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merce and the Office of the United States Trade Representative in this area;

(2) 83 maintain continuing liaison 84 with other executive branch agencies concerned with international communications and information policy and with the Federal Communications Commission, as appropriate; 84

(3) in accordance with such authority as may be delegated by the President pursuant to Executive order, supervise and coordinate the activities of any senior interagency policymaking group on international telecommunications and information policy and chair such interagency meetings as may be necessary to coordinate actions on pending issues:: 85

(4) coordinate the activities of, and assist as appropriate, interagency working level task forces and committees concerned with specific aspects of international communications and information policy;

(5) maintain liaison with the members and staffs of committees of the Congress concerned with international communications and information policy and provide testimony before such committees;

(6) maintain appropriate liaison with representatives of the private sector to keep informed of their interests and problems, meet with them, and provide such assistance as may be needed to ensure that matters of concern to the private sector are promptly considered by the Department or other executive branch agencies; and

(7) assist in arranging meetings of such public sector advisory groups as may be established to advise the Department of State and other executive branch agencies in connection with

international communications and information policy issues. SEC. 36.86 (a)(1) 87 The Secretary of State may pay a reward to any individual who furnishes information

4 Sec. 162(kX1XBXv) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 408), struck out with the bureaus and offices of the Department of State and” following liaison", and inserted before the semicolon, "and with the Federal Communications Commission, as appropriate".

Sec. 162(kX2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103–236; 108 Stat. 409), provided:

*42) Nothing in the amendments made by paragraph (1) aflects the nature or scope of the authority that is on the date of enactment of this Act vested by law or Executive order in the Department of Commerce, the Office of the United States Trade Representative, the Federal Com munications Commission, or any officer thereof.".

* Sec. 162(kX1XBXvi) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103–236; 108 Slat. 408), struck out "the Senior Interagency Group on International Communications and Information Policy" and inserted in lieu thereof "any senior interagency

ing group on international telecommunications and information policy and chair such interagency meetings as may be necessary to coordinate actions on pending issues;". The amendment resulted in a double semicolon.

Sec. 162(kX2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 409), provided:

"42) Nothing in the amendments made by paragraph (1) affects the nature or scope of the authority that is on the date of enactment of this Act vested by law or Executive order in the Department of Commerce, the Office of the United States Trade Representative, the Federal Com munications Commission, or any officer thereof.".

* 22 U.S.C. 2708. Sec. 102 of Public Law 98-533 (98 Stat. 2708) added sec. 36.

57 Sec. 827 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 519), redesignated paragraphs (1) through (3) in subsec. (a) as sub paras. (A) through (C) under para. (1); inserted new para. designation (1) after (a); and added at the end a new para. (2).

Soch amendment took ellect 60 days after enactment (enacted April 30, 1994) pursuant to sec. 831. Sec. 851, however, further provided:

Continued

(A) leading to the arrest or conviction in any country, of any individual for the commission of an act of international terrorism, or

(B) leading to the arrest or conviction, in any country, of any individual for conspiring or attempting to commit an act of international terrorism, or

(C) leading to the prevention, frustration, or favorable reso

lution of an act of international terrorism. if the act of international terrorism is against a United States person or United States property. 88

(2) 87 For purposes of this subsection, the term "act of international terrorism” includes any act substantially contributing to the acquisition of unsafeguarded special nuclear material (as defined in section 830(8) of the Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Act of 1994) or any nuclear explosive device (as defined in section 830(4) of that Act) by an individual, group, or non-nuclear-weapon state (as defined in section 830(5) of that Act).

(b) 89 (1) The Secretary of State, upon the request of a chief of mission and with the concurrence of the Attorney General, may pay a reward to any individual who furnishes information leading to

(A) the arrest or conviction in any country of any individual for committing, primarily outside the territorial jurisdiction of the United States, any narcotics-related offense if that offense involves or is a significant part of conduct that involves

(i) a violation of United States drug laws which occurs primarily outside the territorial jurisdiction of the United States and which is such that the individual would be a major violator of such laws; or

(ii) the killing or kidnapping outside the territorial jurisdiction of the United States of

(I) any officer, employee, or contract employee of the United States Government while such individual is engaged in official duties, or on account of that individual's official duties, in connection with the enforcement of United States drug laws or the implementing of United States drug control objectives; or

(II) a member of the immediate family of any such individual on account of that individual's official duties in connection with the enforcement of United States drug laws or the implementation of United States drug control objectives; or

"SEC. 851. TERMINATION UPON ENACTMENT OF NEXT FOREIGN RELATIONS ACT.

