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(4) For “Migration and Refugee Assistance", $504,100,000 for the fiscal year 1982? and $460,000,000 for the fiscal year 1983.8

REOPENING CERTAIN UNITED STATES CONSULATES SEC. 103. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, $400,000 of the funds available for the fiscal year 1982 for "Salaries and Expenses” of the Department of State are hereby reprogrammed for, and shall be used by the Department for, the expenses of operating and maintaining the consulates specified in subsection (c) of this section. 9

(b) None of the funds made available under this or any other Act for “Administration of Foreign Affairs” may be used for the establishment or operation of any United States consulate that did not exist on the date of enactment of this Act (other than the consulates specified in subsection (c)) until all the United States consulates specified in subsection (c) have been reopened as required by section 108 of the Department of State Authorization Act, Fiscal

States and Mexico-$8,754,000; American sections, international commissions-$2,918,000, and international fisheries commissions—$8,526,000.

In addition to the regular fiscal year 1983 appropriation of $20,198,000 contained in Public Law 97-377, the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1983 (Public Law 9863) provided $174,000 for the International Boundary and Water Commission, United States and Mexico, for increased pay costs. * Foreign Assistance and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1982 (Public Law 97–121; 95 Stat. 1652), provided the following:

"MIGRATION AND REFUGEE ASSISTANCE "For expenses, not otherwise provided for, necessary to enable the Secretary of State to pro vide, as authorized by law, a contribution to the International Committee of the Red Cross and assistance to refugees, including contributions to the Intergovernmental Committee for Euro pean Migration and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees; salaries and expenses of personnel and dependents as authorized by the Foreign Service Act of 1980, allowances as authorized by sections 5921 through 5925 of title 5, United States Code; hire of passenger motor vehicles; and services as authorized by section 3109 of title 5, United States Code, $503,000,000: Provided, That $30,000,000 of this amount shall be transferred to the Agency for International Development to be used only for resettlement services and facilities for refugees and displaced persons in Africa: Provided further, That $5,000,000 of this amount shall be used for assistance for persons displaced by strise in El Salvador as provided in H.R. 3566 as reported May 19, 1981: Provided further, that these funds shall be administered in a manner that insures equity in the treatment of all refugees receiving Federal assistance: Provided further, That no funds herein appropriated shall be used to assist directly in the migration to any nation in the Western Hemisphere of any person not having a security clearance based on reasonable standards to insure against Communist infiltration in the Western Hemisphere: Provided further, That not more than $7,426,000 of the funds appropriated under this heading shall be available for the administrative expenses of the Office of Refugee Programs of the Department of State."

8 Appropriations for "Migration and Refugee Assistance", as well as all foreign assistance pro grams, during fiscal year 1983 are included in the Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 1983 (Public Law 97-377). Under the terms of this Act, appropriations for foreign aid are set at the rates and conditions provided in Public Law 97-121, Foreign Assistance Appropriations Act of 1982, except for certain programs. The exæptions to Public Law 97-121 are stated in the Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 1983, which includes the following: "$395,000,000 for Migration and Refugee Assistance' (without applying prior year earmarking of funds)." See footnote 7 above for text of the lerms and conditions stipulated in Public Law 97121 for migration and refugee assistance.

Sec. 307 of Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1982, (Public Law 97-257; 96 Slat. 875) pro vided the following:

"SEC. 307. Notwiths landing any other provision of law, none of the funds made available by this or any other Act, herclolore or herealer enacted, may be used to carry out section 103 and section 305(2X3) of S. 1193 An Act to authorize appropriations for fiscal years 1982 and 1983 for the Department of State, the International Communication Agency and the Board for International Broadcasting, and for other purposes, unless reprogrammed in accordance with the pro cedures established by the Commitless on Appropriations of the House and Senate."

Years 1980 and 1981, to the extent such reopening is authorized by the foreign government involved. 10

(c) The consulates referred to in subsections (a) and (b) of this section are the consulates in the following locations: Turin, Italy; Salzburg, Austria; Goteborg, Sweden; Bremen, Germany; Nice, France; Mandalay, Burma; and Brisbane, Australia.

