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SEC. 1252. REPORT ON PROGRESS TOWARD A WORLD SUMMIT ON
TERRORISM. It is the sense of the Congress that the President should convene a summit meeting of Western world leaders to adopt a unified effective program against international terrorism. SEC. 1253. PROTECTION OF AMERICANS ENDANGERED BY THE AP.
PEARANCE OF THEIR PLACE OF BIRTH ON THEIR PASS.
PORTS. (a) FINDINGS.—The Congress finds that some citizens of the United States may be specially endangered during a hijacking or other terrorist incident by the fact that their place of birth appears on their United States passports.
(b) DISCUSSIONS.—The Congress urges the President to enter into discussions with other countries regarding the feasibility of a general agreement permitting the deletion of the place of birth as a required item of information on passports. SEC. 1254. SUPPORT OF MUTUAL DEFENSE ALLIANCES. (a) FINDINGS.-The Congress makes the following findings:
(1) Japan, the member nations of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and other countries rely heavily on the United States to protect their national security under mutual defense alliances.
(2) The United States spends tens of billions of dollars annually to assist in the defense of allies of the United States.
(3) The financial burden of mutual defense assumed by many NATO allies and particularly Japan is not commensurate with their economic resources, and, as a result, the United States bears a disproportionately large share of the financial burden of supporting such mutual defense.
(4) While the United States is currently spending 6.5 percent of its gross national product on defense, our NATO allies spend an average of 3.5 percent of their gross national products on defense and Japan spends only 1.0 percent of its gross national product on defense.
(5) United States allies, particularly West Germany and Japan, have derived tremendous economic benefit from the free trade system among the Western countries, accumulating in certain cases large payments surpluses, while protected through military alliances to which the United States has made an overwhelming commitment of resources.
(6) The greatest weakness in the ability of the United States to sustain the mutual defense of the United States and its allies is not the military capability of the United States, but rather the economic vulnerability of the United States.
(7) The Federal budget deficit must be reduced in order to revitalize the economy.
(8) The continued unwillingness of the allies of the United States to increase their contributions to the common defense to more appropriate levels could weaken the long-term vitality, effectiveness, and cohesion of the alliances between those coun
tries and the United States. (b) POLICY. It is the sense of the Congress that,
(1) the President should enter into discussions with countries which participate in mutual defense alliances with the United
States, especially the member nations of NATO and Japan, for the purpose of reaching an agreement on a more equitable distribution of the burden of financial support for the alliances;
(2) the objective of such discussions with the member nations of NATO and Japan should be to establish a schedule of increases in defense spending by our NATO allies and Japan or a system of offsetting payments that is designed to achieve, to the maximum practicable extent, a division of responsibility for defense spending between those allies and the United States that is commensurate with their resources;
(3) the President should report to the Congress, within one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, on the progress of such discussions; and
(7) if, in the judgment of the Congress, the President's report does not reflect substantial progress toward a more equitable distribution of defense expenses among the members of a mutual defense alliance, the Congress should review the extent of the distribution of the mutual defense burden among our allies and consider whether additional legislation is appropriate.
TITLE XIII-EFFECTIVE DATE SEC. 1301. EFFECTIVE DATE.
Except as otherwise provided in this Act, this Act shall take effect on the date of its enactment.
i. Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1986
Partial text of Public Law 99-93 (Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fis
cal Years 1986 and 1987; H.R. 2068), 99 Stat. 405, approved August 16, 1985; as amended by Public Law 99-151 (Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1986; H.R. 2942), 99 Stat. 792, approved November 13, 1985; Public Law 99 399 (Omnibus Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986, HR. 4151), 100 Stat. 868, approved August 27, 1986; Public Law 100% 202 (Continuing Appropriations for 1988, HJ. Res. 395), 101 Stat. 1329, ap. proved December 22, 1987; Public Law 100–204 (Foreign Relations Au. thorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989; H.R. 1777), 101 Stat. 1331, ap. proved December 22, 1987; Public Law 102-138 (Foreign Relations Au. thorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993; H.R. 1415), 105 Stat. 647, approved October 28, 1991; Public Law 102-392 (Legislative Branch Appro. priations Act, 1993; H.R. 5427), 106 Stat. 1703, approved October 6, 1992; Public Law 102-549 (International Narcotics Control Act of 1992, H.R. 6187), 106 Stat. 4914, approved November 2, 1992; Public Law 103-199 (FRIENDSHIP Act, É.R. 3000), 107 Stat. 2317, approved December 17, 1993; Public Law 103–236 (Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995; H.R. 2333), 108 Stat. 382, approved April 30, 1994
NOTE.-Sections in this Act amend other State Department and foreign relations legislation and are incorporated elsewhere in this compilation.
