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nondiscrimination and reciprocity, it shall be the general policy of the United States to impose restrictions on travel within the United States by citizens of another country only when the government of that country imposes restrictions on travel by the United States citizens within that country. (b) The Secretary of State shall
(1) insure that this policy is clearly conveyed to any foreign government imposing travel restrictions on United States citizens; and
(2) seek to elimination, on a mutual and reciprocal basis, of travel restrictions imposed by such government and by the
Government of the United States on each other's citizens. (c) 9 * * * (Repealed—1983)
(d) Subsection (a) may not be construed as limiting any restrictions on travel within the United States which are imposed by the United States Government, on a reciprocal basis, with respect to the officials of particular foreign governments.
TITLE II–INTERNATIONAL COMMUNICATION AGENCY
TITLE IV–FOREIGN SERVICE AND OTHER PERSONNEL
SEC. 405. (a) 11 * * *
Sec. 1011(aX1) of the Department of State Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1984 and 1985 (Public Law 98–164; 97 Stat. 1061) repealed subsec. (c), which had required a report to Congress by the Secretary of Slale annually for 1979–1981 concerning domestic travel restrictions im posed by the U.S. Government, on a reciprocal basis, with respect to similar restrictions imposed by foreign governments on United States citizens.
10 Sec. 2205(2) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (Public Law 96 465; 94 Stat. 2160), repealed sec. 401, relating to employment of family members overseas.
11 Sec. 405(a) amended the Foreign Service Act of 1946 by adding a new sec. 708. (Foreign Service Act of 1946 was replaced by the Foreign Service Act of 1980.) Sec. 1101(aX2) of the Department of State Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1984 and 1985 (Public Law 98-164; 97 Stat. 1061), repealed sec. 405(b) which had required a report to Congress from the Secretary of State regarding orientation and language training programs for family members of U.S. Government employees.
Séc. 109 of the Continuing Appropriations, Fiscal Year 1979 (Public Law 95 482; 92 Stal 1604), repealed sec. 406, relating to computation of annuities.
13 Sec. 411 added a new scc. 5926 60 lille 5, United States Code, relating to compensatory time off at certain posts in foreign areas.
14 Sec. 220512) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (Public Law 96 465; 94 Stat. 2160) repealed sec. 413, which had required a review of Foreign Service personnel requirements and compensa
TITLE V-SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND AMERICAN
FINDINGS SEC. 501.15 The Congress finds that,
(1) the consequences of modern scientific and technological advances are of such major significance in United States foreign policy that understanding and appropriate knowledge of modern science and technology by officers and employees of the United States Government are essential in the conduct of modern diplomacy;
(2) many problems and opportunities for development in modern diplomacy lie in scientific and technological fields;
(3) in the formulation, implementation, and evaluation of the technological aspects of United States foreign policy, the United States Government should seek out and consult with both public and private industrial, academic, and research institutions concerned with modern technology; and
(4) the effective use of science and technology in international relations for the mutual benefit of all countries requires the development and use of the skills and methods of long-range planning.
DECLARATION OF POLICY SEC. 502.16 In order to maximize the benefits and to minimize the adverse consequences of science and technology in the conduct of foreign policy, the Congress declares the following to be the policy of the United States:
(1) Technological opportunities, impacts, changes, and threats should be anticipated and assessed, and appropriate measures should be implemented to influence such technological developments in ways beneficial to the United States and other countries.
(2) The mutually beneficial applications of technology in bilateral and multilateral agreements and activities involving the United States and foreign countries or international organizations should be recognized and supported as an important element of United States foreign policy.
(3) The United States Government should implement appropriate measures to insure that individuals are trained in the use of science and technology as an instrument in international relations and that officers and employees of the United States Government engaged in formal and informal exchanges of scientific and technical information, personnel, and hardware are knowledgeable in international affairs.
(4) In recognition of the environmental and technological factors that change relations among countries and in recognition of the growing interdependence between the domestic and foreign policies and programs of the United States, United States foreign policy should be continually reviewed by the executive
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i ties and agreements, and (C) plans for future evaluation - ch activities and agreements on a routine basis; and : 719 equity of access by United States public and private enus to public (and publicly supported private) research and
elopment opportunities and facilities in each country which - major trading partner of the United States.
cept as otherwise provided by law, nothing in this section ; construed as requiring the public disclosure of sensitive inon relating to intelligence sources or methods or to persons
d in monitoring scientific or technological developments for **ence purposes.
