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(2) since the United States is the leading user of communications channels and information in the world, the United States Government should have a comprehensive policy regarding the various communications and information issues that have entered international discussions and should establish an effective mechanism by which to develop and coordinate United States policy on such issues.

ACTION CONCERNING RESOURCES SEC. 602.25 It is the sense of the Congress that the President should convey to all countries having an interest in cetacean sea life the serious concern of the Congress regarding the continuing destruction of these marine mammals (highlighted by the recent slaughter of dolphins in the Sea of Japan by Japanese fishermen) and should encourage such countries

(1) to join in international discussions with other such countries in order to advance general understanding of cetacean life and thereby facilitate an effective use of the living marine resources of the world which does not jeopardize the natural balance of the aquatic environment;

(2) to participate in an exchange of information with the National Marine Fisheries Service of the United States Department of Commerce, including cooperation in studies of

(A) the impact of cetaceans on ecologically related human foodstuffs, and

(B) alternative methods of dealing with cetacean problems as they occur; (3) to cooperate in establishing an international cetacean commission to advance understanding of cetacean life and to insure the effective conservation and protection of cetaceans on a global scale; and

(4) to adopt comprehensive marine mammal protection legislation.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNALISTIC FREEDOM SEC. 603.26 (a) The Congress finds that

(1) news dissemination and the free flow of information across national boundaries are vital to international understanding and to healthy relations among countries; and

(2) recurring and reliable reports strongly indicate that in many countries foreign news correspondents are subject to governmental harassment and restriction, including the denial of access to legitimate news sources, the imposition of censorship,

and detention, incarceration, and expulsion. (b) It is therefore the sense of the Congress that the President should

(1) advise the appropriate officials of any foreign government which subjects foreign news correspondents to harassment and restrictions that the United States considers such mistreatment a significant and potentially damaging factor in overall relations of the United States with such country; and

26 22 U.S.C. 1361 note. *822 U.S.C. 2656 note.

88.

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(2) raise in appropriate international forums the issue of the treatment of foreign news correspondents, with a view toward gaining multilateral support for the legitimate rights of such

correspondents. (c) 27 * * * (Repealed-1982)

INTERNATIONAL FOOD RESERVE SEC. 604.28 (a) The Congress finds that,

(1) half a billion people suffer regularly from malnutrition or undernutrition;

(2) even very modest shortfalls in crop production can result in greatly increased human suffering, and undercut the benefits of bilateral and multilateral assistance programs, in poor developing countries with chronic food deficits;

(3) increasing variability in world food production and trade presents a serious threat not only to consumers but also to producers;

(4) the World Food Conference recognized the urgent need for an international undertaking to achieve a system of world food security based largely upon strategic food reserves;

(5) the Congress through legislation has repeatedly urged the President to negotiate with other nations to establish such a system of reserves;

(6) although the nations of the world have agreed to begin discussions on a system of grain reserves to regulate food availability, agreement on a global network of nationally held reserves still eludes the international community;

(7) while some progress has taken place in the United States in creating domestic farmer held reserves, the scale of such reserves does not insure adequate protection against fluctuations in world production and price; and

(8) the United States, as the world's leading producer of foodstuffs, remains in a unique position to provide the leadership necessary to make world food security a reality. (b) It is therefore the sense of the Congress that the President should continue his efforts directed toward achievement of an agreement establishing an international network of nationally held grain reserves which provides for supply assurance to consumers and income security to producers.

SPANISH DEMOCRACY SEC. 605. (a) The Congress finds that,

(1) the Senate, in rendering its advice and consent to ratification of the Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation between the United States and Spain (signed on January 24, 1976), declared its hope and intent that the Treaty would serve to support and foster Spain's progress toward free institutions;

27 Subsec. (c), which had required a report from the President describing actions taken pursuant to subsec. (b), was repealed by sec. 505(aX2) of Public Law 97–241 (96 Stat. 299). The President submitted this report on Feb. 8, 1979.

28 22 U.S.C. 2220 nole.

(2) this declaration reflected the strong desire of the United States Government and the American people to see a restoration of democracy in Spain and an expansion of mutually beneficial relations between Spain and the democracies of America and Europe; and

(3) political developments in Spain during the past two years constitute a major step toward the construction of a stable and

lasting Spanish democracy. (b) The Congress finds further that,

(1) the masterpiece “Guernica”, painted by Pablo Picasso, has for four decades been a powerful and poignant symbol of the horror of war;

(2) this treasured painting, while universal in its significance, holds special meaning for the people of Spain by its representation of the tragic civil war which destroyed Spanish democracy;

(3) Pablo Picasso, having painted “Guernica” for the Spanish Republican Government and concerned for Spain's future when that government fell, stipulated that the painting should remain in the custody of the Museum of Modern Art in New York until Spanish democracy had been restored; and

(4) the United States and Spain, in a Supplementary Agreement entered into with the Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation, have committed themselves to expand their cooperation in

the fields of education and culture. (c) It is therefore the sense of the Congress, anticipating the continuance of recent promising developments in Spanish political life, that “Guernica" should, at some point in the near future and through appropriate legal procedures, be transferred to the people and Government of a democratic Spain.

