Sidor som bilder
PDF
ePub

narcotics specialist personnel category in the Foreign Service is an appropriate mechanism to serve these purposes and, if not, what alternatives are contemplated. SEC. 132.31 SHARING OF INFORMATION CONCERNING DRUG TRAF.

FICKERS. (a) REPORTING SYSTEMS.—In order to ensure that foreign narcotics traffickers are denied visas to enter the United States, as required by section 212(a)(23) of the Immigration and Naturalization Act (22 U.S.C. 1182(a)(23))—

(1) the Department of State shall cooperate with United States law enforcement agencies, including the Drug Enforcement Administration and the United States Customs Service, in establishing a comprehensive information system on all drug arrests of foreign nationals in the United States, so that that information may be communicated to the appropriate United States embassies; and

(2) the National Drug Enforcement Policy Board shall agree on uniform guidelines which would permit the sharing of information on foreign drug traffickers. (b) REPORT.-Not later than six months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Chairman of the National Drug Enforcement Policy Board shall submit a report to the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate on the steps taken to implement this section. SEC. 133.2 EXTRADITION TREATIES.

The Secretary of State, with the assistance of the National Drug Enforcement Policy Board, shall increase United States efforts to negotiate updated extradition treaties relating to narcotics offenses with each major drug-producing country, particularly those in Latin America. SEC. 134.83 * * * [Repealed—1991) SEC. 135. COMMENDATION OF AMBASSADOR TO MEXICO.

The Congress commends our fine Ambassador to Mexico, John Gavin, for insuring a full and complete investigation and prosecution of the murders of Enrique Camerena and for his continuing advocacy of a strong drug enforcement program. SEC. 136. 1 SOVIET EMPLOYEES AT UNITED STATES DIPLOMATIC AND

CONSULAR MISSIONS IN THE SOVIET UNION. (a) LIMITATION.-To the maximum extent practicable, citizens of the Soviet Union shall not be employed as foreign national employ

218 U.S.C. 1182 nole.
2 18 U.S.C. 3181 note.

23 Repealed by sec. 191 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138; 105 Stat. 683), sec. 134 recommended that the Secretary of State issue a travel advisory warning U.S. citizens of the current dangers of traveling in the State of Jalisco, Mexico, site of the 1985 murders of two U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration employees and other assaults against U.S. citizens. * * 22 U.S.C. 3943 note. In a memorandum to the Secretary of State on October 24, 1991, the President determined "that implementation of section 136(a) of the (Foreign Relations Authorization) Act (. Fiscal Year 1986 and 1987) poses undue practical and administrative difficulties. Consistent with this determination, you are authorized to employ Soviet nationals in nonsensitive areas of the New Embassy Compound in Moscow under strict monitoring by cleared Americans. Further, I delegate to you the responsibility vested in me by section 136(6)

Continued and 1987 (Public Law 99-93), * .. "should not be construed as being directed against Russia, Ukraine, or the other independent states of the former Soviet Union, connoting an adversarial relationship between the United States and the independent states, or signifying or implying in any manner unfriendliness to ward the independent stales.".

(27 the members ted States in rem Service

ees at United States diplomatic or consular missions in the Soviet Union after September 30, 1986.

(b) REPORT.-Should the President determine that the implementation of subsection (a) poses undue practical or administrative difficulties, he is requested to submit a report to Congress describing the number and type of Soviet foreign national employees he wishes to retain at or in proximity to United States diplomatic and consular posts in the Soviet Union, the anticipated duration of their continued employment, the reasons for their continued employment, and the risks associated with the retention of these employees. SEC. 137. RESPONSIBILITY OF UNITED STATES MISSIONS ABROAD TO

PROVIDE SUPPORT FOR UNITED STATES BUSINESSES. (a) FINDINGS.— The Congress finds that,

(1) the United States is faced with increasingly larger trade deficits every year;

(2) section 104 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 provides that the members of the Foreign Service shall represent the interests of the United States in relation to foreign countries;

(3) section 207(c) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 provides that each chief of mission to a foreign country shall have as a principal duty the promotion of United States goods for export to that country; and

