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SEC. 147.33 • • • (Repealed—1993)
TECHNOLOGY. The Secretary of State shall conduct an in-depth study of the feasibility and the economic and political benefits of the establishment of a major initiative in Inter-American Cooperation in Space, Science, and Technology. Not more than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit a report to the Congress on the findings of such study and shall include recommendations for implementing such an initiative. SEC. 150. DEPARTMENT OF STATE INSPECTOR GENERAL.
(a) 35 * * *
(b) 36 ABOLISHMENT OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND THE FOREIGN SERVICE.-Notwithstanding section 209 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3929), the Inspector General of the Department of State and the Foreign Service is hereby abolished.
(c) REPORT.-Not later than six months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall submit a report to the Congress on the steps the Secretary has undertaken to implement the provisions of the amendment made by subsection (a). SEC. 151.47 EMPLOYEES OF THE UNITED NATIONS.
(a) INITIAL REPORT.-Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall report to the Congress on whether, and the extent to which, international civil servants employed by the United Nations, including those seconded to the United Nations, are required to return all or part of their salaries to their respective governments. The Secretary shall also include in this report a description of the steps taken by the Department of State and by the United States Representative to the United Nations to correct this practice.
(b) REPORT ON STEPS TO CORRECT PRACTICE.-The Secretary of State shall determine and report to the Congress on whether substantial progress has been made by June 1, 1986, in correcting the practice of international civil servants employed by the United Nations being required to return all or part of their salaries to their respective governments.
(c) Rant'OTION IN CONTRIBUTION F SUBSTANTIAL PROGRESS NOT MAN -If the Secretary of State determines pursuant to subsertion (b) that substantial progress has not been made in correcting this practice, the l'nited States shall thereafter reduce the amount of its annual assessed contribution to the United Nations by the amount of that contribution which is the United States proportionate share or the salaries of those international civil servants
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employed by the United Nations who are returning any portion of their salaries to their respective governments.
(d) NATIONAL TAXATION.-This section does not apply with respect to payments made for purposes of national taxation in accordance with formal treaty reservations concerning such taxation by a member state of the United Nations. SEC. 162.38 REPRESENTATION OF MINORITIES AND WOMEN IN THE
FOREIGN SERVICE. (a) DEVELOPMENT OF PROGRAM.—The head of each agency utilizing the Foreign Service personnel system shall develop, consistent with section 7201 of title 5 of the United States Code, a plan designed to increase significantly the number of members of minority groups and women in the Foreign Service in that agency.
(b) EMPHASIS ON MID-LEVELS.-Each plan developed pursuant to this section shall, consistent with section 7201 of title 5 of the United States Code, place particular emphasis on achieving signifi. cant increases in the numbers of minority group members and women who are in the mid-levels of the Foreign Service.
(c) 39 * * * (Repealed—1987)
38 22 U.S.C. 3922a. See also sec. 178 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Yeans 1995 and 1996 (Public Law 103-236; 108 stat. 414).
3Subsec. (c) was repealed by sec. 185(cX3) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-204; 101 Stat. 1331). It required the head of each agency utilizing Foreign Service personnel to report annually to the Congress on the plan developed pursuant to sec. 152.
10 Sec. 154, relating to damages resulting from delays in the construction of the U.S. Embassy in Moscow, was repealed by sec. 132(hX2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138; 105 Stat. 665).
41 Sec. 804 of the FRIENDSHIP Act (Public Law 103–199; 107 Stat. 2329) repealed sec. 155, relating to Soviet and international Communist behavior.
For free-standing provisions of this title, see page 956. « Title III contained amendments to the Board for International Broadcasting Act of 1973. For free-standing provisions of this title, see page 1127.
Title IV amended sec. 404 of the Asia Foundation Act. * For free-standing provisions of this title, see Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 1994, vol. IV, sec. N.
TITLE VI–UNITED STATES SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM
FOR DEVELOPING COUNTRIES 46
TITLE VII–ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT 47
TITLE VII–MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS 48
SEC. 802. UNITED STATES INSTITUTE OF PEACE.
It is the sense of the Congress that, pursuant to title XVII of the Department of Defense Authorization Act,49 1985 (22 U.S.C. 4601 et seq.), nominations to the Board of Directors for the United States Institute of Peace should be submitted to the Senate on a timely basis to permit implementation of the congressional mandate. SEC. 803.48 EX GRATIA PAYMENT TO THE GOVERNMENT OF SWITZER
LAND. Section 39 of the Trading With the Enemy Act (62 Stat. 1246, 50 U.S.C. App. 39) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new subsection:
(f) Notwithstanding any of the provisions of subsections (a) through (d) of this section, the Attorney General is authorized to pay from property vested in or transferred to the Attorney General under this Act, the sum of $20,000 as an ex gratia payment to the Government of Switzerland in accordance with the terms of the agreement entered into by that Government and the Government of the United States on March 12, 1980.” SEC. 804.60 POLICY TOWARD APPLICATION OF THE YALTA AGREE
MENT. (a) FINDINGS.-The Congress finds that,
(1) during World War II, representatives of the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union took part in agreements and understandings concerning other peoples and nations in Europe;
46 For text of this title, see page 1023.
47 Title VII contained amendments to the Arms Control and Disarmament Act. For free-standing provisions of this title, see page 1248.