(1) The information and recommendations developed under tion (b)(3) shall be made available to the United States
Representative for use in his consultations with Federal
i es pursuant to Executive orders pertaining to the transfer of - E e and technology.
(2) In providing such information and recommendations, the O rr'resident shall utilize information developed by any Federal : : - lepartments, agencies, or interagency committees, as he may -2 se consider necessary.
RESPONSIBILITY OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE 2.* cc, 504.21 (a)(1) 22 In order to implement the policies 22 set forth z ection 502 of this title, the Secretary of State (hereafter in this " I cion referred to as the "Secretary”) shall have primary responb ility for coordination and oversight with respect to all major
ence or science and technology agreements and activities beeen the United States and foreign countries, international orgazations, or commissions of which the United States and one or ore foreign countries are members.
(2)22 In coordinating and overseeing such agreements and activi2-es, the Secretary shall consider (A) scientific merit; (B) equity of
access as described in section 503(b); (C) possible commercial or rade linkages with the United States which may flow from the igreement or activity; (D) national security concerns; and (E) any other factors deemed appropriate.
(3) 22 Prior to entering into negotiations on such an agreement or activity, the Secretary shall provide Federal agencies which have
primary responsibility for, or substantial interest in, the subject s matter of the agreement or activity, including those agencies responsible for
(A) Federal technology management policies set forth by Public Law 96-517 and the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980;
(B) national security policies;
- Sec. 5171(c) of Public Law 100_418 (102 Stat. 1453) added a new subsec. (d). 21 22 U.S.C. 2656d.
22 Sec. 5171(d) of Public Law 100 418 (102 Stat. 1453) redesignated subsec. (a) as (aX1); struck out "policy and inserted "policies"; and added paragraphs (2) and (3).
with an opportunity to review the proposed agreement or activity to ensure its consistency with such policies and Executive orders, and to ensure effective interagency coordination.
(b) The Secretary shall, to such extent or in such amounts as are provided in appropriation Acts, enter into long-term contracts, including contracts for the services of consultants, and shall make grants and take other appropriate measures in order to obtain studies, analyses, and recommendations from knowledgeable persons and organizations with respect to the application of science or technology to problems of foreign policy.
(c) The Secretary shall, to such extent or in such amounts as are provided in appropriation Acts, enter into short-term and long-term contracts, including contracts for the services of consultants, and shall make grants and take other appropriate measures in order to obtain assistance from knowledgeable persons and organizations in training officers and employees of the United States Government, at all levels of the Foreign Service and Civil Service
(1) in the application of science and technology to problems of United States foreign policy and international relations generally; and
(2) in the skills of long-range planning and analysis with respect to the scientific and technological aspects of United
States foreign policy. (d) In obtaining assistance pursuant to subsection (c) in training personnel who are officers or employees of the Department of State, the Secretary may provide for detached service for graduate study at accredited colleges and universities. (e) 23 * * * (Repealed-1982]
TITLE VI-POLICY PROVISIONS
INTERNATIONAL COMMUNICATIONS POLICY SEC. 601.24 The Congress finds that,
(1) a series of multilateral meetings scheduled to convene in 1978 and 1979 (including the twentieth General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization; the Thirty-second United Nations General Assembly; the United Nations Conference on Science and Technology for Development; and the World Administrative Radio Conference of the International Telecommunications Union) will address a complex variety of international communications and information issues and will likely, through the promulgation of binding agreements relating to such issues, have a significant and lasting effect on the free flow of information and ideas among the countries of the world; and
23 Subsec. (e), which had required a report from the Secretary of State concerning the coordination and oversight of all major science or science and technology agreements and activities between the United States and foreign countries, international organizations, or commissione. was repealed by sec. 505(a X2) of Public Law 97-241 (96 Stat. 299). The Secretary submitted this report on January 19, 1979, and filed a supplemental report on October 26, 1979.
24 Sec. 505(a) of Public Law 97–241 (96 Stat. 299) repealed subsec. (b) of this section which had required a report from the President describing procedures established by which to develop and maintain a comprehensive U.S. policy regarding international communication and information issues and discussing U.S. goals and positions concerning anticipated international meetings addressing such issues. The President submitted this report on Feb. 8, 1979.