(4) the promotion of United States business interests abroad is a fundamental aspect of United States relations with foreign

countries. (b) POLICY.It is the sense of the Congress that it is imperative, and in the national interest of the United States, that each United States mission to a foreign country provide such support as may be necessary to United States citizens seeking to do business in that country. SEC. 138.25 RESPONSIBILITY OF UNITED STATES MISSIONS TO PRO

MOTE FREEDOM OF THE PRESS ABROAD. (a) RESPONSIBILITY.-The United States chief of mission to a foreign country in which there is not respect for freedom of the press shall actively promote respect for freedom of the press in that country.

(b) DEFINITION.—As used in this section, the term “respect for freedom of the press” means that a government

of the Act to report to the Congress on circumstances relevant to this determination. Such responsibility may be redelegated within the Department of State." (Presidential Determination 92-4 of October 24, 1991; 56 F.R. 56567, November 6, 1991).

The Secrelary of State, in Department of State Public Notice 1531 of December 2, 1991 (Dele gation of Authority No. 191; 56 F.R. 64830), delegated to the Deputy Secretary of State the re porting function requested in sec. 136(b).

Sec. 103(c) of the FRIENDSHIP Act (Public Law 103–199; 107 Stat. 2320), relating to statutory provisions applicable to the Soviet Union, provided the following:

"(c) FINDINGS AND AFFIRMATION.—The Congress finds and affirms that provisions such as those described in this section, including- ..

"(2) sections 136 and 804 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1986

For complete list of related statutes, see sec, 103 of the FRIENDSHIP Act, in Legislation on Foreign Relations through 1994, vol. 1-B.

20 22 U.S.C. 2656 note.

It is the fall United Sthe service to start of any seach such seryo

(1) allows foreign news correspondents into the country and does not subject them to harassment or restrictions;

(2) allows nongovernment-owned press to operate in the country; and

(3) does not subject the press in the country to systematic

censorship. SEC. 139.2 EMERGENCY TELEPHONE SERVICE AT U.S. CONSULAR OF.

FICES. It is the sense of the Congress that the Secretary of State should ensure that all United States consular offices are equipped with 24hour emergency telephone service through which United States citizens can contact a member of the staff of any such office. The Secretary should publicize the telephone number of each such seryice for the information of United States citizens. Not more than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit a report to the Congress on steps taken in accordance with this section. SEC. 140. RESPONSIBILITIES OF UNITED STATES REPRESENTATIVES

TO INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS. (a) FINDINGS.—The Congress finds that,

(1) international organizations of which the United States is a member are increasingly involved in the consideration of proposals that may have a significant impact on the interstate or foreign commerce of the United States; and

(2) these proposals are not always adequately publicized or considered pursuant to open and fair procedures available to

interested persons. (b) POLICY.-It is the sense of the Congress that

(1) the United States representatives to United Nations-related agencies and to other international organizations should oppose the adoption of international marketing and distribution regulations or restrictions which unnecessarily impede the export of United States goods and services; and

(2) the Secretary of State, to the extent practicable, should publish procedures to provide interested persons with timely notice and an opportunity to comment on such regulations and restrictions under consideration in international organizations as the Secretary determines may significantly affect

(A) the interstate or foreign commerce of the United States;

(B) the policies or programs of the United States Government; or

(C) any State significantly affected by interstate or foreign commerce.

*

*

SEC. 143.27 * * * (Repealed-1991)

*

*

20 22 U.S.C. 2656 note.

27 22 U.S.C. 287e nole. Sec. 143, relating to reform in budget decision-making procedures of the United Nations and its specialized agencies, was repealed by sec. 162(e) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138; 105 Stat. 676).

SEC. 145. INTERNATIONAL Z CEGAVATION

The President s autorzea D maintain Tendersild i detit. ed States in 'ne international terganization. SEC. 146. INTELSAT.