"On the date of enactment of the first Foreign Relations Authorization Act that is enacted after the enactment of this Act, the provisions of parts A and B of this title (secs. 811-831) shall cease to be effective, the amendments made by those parts shall be repealed, and any provision of law repealed by those parts shall be reenacted.".

B8 Sec. 133(aX1) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 395), struck out "and is primarily outside the territorial jurisdiction of the United States” aller “United States property”.

Sec. 133(aX2) of that Act further provided: "(2) Notwithstanding section 36(g) of the State De partment Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2708), in addition to amounts otherwise available the Department of State may expend not more than $4,000,000 in fiscal years 1994 and 1995 to pay rewards pursuant to section 36(a) of such Act.".

Bo Subsec. (b) was added by sec. 502(a X2) of Public Law 99-399 (100 Stat 869). Consequently. subsections (b) through (1) were redesignated as subsections (c) through (g) and conforming technical amendments were made in subsections (d) and (n).

(iii) an attempt or conspiracy to do any of the acts described in clause (i) or (ii); or (B) the prevention or frustration of an act described in subparagraph (A). (2) The purpose of the rewards under this subsection is to assist narcotics law enforcement in the effective arrest and prosecution of major narcotics traffickers and, wherever appropriate, to offer rewards in connection with the killing of, or the attempt to kill, any United States officer or employee, in connection with the performance of narcotics control duties by such officer or employee, or any member of the family of such officer or employee. To ensure that the rewards program authorized by this subsection, especially paragraph (1)(A)(i), does not duplicate or interfere with the payment of informants or the purchase of evidence or information, as authorized to the Department of Justice, the offering, administration, and payment of rewards under this subsection, including procedures for

(A) identifying individuals, organizations, and offenses with respect to which rewards will be offered,

(B) the publication of rewards,
(C) offering of joint rewards with foreign governments,
(D) the receipt and analysis of data,
(E) the payment and the approval of payment, and

(F) the recommendations of rewards by chiefs of mission to the Secretary of State and the Attorney General, shall be governed by procedures approved by the Secretary of State and the Attorney General.

(c) 89 A reward under this section may not exceed $2,000,000.90 A reward of $100,000 or more may not be made without the approval of the President or the Secretary of State personally.

(d) 89 Before making a reward under subsection (a) in a matter over which there is Federal criminal jurisdiction, the Secretary of State shall advise and consult with the Attorney General.

(e) 89 Any reward granted under this section shall be certified for payment by the Secretary of State. If the Secretary determines that the identity of the recipient of a reward or of the members of the recipient's immediate family must be protected, the Secretary may take such measures in connection with the payment of the reward as he deems necessary to effect such protection.

(f) 89 An officer or employee of any governmental entity who, while in the performance of his or her official duties, furnishes information described in subsection (a) or (b) shall not be eligible for a reward under this section.

(g) There are authorized to be appropriated, without fiscal year limitation, $5,000,000 for use in paying rewards under this section, up to $2,000,000 of which may be used for rewards for information described in subsection (b)(1). In addition to the amount authorized to be appropriated by the preceding sentence, there are authorized to be appropriated, without fiscal year limitation, $5,000,000 for

recioidentity the secrerantecult with al juris sectionersonal

90 Sec. 13(a) of the International Narcotics Control Act of 1989 (Public Law 101-231; 103 Stat. 1963) inserted "$2,000,000" in lieu of "$500,000". Sec. 1001 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-246; 104 Stat. 86), made the same amendment. Sec. 13(b) of Public Law 101-231 provided that whatever bill enacted into law first would take effect for this amendment.

“Administration of Foreign Affairs” for use in paying rewards for information described in subsection (b)(1).91 Additional funds to pay rewards under this section shall be authorized to be appropriated in the annual authorizing legislation for the Department of State.

(h) 92 Not later than 30 days after paying any reward under this section, the Secretary of State shall submit a report to the Congress with respect to that reward. The report, which may be submitted on a classified basis if necessary, shall specify the amount of the reward paid, to whom the reward was paid, and the acts with respect to which the reward was paid, and shall discuss the significance of the information for which the reward was paid in dealing with those acts. (i) 92 As used in this section

(1) the term “United States drug laws” means the laws of the United States for the prevention and control of illicit traffic in controlled substances (as such term is defined for purposes of the Controlled Substances Act); and (2) the term “member of the immediate family” includes

(A) a spouse, parent, brother, sister, or child of the individual;

(B) a person to whom the individual stands in loco parentis; and

(C) any other person living in the individual's household and related to the individual by blood or marriage.