RESTRICTIONS RELATING TO PALESTINIAN RIGHTS UNITS AND

PROJECTS PROVIDING POLITICAL BENEFITS TO THE PALESTINE LIBERATION ORGANIZATION

SEC. 104. (a) Funds appropriated under paragraph (2) of section 102 of this Act may not be used for payment by the United States, as its contribution toward the assessed budget of the United Nations for any year, of any amount which would cause the total amount paid by the United States as its assessed contribution for that year to exceed the amount assessed as the United States contribution for that year less

(1) 25 percent of the amount budgeted for that year for the Committee on the Exercise for the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People (or any similar successor entity); and

(2) 25 percent of the amount budgeted for that year for the Special Unit on Palestinian Rights (or any similar successor entity); and

(3) 25 percent of the amount budgeted for that year for projects whose primary purpose is to provide political benefits to the Palestine Liberation Organization or entities associated

with it. (b) Funds appropriated under paragraph (2) of section 102 of this Act may not be used for payment by the United States, as its contribution toward the assessed budget of any specialized agency of the United Nations for any year, of any amount which would cause the total amount paid by the United States as its assessed contribution for that year to exceed the amount assessed as the United States contribution for that year less 25 percent of the amount budgeted by such agency for that year for projects whose primary purpose is to provide political benefits to the Palestine Liberation Organization or entities associated with it.

(c)11 The President shall annually review the budgets of the United Nations and its specialized agencies to determine which projects have the primary purpose of providing political benefit to the Palestine Liberation Organization. The President shall report to the Congress on any such project for which a portion of the United States assessed contribution is withheld and the amount withheld.

(d) Subsections (aX3) and (b) shall not be construed as limiting United States contributions to the United Nations, or its specialized agencies, for projects whose primary purpose is to provide humanitarian, educational, developmental, and other nonpolitical benefits to the Palestinian people. PAYMENT OF ASSESSED CONTRIBUTIONS FOR CERTAIN INTERNATIONAL

10 Sec. 139/8) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103–236, 108 Slal 398), struck out the second sentence in this subsec., which required a report be submitted to the Committees on Foreign Relations and Foreign Affairs conceming the reopening of consulates.

ii Sec. 3 of Executive Order 12374 (July 28, 1982; 47 F.R. 32903), as amended by Executive Order 12408 (Feb. 23, 1983; 48 F.R. 8035) stated that the functions vested in the President under this subsection are delegated to the Secretary of State. Executive Order 12408 was re voked by Executive Order 12553.

ORGANIZATIONS SEC. 105. (a) Funds authorized to be appropriated for the fiscal year 1982 by paragraph (2) of section 102 of this Act shall be used for payment of the entire amount payable for the United States contribution for the calendar year 1982 to the Organization of American States, to the Pan American Health Organization, and to the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture.

(b) Funds authorized to be appropriated for the fiscal year 1983 by paragraph (2) of section 102 of this Act shall be used for payment of the entire amount payable for the United States contribution for the calendar year 1983 to the Organization of American States, to the Pan American Health Organization, and to the InterAmerican Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture.

(c) For purposes of this section, the term "United States contribution" means the United States assessed contribution to the budget of the Organization of American States, the Pan American Health Organization, or the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture, as the case may be, plus amounts required to be paid by the United States or minus amounts credited to the United States (as appropriate) under that organization's tax equalization program.

States, to the calendar year payable for the shall be used for 1983

INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE RED CROSS SEC. 106. Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated by paragraph (4) of section 102 of this Act, $1,500,000 shall be available for the fiscal year 1982 and $1,500,000 shall be available for the fiscal year 1983 only for the International Committee of the Red Cross to support the activities of the protection and assistance program for “political" detainees.

ASSISTANCE FOR REFUGEES SETTLING IN ISRAEL SEC. 107. Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated by paragraph (4) of section 102 of this Act, $12,500,000 for the fiscal year 1982 and $16,875,000 for the fiscal year 1983 shall be available only for assistance for the resettlement in Israel of refugees from the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, from Communist countries in Eastern Europe, and from other countries. UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL

ORGANIZATION SEC. 108. (a) The Congress finds that,

(1) a free press is vital to the functioning of free governments;

(2) Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights provides for the right to freedom of expression and to "seek, receive, and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers”;

(3) the Constitution of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization provides for the promotion of "the free flow of ideas by word and image";

(4) the signatories of the Final Act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (Helsinki, 1975) pledged themselves "to facilitate the freer and wider dissemination of information of all kinds, to encourage co-operation in the field of information and the exchange of information with other countries, and to improve the conditions under which journalists from one participating State exercise their profession in another participating State"; and

(5) government censorship, domination, or suppression of a free press is a danger to free men and women everywhere. (b) Therefore, it is the sense of the Congress that the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization should cease efforts to attempt to regulate news content and to formulate rules and regulations for the operation of the world press.