(a) POLICY -Te Congress ieciares na Is e socy of the United States

(a) as a party to the internationai Teiecommunications Satellite Organization herearter n mis section referred to as “Inteisat', 'n foster and support ine gooai commernal commu. nications satellite system owned and operated by Ieteiset

(2) to make avaliable to consumers a vanety of communications satellite services utiizing the space segment faci ces of Intelsat and any additional such tacities which are found to be in the national interest and wnich

(A) are technicaily compatibie with the use of the radio frequency spectrum and orbital space by the ensting or pianned Inteisat space segment, and

(B) avoid significant economic harm to the global system of Inteisat; and (3) to authorize use and operation of any additional space segment facilities only if the obligations of the United States under article XIV(d) of the Inteisat Agreement 29 have been met. (b) PRECONDITIONS FOR INTELSAT CONSULTATION.–Before consulting with Intelsat for purposes of coordination of any separate international telecommunications satellite system under article XIV(d) of the Intelsat Agreement, the Secretary of State shall

(1) in coordination with the Secretary of Commerce, ensure that any proposed separate international satellite telecommunications system comply with the Executive Branch conditions established pursuant to the Presidential Determination No. 85-2; 30 and

(2) ensure that one or more foreign authorities have authorized the use of such system consistent with such conditions. (c) AMENDMENT OF INTELSAT AGREEMENT.41) The Secretary of State shall consult with the United States signatory to Intelsat and the Secretary of Commerce regarding the appropriate scope and character of a modification to article V(d) of the Intelsat Agreement which would permit Intelsat to establish cost-based rates for indi. vidual traffic routes, as exceptional circumstances warrant, paying particular attention to the need for avoiding significant economic harm to the global system of Intelsat as well as United States national and foreign policy interests.

(2)(A) To ensure that rates established by Intelsat for such routes are cost-based, the Secretary of State, in consultation with the Secretary of Commerce and the Chairman of the Federal Communications Commission, shall instruct the United States signatory to Intelsat to ensure that sufficient documentation, including documentation regarding revenues and costs, is provided by Intelsat so as to verify that such rates are in fact cost-based.

** 1119 701 nole.

I'NT AN13 ( 14 ('oxnp. p 254

(B) To the maximum extent possible, such documentation will be made available to interested parties on a timely basis.

(3) Pursuant to the consultation under paragraph (1) and taking the steps prescribed in paragraph (2) to provide documentation, the United States shall support an appropriate modification to article V(d) of the Intelsat Agreement 31 to accomplish the purpose described in paragraph (1).

(d) CONGRESSIONAL CONSULTATION.-In the event that, after United States consultation with Intelsat for the purposes of coordination under article XIV(d) of the Intelsat Agreement for the establishment of a separate international telecommunications satellite system, the Assembly of Parties of Intelsat fails to recommend such a separate system, and the President determines to pursue the establishment of a separate system notwithstanding the Assembly's failure to approve such system, the Secretary of State, after consultation with the Secretary of Commerce, shall submit to the Congress a detailed report which shall set forth

(1) the foreign policy reasons for the President's determination, and

(2) a plan for minimizing any negative effects of the President's action on Intelsat and on United States foreign policy in

terests. (e) NOTIFICATION TO FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION.In the event the Secretary of State submits a report under subsection (d), the Secretary, 60 calendar days after the receipt by the Congress of such report, shall notify the Federal Communications Commission as to whether the United States obligations under article XIV(d) of the Intelsat Agreement have been met.

(f) IMPLEMENTATION.-In implementing the provisions of this section, the Secretary of State shall act in accordance with Executive order 12046.32

(g) DEFINITION.–For the purposes of this section, the term "separate international telecommunications satellite system” or “separate system” means a system of one or more telecommunications satellites separate from the Intelsat space segment which is established to provide international telecommunications services between points within the United States and points outside the United States, except that such term shall not include any satellite or system of satellites established

(1) primarily for domestic telecommunications purposes and which incidentally provides services on an ancillary basis to points outside the jurisdiction of the United States but within the western hemisphere, or

(2) solely for unique governmental purposes.

31 23 UST 3813. 23 C.F.R. 1978 Comp., p. 158.

« FöregåendeFortsätt »