(d) It is further the sense of the Congress that the American people, having long benefited from this treasure and admiring Spain's achievement, would wish, as an expression of appreciation and congratulation upon the transfer of “Guernica” to Spain, to assist in the preparation of facilities for the permanent display of the painting, if such assistance is found to be appropriate by the elected leaders of Spain.

DISCRIMINATORY TRADE PRACTICES AFFECTING UNITED STATES

FOREIGN RELATIONS

SEC. 606.29 (a) The Congress finds that those provisions of United States statutes which authorize or require suspension of or discrimination with respect to all trade between the United States and a particular foreign country and which affect, directly and sig. nificantly, the conduct of the United States foreign relations should be periodically reevaluated by the President and the Congress.

(b) Therefore, not later than January 20, 1979, the President shall transmit to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and to the chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations and the chairman of other appropriate committees of the Senate, a report which,

2022 U.S.C. 2842 note.

(1) identifies all statutory provisions which provide for such discriminatory trade practices;

(2) evaluates each such practice; and

(3) recommends, in the form of draft legislation, such amendments to those provisions as the President certifies would in his judgment advance United States foreign policy interests.

CONDUCT OF DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS SEC. 607.30 The Congress finds that the conduct of diplomatic relations with a foreign government has as its principal purpose the discussion and negotiation with that government of outstanding issues and, like the recognition of a foreign government, does not in itself imply approval of that government or of the political-economic system it represents.

NUCLEAR-POWERED SATELLITES SEC. 608.31 (a) The Congress finds that,

(1) no international regime governs the use of nuclear-powered satellites in space;

(2) the unregulated use of such technology poses the possibility of catastrophic damage to human life and the global environment; and

(3) this danger has been evidenced by mishaps encountered, despite certain precautions, by nuclear-powered satellites of both the United States and the Soviet Union. (b) It is therefore the sense of the Congress that the United States should take the initiative immediately in seeking a multilateral agreement governing the use of nuclear-powered satellites in space.

(c) 32 * * * [Repealed—1982)

WORLD ALTERNATE ENERGY CONFERENCE SEC. 609. (a) The Congress finds that,

(1) increasing global dependence on fossil fuels, particularly oil and natural gas, when existing supplies are rapidly being depleted, is costly to developed and developing countries both environmentally and economically;

(2) the uncontrolled spread of nuclear power carries serious dangers due to waste pollution and the possibility of accidents or material diversion;

(3) expanded development and use of alternate, nonconventional, or renewable sources of energy (including solar energy, wind, biomass waste materials, and alcohol fuels) could assist all countries in satisfying rising energy demands, while reducing environmental and economic risk;

(4) no international agency exists at present which assists countries in exchanging information and technical assistance

30 22 U.S.C. 2656 note. 31 22 U.S.C. 2656d note.

32 Subsec. (c), which had required a report from the Secretary of State on actions taken by the U.S. Government pursuant to subsec. (b), was repealed by sec. 505/aX2) of Public Law 97241 (96 Stat. 299). The Secretary submitted this report on Jan. 19, 1979.

concerning energy-related problems or which promotes the development and use of alternate energy sources, and

(5) an international agency performing these functions could be of benefit to all countries and could be particularly effective in assisting developing countries to become more self-sufficient

and thereby to increase their standard of living. (b) It is therefore the sense of the Congress that the United States should encourage the United Nations to convene a World Alternate Energy Conference in 1981 for the purpose of considering ways to meet the energy needs of the world through the development and use of alternate energy sources. Among proposals considered at such a conference should be the establishment, under United Nations auspices, of an international Alternate Energy Commission to encourage the worldwide use of alternate energy sources by assisting in the dissemination of information and by other appropriate means.

(c) 33 * * * (Repealed-1982]

ATROCITIES IN CAMBODIA AND UGANDA SEC. 610.34 (a) The Congress finds that reliable reports of events in Cambodia and Uganda attest to the existence of governmental practices in those countries of such systematic and extensive brutality as to require special notice and continuing condemnation by outside observers.

(b) Recognizing the limited direct influence of the United States in Cambodia and Uganda, the Congress urges the President to move aggressively to support multilateral action by the United Nations and other international organizations, and to encourage bilateral action by countries having more extensive relations with Cambodia and Uganda, to bring an end to the brutal and inhumane practices of the governments of those two countries.

(c) 35 * * * (Repealed—1982) (d) It is the sense of the Congress that the President should

(1) prohibit the export of military, paramilitary, and police equipment to Uganda;

(2) direct that the visa application of any official or employee of the Government of Uganda seeking to enter the United States for the purpose of military, paramilitary, or police training, may be approved by a consular officer only after the appropriate official of the Department of State in Washington has reviewed the application and has determined that the Government of Uganda has demonstrated a proper respect for the rule of law and for internationally recognized human rights; and

(3) instruct the Permanent Representative of the United States to the United Nations to submit to the Security Council of the United Nations for its consideration a resolution impos

33 Subsec. (c), which had required a report from the Secretary of State on actions taken pursuant to subsec. (b), was repealed by sec. 505(a X2) of Public Law 97–241 (96 Stat. 299). The Secretary submitted this report on Jan. 19, 1979. 222 U.S.C. 2151 note

36 Subsec. (c), which had required a report from the Secretary of State concerning actions taken pursuant to subsec. (b), was repealed by sec. 505(aX2) of Public Law 97-241 (96 Stat. 299). The Secretary submitted this report on January 19, 1979.

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