(c) The Congress opposes efforts by some countries to control access to and dissemination of news.

(d) 11 The President shall evaluate and, not later than six months after the date of enactment of this Act, shall report to the Congress his assessment of

(1) the extent to which United States financial contributions to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural organization, and the extent to which the programs and activities of that Organization, serve the national interests of the United States;

(2) the programs and activities of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, especially its programs and activities in the communications sector; and

(3) the quality of United States participation in the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, including the quality of United States diplomatic efforts with respect to that Organization, the quality of United States representation in the Secretariat of that Organization, and the quality of recruitment of United States citizens to be employed

by that Organization. Such report should include the President's recommendations regarding any improvements which should be made in the quality and substance of United States representation in the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

RESTRICTION ON CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE UNITED NATIONS

EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION SEC. 109.12 (a) None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by paragraph (2) of section 102 of this Act or by any other Act for "International Organizations and Conferences" may be used for payment by the United States of its contribution toward the assessed budget of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization if that organization implements any policy or procedure the effect of which is to license journalists or their publications, to censor or otherwise restrict the free flow of infor

12 22 U.S.C. 287c note.

mation within or among countries, or to impose mandatory codes of journalistic practice or ethics.

(b) Not later than February 1 of each year, the Secretary of State shall report to the Congress with respect to whether the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization has taken any action described in subsection (a) of this section.

BILATERAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGREEMENTS SEC. 110. In addition to the amounts authorized to be appropriated by section 102 of this Act, there are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of State $3,700,000 for the fiscal year 1982 13 and $3,700,000 for the fiscal year 1983 14 for payment of the United States share of expenses of the science and technology agreements between the United States and Yugoslavia and between the United States and Poland.

ASIA FOUNDATION SEC. 111. In addition to the amounts authorized to be appropriated by section 102 of this Act, there are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of State $4,500,000 for the fiscal year 1982 15 and $4,500,000 for the fiscal year 1983 16 for the Asia Foundation in furtherance of that organization's purposes as described in its charter. Amounts appropriated under this section shall be made available to the Asia Foundation by the Secretary of State in accordance with the terms and conditions of a grant agreement to be negotiated between the Secretary and the Foundation.

PAN AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY Sec. 113. Paragraph (1) of the first section of the joint resolution entitled “Joint Resolution to provide for membership of the United States in the Pan American Institute of Geography and History; and to authorize the President to extend an invitation for the next general assembly of the institute to meet in the United States in 1935, and to provide an appropriation for expenses thereof", approved August 2, 1935 (22 U.S.C. 273), is amended by striking out ", not to exceed $200,000 annually,”.

13 Sec. 101(h) of the Continuing Appropriations, 1982 (Public Law 97-92; 95 Stat. 1183), and H.R. 4169, as passed by the House and made part of Public Law 97-92, appropriated $3,700,000 for United States bilateral science and technology agreements during fiscal year 1982

14 Sec. 101(d) of the Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 1983 (Public Law 97-377; 96 Slat. 1830 at 1866), and S. 2956, as reported in the Senate on Sept. 24, 1982 and made part of Public Law 97-377, appropriated $1,700,000 for United States bilateral science and technology agreements with Yugoslavia and Poland during fiscal year 1983.

16 Sec. 101(h) of the Continuing Appropriations, 1982 (Public Law 97-92; 95 Stat. 1183), and H.R. 4169, as passed by the House and made part of Public Law 97-92, appropriated $3,100,000 for the Asia Foundation during fiscal year 1982.

16 Sec. 101(d) of the Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 1983 (Public Law 97_377; 96 Stat. 1830 at 1877), and S. 2956, as reported in the Senate on Sept. 24, 1982 and made part of Public Law 97-377, approprialad 84,100,000 for the Asia Foundation during fiscal year 1983.

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