time;

(3) the police authorities in Paraguay arbitrarily arrest and detain individuals; and

(4) the police authorities have tortured and abused prisoners, resulting in the death of a number of detainees. (b) SENSE OF CONGRESS.—The Congress expresses its outrage at the human rights abuses specified in subsection (a), pledges to continually speak out against all governments which commit such abuses, and urges the Government of Paraguay to respect the internationally recognized human rights of its citizens.

PART C—AFRICA SEC. 1221. HUMAN RIGHTS IN ETHIOPIA. (a) FINDINGS. --The Congress finds that,

(1) the Government of Ethiopia has systematically violated the internationally recognized human rights of its citizens;

(2) the Government of Ethiopia holds large numbers of political prisoners and regularly detains without trial many other political opponents of the government;

(3) the Government of Ethiopia engages in torture and illtreatment of political prisoners;

(4) reliable reports indicate that many political opponents of the Government of Ethiopia “disappear” and that approximately sixty political prisoners were executed in October 1985 without benefit of trial; and

(5) over one million Ethiopians have fled the country. (b) SENSE OF CONGRESS.—The Congress expresses its outrage at the human rights abuses specified in subsection (a), pledges to continually speak out against all governments which commit such abuses, and urges the Government of Ethiopia to respect the internationally recognized human rights of its citizens. SEC. 1222.93 UNITED STATES POLICY ON ANGOLA. (a) FINDINGS.—The Congress finds that,

(1) it is in the interest of peace and economic development in southern Africa for the President and the Secretary of State to discuss the conflict in Angola with Soviet leaders;

(2) the President has stated that the resolution of regional conflicts such as Angola, Afghanistan, and Nicaragua is critical to improvements in Soviet-American relations;

(3) the proposed summit between President Reagan and Secretary General Gorbachev provides the United States with an

83 Sec. 103(c) of the FRIENDSHIP Act (Public Law 103–199; 107 Stat. 2320), relating to statutory provisions applicable to the Soviet Union, provided the following:

"(c) FINDINGS AND AFFIRMATION.—The Congress finds and alfirms that provisions such as those described in this section, including_* *

"(3) section 1222 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989

(Public Law 100-204; 101 Slat. 1411), • *. "should not be construed as being directed against Russia, Ukraine, or the other independent states of the former Soviet Union, connoting an adversarial relationship between the United States and the independent slales, or signifying or implying in any manner unfriendliness to ward the independent states.".

For complete list of related statutes, see sec. 103 of the FRIENDSHIP Act, in Legislation on Foreign Relations through 1994, vol. 1-B.

can forcengola one of the ity of

opportunity to encourage complete Soviet-Cuban withdrawal from Angola, the possible provision of humanitarian assistance, and the holding of free and fair elections;

(4) the Marxist regime in Angola known as the Popular Movement for Liberation of Angola (hereafter in this section referred to as the “MPLA”) is currently launching a major dryseason offensive against the opposition involving thousands of Cuban troops and billions of dollars in sophisticated Soviet weaponry;

(5) the people of Angola are starving because of the hardships resulting from 12 years of civil war and inefficient Marxist economic policies;

(6) the MPLA regime has turned to the international community for substantial food aid while continuing to spend most of Angola's national budget on sustaining the war effort, includ. ing payments for Cuban troops and Soviet arms; and

(7) the growing intensity of the war, the starvation and mounting suffering of the Angolan people, the continued presence in Angola of 37,000 Cuban combat troops and South African forces, the continued presence and active involvement of 2,500 Soviet military advisers, and the refusal of the MPLA to negotiate with the opposition, increase the urgency of reaching

a peaceful solution. (b) POLICY.—It is the sense of the Congress that

(1) the United States should continue to work toward a peaceful resolution to the Angolan conflict that includes

(A) the complete withdrawal of all foreign forces and Soviet military advisers;

(B) a negotiated settlement to the 12-year conflict leading to the formation of a government of national unity and the holding of free and fair elections; and

(C) efforts by the President and the Secretary of State to convey to Soviet leaders at the proposed summit and in other meetings that the aggressive military build-up in Angola undermines positive bilateral relations and that the United States is committed to supporting democratic

forces in Angola until democracy is achieved; (2) the people of Angola should not be left to starve because of the MPLA regime;

(3) the United States should consider responding to the humanitarian needs of the Angolan people, and if humanitarian assistance is provided, such assistance should be distributed in an evenhanded manner, so that Angolans throughout the entire war-torn country are provided with food and basic medical care;

(4) any humanitarian assistance should be distributed through private and voluntary organizations or nongovernmental organizations; and

(5) within 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State should prepare and transmit to the Congress a report detailing the progress of discussions between the Soviet Union and the United States on the conflict in Angola.

SEC. 1223.• • • • (Repealed-1993)
SEC. 1224.88 • • • (Repealed-1993)


SEC. 1231. MIDDLE EAST PEACE CONFERENCE. (a) FINDINGS.—The Congress finds that,

(1) the General Assembly of the United Nations recognized the sovereignty of the State of Israel through Resolution 181 of 1947 and the right of all Israeli citizens to live within secure and recognized boundaries through Resolutions 242 and 338 of 1973;

(2) the Government of the Soviet Union severed diplomatic relations with the State of Israel in 1967 and has opposed every recent United States initiative for direct, bilateral negotiations among the warring parties of the Middle East including the Camp David accords of 1979 and the Reagan plan of 1982;

(3) the Government of the Soviet Union has further demonstrated its lack of respect for the integrity of the Israeli state by systematically denying exit visas to Soviet Jews who wish to live and work in the State of Israel; and

(4) a permanent and equitable settlement of the Middle Eastern conflict can result only from agreements between the

Arab States and Israel. (b) POLICY.—It is the sense of the Congress that the United States should not actively encourage the participation of the Soviet Union in any conference, meeting, or summit on the Arab-Israeli conflict which includes nations other than those in the Middle East unless the Government of the Soviet Union has either

(1)(A) reestablished diplomatic relations with the State of Israel at the ambassadorial level;

(B) publicly reaffirmed its acceptance of United Nations Resolutions 242 and 338; and

(C) substantially increased and maintained the number of exit visas granted to Jewish individuals and families within the Soviet Union who have applied for emigration to the State of Israel; or

(2) been jointly invited by the governments of the states in

the region involved in the talks. *V*), 1232. UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD LEBANON. (a) F'INDING8.--The Congress makes the following findings:

(1) Alter nearly 13 years of civil conflict and foreign intervention, the situation in Lebanon appears no closer to resolu

(2) Through most of the last dozen years, the Lebanese have managed to continue economic activity sufficient to stave off

** Sec 1223 hud required a report to Congress from the Secretary of State on forced detention by the Alman National Congress and the South African Government since the South African Covernment enacuda State of Emergency in June 1986. It was repealed by sec. 46X3) of Public Law 103 149 (107 Sual 1106),

16 dec 1224, relating u detention of children in South Africa, was repealed by sec. 4/6X3) of Public Law 103-149 (107 Stat 1106).

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