SPECIAL AGENTS SEC. 37.93 (a) GENERAL AUTHORITY.–Under such regulations as the Secretary of State may prescribe, special agents of the Department of State and the Foreign Service may

(1) conduct investigations concerning illegal passport or visa issuance or use; (2) For the purpose of conducting such investigation

(A) obtain and execute search and arrest warrants,

(B) 94 make arrests without warrant for any offense concerning passport or visa issuance or use of the special agent has reasonable grounds to believe that the person has committed or is committing such offense, and

(C) 94 obtain and serve subpoenas and summonses issued under the authority of the United States;

91 Sec. 4602 of the International Narcotics Control Act of 1988 (Public Law 100_690; 102 Stat. 4287) amended this sentence. It formerly read as follows:

"In addition to the amount authorized by the preceding sentence, there are authorized to be appropriated $10,000,000 for fiscal year 1987 for 'Administration of Foreign Affairs' for use in paying rewards under this section, up to $5,000,000 of which may be used for rewards for infor. mation described in subsection (bX1).".

82 Subsecs. (h) and (i) were added by sec. 502(d) of Public Law 99 399 (100 Stat. 870).

$3 22 U.S.C. 2709. Sec. 125(a) of Public Law 99-93 (99 Stat. 415) inserted this text as a new sec. 37 and redesignated the previous sec. 37 as sec. 38.

Sec. 139(1) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 397), repealed subsec. (d) of this section, which had required "TRANS MISSION OF REGULATIONS TO CONGRESS.—The Secretary of State sh

CONGRESS.-The Secretary of State shall transmit the regulatione prescribed under this section to the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate not less than 20 days before the date on which such regulations take effect.".

es Sec. 113(1) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-246; 104 Stat. 22), redesignated subpar. (B) 48 (C) and inserted a new subpar. (B). * Sec. 113(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-246; 104 Stat. 22), restated par. (5).

scribe foreiend in this Act); retar

(3) protect and perform protective functions directly related to maintaining the security and safety of

(A) heads of a foreign state, official representatives of a foreign government, and other distinguished visitors to the United States, while the United States;

(B) the Secretary of State, Deputy Secretary of State, and official representatives of the United States Government, in the United States or abroad;

(C) members of the immediate family of persons described in subparagraph (A) or (B); and

(D) foreign missions (as defined in section 202(a)(4) of this Act) and international organizations (as defined in

section 209(b) of this Act), within the United States; (4) if designated by the Secretary and qualified, under regulations approved by the Attorney General, for the use of firearms, carry firearms for the purpose of performing the duties authorized by this section; and

(5) 95 arrest without warrant any person for a violation of section 111, 112, 351, 970, or 1028, of title 18, United States Code

(A) in the case of a felony violation, if the special agent has reasonable grounds to believe that such person

(i) has committed or is committing such violation; and

(ii) is in or is fleeing from the immediate area of such violation; and (B) in the case of a felony or misdemeanor violation, if the violation is committed in the presence of the special

agent. (b) AGREEMENT WITH ATTORNEY GENERAL AND FIREARMS REGULATIONS.

(1) AGREEMENT WITH ATTORNEY GENERAL.-The authority conferred by paragraphs (1), (2), (4), and (5) of subsection (a) shall be exercised subject to an agreement with the Attorney General and shall not be construed to affect the investigative authority of any other Federal law enforcement agency.

(2) FIREARMS REGULATIONS.—The Secretary of State shall prescribe regulations, which shall be approved by the Attorney General, with respect to the carrying and use of firearms by

special agents under this section. (c) SECRET SERVICE NOT AFFECTED.-Nothing in subsection (a)(3) shall be construed to preclude or limit in any way the authority of the United States Secret Service to provide protective services pursuant to section 202 of title 3, United States Code, or section 3056 of title 18, United States Code, at a level commensurate with protective requirements as determined by the United States Secret Service. The Secretary of State, the Attorney General, and the Secretary of the Treasury shall enter into an interagency agreement with respect to their law enforcement functions.

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