48 Title Vill amended the National Emergencies Act, the Trading With the Enemy Act, and the United States-India Fund for Cultural, Educational, and Scientific Cooperation Act. Freestanding provisions are presented below, together with sec. 803, which amended sec. 39 of the Trading With the Enemy Act. Sec. 39 of the amended Act does not appear elsewhere in this volume.
49 98 Stat. 2649.
60 Sec. 103(c) of the FRIENDSHIP Act (Public Law 103–199; 107 Stat. 2320), relating to statutory provisions applicable to the Soviet Union, provided the following:
"(c) FINDINGS AND AFFIRMATION.-The Congress finds and asfirms that provisions such as those described in this section, including—* **
"(2) sections 136 and 804 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1986 (2) the Soviet Union has not adhered to its obligation undertaken in the 1945 Yalta agreement to guarantee free elections in the countries involved, specifically the pledge for the "earli. est possible establishment of free elections of government responsive to the wills of the people and to facilitate where necessary the holding of such elections”;
and 1987 (Public Law 99-93), * * * "should not be construed as being directed against Russia, Ukraine, or the other independent states of the former Soviet Union, connoting an adversarial relationship between the United States and the independent states, or signifying or implying in any manner unfriendliness to ward the independent states.".
For complete list of related statutes, see sec. 103 of the FRIENDSHIP Act, in Legislation on Foreign Relations through 1994, vol. 1-B.
(3) the strong desire of the people of Central and Eastern Europe to exercise their national sovereignty and self-determination and to resist Soviet domination has been demonstrated on many occasions since 1945, including armed resistance to the forcible Soviet takeover of the Baltic Republics and resistance in the Ukraine as well as in the German Democratic Republic in 1953, in Hungary in 1956, in Czechoslovakia in 1968, and in Poland in 1956, 1970, and since 1980;
(4) it is appropriate that the United States express the hopes of the people of the United States that the people of Central and Eastern Europe be permitted to exercise their national sovereignty and self-determination free from Soviet interference; and
(5) it is appropriate for the United States to reject any interpretation or application that, as a result of the signing of the 1945 Yalta executive agreements, the United States accepts and recognizes in any way Soviet hegemony over the countries
of Eastern Europe. (b) POLICY.(1) The United States does not recognize as legitimate any spheres of influence in Europe and it reaffirms its refusal to recognize such spheres in the present or in the future, by repudiating any attempts to legitimize the domination of East European nations by the Soviet Union through the Yalta executive agreement.
(2) The United States proclaims the hope that the people of Eastern Europe shall again enjoy the right to self-determination within a framework that will sustain peace, that they shall again have the right to choose a form of government under which they shall live, and that the sovereign rights of self-determination shall be restored to them in accordance with the pledge of the Atlantic Charter and with provisions of the United Nations Charter 51 and the Helsinki Final Act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe; 52 SEC. 805.63 * * * (Repealed—1993) SEC. 806. DEMOCRACY ON TAIWAN. (a) FINDINGS.—The Congress finds that
(1) peace has prevailed in the Taiwan Strait since the normalization of relations between the United States and the People's Republic of China;
(2) the United States expects the future of Taiwan to be settled peacefully and considers a secure Taiwan free from external threat an indispensable element for the island's further democratization and a goal set forth in the Taiwan Relations Act; (3) the authorities on Taiwan are striving to achieve greater democracy at the local level;
6155 Stat. 1600. $259 Stat. 1031.
83 Sec. 903(c) of the FRIENDSHIP Act (Public Law 103–199; 107 Stat. 2330) repealed sec. 805, relating to treatment in the Soviet Union of pentecostals.
(4) an increasing number of native Taiwanese have been appointed to responsible positions at the provincial and national level on Taiwan;
(5) martial law measures tend to impede progress toward democracy and to abridge guarantees of human rights;
(6) movement toward greater democracy on Taiwan serves to bolster continued American public support for the moral and legal responsibilities set forth in the Taiwan Relations Act; 54
(7) the United States, in the Taiwan Relations Act, has reaffirmed as a national objective the preservation and enhancement of the human rights of all the people on Taiwan; and
(8) the United States considers democracy a fundamental human right. (b) SENSE OF CONGRESS.-It is therefore the sense of the Congress that
(1) one important element of a peaceful future for Taiwan is greater participation in the political process by all the people on Taiwan; and
(2) accordingly, the United States should encourage the authorities on Taiwan, in the spirit of the Taiwan Relations Act,
to work vigorously toward this end. SEC. 807. INCREASE UNITED STATES-CHINA TRADE. (a) FINDINGS.-The Congress finds that,
(1) the People's Republic of China has made substantial progress in promoting market-oriented practices throughout the Chinese economy;
(2) the Chinese economy has responded to this increased liberalization with record growth that last year alone resulted in increases in the real gross national product of an estimated 13 percent;
(3) this growth has created significant new demand for a vast array of products and services that can be met by American producers;
(4) United States trade with the People's Republic of China totalled only $6,000,000,000 in 1984 and was again in deficit by more than $50,000,000;
(5) increased exports are essential to the creation of American jobs and to the vitality of the American economy; and
(6) the People's Republic of China represents the world's largest potential market. (b) SENSE OF CONGRESS.-It is the sense of the Congress that, consistent with overall American foreign policy and national security objectives, the Secretary of State and the Secretary of Commerce should take appropriate steps to increase United StatesChina trade with a view to improving the trade balance, increasing American jobs through export growth, and assuring significant United States participation in the growing Chinese market.
64 22 U.S.C. 3301 nole.