AN ACT To authorize appropriations for fiscal years 1986 and 1987 for the Depart. ment of State, the United States Information Agency, the Board for International Broadcasting, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE AND TABLE OF CONTENTS.
(a) SHORT TITLE.—This Act may be cited as the “Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987”. (b) TABLE OF CONTENTS.—* * *
TITLE I-DEPARTMENT OF STATE SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS.
The following amounts are authorized to be appropriated for the Department of State to carry out the authorities, functions, duties, and responsibilities in the conduct of the foreign affairs of the United States and for other purposes authorized by law:
(1) ADMINISTRATION OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS.–For "Administration of Foreign Affairs", $1,828,088,000 for the fiscal year 1986 1 and $1,873,790,000 for the fiscal year 1987.2
(2) INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND CONFERENCES.–For "International Organizations and Conferences", $534,074,000 for the fiscal year 1986 3 and $534,074,000 for the fiscal year 1987.4
(3) INTERNATIONAL COMMISSIONS.—For "International Commissions", $28,704,000 for the fiscal year 19865 and $25,824,000 for the fiscal year 1987.6
The Department of State Appropriation Act, 1996 (Pubhc Law 99–180), appropriated funds for fiscal year 1986 for the "Administration of Foreign Affairs" itemized in the following manner salaries and expenses-$1,455,000,000, reopening consulates—$1,700,000; representation allowanes-84,700,000; protection of foreign missions and orħicials_$9,500,000, A acquisition and maintenance of buildings abroad_$337,000,000, emergencies in the diplomatic and consular service $4,400,000, payment to the American Institute in Taiwan-$9,800,000, payment to the Foreign Service Retirement and Disabihty Fund-$118,174,000.
The Urgent Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1987 (Public Law 99-349, 100 Sual 716), also provided:
"ADMINISTRATION OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS
SALARIES AND EXPENSES Notwithstanding section 15 a) of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956, for an additional amount for Salaries and expenses', $283,104,000, to remain available until expended: Prouided, That $222,104,000 of this amount shall become available for obligation on September 30, 1986.
'ACQUISITION AND MAINTENANCE OF BUILDINGS ABROAD Notwithstanding section 15/a) of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956, for an additional amount for 'Acquisition and Maintenance of Buildings Abroad, to be available subject to the approval of the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations under said Committees pohcies concerning the reprogramming of funds contained in Public Law 99–180, $409.000.000 to remain available until expended: Provided, That such funds shall become available for obligation on September 30, 1986.
COUNTERTERRORISH RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT Notwithstanding section 15a) of the State Department Basie Authonties Act of 1956, for ner essary expenses for Counterronsm Research and Development', $10,000,000 to remain available until September 30, 1987.'.
2 Sec. 101(b), title Ill of the Continuing Appropriations Act, 1987 (Public Law 99_591; 100 Stat. 3341), a poropriated funds for fiscal year 1987 for the Administration of Foreign Affairs itemized in the following manner. Salanes and expenses_$1,527.000.000, representation allowanos_$4.460.000; Proiection of Foreign Missions and Officials $9.100.000 acquisition and maintenance of buildings abroad-$440,000,000, emergencies in the diplomatic and consular service$4,000,000; payment to the American Institute in Taiwan$9,379,000, and payment to the Foreign Service Reurement and Disabihty Fund-$127.398,000.
The Department of State Appropriation Act, 1986 (Public Law 99180), appropriated funds for International Organizations and Conferences for fiscal year 1986 itemized in the following manner. wontnbutions to international organizations-$463,000,000; contnbutions for inter national peacekeeping activities-$29,400,000; and international conferences and contingencies $6.000.000.
* Sec. 101b). Diue III of the Continuing Appropriations Act, 1987 (Public Law 99_591; 100 Stat. 3341), a ppropraled funds for fiscal year 1987 for the International Organizations and Conferences itemized in the following manner. contributions to international organizations
385.000.000: conlnbutions for international peacekeeping actintes $29.400.000. and inter national conferences and contingencies-$5,460,000. An additional $31,689,000 for peacekeeping operation's was provided by title Il of the Foreign Assistance and Related Programs Appropriations Act of 1987 (sec. 1010 of the Continuing Appropriations Act, 1987; Public Law 99 591; 100 Sual 3341
The Department of State Appropriation Act, 1986 (Public Law 99–180), appropriated funds for "International Commissions for fiscal year 1986 itemized in the following manner. International boundary and Water Commission, United States and Mexico (salanes and expenses) $11,300.000; (construction) $2,257,000. Amencan Sections, international Commissions $3,755.000, and International Fishenes Commissions—$11.300.000.
* Sec. 1010) title Ill of the Continuing Appropnations Act, 1987 (Pobhc Law, 992591: 100 Suat. 3341), a poropriated funds for fiscal year 1907 for "International Commissions as follows: International Boundary and Water Commission, United States and Meno (salanes and a. penses. $1.800.000, (construction) $3,900.000; (American Sections, international Commissions") $3,700.000, (international Fishenes Commission's) $10,000,000.
(4) MIGRATION AND REFUGEE ASSISTANCE.—For “Migration and Refugee Assistance", $344,730,000 for the fiscal year 1986 ? and $344,730,000 for the fiscal year 1987.8
(5) BILATERAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGREEMENTS.–For “United States Bilateral Science and Technology Agreements”, $2,000,000 for the fiscal year 19869 and $2,000,000 for the fiscal year 1987.10
(6) SOVIET-EAST EUROPEAN RESEARCH AND TRAINING.–For "Soviet-East European Research and Training", $4,800,000 for the fiscal year 1986 11 and $5,000,000 for the fiscal year
1987.12 SEC. 102. PERMANENT AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS. (a) OTHER AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—
(1) Except for authorizations cited in paragraph (2), the only amounts authorized to be appropriated for any fiscal year for the accounts described in section 101 are those amounts specifically authorized to be appropriated for those accounts.
(2) The other authorizations of appropriations referred to in paragraph (1) are those contained in section 24 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2696), relating to increases in employee benefits authorized by law and to adverse fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates and overseas wage and price changes, and in section 821 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4061), relating to the
Foreign Service Retirement and Disability Fund. (b) NOTIFICATION TO AUTHORIZING COMMITTEES OF CERTAIN REQUESTS FOR APPROPRIATIONS.-In any fiscal year, whenever the Secretary of State submits to the Congress a request for appropriations pursuant to the authorizations described in subsection (a)(2), the Secretary shall notify the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate of such request.
SEC. 104. SECURITY EARMARK.
Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated for “Administration of Foreign Affairs" by section 101(1), not less than $311,000,000 for the fiscal year 1986 shall be available only for security-related capital projects and improvements and the salaries and expenses associated with security-related personnel.
The Foreign Assistance Appropriations Act, 1986 (sec. 101() of the Continuing Appropriations Act, 1986; Public Law 99-190), appropriated $338,930,000 for "Migration and Refugee Assistance” during fiscal year 1986.
& Title II of the Foreign Assistance and Related Programs Appropriations Act (sec. 101(1) of the Continuing Appropriations Act, 1987; Public Law 99-591; 100 Stat. 3341), appropriated $346,856,000 for migration and refugee assistance for fiscal year 1987.
The Department of State Appropriation Act, 1986 (Public Law 99–180) appropriated $2,000,000 for United States Bilateral Science and Technology Agreements.
10 Title III of sec. 101(b) of the Continuing Appropriations Act (Department of State Appro priations) provided $1,700,000 for scientific and technological cooperation with Yugoslavia.
11 The Department of State Appropriation Act, 1986 (Public Law 99–180), appropriated for fiscal year 1986, $4,800,000 for Soviet-East European Research and Training
Title III of sec. 101(b) of the Continuing Appropriations Act (Department of the State Appro priations) provided $4,600,000 for Soviet-East European research and training.